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TABLE XVIII.—Tabular view of reformatory statistics for 1868.

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1,400

..

75, 000

California. Industrial School.

San Francisco
Joseph Wood

1858 595 143 738 168 24 192
Connecticut. State Reform School..

West Meriden
E. W. Hatch

$100, 000 $5, 000 163 1854 1, 460 1, 460 251 251 7 4 31 | 9
Illinois
Chicago Reform School

Chicago
Robert Turner.
71, 000 32, 753 27 1855 1, 121 1, 121

221 221 6433 4 101
Indiana. House of Refuge

Plainfield.
Frank B. Ainsworth. 65, 000 7,100 220 1868 112

1121 109 1095 64 9
Iowa.
State Reform School.

Des Moines
J. McCarty

1868

46 Kentucky. House of Refuge.

Louisville P. Caldwesi 100, 000 13,762 67 1865 297

297 1761

176 6 4
Louisiana House of Refuge

New Orleans.
William Bosworth

25, 000

23 1847
Maine
State Reform School.
Cape Elizabeth Hon. E. W. Woodbury.

82, 000

160 1853 1, 105 1, 105 180 180 6 4 5 9
Maryland House of Refuge

Baltimore.
W. R. Lincoln.

200,000

50 1855 1, 592 260 1, 852 321 20 341 6 5 4 9 State Reform School.

Westborough

Hon. Benjamin Evans. 99, 012 53, 518) 262 1848 3,772 3,772 325 325 6 4 5 9
Nautical Reform School, (two | Harbors of Boston and Richard Matthews.

1860 1,714 1, 714 287 287

3 10
Massachus's. ships.)

New Bedford. Martin L. Eldridge..
State Industrial Girls' School.. Lancaster

Rev. Marcus Ames.
71, 335 16, 651 190 1856

665) 665 135) 135 64 3 5.39
House of Reformation..

Deer Island.
T. E. Payson

1827

239 34 273

10
Michigan State Reform School..

Lansing
Rev. Charles Johnson. 70,000

134 1856 1,054 8 1,062 273 273 535 4 94
Missouri.. House of Refuge

St. Louis.
F. S. W. Gleason

75, 0005, 000 20 1854 1, 938 538 2, 476 143 40 183 63 43 4 9
New Hampsh'e. State Reform School.

Manchester.
Edward Ingham

1856 505 117 6221 86 15 101
New Jersey..
State Reform School..

Jamesburg L. H. Shellon 61, 587 16, 398 490 1867 65

65 461 46'5 4 | 51 91
Catholic Protectory

West Farms
Brother Teliow, (boys) 272, 188 32, 144

1862)

440 144 584 16 Catbolic Protectory

West Farms

Sister De Chantal, (girls)
New York House of Refuge

Randall's Island
Israel E. Jones..

500,000 25,000 37} 1825 11, 099 2, 131 13, 230 781 150 931 7 47 3 9
Juvenile Asylum.

500, 000 40,000 20 1853 11, 4192, 377 13, 796 506 126 632 5 6 4 Western House of Refuge. Rochester.

Levi Fulton.

113, 81,01
41 1849 3, 147

517 517 733 3 102
House of Refuge
Ohio.

Cincinnati
H. A. Monfort.

150, 00030, 054

1850 2, 032 4092, 441 180 27 207 62 33 41 94
State Reform School.

Lancaster
G. E. Howe

78,000

1,170 1858) 1,046

1, (46) 2791 279 House of Refugo, (whitedep't). Philadelphia

Jesse K. McKeever 380,000

4 1828 8, 8262, 174 11, C00 412 89 501 64 59 34 94 Pennsylvania House of Refuge, (colored dep't) Philadelphia

J. Hood Laverty

103, 000 2 1850

190 35 225 635 | 31 94 Western House of Refuge.. Pittsburg

R. N. Avery

123, 884

10 1854 1, 461 582 2,043 1681 51 219 7 4 4 Rhode Island Providence Reform School.. Providence

James M. Talcott

40,000

23 1850 1, 688 4962, 184 161 51 212 7 4 | 3 93 Vermont. State Reform School *

Waterbury

William G. Fairbank
Wisconsin State Reform School.

Waukesha.
A. D. Hendrickson

60,000

180 1860 456 69 525 149| 14 163 414 52 91 Totals, averages, and percentages.

3, 280, 806 311, 971 4, 652 1-6 56, 3049,969 66, 5196, 508 955 7, 463 614 41 94

7, 591

3, 147

* The report of this institution was not received till after the table had been made out. TABLE XVIII.-Tabular view of reformatory statistics for 1868--Continued.

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California. Industrial School. 18 $11, 352 $23, 195$138 Shoemaking and tailoring

$427 $2

6 to 18
Connecticut.. State Reform School
15 10, 479 41,829 179 Chair-seating and farming

203 12, 000 44 10 to 16
Illinois
Chicago Reform School.

25, 150 114 Shoo and basket making. chair-seating, carpenter work, gardening, tailoring, &c

263 8, 903 26 12 to 16 Indiana. House of Refuge 13 4, 986 21, 769 130 Agriculture, shoemaking, and tailoring

70

Undir 20
Kentucky
House of Refuge
13 6,855 22, 716 129 Shoemaking, tailoring, knitting

103 3, 632 21 6 to 18
Louisiana House of Refuge
Maine
State Reform School.
21 3,897 21,000 117| Manufacture of shoes, chairs, and bricks, sewing and farming..

7, 491| 42

7 to 16 Maryland House of Refuge

20 7, 109 44, 032 129 Manufacture of brooms, baskets, and shoes, tailoring, farming, and gardening

150 7,541 22 8 to 16
State Reform School
36 14, 710 58, 701 159 Chair-seating, tailoring, farming, and domestic work

200 10, 516 32 8 to 14
Massachus's
Nautical Reform School
35 | 15, 394 52, 000 170 Practical seamanship

12 to 18
State Industrial Girls' School. 19
6, 9251 23, 000156 Sewing, knitting, and domestic work.

7 to 16
House of Reformation..

10
4, 450
Farming

Und'r 16
Michigan State Reform School..
18 10, 553 38, 400 132 Chair-making, shoemaking, tailoring

200 9, 100! 33 7 to 16
Missouri... House of Refuge

25 10, 758 39, 476 215 Chair-seating, shoemaking, farming, sewing, and domestic work.

40 751 4 3 to 17 New Hampsh'e. State Reform School

26 3,575 15, 701 155 Chair-seating, farming, knitting

1, 327 13 7 to 16 New Jersey.. State Reform School.

2, 655

11, 473 228 Farming and domestic work. Catholic Protectory 26 7, 844 63, 675 113 Shoemaking, hoop-skirt making, tailoring, baking, farming, sewing

235 1, 479

3 Catholic Protectory

*961 New York House of Refuge 52 25, 918 109, 460 118 Shoemaking, wire-working, and domestic labor.

825 52, 667 57 Und'r 16 Juvenile Asylum. 55 | 20, 328 82, 865 131 Tailoring and other work for the institution

7 to 14 Western House of Refuge. 27

13, 154 59,063 114 Shoe, brush, and chair making, and farming.

300 19, 869 38 Und'r 16 Ohio House of Refuge

25 11, 684 37, 876 183 Shoemaking, tailoring, sewing, &c.

5, 682 27 State Reform School.

30 11, 778 45, 820 157 Shoemaking, farming, blacksmithing, &c

4, 581 16 8 to 18 House of refuge, (white dep't) | 16 59, 131 118 Manufacture of brushes, shoes, and boxes, and blacksmithing.

347 19, 502 39 9 to 16 Pennsylvania House of Refuge, (colored dep't)

4, 078 18, 877 151 Wire-working, shoe and box making

4, 073 32 9 to 16 Western House of Refuge... 23 | 16, 322 56, 94) 251 Manufacture of whips and shoes, knitting and sewing

1, 728) 8 9 to 20 Rhode Island Providence Reform School.. 20

7, 630 38, 173 180 Cane-seating, toy-making, gardening, and sewing.

15, 141 71, 7 to 18
Vermont.

State Reform School..
Wisconsin State Reform School..

7, 040
25, 036 157 Shoemaking, basket-making, tailoring, farming, &c.

51

7 to 16
Totals, averages, and percentages. 547 247, 0531,053, 418141

2, 884 190, 735 36

7 to 17

7, 579

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TABLE XVIII.--Tabular view of reformatory statistics for 1868-Continued.

State.

Title.

Average age when

recevied.

Terms of sentence.

Average stay in the

institution.

Disposal of inmates.

Branches taught.

Y. M. D.

Y. M. D. California. Industrial School. 10 2 0 Minority

Indenture, probation, and discharge. Common school branches
Connecticut. State Reform School..
12 6 0 Minority or specific term. 2 4 0 Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
Illinois
Chicago Reform School. 12 9 5 Minority.

Indent'e, disch'ge,and ticket-of-leave common school branchos
Indiana.
House of Refuge

Minority or till reformed.

Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
Kentucky
House of Refuge
11 8 21 Minority

Indenture and discharge

Common school branches and music.
Louisiana. House of Refuge
Maine
State Reform School.
13 3 28 Minority or specific term.

Indenture, discharge, and probation. Com'n sch'l branches & vocal music.
Maryland. House of Refuge

12 6 0 | Minority
2 2 6 Indent’e, ticket-of-leave, and disch’ge Common school branches, algebra,

physiology, philosophy, music, (v0

cal and instrumental). State Reform School.. 12 0 0 Minority. 2 0 0 Indenture and discharge.

Common school branches Nautical Reform School 15 4 14 | Minority.

1 4 0 Indenture, discharge, and probation. Common sch'l branches & navigat'n. Massachus's State Industrial Girls' School.. 13 0 0 Till 18; power to retain till 21 2 5 0 Indenture, discharge, and probation. Common school branches, physiology,

and history House of Reformation.

11 ( 15 | Minority or specific term 2 0 0 | Indenture, probation, and discharge. Com'n sch'l branches & vocal music.
Michigan State Reform School.

16 6 0 Minority
2 90

Common school branches
Missouri. House of Refugo

12 4 0 Minority
1 3 0 Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
New Hampsh'e. State Reform School.

12 10 0 Minority or specific term
4 13

Common school branches, physiology,
New Jersey.. State Reform School.
Minority.

history, and vocal music
Catholic Protectory
Minority.

Common school branches and music.
House of Refuge
14 5 11 Minority

1'2 6 | Indenture and discharge
New York

Common school branches
Juvenile Asylum.

12 0 0 Indefinite or during minority 0 7 0 Placed in homes and sent to friends. Common school branches and history.
Western House of Refuge. 13 0 0 Minority

Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
House of Refugo
13 9 22 Minority
2 4 6 | Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
Ohio
State Reform School.
13 1 23 Minority.

Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
House of Refuge, (white dep't). *13 10 0 Minority.

1 3 0 Ind’re & disc'ge & sent to alms house Common school branches

714 6 0
Pennsylvania House of Refuge, (colored dep't) *12 6 0 Minority

1 8 0 Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
t13 00
Western House of Refuge.. 13 11 21 Minority

2 0 15 Indenture and discharge

Common school branches
Rhode Island .. Providence Reform School 13 8 0 Minority or specific term 1 8 0 Indenture and discharge

Common school branches, U. S. his.
Vermont
State Reform School.
Minority.

tory, and bookkeeping ..
Wisconsin State Reform School.

13 8 0 Minority

2 0 0 Discharge and ticket-of-leave. Common school branches Totals, averages, and percentages

12 11 8

110 6

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* Boys.

+ Girls.

TABLE XVIII.---Tabular view of reformatory statistics for 1868-Continued.

PERCENTAGE OF

Disciplinary punishment employed.

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1. 55 1.94 12. 199. 37 26.00 10.16 36. 84 6. 10 13. 36 Connecticut. State Reform School.

1,000 Corporal punishment, diminution of food,

or deprivation of amusements. 75.00 1. 10 1.20 4.10 0.80 10. 00 38.40 6.70 38.10 6.50 35. 60 17.10 44. 10 82. 20 Illinois Chicago Reform School. 500 Grade system

0.89 0.60 0.00 16. 00 88.88 12. 70 44. 44 42.85 47. 62 Indiana. House of Refuge

160 Bread and water, demerits, deprivation

of play hours, and confinement in "chamber of reflection"

0.80 1.10 2.730.00 3. 50 54.50 27. 60 49. 10 33. 90 Kentucky. House of Refuge

0.35 0.00 0.00 2.40 6.90 47.12 20. 69 44. 82 57. 40 40. 22

21. 84 80. 46
Louisiana. House of Refuge

0.00 0.00 0.00
Maine
State Reform School.
1,052

75.00 1.680.82 3.00 1. 24 11. 49

12. 48 41.37
Maryland. House of Refuge

2,231 Corporal punishment, grade system, and
deprivation of meals

0.13 0.22 2. 201. 33 6. 75 45.33 5. 3340.00 21. 33 34. 66 11. 75
State Reform School.

1, 400 Corporal punishm't and confinem't apart 75.00 0.90 1. 142. 60 18.00 53.00 5.21 34.78 5.00 23. 00 8. 69 Nautical Reform School 500 Usnal punishments of the school-room

0.60 0.69 2. 330. 69 7. 80 65.79 17. 4340, 36) 5.58 Massachus's State Industrial Girls' School.. 1,000 Deprivation of correspondence and of

meals, and solitude..

60.00 0.90 2.22 0.30 5. 00 35.00 25.00 50.00 7.00 75.00 25. 00 House of Reformation. 823 Corporal, deprivat’n of meals, & solitude

0.00 0.0010.00 90.00 5.21 34. 78 26.09 8. 69 Michigan State Reform School.

53.00 0.34 1.30 19. 83 45. 45 12.40 33.00 5.78

53.00
Missouri
House of Refuge

584 Corporal, bread and water, solitary con-
finement, and demerits.

81.00 0.520.00 0.49 8. 00 60.00 21, 00 43.00 21.00 16.00 2.00 3.00 10.00 15.00
New Hampsh'e. State Reform School.

