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a copy: Without informing the world how he procured the copy, and without the consent.or knowledge of the respectable Author, he at once fends forth a French 'edition, and an English translation, The work, it must be confessed, breaths the same spirit of freedom, has the same philosophical cast of thinking, and is written with the same glow of language, for which the Abbé's History is so juftly admired. But though it is in his manner, it is not in his best manner: there are fewer facts, and less variety and depth of reflection, than we should have expected from such a Writer, on fo fruitful a subject. Besides, the translation is so inelegant, and obscure, and ehroughout fo entirely Gallic, that it would be trespassing upon our reader's patience to detain them with any specimens of it. We shall therefore content ourselves with this general notice of the publication, at least till the Abbé Raynal shall think fit to give it the protection of his celebrated name. Art. 15. Observations on the Dutch Manifesto. Addressed to
the Earl of Shelburne. 8vo. IS. Kearfly.' 1781. When nations quarrel, each party afferts the justice of its cause, and to prove it logically, before they proceed to the ultima ratio, à manifefto is publithed, wherein the justice on this fide, and the injustice of that, is speciously, if not truly set forth : what the one advances, the other contradi&ts,--and the appeal is to the sword; by the length and sharpness of which, the contelt is usually decided. As to the present instance, “ Your declaration, Master Bull,” says Mynheer, " afferts nothing but fallhoods, to mark your insolence and ambition :"_" And your manifelio, Maiter Frog," replies Jack English, “ is a heap of d-d nonsense, evasion, and absurdity, all meant to cover your false friendship, and underhand dealings.” Now, what critic shall decide in such a case, and venture to pronounce on the merits of the argument ? Not an Englishman, surely, nor a Dutchman.-Let the King of Prussia, if he pleases, or the Emperor, review this pamphlet.
A MERICAN CONT Å OVERSY. Art. 16. The History of the Civil War in America : Vol. I.
Comprehending the Campaigns of 1775, 1776, and 1777. By an Officer of the Army * 8vo. 55. Boards. Sewell. 1780.
A judicious and impartial History of the unfortunate American War, written by an able pen, might prove an acceptable and a useful present to the Public; but an unbiaffed historian is at all times rara avis in terris : ac this early period, and on this interesting subject, ftrict impartiality is hardly to be expected. Distant times may perhaps produce some faithful and exact ace counts : the present race of men will probably expire before such accounts make their appearance. --The publication before us is only part of a work which is to be finished in future volumes, and therefore it is the less necessary for us (while the undertaking is imperfect} to give it a very particular review. To speak of it in general terms, it appears to us, rather a vindication of the measures of the Mother-country, and consequently an utter condemnation of the Americans, than a fair and equal representation, Errors there have been, no doubt, on both fides, in the conduct of
* Said to be Capt. Hall, of General Howe's regiment.
this melancholy business; but we can see no reason to suppose them confined merely to one of the contending parties.- This Writer, in common with many ochers, considers the repeal of the Stamp-act as
great spring of our present calamities: åt the fame time he aca knowledges that act to have been oppressive; a consideration which surely called for its repeal ; but there may be truth and justice in his observation, that had the heavy tax on law-suits only been taken off, the Americans would have remained satisfied as to che rest : this is his fuppofition, and appears to be the principal, if not the only cona cesfion which he offers in tbeir favour; for, as he proceeds, he treats their complaints as founded only on pretended grievances, and their conduct as arising from a factious, ambitious, and lawless spirit. On the whole, we apprehend those readers who form their judgment merely from this Volume, will run the hazard of being milled, for want of a free and fair investigation of the principal arguments that have been urged on both sides of the question.
Po E T ICA L. Art. 17. Poems; chiefly composed from recent Events. By
Mr. Nilber. 8vo. 35. 6 d. Boards, Edinburgh. Sold by Ria chardson and Urquhart, London. 1780.
These Poems were written, as the Preface informs us, at fixteen. They are blossoms that time inay, posibly, ripen into fruit. Art. 18. Poems, on various Subjects. Small 8vo. 2s.6d,
Boards. Edinburgh. Sold by Richardson and Urquhart, london. 177o.
These are a feason or two forwarder than the blossoms spoken of above, but they are not yet come to maturity. Art. 19. A Poetical Epistle to Mons. Vestris, from Arctineolus,
To a Friend in the Country. By George Pasmore. 4to. 2 s.
"I brought them to my Phillimus with speed,
She smild and said 'twas pretty words indeed!' Art. 21.
Satirical Ballads, &c. on the Times. Printed for the Benefit of the unhappy Sufferers in the Welt Indies. 8vo. 2d. Asperne. No one will think this two-penny worth of wit a dear purchase, who considers the motive of publication. Three guineas, we are told, have been paid in to the trustees some time ago. We most heartily with it a very rapid sale. Many volumes of five times the bulk, have not a fifth part of its merit. Art. 22. The Celestial Beds; or a Review of the Votaries of
the Temple of Healih, Adelphi, and the Temple of Hymen, Pall mall. 4to.
Kearsley. 1781. This Bagatelie is not without humour. The Author rallies Dr. G. and laughs at his supposed patients, with a pleasantry neither offenfive to decency nor good manners, -a merit, considering the tempia-sion his subject held out to him, that deserved to be taken norice of. Hh 2
Art. 23. Poems, by a Lady. 4to. 12 s. sewed. Payne.
1781. Trifles by no means worthy of publication. Art. 24. The Ascension : a poetical essay. By the Rev. Samuel
Hayes, M. A. late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. 4to. I s. Dodfley. 1781.
To all the late candidates for Seaton's reward we may apply the following lines from Mr. Gay:
• Forbear, contending louts, give o'er your strains ;
N O V E L s.
Kearsly. 1781. The Author says, that he has found an old pen belonging to Sterne.' We wish he had found the spirit which animated it. But that is exhausted, and nought remains here but the dull lifeless res. duum.
This affected and frivolous performance consists of the characters of some persons who are supposed by the Author to have hired a hackney coach; and it may be considered as a sort of a supplement to a very indifferent novel, intitled the “ Sedan." There is little real information to be collected from it concerning the private lives of those eminent characters that pass under the Author's inspection. Party holds the pen, and prejudice guides his hand. His language is generally inelegant, and frequently obfcene. But though we might pardon the unknown author, yet we can searcely forgive the pretended memorialist who puts the following affected, turgid phrases into the mouth of the elegant, unornamented Goldsmith ;--the beautiful fimplicity of whole style is ftrongly contrafted by that unmeaning garish language which diftinguishes his successless imitator.
What a motley scene, says the genius (1. 6. Dr. G.) is even here about this time of the day! Pomp, self importance, and lounging nobility ambling in the troop of pleasure. Poverty looking up to them for relief; yet fearful of the harsh menace of denial, There shines the proud enggo of nobility, a star. Here fickens in the eye of suffering virtue a tear. Yon tattered wretch, perhaps, owes her remnant of poverty, &c. &c.' It is enough reader! This cannot be Goldsmith, any more than the Author himself can be Sterne, or any relation of the Shandy family. He is certainly some sturdy North Briton, more calculated to hold the whip of the hackney coachman than to ufe the old pen of the inimitable Yorick ; but who, having arrived at the post of a driver, aspires with abundant vanity, at the high dillinction of being himself driven. Art. 26. The History of the Honourable Mrs. Rojemont and Sir Henry Cardigan, in a Series of Letters.
2 vols. 8vo. 5 S. fewed. Hookham. 1781.
This is a sprightly entertaining Novel. Its plot is fomewhat ro. mantic and improbable, and its events are linked by circumstances 100 artificial and arbitrary to deceive the reader: yet it is on the whole conducted with spirit and address :-he story is well told; and the different characters are properly discriminated. The sentimental
delicacy of Mrs. Rosemont, is well contrasted with the gaiety and wis of the sprightly Lady Lucy. The struggles of love between the tender remembrance of a darling object who first excited it, and a new passion conceived for another, are very bappily described in the cha. racter of Sir Henry Cardigan. An infamous wretch of the name of Saunders, piqued by Mrs. Rosemont's neglect, plots revenge both against her and her more favoured admirer. It so far succeeds as to create confusion and embarrassment. Hence a little bustle on the ftage; till the scene shifts and opens a world of wonders ! Mrs. Ro. semont who is at the point of marrying Sir Henry, under the presumption of her husband's having been killed in a duel, is surprized at his return. He recounts his strange adventures. Her former passion is renewed ; and the seems to wonder a: herself for having entertained a thought of a second lover. More bustle and embarrassment ensues ! But the wonder of wonders is in the conclusion, where we find the villain Saunders fairly caught in Cupid's net, and at last converted into fober matrimony by a pretty Nun; who, having been feduced by a French Count, was doomed to take the veil to atone for her indiscretion, and blot out the dishonour of her crime, by peni. tence and tears. Saunders was so struck with the beauty of the lovely Magdalene, as she went through the ceremony in the public church, that he conceived a pallion for her; and as his head was particu. larly turned for plots (as the reader of this Novel will fee), he cone trived a scheme to carry her off from the convent. This he effected, and having brought the fair penitent to England, he marries her,All the parties in the drama are united, fome by marriage, others by friendship, and Saunders with all of them by concessions on his part, and forgiveness on theirs.
The sentiments of this Novel are chaste and delicate: the language free and easy. It appears to have been the composition of a Lady well versed in the nicer points and mysteries of love. We say a Lady, and for two reasons do we a::ribute it to a female pen :---from the freedom and vivacity with which it is written, and from several glaring deficiences even in common grammatical construction. This fault we have often observed in the compositions of ladies, who, notwithftanding, have acquired all the higher graces of language : and have almoit instinctively caught at elegance without giving themfelves the trouble of pursuing che ftri&t forms of grammar. Art. 27. Letters moral and entertaining. By Mrs. Cart
wright. 8vo. 3 s. ferved. Macgowan. These Letters are more moral ckan entertaining; though perhaps they have enough of the latter quality, to recommend them to that class of readers for whom they were meant. The stories interspersed thew little fancy or ingenuity. The ladies are betrayed by the usual methods of feduction and impofition; and the gentlemen are very amiable, or very vicious, without striking out a new fault, or aiming at a new viriue; and without giving old faults. or old virtues the semblance of novelty. Thele Letters are writs teni in a blameless uniformity of style, and without rising into any distinguished excellence, or finking into any gross abfurdity ; they may be truly said to keep the noiseless tenor of their Way,
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 28. Esays, Letters, and Poems. By Edmund Rack,
Secretary to the Society for the Encouragement of Agriculture, Arts, Manufactures and Commerce, and to the Philosophical Society, lately inftituted at Bath; and Author of Mentor's Letters to Youth * 8vo. 6s. sewed. Dilly, &c. 1781,
Some of the principal pieces in this Miscellany have already apo peared with credit to their Author, in various periodical publications. A vein of good sense is in general discernible in them, accompanied by a liberality of sentiment that is not always to be met with in more shining performances. The humorous attempts do not ftand foremost in point of merit. Art. 29. Elays on various Subjects of Taste and Criticism. 8vo,
28. Dilly. 1780, The subjects which are discussed in the two first of these Essays are, the nature, origin, and progress of poetical composition; and patioral poetry. The third, and last Efray is a critique on the firk buok of Milton's Paradise lost. When due allowance is made for " the firit attempts of a juvenile writer,” and for the difficulty of striking out any thing new or original on subjects fo nearly exhausted : candor will not find much, to censure in these critical exercises, which carry with them evident marks of good sense, accompanied by juft principles of taste. Art. 30. The Swindler detected: or Cautions to the Public :
Containing a minute Account of the various Frauds and Impositions practised on the honeft induftrious Tradesmen of ihis Metropolis. The Stories related in this Tract are collected from abio. lute Facts that have transpired within the last eighteen Months. Addressed to a certain Alderman. 8vo. 1 5. 6 d. Kearsley, &c. 1781.
Thele Cautions and Infances may have but too much foundation in fact, in a metropolis where such numbers live without any general observer knowing how: and where, by the competition for trade in
every branch of business, credit is given with so much readiness. Art. 31. ΑΡΙΣΤΟΤΕΛΟΥΣ περί Ποιηθικής. Aristotelis de
Poetica Liber ex Verfione Theodori Goulitoni. Lectionis varieta. tem e Codd. IV. Bibliothecæ Mediceæ, Verborum Indicem et Ob. servationes suas adjunxit T. Winitanley, A. M. Coll. Hert. Soc. 8vo. 6 s. bound. Oxford printed, and sold by Elmsley in London. 78c.
The Observations, with which this accurate and ingenious Editor has enriched his edition of this invaluable treaiile of Arifoile's, bear ample testimony to his faill and fagacity as a critic. If they leave us any thing to regret, it is, that the Writer's attention was not equally employed in elucidating the sense, as in restoring purity to the text, of this profound and difficult Author. A commentary on the poetics of Ariftotle, would open a noble field for abtract and philosophical criticism,
• For Mentor's Letters, fee Rev, vol. Ivii. p. 408.