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difficulties which I cannot explain, in my own person, I do not think it strange that there should be something in the mode of the divine existence which is above reason, yet not contrary to it. It is to be presumed, Sir, that Mr. T. perfectly understands the mode of his own existence, and that he will clearly explain it to me in his next, and then he may go on and explain the mode of the divine existence, and thew that there is nothing in revelation that is above reason. As to what Mr. T. says relative to the mediation of Christ in its various branches, there is no dispute with him on that head : it is even granted that in his whole work as Mediator, there is an inferiority in Christ to the Father ; but I can by no means come to the same conclusion with Mr. T. viz. • That our Lord is in every sense a derived and dependent being, circumscribed in his power, and also in his knowledge. That he is not circumscribed in his knowledge, to me appears evident from Heb. iv. 12, 13. “ The Word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart, neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his fight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.' And John X. 15. “ As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father.' Again, compare Jer. xvii. 9, 10. with Rev. ii. 23. • The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it? I Jehovah search the heart, í try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings.'- And all the churches fall know that I am He which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give to every one of you according to your works.'. Is it possible to ascribe omniscience to the Father in stronger terms than it is here ascribed to Christ.
The pailage which Mr. T. has quoted to prove that Christ is circumscribed in knowledge will not serve his purpose, viz. Of that day and hour knoweth no man, no not the Son, nor the Angels, but my Father only. For the Greek word oiden has here the force of the Hebrew conjugation hiphel, which in verbs denoting action, makes that action, whatever it is, pafs to another. Wherefore, eideo, which properly fignifies I know, used in the sense of the conjugation hiphel, lignifies I make another to know, I declare. The word has this meaning without dispute in Cor. ii. 2. I determined, eiacnai, Vol. II.
to know nothing among you, but Jesus Christ and him crucified, i.e. I determined to make known nothing, &c. So in the text, “But of that day, and that hour, none maketh know, no not the angels, but my Father only; that is, no man, nør any angel, had received commission to make it known, neither was it in the commission of the Son to make it known, but the Father only, will make it known in its proper time. See Macknight on Mark xiii. 32. Surely there is a great difference between our Lord's knowing a thing himself, and a com mmission to make it known to others; the latter of which only the above passage refers to.
As for the power of Christ, ihe omnipotence of it appears eminently in ihe creation of all things, to which the Apostle adds, liy him all things confift. Col. i. 17. índ he upholdeth all things by the word
of his power. Heb. i. 3. Mr. T. ridicules the idea of making a distinction between the human nature and divine nature of Christ. But I apprehend without any good reason, for one sacred writer says, Christ is God with us. Another says, this is a part of the mystery of godliness. Gcd manifest in the flesh. And another says, that the Word, who was God was made flesh, and dwelt with us. Surely these things fully justify us in making a distinction between his human and divine natures, and alcribing that to each, which is proper to them. Mr. T. allows Christ to have a nature which is superior to humanity, although he denies his deity ; let me ask him, did this fuperior nature this nameless something in the mediator's perfon, which is neither God, angel, nor man) did it die? did it rise again, &c. If not, must not Mr. T. make a distinction between the superior and inferior natures of our Lord? If so, what advantage has he over the plain fimple Christian, who believes what the Scriptures fav of the Son in human nature, viz. That he is God with us. That Mr. T does make a dirtinction between the superior and inferior natures of Christ is evident, for he says, ' I agree with the Querist that Christ existed before he was made feth, or rather took flesh on him."
Mr. T. says also,' that Jesus was very cautious of making known his divinity:' and hence he infers that “He did not intend it thould be known, but let us fee whether our Lord was fo.cautious on this subject as Mr. T. insinuates.'
Did the Jews think hiin so cautious ? Theré were as zealous for the unity of God as any modern Arian, Unitarian, or Socinian can be, and from this very zeal they charged our Lord with blasphemy. In John v. 18. They fought to kill
him, because he had said God was his Father, making himself equal with God.' And what did he do when this charge was brought against him? Did he rend his cloaths and shew an abhorrence of it like Paul and Barnabas at Lyftra? See Acts xiv. No. He still maintained his claim.. See the following verses to the 30th. ; in which, although he point out his inferiority to the Father, in his oflice capacity as mediator, yet he declares that whatsoever things ihe Father doth, these also doth the Son likewise. And asserts, • That men hould honour the Son, even as they honour the Father.' And if this be not a claim to deity, I know not what is. I can but think that the Jews understood our Lord as making such a claim, and that the reply to them fully adınitted it. The fame charge was brought by them. John X. 30. Where Jesus said, 'I and my Father are one. Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. Jesus answered, many good works have I shewed you from my Father-for which of these works do you stone me? The Jews answered hiny, saying, for a good work we ftone thee not : but for blafphemy, and because that thou, being a man, makelt thyself God.' Our Lord mentions three things in his defence which follows. First, that the word God, had been used in the law in application to men. Psalm lxxxii. 1.6. • Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said ye are gods? Secondly, That in his mediatorial office, he was greater than any of those to whoin the word God had been applied. "If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the Scripture cannot be broken ; say ye of him whom the Father hath fanctified (set apart) and sent into the world. Thou blafphemelt, bebecaule I said I am the Son of God? Thirdly, he goes higher and asserts, That he doeth the wirks of the Father, and inat the Father was in him, and he in the Father. As an explanation of which, see John v. 17. "My Father worketh hi. therto, and I work,' and 19. Whatsoever things he (the Father) doth, these allo doth the Son likewise. From the whole íconclude, that laying claim to the same honour with the Father, saying that the Father was in him, and he in the Father ; that the Father and he were one, and whatever works the Father did; the Son did the faine ; all this I say was so far from fhewing that the Jews were mistaken, when they said he inade himself equal with God, that it had an evi. dent tendency to confirm them, in their views of his claims. Let me add that Paul had the same views of his divine master,
for he says that He, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God, (or to be as God.)
