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this is certainly a performance well calculated for the notice of young medical readers who are too often distracted and dismayed by the ponderous volumes that are offered to their attention, Art. 34. An Essay on the most rational Mecns of preserving Health,

and of attaining to an advanced Age ; to which are added, Anecdotes of Longevity.

PP. 105. 35. Boards.

Wallis. 1799

We find little either to praise 01 to blame in this piece of patchwork: it is made up of facts and opinions from different writers, fairly quoted by the compiler. Most of the passages have long beca before the public, and we have no right to try then afresh in our court.-Many good hints may doubtless be collected from the volume. Art. 35. A Lecture on the Situation of the large Blood-V'essels of the

Extremities ; and the Method of making effectual Pressure on the Arteries, in Cases of dangerous Effusions of Blood from Wounds. Delivered to the Scholars of the late Maritime School at Chelsea and first printed for their Use. Third Edition. To which is now added, a brief Explanation of the Nature of Wounds, more particularly those received from Fire-Arms. By William Blizard, F. R. S. 12mo. pp. 84. 35. Boards. Dilly. 1798.

Mr. Blizard has here been very meritoriously engaged in delivering instructions respecting the application of the tourniquet, in case's of wounds; a part of knowiege which ought to be rendered familiar, both in

navy

and army, as it may frequently save valuable lives. A general acquaintance with subjects of this nature, as he has rightly judged, would be an useful part of the education of officers. Art. 36. An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the great Mortality

among the Troops at St. Domingo: with practical Remarks on the Fever of that Island ; and Directions for the Conduct of Eurepeans on their first Arrival in warm Climates. By Hector M‘Lean, M. D. Assistant Inspector of Hospitals for St. Domingo. 8vo. pp. 358. 63. Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1797.

Our review of this book has been so long delayed by unavoidable accidents, that it would now be out of scason to enter into a para ticular analysis of it; a great part of the information which it contains having been superstded by recent events, and later publications.

Dr. M Lean considers the yellow fever of St. Domingo to be the endemic remittent of that island, not infectious, and acting with yousual violence, because applied to English constitutions; which are peculiarly susceptible of the morbid atiаck from their plethoric state, and from habits of free living. As every idea of conquering this island seems now to be abandoned, the author's plans for preserving the health of Europeans in it excite only regret for past fatality, and thanks for his well-meant endeavours.

In the cure of the discase, Dr. M.Lean seems to have met with much disappointment. He has related luis failures with the candour of a man of science, and we feel pleasure in acknowleging the merit of his frankness. He found, at length; that bleeding and cold

our

bathing

bathing afforded more relief than any other method of treatment. The practice certainly appears very singular ; it is really

-- Miscere quadrata rotundis : but from careful experience there is no appeal.

We cannot avoid observing that there is a strange mixture of matter and manner in this work. The practical part is simple and plaia : but it is overwhelmed with a quantity of theoretical declamation, very little connected with the subject, which almost appears to be the production of a different author.-From the extent and duration of Dr. M.Lean's personal experience, however, this book will con. tinue to be considered as authority on several questions relating to this epidemic. Art. 37. Advice to the Commanders and Officers of his Majesty's Fles

serving in the West-Indies, on the Preservation of the Health of Seamen. By Leonard Gillespie, M. D. Surgeon to the Naval Hospital, Fort Royal, Martinico. 8vo. 15. Cuthell. 1798.

This sensible tract contains many observations which merit the attention of our naval commanders. It is written with great brevits, and therefore does not admit any analysis : but we shall extract a noie, which contains a new and important fact concerning the origin of fever.

• There is great reason to suppose that the generation of a shipfever took place on board his Majesty's ship Avergavenny, on her passage to the West Indies, in the spring of 1796, which affected almost every person on board, in a greater or less degree, from the trefaction of a large quantity of potatoes which had been put oa board, for the use of a regiment embarked in that ship.'

The writer's general instructions seem to be the result of personal experience, and we recommend them to those who have it in their power to enforce them. Art. 38. Hints on the Ventilation of Army Hospitals and Barnak

Rooms ; also on Regimental Practice : on Matrimony, (as it regards the private Soldier,) and on Regimental Education, (as proposed by ingenious Authors,) submitted with Deference to the Oh. cers and Surgeons of the British Army., By W. H. Williams, Surgeon to the Eastern Regiment of Norfolk Militia. 12mo. Longman.

This pamphlet offers a project for a new ventilator, which can. not be understood without the copper-plate print, and which does not appear to possess any great superiority over former contrivances of a similar kind. The other parts of the work contain some particulars that may be of use to regimental surgeons: but we do not perceive that any great accession of knowlege is likely to accrue from it, toge neral readers. Art. 39. Medicine Praxcos Compendium; Symptomata, Causas, Diag.

nosin, Prognosin, et medendi rationem, exhibens. Auctore, Edvardo Goodman Clarke, M, D. 12mo. Pp. 214. 55. sewed. Johnson,

The arrangement of diseases, and the enumeration of symptoms, are here chiefly taken from Dr. Cullen's Nosology. The additions of

the

pu

&c. 1799.

With an

the Causes, Prognostics, Diagnosis, and method of cure, render this pamphlet a complete Manual of Practice, which may prove instructive to students; and it may even be found a tolerable text-book for practitioners in general. We have often wished to see a work of this nature undertaken, on a larger scale, in imitation of Dr. Home's Principia Medicine; a production which only requires some revisal and enlargement, to resume the high station which it held, not many, years ago, among medical productions.

LAW. Art. 40. The Laws respecting Wills, Testaments and Codicils, and

Executors, Administrators, and Guardians, laid down in a plain and easy manner; in which all technical Terms of Law are familiarly explained; and in which the Statute of Wills, and suchi Parts of the Statute of Frauds and Perjuries, as relate to the Subject of Divines, are particularly considered and expounded; with Remarks and Directions for the use of those who are desirous of making their own Wills. Also the methods of Descent and Distribution of Pro. perty, where no Will is made, as collected from the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present Time. Containing likewise a Complete Abstract of the Legacy Act, an Account of the Expence of proving a Will, and of obtaining Letters of Administration : the Stamps on which Discharges for Legacies and distributive Shares are to be written, &c. &c. Appendix of Precedents, comprising a great Variety of the most approved Forni3 of Wills, Testaments, Codicils, &c. relative to every Description of Property. The Third Edition, corrected and

much enlarged. By the Author of the Laws respecting Land. : lords and Tenants. · 8vo.

25. 6d. Clarke and Son. 1799. After having laboured through a title-page so comprehensive and full of promise, how will the reader smile at being informed that the entire work, with its full apparatus of Preface, Table of Contents, Appendix, and Index, does not consist of one hundred and foriy pages ? This circumstance will probably remind him, as it diú us, of the adage which was so common in our school boy days: “ It is easy to promise, but it is hard to perform.”-What Mr. Bird's abilities may be for a due performance of so magnificent a promise, we cannot say, as he has confined himself to limits much 100 circuimscribed for even a few of the many topics which he has introduced. This we histed to him on a former occasion, in our article concerning his first edition, in our 18th volume, N. S. p. 222 ; and we are sorry at now being obliged to repeat the observation. Art. 41. The Laws respecting Parish Matters, containing the several

Offices and Duties of Church-Wardens, Overseers of the Poor, Constables, Watchmen, and other Parish Officers. The Law's concerning Rates and Assessments, Settlements and Removals of the Poor, and of the Poor in general. The Laws relating to Repairs of Highways, Weights and Measures, &c. The whole laid down in a plain and easy Manner, in which all technical Terms of Law are familiarly explained, as collected and digested froin the several Reports and other Books of Authority up to the present Rev. AUG. 1799.

Time;

Time; also an Appendix of Preccilents, comprising a great Variety

of the most approved Forms of all such Instruments as most fre.. . quently occur in the Management of Parish Afrairs. The Second

Edition, improved and much enlarged. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, Law of Wills, Laws of Masters and Servants, &c. 8vo. pp. :1.44. zs. 61. Clarke and Son. 1799.

If Mr. Bird be not entitled to much praise as a book-maker, te should surely obtain a patent for title-pages; for that numerous class of readers, who never extend their inquiries farther, cannot fail of encouraging his labours. Art. 42. The Security of Englishmen's Lives, or the Trust, Power,

and Duty of the Grand Juries of England, explained according to the Fundamentals of the English Government, and the Declara. tions of the same made in Parliament by many Statutes. First pub. lished in the Year 1601. To which is prefixed a Sketch of the History of Juries, by a Barrister. 8vo. pp. 120. 2s. 6d. West. 1799.

This tract was originally published in the year 1681 in 12m0., again in 1682 in 4to., and, besides having been re-printed in Lord Somers's 'Tracts, appeared in 8vo. in the years 1715 and 1766.-It was written in the reign of Charles II., and has been attributed to Lord Shaftesbury, Lord Essex, and, with greater probability, to Lord Somers, whose exertions were so uniformly beneficial to the Constitution. The present edition, the work having become scarct, is recommended not only by its own intrinsic merit, bat by several sensible and pertinent observations. Art. 43. Term Reports in the Court of King's Bench, from Michadas

Term 31st George III. to Trinity Term 32d George III. both inclusive. By Charles Durnford and Edward Hyde East of the Temple, Esqrs. Barristers at Law. Vol. IV. a new Edition, corrected, with additional References. Royal 8vo. 195. Buards. Butterworth. 1799.

IVe have only to announce to our readers the appearance of this work in its preselit commodious size, as we have on a former occasica discussed the merits of the performance. Aft. 44. O sertations cu the present State and influence of the Poor

Zanus ; founded on Experience; and a Plan proposed for the Consideration of Parliairent; by which the Affairs of the Poor mar in future be better regulated; their Morals and Habits of Industry greatly improved; and a considerable Reduction in the Poor Races effected. By Robert Saunders, Esq. 8vo. Pp. 190. 35. 62. Boards. