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Art. 39. Observations on the Cure of the Gonorrhæa. By Samuel

Foart Simmons, M. D. F. R. S. &c. 8vo. is, 6d, Murray, 1780.

This Pamphlet likewise contains some judicious observations respecting the Gonorrhea. On this subject the Author very properly observes, that although this complaint has prevailed in Europe for more than two hundred years, we find men of the greatelt eminence in the profession ftill differing in their opinions concerning its nature, and in their methods of treating it.'-- In fact, ftrange as it may appear after so long an acquaintance with this disease, we have perased some late performances, the Authors of which have undertaken to prove that the Gonorrhea and the lues venerea are two distinct species of contagion.

After describing the progress of the disease, the Author juftly re. probates the practice ftill perfifted in by fome, of exhibiting drastic purges. Among the topical remedies, he too speaks favourably of a Solution of opium, used as a sedative injection; or with a view to lessen the irritability of the parts, and to allay the local in Aammation. When the inflammation has subsided, he observes that gently fimulating and aftringent injections may be used with safety, and with confiderable advantage. To the account of this last quality alone, he ascribes the good effects to be expected from mercurial in. jections. His reasons may be collected from the following cxtracts:

The idea, says the Author, ' of their correcting the venereal virus was originally introduced, and has been continued, upon mistaken principles. - Calomel, mixed with the mucus discharged in a gonorrhea, has no more power in destroying the infectious properties of that mucus, than cerusse or any other preparation would have. A diluted solution of fublimate injected into the urethra will, like a solution of verdegris, or blue vitriol, or any other ftyptic, conftringe the mouths of the lacune; but this is all that it will do, for it will never lessen the infectious nature of the virus.'— For the truth is, that mercury has no power over the venereal virus, until it has been introduced into the body, and undergone certain changes, &c.'

In these passages, we think that the Author speaks too decicisively, on a matter in which he cannot have sufficient data to fupport his affertions. As he does not profess to know the chemical qualities of the venereal virus, nor in what manner mercury, when introduced into the circulation, acts upon and corrects it; he is not warranted in denying that it can bave the power of destroying its infectious properties, on fimply coming into contact with it in the prephra. We should think it prudent therefore-waving other arguments founded on analogy, and, indeed, on experience—to take the cbance, at least, of its possessing a power of correcting the vene. real poison, on being dire&ly mixed with it ; and accordingly should prefer it to ceruse or vitriol : Calomel is certainly as harmless as thefe ; and the Author is so far from dissuading from the use of it in injecti that he declares, that he has frequently found it of confiderable efficacy; though his theory leads bim to ascribe its good effects to its fimulus.

Art.

Art. 40. A Treatise on the Diseases of the Eye, and their Reme

dies; &c. Illustrated with Copperplates : By George Chandler, Surgeon. 8vo. 3 s. Boards. Cadell. 1780.

In this Compilation. which is divided into two parts, the Author has firf drawn up a short anatomical description of the eye; which is followed by an account of the manner in which vision is performed; and of the common imperfections of sight, such as Myopia, Presbytia, &c. In the second part, he Briefly treats of the diseases of the eye and eye-lids, and of the methods of cure, according to the latest observations and improvements. It will be sufficient to add, that the work is executed in such a manner, as to render it useful to those who cannot have recourse to the various works in which the diseases of this organ are treated more particularly. Art. 41. Medical Tracts: By the late John Wall, M. D. of

Worcester. Collected and republished by Martin Wall, M. D. 8vo. 58. Boards. Cadell. 1780.

The high reputation of the late Dr. Wall, both as a skilful physician and a man of science, sufficiently warrants, the propriety of presenting to the Public a collection of his medical works, most of which are only to be met with in vriminous and miscellaneous collections. The present Editor has been incited by an additional and very laudable motive, that of rendering justice to the memory of an excellent father; and we doubt not but he will acquire equal credit, for the filial affection which prompted him to the undertaking, and the intelligent manner in which he has performed it. All the pieces in this collection have been before printed. The list of them is as follows:

1. Of the extraordinary effects of Mulk in convulsive disorders. 2. Of the use of the Peruvian Bark in the small-pox.

3. Of the cure of the Putrid Sore Throat. 4. Mr. Oram's account of the case of the Norfolk Boy. 5. Observations on that case, and on the efficacy of Oil in Worm Cases. 6. Experiments and observations on the Malvern Waters, 7. Letters to Sir George Baker, &c. on the Poison of Lead, and the impregnation of Cyder with that metal. 8. A Letter to Dr. Heberden on the Angina Pectoris. 9. Supple. ment, containing an account of the Epidemic Fever of 1740, 1741, 1742.

As it does not come within our plan to give a particular account of pieces formerly publithed, we shall only take notice, that the Editor has enriched his publica:ion with various notes, which discover an extensive acquaintance with the subjects in question, with a candid and liberal turn of mind. He has fubjoined to the treatise on: Malvern waters, an Appendix of fome length, containing an experimental inquiry into their nature ; from which it appears, that the Holy.well Water at Malvern, does not contain any uncombined vie sriolic acid, nor any volatile alcali, nor any metallic falt; that it is lightly impregnated with fixed air, contains some common air, fome jelenites, and some umeutralized calcareous earth.He atributes its virtues, therefore, to " its extreme purity, alifted by the fixed air which it contains."

RELICIOUS.

2 S.

RELIGIOUS. Art. 42. A Travel from Egypt towards the Land of Canaan. Where

the Author, in his Way, met with a peculiar People': among which he met with many remarkable Occurrences and many Dif. ficulties. Set forth in Parables, and addressed to the People calle ed Quakers, and the Sincere in general. By J. C. Schnebbelie. 8vo, Printed for the Author, and sold by Crowder. 1780.

This poor Writer's head is enveloped in the thicket fogs of myfticism His production is a wretched compound of the wretched fyftems (if they may be called systems) of Jacob Behmen and George Fox.

This Author is not contented with playing at Parables; he must needs turn commentator! and, like other crack-brained enthusiasts, he hath chofen a subject which Nonsense hath long pleaded a kind of prescriptive right to the possession of, and on which it fancies itself privileged to take what liberty it thinks proper. The title of this part of his work will be a sufficient evidence of the state of our Author's mind: “An explanation of the book sealed with seven feals, or a further instruction to the fincere in the way from Babylon to the New Jerusalem.'

We have nothing farther to say of this traveller, but that he is yet in the Wilderness ! Art. 43. Catechism de la Bible, &c.-A Scripture-Catechism;

or, an Abridgement of the Holy Scriptures, by way of Question and Answer: For the Use of the Church of St. John; Spitalfields." 8vo. Is. London, printed by Galabin and Baker; and fold by G. Wagstaffe. 1779.

Mons. Beazeville, the author of this French Catechism, speaks very properly, in his Preface, on the necesity of inftilling the principles of piety and virtue into the minds of youth, and the importance of fcripture knowledge for this purpose. He earneitly recommends attention and diligence in these respects to parents and others, who have the charge of children and youth, This little volume is published at the expence of the church for whose use it was principally designed. It reaches no farther than the end of the Old Testament, on many parts of which it presents reflections which tend to implant and strengthen the love of truth, piery, and goodness. We cannot but remark the solicitude the Author fnews in his Preface, that these descendents of French Refugees may preserve and adhere to the language of their

ancestors, without adopting the English. Art. 44. The Divine Right of a Christian to Freedom of Enquiry,

and Freedom of Practice, in Religious Matters, evinced from the Chriftian Records. To which are added, Some Motives to enforce the Exercise of that Right, and a few Directions relative to the proper Regulation of it.

18. Hull printed, London fold by Rivington. 1779.

The Author of this small tract has not announced his name in the title-page, but the Preface informs us it is Beatson. It is a fenfible and rational performance, in which we find little to object to, and much to approve.

, , . .

I zmo.

It is of little concern to him,' this Writer says, “whar names Christians may be called by, whether as terms of diftin&ion, or names of reproach, fince these make no alteration in the nature of Christianity. But he is concerned, nay even anxiously desirous, that every disciple of Jesus be able to give a fcriptural reafon, both for what he believes and what he practises; since a deficiency in this, in his opinion, reflects disgrace on the Christian character,

When a profeffor of Christianity, for example, is aked, Why he believes this doctrine, or practises that duty, how low, how mean, how dirgraceful is it for him to reply, It is contained in such a confeffon, or it is believed and practised by this or the other man, who is eminent for his literature and piety! But when he can fay, Thus Christ and his apoftles taught, and thus they have commanded, and therefore I fo believe and fo practise, it is at once satisfactory, just, and honour. able! The right for which this Author pleads, he cells us, 'confifts in a man's determining for himself in all matters of religion, by exercising his own understanding on the Chriftian scriptures; or, in other words, to embrace, profess, and defend whatever he apprehends to be religious truth or duty, without discouragement or rem straint from men. This right be calls divine, because he apprehends that 'a Chriftian is invested with it by credentials from heaven ;' and this right, he adds, ' is built on the following table foundations, That religion, ftritly considered, is entirely a perfonal concern, and alcogether foreign to the nature, object, and use of civil magiftracy: That the Lord Jesus Christ is the only sovereign of conscience, which authority he continues to exercise himself, and has not contituted any delegates :--That the sacred seriptures are a perfect role in all religious concerns, containing whatsoever is necessary for us as Christians, either to believe or practise :--And, That every Chriftian is, or may be, a competent judge of the various branches of revealed truth, at leat so far as relates to his everlasting falvation.'

This Writer defends the proposition he has advanced by a variety of arguments from the New Testament; to which he unites motives to the exercise of this right, and directions for the proper regulations of it. His little treatise discovers good fense, integrity, candour, and piety. Art. 45. Emblematical Representation of the Paradise of God;

Thewing the Nature of Spiritual Industry, in the Similitude of a Garden well ordered, dressed and kept. With sundry Reflections on the Nature of Divine Knowledge. To which is added, a Treatise on the Righteousness of Saints, as is recorded in Scripture : Delivered by Way of an Answer to a Letter from a Correspondent; by Alexander Clark, Gardener. 8vo. 3.5. bound. Keith,. &c. 1779.

The nature of this performance will be suficiently known from its Title-page. The most material confideration attending this bufiness of spiritualizing is, that the Author has found it no hindrance to him in his profession, but that it rather was a help to him, in order, as he expreffes it, to follow the same with care and diligence. And he adds, But what is still more remarkable in these things, that the more close I kept to the bufiness ! professed, the more I found (f

God'

God's gracious presence, as may be seen in the work, how wonder.
fully I was enabled to spiritualize every thing belonging to the prac.
tical parts of gardening; a path, which, I believe (as to the plan),
no man ever yet has trod before.'
Art. 46. An Abridgment of the History of the Old and New

Teftament, interspersed with moral and instructive Reflections
chiefly out of the Fathers. From the French. By J. Reeve.
8vo. 6s. sewed. Exeter, printed; London, sold, by Lewis.
1780.

In this abridgement of Sacred History the reflections, moral and Teligious, which are interspersed, are fenfible, useful, and sometimes excellent: But it is necessary to warn our readers, that the principles of Popery are so interwoven with the historical and other passages of fcripture, that the unwary may be milled, and brought to imagine, that the tenets of the Church of Rome are founded on, or supported by, the Sacred Volume; than which nothing can be more false and erroneous. We therefore wonder, that in books of this kind, if published by Protestants, the exceptionable passages should not be omitted; or, at least, accompanied by some fatisfactory guard, and antidote, for the sake of general readers, in a Proteftant country.

SERMON
Preached at St. Edmund's Bury, Oct. 17, 1779. For the Benefit of

the Charity Children in that Town. Published for the Benefit of
'the Charity Schools. 4to. Crowder, &c.

Pathos, tenderness, and persuasive eloquence, are the characteristics of this Discourse. The fuppreflion of the Author's name is a fingular circumstance.

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CORRESPONDENCE,
A letter has been received from the widow of the late Captain
Jonathan Carver,' declaring, in joftice to the memory of het de-
ceased husband,' and to prevent imposition on the Public,'--that
Captain Carver was author of no work ever yer published, but his

Travels through the interior Parts of North America,” and bis 6. Treatise on Tobacco *". Mrs. Carver further mentions fome circumstances relative to her late husband's transactions with the Booksellers, “in the hour of extreme distress for his family,' &c. &c. -As to Captain Carver's private concerns with the trade, and their Il liberality toward him;-these are matters which cannot be brought into our court. We are always sorry for the distresses of ingenious men, or of their families; and sincerely wish we had the power of prevencing or relieving them. We are particularly forry for Mrs. Carver, as she appears to have sustained an irreparable lofs, in the death of a very mericorious and respectable husband,

* of both these we have given our commendation : See Review, Vol. LX. p. 90--281. Also Vol. LXI. p. 78.

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