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a lively impression on young travellers, and to inform them of the dangers they are going to encounter.'-Our Author likewise, very properly, censures those senseless fathers who expose their sons, before the age of reason, to dangers from which they cannot escape but by a miracle.-The Ruffian wanted neither sense nor education; but he had no view in leaving his country, except to amuse himself; a term at Paris synonymous to that of ruining himself.'

If any Foreignisms are perceived in the foregoing extracts, let us candidly accept the Author's apology for them :-- I request the reader's indulgence for my style. An absence of feveral years has almost made me lose my language. Foreign phrases force themselves one me. But let the reader treat this my

first attempt in English * ,with a little mildness, and I promise him I shall endeavour to improve in my next t. I do not know whether I shall ever attain elegance ; but I am sure, that all the pages I shall ever write shall be, like these, innocent and cheerful.'

* Our Author's first work (at least the first that has come to our knowledge] was written in Italian ; vid. Review, Dec. 1779, p. 460, Art. Consiglio ad un Giovane Poeta, &c.

+ Our Author gives us to expect some work of consequence from his pen; but of what nature, he does not intimate.

ART. IX. Antiquities and Scenery of the North of Scotland, in a Se.

ries of Letters to Thomas Pendant, Esq. By the Rev. Charles
Cordiner, Minister of St. Andrew's Chapel, Bamff. 4to. 12 s. 6 d.
Boards. T. Payne. 1780.
HIS volume is designed as a Supplement to Mr. Pennant's

Scottish Tour: Mr. Cordiner (the correspondent of Mr. Pennant) attempts to fulfil that gentleman's wish, of drawing out of their obfcurity the remotest parts of North Britain ; a country, which, like many other unfrequented parts of the globe, affords plenty of objects for the traveller's observation and entertainment. The scenes of nature here presented to view, are, fome of them, so grand and romantic, and others so agreeable and delightful, that great opportunity is afforded by them for men of taste, sense, and erudition, to employ their speculations to advantage. The Reader will accordingly find it no unpleasing amusement to attend this intelligent traveller from stage to stage, till he arrives nearly at the spot from which he set out. The rocks of Brae-Mar, the forest of Mar, Mar-lodge, the Bullers of Buchan, the ruins of towers and castles, the views of hills, dales, rivers, lakes, cataracts, feats of the nobility and gentry, &c. &c. will furnith very agreeable entertainment for a leisure hour; and the twenty-one elegant plates with which the vo




lume is decorated, will not a little contribute to enhance the pleasure.

Mar-lodge, a hunting feat of the Earl of Fife, situated in a beautiful field, affords a short but pleasing description. Among other particulars we observe the following as somewhat remarkable :

• It is,' we are told, in the heart of Mar-forest; an extent of country about fifteen miles square, reserved entirely for deer and game, of which it yields the greatelt plenty and variety. The deer being never disturbed near the feat, come about it in great numbers', without ihewing any marks of fear; advancing froin the thickets, they often cross the green, and ftop to feed, on their way to their native mountains. The young fawns, bounding from the cople, and accompanied by the hinds, deliberately walk along in view: they are often observed on the adjacent heights, reiting in the heat of the day; and in the evenings march along the fides of the dale in companies of twenty or thirty together; the itags, with their branchý horns and fine shapes, are beautiful and entertaining figures in the landscape. The deer that are used at table, are killed in diftant parts of the forest, many miles from Mar-Lodge. These hills abound with partridge, black-cock, ptarmigans, and dottrels, and are a rich field of amusement for the sportsman, though the ruggedness of the grounds makes the recreation to be accompanied with no small fa.

Inverugie, the ancient seat of the Earl Marechals of Scotland, leads our Author to speak of the late Earl, who in his exile was graciously received by the King of Prussia, and conftituted Governor of Neufchatel. He obtained leave to come over and spend some time in Scotland; during which interval the King of Prussia wrote to him: a copy of the letter we here infert, as it may be new and amufing, at least to many of our Readers :

“ I cannot allow the Scotch the happiness of possessing you « altogether. Had I a Aeet, I would make a descent on their " coasts and carry you off. The banks of the Elbe do not ad“ mit of these equipments: I must therefore have recourse to

your friendship, to bring you to him who effeems and loves

you. I loved your brother with my heart and soul: I was • indebted to him for great obligations: this is my right to

you, this my tiile. I ipend my time as formerly; only at “ night I read Virgil's Georgies, and go to my garden in the “ morning, to make my gardener reduce them to practice; he “ laughs both at Virgil and me, and thinks us both fools.