0.64 6. 4917. 24 13, 79 42. 55

34. 75 20. 68 Catholic Protectory.

0.51

13. 50 52. 60 24. 10 43. 01 House of Refuge 1, 170 Grade syst’m &(if need’d) corp'l pun’hm't

0.09 0.32 77. 60 9.59 31. 76

3. 17
New York
Juvenile Asylum.
2,000 Corporal

80.00 0.41 0.63 0.79 0.15 24. 40 74.57 12. 00 43. 40 43. 40 29. 15
Western House of Refuge.

1.55 0.47 3. 520.01 60.00 3. 13 42. 50 31. 30 5. 00
House of Refuge

0.00 0.00 11. 62 77.90
Ohio
State Reform School.

1.07 5. 37 9. 70 36.56 17. 38 41. 04
House of Refuge, (white dep't). 2,500

0.95

12. 70 64. 12 10.79 40.95 45. 30
Pennsylvania House of Refuge, (colored dop't) 1, 200

62. 65
Western House of Refuge...

72.00 1.50 0.90 3. 171.37 18. 37 61. 80 16.00 49. 50 2. 72 Rhode Island Providence Reform School.. 1, 200 Usually moral agencies, grade system.

0.36 0.47 0.810.00 14. 00 55. 80

22. 56 Wisconsin State Reform School..

260

0.38 1.23 5. 29 17. 18 66.47 13.00 46.92

27. 77 15. 40 Totals, averages, and percentages

71.370. 780.68 2. 792.06 15. 13 59.91 15. 13 40. 2026, 62 33. 47 11. 34 10.85 30. 23 59. 22

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1, 465

8. 22

State.

Title.

Number of volumes in

library.

California.. Industrial School,

1,500

20, 545

TABLE XVIII.--Tabular view of reformatory statistics for 1868–Continuea.

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6. 35 62. 28

62. 55
5. 10 23. 90 10.20 29.50 50.10 69. 50 65.70 44.50 10. 20 30.00 42. 70 64.90 23.90 6.80 Services by supt. and clergy from the city.
47. 62 20. 15)
98. 2028. 50 89.30 16.70

Services by superintendent and occasional as

sistance of village clergy. 50. 58

41.37

44. 82 Services by officers and friends from Louisville.
1.72 5. 17 5. 1710.00 86. 10

36. 20 72.41 15. 51 8.43
90.00

Clergy from Baltimore hold services. 10.00 20. 69 6.95 28. 69 75.00 90.00 80.00 80.00 5.21 7. 8220.00 10.00 3.00 3.00 Services by officers and clergy of the vicinity. 54. 75 10.81

School teacher takes the place of chaplain. 50.00 95.00 25.00

75.00

Resident chaplain.
20. 69 6.95 28. 69

5. 21 7. 82

Chaplain, who visits school daily and holds re

ligious service on Sabbath. 7. 43 43. 80

30. 58

64. 46
7.00 7.00 22.00 22.00 11. 00 42.00/57.00 50.00 6.00 30.00 14.00 30.00 27.00 Officers and friends of institution givo all moral

instruction received to inmates.
25. 86 20. 6863. 7934. 48 63. 79 51. 72 10. 34 20. 68

13. 79 Services by clergy of Manchester & other friends. 8.67

Resid't chapl'n, who has gen'l supervis'n of spirit

ual affairs & is sec'y to indenturing committee. 12. 79

27. 50

Services by officers and occasional assistance

from friends outside.

14. 17 49. 25

28. 35

Resident chaplain.
Sunday school by officers and preaching by

clergymen of Lancaster.
Sunday school by officers, preaching by clergy.
Sunday school by officers, preaching by clergy.
Services by officers.
Services by officers.
Services by officers.

28. 40

State.

Title.

Parents had been

in prison. Relatives had been

in prison.

California.
Connecticut
Illinois
Indiana.

Kentucky
Maine
Maryland

State Reform School..
State Reform School.
Chicago Reform School.
House of Refuge
House of Refuge
State Reform School.
House of Refuge
State Reform School.
Nautical Reform School
State Industrial Girls' School.
House of Reformation.

Massachus's

Michigan State Reform School.
Missouri House of Refuge
New Hampsh'e. State Reform School.

Catholic Protectory

New York House of Refuge.
New York.

Juvenile Asylum.
Western House of Refuge.

House of Refuge
Ohio

State Reform School.

Pennsylvania

House of Refuge, (white dep't).
House of Refuge, (colored dep’t)
Western House of Refuge..
Providence Reform School.
State Reform School.

Rhode Island
Wisconsin

Potals, averages, and percentages.

17. 43 13. 57 20.11 27.34 47. 24 66. 9159.00 52.76 14. 74 30. 75 30. 90'33. 61 23.9328.73

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