Lastly, give me leave to ask, will Mr. T's sentiments contribute much to establish the doctrine of the Divine Unity? He says that Christ is a God, but the Father is the God. Are there not then two Gods? The one greater than the other?
I am, Sir, Yours,
OF THE MOST REMARKABLE OCCURENCES IN
THE YEAR 1797.
GOVERNMENT received advice Advice received that the 'enemy's
that a formidable French fitet, fleet had been dispersed off the coast of with several thousand troops on board Ireland, and that they were on their had anchored near Bantry Bay, on the return to Breft. fouthern coast of Ireland.
An account rece'ved that a large A Lisbon mail arrived, bringing an frigate,called the linpatient, belonging account of the loss of his majeily's) to the enemy, had foundered in Banships BombayCattle and Courageux,ot try Bay, in atiempting to get to lea. 74 guns each, in a dreadfu! gale of wind The Irisli papirs anocunced that the former on the Spanish coalt, be the Seduisanie French fhip laden with tween Tarill and Croma Povia, and flour, laving a great number of troops the latter at the entrance of slie Ta- on board, belonging to the Brelt argus.
mament, went to pieces in coming out Official intelligence received froin jof that barbour ; and that several lives Ireland, that the enemy's fl-et, which werel it. had anchored in Bantry Bay on the The French Minister to the united 24th ul:. remained there till ihe 27110 States of America, declared to the Sein the evening,
en they quitted creiary of Siale at Pniladelphia, that their station and disappeared. An his functions had cealed, in conteofficer, who had been driven on licrequence of the commercial regulations with a boat's crew, on being exa which had taken place between that mined, stated that ihe feet, upon iis country and Great Britain. leaving Bitit, conlisted of about fills Advice received that several fcatfail, including transports, bawing tered French Chips bad appeared off twenty five thousand'ınen on board, the Shannon and Buntry Bay, but under the command general Hoche, finding that the main force was not and that the whole of this force was at either place, they immediately bore defined for the attack of Ireland, away for Fiance. The Lith yeoinarry and the inhibi- The second squadron of French 1ants of the South, eminently dist - Mips which had anchored in Bantry guihed themselves for their zeal and Bay, and that which appeared off the alacrity on the occasion.
Shannon, left those stations, on their
return to France, without attempting Holland, who aftewards married her to land any troops.
lady Mip. A Paris paper of the 7th announc- A dreadful earthquake happened in ed the return to Brest, of one of the di- South America, by which forty thou. visions of the French flee', under the fand lives were lost. command of admiral Bouvette. Intelligence is received from France
Intelligence from Paris announced that Mantua and several other fort. that the expedition against Ireland rfis had turiendered to the French; had totally failed; and that Mantua that the Auitrians had poflilled them. was reduced to such a degree of dif- felves of the post of Huninguen, on tress, that the soldiers were obliged to the Rhine ; anu that Mr. Pinckney, eat their horses.
the Ainerican Minister a: Paris, had American papers announced that received orders to quit the territories New York, Boiton, Baltimore, and of the French repabl.c. Savannah, had been partly destroyed Ten jail of victuallers from Cork
taken 'iy two French privateers. Letters from Anerica announced Adinni al Sir John Jervis, with fif. that Mr. Adams and Mr. Jefferson teen tail of the line defeated the Spa. had been elected president and vice nilh fiect consisting of twelliy leven president of the United states. fail of the line, and nine trigaies,
The anniversary of the murder of off Cape St. Vincent's, and to k four Louis XVI. celebrated at Paris with ships of the line, two of which of 112 great pomp and exultation.
guns each. For this gallant archieveThe Marquis Cornwallis appoint- ment the brave admiral was fuon after ed by the Board of Controul to the created Earl St. Vinceni. capital situation of the Governor-Ge- The Paris paper's brought an acneral of Bengal.
count of Buonaparte having penetrat. Dispatches from Petersburg an. ed into the Papal territories, captured nounced that the new Emperor had several important posts, killed a great determined to adhere to the terms of number of his Holiness's troops, and the treaties formed by his mother, that he was proceeding on his march the late Empress.
to Rome. FEBRUARY.
Four hundred French troop landed The Channel Aleet returned to Tor- in South Wales from on board two bay, from an unsuccessful cruize in Frence ships of war, which immedi. pursuit of the French squadron off ately departed for France, leaving the the coast of Ireland.
men to be taken prisoners. Intelligence received of the total An order of council issued, for surdefeat of the Austrian forces in Italy, pending the issue of cash by the bank, by General Bounaparte's army, be on account of tne great demands lately tween the 19th and 27th of January. made upon it. The loss.of the Austrians, certificate A message from his majesty on the by the French Generals, consisted of above subject, was prelented to both about fix thousand killed and wound- houses of Parliament, who approved ed, twenty thousand taken prisoners, of the conduct of his Majesty's minifixty pieces of cannon, twenty four Iters on the occasion. Meetings of the standards, some of which were work-bankers, merchants, and tradeis were ed with the Empress's own hands, lield, for the purpose of entering and all the cattle, grain, and other ne- into agreements to accept of bank nessaries, destined for the relief of noces in payment as usual. Mantua. Several important posts also
MARCH. fell into the hands of the French. Public rejoicings took place in Lon
Sir Godfry Webster obtained a di-don, on account of the victory of ad. vorce againit his wife, in Doctors miral Jervis over the Spanish feet, Commons, for adultery with Lord and a subscription was entered into at
Lloyd's, for the relief of the widows