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are many politicians among our public-fpirited countrymen, who are no students, it is for their use, as we apprehend, for there is no kind of introduction prefixed, that this detached portion of the Spirit of Laws is translated and published. Art. 15. An Address from the Committee of Asociation of the
County of York, to the Electors of Great Britain. To which are prefixed, the Refolutions of that Committee, at their Meetings held on the 3d and 4th of January 1781. 4to. 6d. Almon, &c.
In this serious, nervous, well-written Address, after a free, proper, and manly exposition of their views of political reformation, and their motives of pub ic conduct, the Yorkshire Committee express their hope, that the other counties, cities, and boroughs, who concur in the same sentiments, will co-operate with the intended general Deputation, by appointing Deputies, with power to support, in that affe mbly [Parliament] such propofitions of reform as they may respectively approve.'-- ! he great leading proposition here recommented, is an Application for obtaining at least 100 additional County Members,--and fos shortening the duration of Parliaments to a term not exceeding three years.' Art. 16. A Philippic on the Opposition ; addressed to the Electors
of Great Britain. By a Freeholder of Middlesex. 8vo. Taylor in Holborbe. 1781.
Confiits, chiefly, of the common, specious, declamation against the leaders of our Political Opposition; but the Author, though not equal to a Lind *, or a Macpherson, is not one of the meanest of the present fer of Minisierial Writers. Art. 17. Speech of the Earl of Buchan, intended to have been
delivered at the Meeting of the l'eers of Scotland, for the General Election of their Representatives, October 17, 1780. In which his Lordship proposes a Plan for the better Regulation of the Peerage of Scotland. To which are added, fome Papers in Illustration of the Subject.
4to. 2 s. 6 d. Edinburgh printed. Sold by Almon in London. 1780.
The circular letter of the Earl of Buchan to the peers of Scotland, previous to the lait general election, was printed in all the public news-papers; and is here reprinted in the Dedication of this Speech to his Lord hip's brother, Counsellor Erskine. In this letter his Lordship endeavoured to inspire his brother peers with his own fenii. ments concerning the degradation of the Scottish peerage ; which being admitted into the British House of Peers only by elective representation, that representation was guided by circular representa: tions from the Secretary of State. The idea he then threw out in consequence of this ' disagreeable and indecent fituation in which the peers electors in Scotland are at present,' was, that an address should be prefented by them to the legislative body of the three Edates in Parliament, that the fixteen representatives might hereafter be chosen by rotation.
* Adminiftration hath lately fulained a great loss by the death of this very able advocate.
It is not unfrequent, that those political regulations which appear the most wise, fair, and equitable, on paper, prove the most oppo. fite to these specious appearances when reduced to practice; and Lord Buchan seemed aware of the objection, that by this means improper persons might be introduced into the House of Lords. Whether his reply to this anticipated objectior, that the peers of Scotland are at least upon a footing of equality with the hereditary peers of England, as to birth and education, the two external advantages which inspire noble and liberal sentiments, will be deemed in this instance full and conclusive, mult be left to the consideration of that great assembly, if the question should come before them.
In this intended speech, his Lordhip pursues the same ideas, and gives an historical view of the peerage of Scotland, from which he deduces, that at the union of the kingdoms, in the year 1707, the number of the Scorch peers on the rolls of Parliament, amounted to 153. That number, from the circumstances above mentioned *, has diminished to 88; and upon an average, fince the Union, every two years have seen the loss of a peerage by the failure of heirs. If to this expectation we add the coalition of peerages by marriage, by succession of collaterals, having other peerages, the possibility of new attaioders, and the probability of many of them being united to British peerages; the number of the Scotch peerage, not having seats in the British Parliament, must, in little more than half a century, fall considerably short of double the number of the 16 representatives.'
To this speech are subjoined, lists of the peers of Scotland at different periods of time, from the year 1597 ; with extracts from the orders of the British and Irish Houses of Lords, prescribing the rules for ascertaining the desceots of peers. Art. 18. The Old Funds suficient for a New Loan: or, a Pro
posal for raising the Supplies of the current Year by lowering the Legal Interest of Money, and taxing the Funds. 8vo. White. 1781.
After tracing the gradual reduction of interest, from ten to five per cent. and insisting on the burdens laid upon landholders, from which money-holders are exempt"; the Author thus proposes his plan of striking an average between them : 'In the present emergency, when large supplies must be raised, and most other resources are exbausted, and the land is burdened beyond an equal proportion ; can it be improper to try what may be effected by a reduction of the national intereft? By way of experiment, let us suppose it reduced to four per cent. what will be the consequences ? Why, the poffeffors of money lent upon mortgages or bonds, who now generally receive five per cent. or near it, for intereft, will have their income diminished a fifth or fixch part; and the value of land will increase in the same proportion, but still fall a fifteenth or twentieth below its value in peace, on account of the extraordinary taxes and cesses already mentioned. On the other hand, the stocks will rise a fourth part, so that
*' After 73 years have elapsed since the Union, the failure of 38 peerages through want of heirs, and the loss of 25 by attainders.' Alterations of succeslion not upon record, and the originals loft or destroyed.
the Three per cents consolidated, which are now sold at fixty or near it, will fetch feventy-five ; because, if 4!. be the interest of rool, 31. will be the interest of 75 1.--In all saleable commodities, whether land, moveables, or money, whatever inequalities arise, an ave. rage in the multiplicity of transfers soon settles among them all; and while rents are so generally advancing every where, complaints of the depreciation of land, under all its burdens, appear to be ill founded. The quantity of money in circulation will, as in all other articles, regulate its price; fo that when it will bear no more than four per cent. no arguments for or against the measure will either accelerate or retard it.'
The Writer proceeds--' But this is an advance of capital, which the stockholders are by no means inritled to, and for which they ought therefore to make a proper compensation to the Public. Let this be done by a tax of three ihillings in the pound upon all the interest of fock. For though a tax of four shillings in the pound would be requisite to balance exactly the fall of national interest, and the confequent rise of stock; yet I propose to take only three shil. lings, as the capital of a stockholder is not fixed and permanent like that of a mortgagee, and may happen for a time to link below the level proportional to the new impofition. If any think this an unfair advantage given to stockholders, yet no ill can ensue from making the experiment for one year at this sum, and afterwards advancing to four thillings, if the focks shall appear able to pay it upon the principle of equality.'
It is upon the produce of this tax, with the advantages of money being reduced to four per cent. that the Author proposes to raise the current supplies for the year. But to make the increased price of ftock, under a reduction of legal interest, a plea for taxing the funds, is a palpable act of injuftice. The present set of stockholders, when intereit should be reduced, might certainly gain by an advance on the stock in hand, and with them the advantage would ceale ; for the first sale would settle the average price it was worth ; as the buyers at the rate of 4 per cent. would pay the full value at which stock would remain, subject to the usual fluctuations. But to impose a perpetual burden on all future llockholders, merely to reduce the profit of the fir2 set who fell out, is a refinement in policy the equality of which is not readily apprehended, notwithstanding the objections stated and answered by the proposer. It is to be hoped the new loan relts on a more mature fyftem of equalization.
Po E T I C A L. Art. 19.
An Heroic Epistle to the Rev. Martin M-dong Author of a late Treatise on Polygamy. 410.
Faulder. This piece is written profeffedly in imitation of M'Gregor's; and, in some parts of it, with tolerable success. The Author hath given a ludicrous turn to some of Mr. Madan's very serious pofitions; and well parodied that most pathetic exclamation, quoted in our O&ober Review, in which the reverend Polygamist pities the bondage of modern husbands in Chriflian countries, who must grind (poor men!) in mola afinaria during life.'
Thro' Britain's realms can any wretch be found,
Ye husbands, rouse !_nor let me strive in vain
to be married's better than to burn,”
Then thou, great seer (with whom my verse began),
Shall speak a happy people's gratitude.' This little poem is illustrated by Notcs, chiefly consisting of quotations from Thelyphthora. The Author hash selected some of the most exceptionable passages, the better to excuse his own want of decency; and seems to think--(how juftly we leave our Readers to. determine)--that if a grave preacher may be indelicate in earnesi, a gay poet may be fo in jeft. Art. 20. Anti-Thelyphthora. A Tale in Verse.
I S. Johnson. 1781. The heroes of this little tale are -Reader, pull off thy hat! the Rev. Martin Madan, and put on thy hat again the Monthly Reviewer! These redoubted champions enter the lifts in quality of knights; each having his mistress, but neither of them provided with an esquire to gird on his buckler, lead forth his Rosinantz, or hold the stirrup. This is a sad defect in a chivalrous poem ; and the Author might as well have left the knight's here, as his esquire, at home. And, moreover, we think it is a slight on 'quire Dodíley and 'squire Griffiths to have been totally omitted in the Tale of their own knights; when it is evident that they attended them to the field, and at least held she stirrup, if they did not draw the sword.
But let us be serious-though it is impoflible to help smiling at the idea of a Reviewer's becoming a knight-unless a Knight of the Poft, in the present dearth of letters! We must do our Poet the justice to acknowledge, that his Tale is the offspring of an elegant fancy, and we are much obliged to him for the compliment he hath paid our theological associate. We are linked together by very close bands, and are mucually affected by the applause or censure of any member of our corps : fo much so, that in our merry moments, when we are smoking our social pipes together in the cloud-cape" garret, we
have merrily compared ourselves to the spider, which feels in the centre the lightest touch at the extremity.
The argument of the Tale may be comprized in a few words. Mr. Madan is dubbed knight of Airy-Castle [Airy del Caftro), and like another Quixote contends for another Dulcinea-a metaphysicotheologico-political mistress :
• In Fairy land was born the matchless dame,
Wreaths for her brow, and girdles for her waist.'
• Small need of pray’r-books or of priest, I ween,
Occasion prompt, and appetite so keen.'
Fear seiz'd the trembling fex; in every grove
And Autters loose, the sport of every wind!'
T'assert the charter of the chalte and fair,
Find out the treach'rous heart, and plant a dagger there.' The hero who first enters the lists, and, by the account of our complaisant Poer, leaves little room for o:hers to display their prowess, is our Brother Reviewer.
Knight of the Silver Moon, Sir Marmadan,
This votary of chalte DianaBut we must not repeat our own praise; for, notwithstanding we have been called impudent, and faucy, and magisterial, and all that, yet we are verily so modeít that we should bluih to repeat all that háth been said about us. We thall only add, that we, that is, Sir Marmadan, the Reviewer,
• Ruth'd with a whirlwind's fury on the foe,
And, Phineas like, transfix'd them at a blow.' • Transfix'd them :'-i. e. Sir Airy and Dame Hypo :-Spitted like two sparrows !-By Dian's quiver--an excellent stroke!