" Come to ease, to friendhip, and philofophy; these are “ what, after the bufile of life, we must all have recourse to.

The Earl accordingly returned into Pruflia, where he died; and the line is extinct.

The pillar at Forres is said to surpass in magnificence and grandeur the other obelisks in Scotland, and to be the most


stately monument of the Gothic kind to be seen in Europe : its several divisions are differently ornamented; in one, horses with their riders marching in order ; in another, a line of warriors on foot, who seem to be brandishing their weapons, and as thouting for battle; in others, serjeants, with halberts, guarding a canopy, under which are a number of human heads, trumpeters' and combatants attending; a troop of horse put to flight by infantry with bows and arrows, swords and targets; afterwards the horses seized, the riders beheaded, the head of their chief placed in a frame, and dead bodies under an arched cover, The other side of the obelisk, occupied by a sumptuous cross, is covered over, we are informed, with a uniform figure elaborately raised, and interwoven with great mathematical exactness; under the cross are two august personages, with some attendants, much obliterated, but evidently in an attitude of reconciliation. If, says-Mr. Cordiner, the monument was erected in memory of the peace concluded between Malcolm and Canute, on the final retreat of the Danes, these large figures may represent the reconciled monarchs, But, as 'he observes, to whatever particular transaction it may allude, it can hardly he imagined, that in so early an age of the arts in Scotland as that in which it must have been raised, so elaborate a performance would have been undertaken, but in consequence of an event of the most general importance; it is therefore surprising, that no more distinct traditions of it arrived at the æra when letters were known.

The Author, on viewing the picturesque and majestic scene about Crag-Carril, presents us with the following account, and reflections :

• Near to Carril are some charming fields, bounded by a craggy hi!l; from a cleft in the middle of the hill rules forth a torreni, which passing under a natural bridge of rock, dalhes down the precipice, and forms a wild and beautiful cascade in its fall: the noise of the torrent echoing in a lofty and deep cavern, the cavern sagged with thrubs and aged trees, among which the wild fowl make cheir neits, the rivulet murmuring round insulated piles of rock, and the diftant prospect of the halls and monuments of ancient heroes, forcibly recal to mind the images of the Ofian fong: Here, perhaps, has Carril, whose name is ftill preserved in she se scenes, mused his wild and desultory strains; here " amidst the voices of rocks, and bright tumbling of waters, he might pour the sound of his trembling harp.”.

."-Whether the memory of lapsed ages was preserved by the bards, or if only, like a morning dream, the visions of Osian came in later days, yet "pleasant are the words of the long,' well do they paint these wilds, in all the striking forms of their native grandeur and beauty. Lovely are the tales of other times;'' they are faithful to the story, which deceives the winter evening among the hills. 1" O Carril, raise again thy voice; let me hear the song of Selma, which was sung in the halls of jyy, when Fingal, King of hields, was there, and glowed at the deeds of his fatheis.” But the Rev. Feb. 1781,



light and joy of the song are fled; the halls of the renowned are left desolate and solitary, amidst rocks that no more echo to the found of the harp, amidst streams which mu: mur unheeded and unknown.'

These northern regions present us with more fertile spots than, amidst such rocks, precipices, and deferts, might be expected.

