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set with their eyes, when he was to copy nature himself. One wonders that he could comment their works fo well, and imitate them so little. “He died fuddenly at his house in Queen Square, May 28, 1745, when he had passed the eightieth year of his

age. He left a fon and four daughters, one of whom was married to his disciple Mr. Hudfon, and another to Mr. Grigson, an attorney. The taste and learning of the son, and the harmony in which he lived with his father, are visible in the joint works they composed. The father, in 1719, published two Discourses ; 1. An Effay on the whole Art of Criticism as it relates to Painting; 2. An Argument in Behalf of the Science of a Connoiffeur; bound in one volume octavo. In 1722, came forth An Account of fome of the Statues, Bas-reliefs, Drawings, and Pictures, in Italy, &c. with Remarks by Mef. Richardson, Sen, and Jun. The fon made the journey; and from his notes, letters, and observations, they both, at his return, compiled this valuable work. As the father was a formal man, with a flow, but loud and fonorous voice, and, in truth, with fome affectation in his manner; and as there is much fingularity in his style and expression, those peculiarities, for they were scarce foibles, ftruck superficial readers, and between the laughers and the envious, the book was much ridiculed. Yet both this and the former are full of matter, good sense, and instruction : and the very quaintness of some expressions, and their laboured novelty, thew the difficulty the Author had to convey mere visible ideas through the medium of language. Those works remind one of Cibber's inimitable Treatise on the Stage. When an author writes on his own professioni, feels it profoundly, and is sensible his readers do not, he is not only excusable, but meritorious, for illuminating the subject by new metapbors or bolder figures than ordinary. He is the coxcomb that fneers, not he that instructs in appropriated diētion.

• If these Authors were censured, when conversant within their own circle, it was not to be expected that they would be treated with milder indulgence, when they ventured into a fifter region. In 1734, they publithed a very thick octavo, containing explanatory Notes and Remarks on Milton's Paradise Loft, with the Life of the Author, and a Discourse on the Poem. Again were the good sense, the judicious criticisms, and the sentiments that broke forth in this work, forgotten in the fine gularities that distinguish it. The father having said in apology for being little conversant in claffic literature, that he had looked into them through his fon ; Hogarth, whom a quibble could furnish with wit, drew the father peeping through the nether end of a telescope, with which his son was perforated, at a Virgil aloft on a shelf. Yet how forcibly Richardson entered intą the spirit of his author, appears from his comprehensive expres

,

fion, that Milton was an ancient born two thousand years after his time. Richardfon, however, was as incapable of reaehing the fublime or harmonious in poetry as he was in painting, though so capable of illuftrating both. Some specimens of verfe, that he has given us here and there in his works; excite no curiosity for more; though he informs us in his 'Milton, that if painting was his wife, poetry had been his secret concubine. It is rec markable, that another cominentator of Milton has made the fame confeflion ;

funt et mihi carmina, me quoque dicunt

Vatem paftores says Dr. Bentley. Neither the Doctor nor the Painter add, fed non ego credulus illis, though all their readers are ready to supply it for both.

• Besides his pictures and commentaries, we have a few etchings by his hand, particularly two or three of Milton, and his own head.

The sale of his collection of drawings, in February 1747, lasted eighteen days, and produced about 2060 l. ; his pictures about 700l. Hudson, his fon-in-law, bought many of the drawings.'

There is little more in the first chapter of our Author's fourth volume that can afford much entertainment to our Readers, excepting the short accoutit of Peter Van Black, who came into England in 1723, and was reckoned a good painter of portraits,

There is a fine mezzotinto, done in the following reign, from a picture which he painted of those excellent comedians, Johnson and Griffin, in the characters of Ananias and Tribulation, in the Alchymist. I have mentioned Johnson in this work before, as the most natural actor I ever faw. Griffin's eye and tone were a little too comic, and betrayed his inward mirth, though his muscles were strictly steady. Mr. Weston is not inferior to Johnson in the firmness of his countenance, though less univerfal, as Johnson was equally great in some tragic characters. In Bishop Gardiner, he supported the insolent dignity of a persecutor ; and, completely a priest, shifted it in an in ftant to the fawning insincerity of a slave, as foon as Henry frowned. This was indeed history, when Shakespeare wrote it, ånd Johnson represented it. When we read it in fictitious harangues and wordy declamation, it is a tale told by a pedant to à (chool-boy.'

[To be concluded in our mext. ]

ART.

2 Vols.

ART. XVI. View of Society and Manners in Italy : with Anec,

dotes relating to some eminent Characters. By John Moore, M. D. 8vo.

12 s. Boards. Cadell. 1781. N our Review for June, 1779, we gave our Readers an ac

count of A View of Society and Manners in France, Switzerband, and Germany, written by the Author of the present publication, which is to be considered as a continuation of the former work; as the observations it contains occurred in the same Tour.

With respect to the abilities of the very ingenious Writer, we have, in the article above referred to, given our opinion ; and, after perusing the volumes now before us, we see no reafon to think less favourably of his talents; which are here difplayed in a manner redounding no less to his credit than in his former work. We here observe the same interesting observations on the arts, commerce, government, antiquities, &c. of the countries described; the same judgment and taste in drawing, marking, and discriminating national characters and manners; the same happy vein of pleasantry in the relation of anecdotes, in the description of places, in the details of journies,-and in the various interspersion of incidents and remarks with which an intelligent traveller judiciously fills up his journal,- for the refreshinent of his own memory, and, peradventure, as in the present instance, for the information and amusement of others.

If in any circumstance we think this present publication inferior to the former volumes, it is in respect to the comparative scantiness of his travelled observations ;-of which, in one or two instances, he seems, himself, to have been fo fensible, that he appears to have had recourse to the bookmaker's art and industry, in order to fill up the full measure of his materials.--To this cause some Readers, it is possible, will be apt to ascribe his insertion of an historical account (extended to above 200 pages) of the rise, progress, and present state of the republic of Venice *, and of a long dillertation on the pulmonary consumption. The latter, indeed, may answer a peculiar view to the Author: it may serve to announce to the Public a new PHYSICIAN. His numerous and ample quotations from the poets, &c. feem not unfrequently to come in, very seasonably, to stop the mouth of many a craving page.

From books of this entertaining as well as instructive cast, our Readers will always expect some extracts; we have, accordingly, selected a few passages, which, we believe, will not be

• It must be observed, however, that this account, though long, is much enlivened by many intereiting, and some very affecting bijtories, and judicious observations.

considered

considered as the least agreeable part of our Collection for the present month.

The public hath frequently heard of the adventures of that strange genius, Mr. Edward Wortley Montagu *, who, many years ago, took it into his head to ramble about the eastern parts of the globe, in the dress of an Hermit or Dervish; and who lately died at Venice; in which city this extraordinary person resided, at the time when our travellers + were there ; and our Author gives us the following account of their visit to him:

• Hearing that Mr. Montagu resided at Venice, the D- of H has had the curiosity to wait on that extraordinary man. He met his Grace at the fair-head, and led us through some apartments, furnished in the Venetian manner, into an inner room in quite a different style. There were no chairs, but he desired us to seat ourselves on a sopha, whilft he placed himself on a cushion on the foor, with his legs crossed in the Turkish fashion. A young black slave sat by him, and a venerable old man, with a long beard, served us with coffee.

• After this collation some aromatic gums were brought, and burnt in a little silver vessel. Mr. Montagu held his nose over the steam for some minutes, and snuffed up the perfume with peculiar satisfaction; he afterwards endeavoured to collect the smoke with his hands, spreading and rubbing it carefully along his beard, which hung in hoary ringlets to his girdle. This manner of perfuming the beard seems more cleanly, and rather an improvement upon that used by the Jews in ancient times, as described in the psalms tranNated by Sternhold and Hopkins :

'Tis like the precious ointment, that

Was pour'd on Aaron's head,
Which from the beard down to the kirts

of his rich garments spread. Or, as the Scorch translation has it :

Like precious ointment on the head

That down the beard did flow;
Even Aaron's beard, and to the skirts

Did of his garments go. "Which of these versions is preferable, I leave to the critics in Hebrew and English poely to determine. I hope, for the sake of David's reputation as a poet, that neither have retained all the spirit of the

* He was son to the celebrated Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, and brother to the present Councess of Bute. This gentleman, like his celebrated mother, has been distinguished by several literary publications, particularly an octavo volume, entitled, Refle&tions on the Rise and Fall of Ancient Republics : See Review, vol. xx. p. 419.

+ We fay travellers, because our Author, in this tour, accompanied the young Duke of H-; who must be considered as the principa! perion of the party: and who, in fact, makes a respectable figure in Dr. Mocre's narratives,

original,

original. We had a great deal of conversation with this venerable looking person, who is, to the last degree, acute, communicative, and entertaining, and in whose discourse and manners are blended the vivacity of a Frenchman with the gravity of a Turk. We found him, however, wonderfully prejudiced in favour of the Turkish characters and manners, which he thinks infinitely preferable to the European, or those of any other nation.

He describes the Turks in general as a people of great sense and integrity, the moft hospitable, generous, and the happieft of mankind. He talks of returning; as soon as possible, to Egypt, which he paints as a perfect paradise ; and thinks that, had it not been otherwise ordered for wile purposes, of which it does not become as to judge, the children of Israel would certainly have chosen to remain where they were, and have endeavoured to drive the Egyptians to the land of Canaan.

! Though Mr. Montagu hardly ever stirs abroad, he returned the D's visit; and as we were not provided with cushions, he far, while he staid, upon a sopha, wish his legs under him, as he had done at his own house. This posture, by long habit, is now become the most agreeable to him, and he ingfts on its being by far the most narural and convenient; but, indeed, he feems to cherith the same opinion with regard to all the cultoms which prevail among the Turks. I could not help mentioning one, which I fufpected would be thought both unpacural and inconvenient by at least one half of the human race; that of the men being allowed to engross as many women as they can maintain, and confining them to the molt infipid of all lives, within their harams. “ No doubt,” replied he, “the wo: men are all enemies to polygamy, and concubinage; and there is rea. son to imagine, that this aversion of theirs, joined to the great infuence they have in all Christian countries, has prevented Mahometanism from making any progress in Europe. The Turkish men, on the other hand,"continued he, “have an aversion to Christianity, equal to that which the Chriftian women have to the religion of Mahomet: auricular confellion is perfeâly horrible to their imagination. No Turk, of any delicacy, would ever allow his wife, particularly if he had but one, to hold private conference with a man, on any pretext whatever."

I took notice, that this aversion to auricular confefsion, could not be a reason for the Turk's dislike to the Protestant religion.

« That is true," said he, “but you have other tenets in common with the Catholics, which render your religion as odious as their’s. You for bid polygamy and concubinage, which, in the eyes of the Turks, who obey the dictates of the religion they embrace, is considered as an intolerable hardship. Besides, the idea which your religion gives of heaven, is by no means to their taste. If they believed your account, they would think it the most tiresome and comfortless place in the universe, and not one Turk among a thousand would go to the Christian heaven if he had it in his choice. Lastly, the Christian religion considers women, as creatures upon a level with men, and equally entitled to every enjoyment, both here and hereafter. When the Turks are told this,” added he, “ they are not surprised at being informed also, that women, in general, are better Christians than

men;

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