“ The country round Braal, in Caithness,' we are told, is fertile and pleasant: in the more champaign part of Caithness, the beauty of the farms is remarkable, many of the corn-fields of great extent, fhewing a rich uninterrupted verdure, for several miles together. Along the north fhore, it is a delightful ride, from John a Grots (Dung Soy- head) to the Hill of many Stones, through fields whose smoothness and vivid verdure express a luxuriant soil, and elaborate cultivation. In the account of Strath. Hallad-Dale, in which itands the seat of Mr. M‘Kay, we are told, 'It is a rich but narrow valley, which for several miles divides the mountains, and forms a winding plain on each side of the river. It produces natural grass, which grows sufficiently long to be cut for hay; and the soil is easily tilled. The improvements of agriculture are here much ftudied, and make considerable progress ; but when the views of the proprietor extend beyond the dale, and he attempts to gain on the hill, the soil is so perplexed with rocks, and interwoven roots of throbs, that the expence of labour in reducing it, renders the purchase dear. In the dale, the climate seems sufficiently warm. The appearance of the gardens was unexpectedly pleasing. In a spot inclosed with such barren ridges of rocky hiils, one does not look for such a display of luxuriance; the borders decked with variety of the richest fowers, plenty of wall-fruits; apples, pears, plums, cherries, which are often as early ripe as at Edinburgh; beds of melons and cucumbers, and whatever can give variety, or grace the entertainments of the table.'

Mr. Cordiner had but a rugged and difficult journey to view the famous Dun-Dornadilla ; but as he approached it, he tells us, he forgot the fatigues of the day.

• This venerable ruin,' he says, dignifies the banks of a pleasant river which divides the dale. The verdure of the valley, not without rising corn, became a cheerful scene in so dreary a wilderness; a solitary hamlet near the best cultivated spot, mingled a rural softness with the vast wildness of the rest of the prospect. Projecting rocks, fhagged with bushes, and frowning with valt length of shadows along the sides of the hills of immeasurable extent, many cascades in deepworn channels rushing down among them, murmur their wild mufic to the winds and the echoing rocks ; for now no plaintive bard fits listening “ by the tree of the ruftling leaf.” Picturesque and lofty mountains terminate the view; the head of one, immensely high in air, bending over its precipitous fides, seems nodding to its fall, and threatens the dale with its ruins. On every hand the scenery is such, as gives Dun-Dornadilla a situation distinguishedly romantic, magnio, ficently wild.'

Our Author does not believe this to have been a religious edifice, according to the opinion of many, or intended merely as a kind of Neeping barrack in the hunting season, but a


fortress or tower belonging to King Dornadilla. He dwells pretty copiously on the subject, and we have the rather taken notice of it, because it lately came under our review *.

We must now take leave of these travels, and observe, that a , farther part of this volume confifts of extracts from Torfæus, a native of Iceland, patronized on account of his great abilities by Frederic III. King of Denmark. Frederic IV, appointed him historian for the kingdom of Norway. He died about the year 1720, aged 81. If we wish to learn any thing certain of the Piets and Caledonians, who inhabited the northern regions of Scotland, it must be gathered from the above-mentioned author, as these people had no written history of their own till long after the introduction of Christianity, about the tenth or eleventh century. Expeditions from Norway to make settlements in the Orkney isiands, or on the coasts of Caithness, were frequent. The songs of the bards who attended them have been received as authentic repositories of historical facts, and much of Tore fæus rests on their validity.

* See Review for April, 1780, vol. Ixii. p. 271 and 273.

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Art. X. Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica. No. I. Containing,

1. Queries for the better illustrating the Antiquities and Natural History of Great Britain and Ireland. 2. The History and Antiquities of Tunstal in Kent, by the late Mr. Edward Rowe Mores. 40. 5 s. sewed. Printed for J. Nichols, Payne, Dilly, &c. 1780. UERIES of the kind here proposed, relative to particular

counties, or to the kingdom in general, have at different times been offered to the public; they do not appear to have been regarded with the attention and regularity which might have been expected, or followed with the success that mighę have been hoped for. The compilers of this work, which is to be continued in future numbers, complain that the Society of Antiquaries have not promoted such a design, and inuch more that a plan of this kind should have no place in their system.

In the first part of this number, therefore, queries of the kind mentioned above, fomewhat modified and enlarged, to the number of fifty-three, are addressed to the nobility, gentlemen, clergy, and others, of Great Britain and Ireland, with a view of obtaining from their answers respecting the places of their residence, the most perfect account of the antiquities and natural history of these kingdoms.

The second part of this number is intended as the specimen of a work formed on, or agreeable to, the foregoing queries.

Mr. Mores was born in the parish whose history is here given by him. He had completed it for the press before his death,


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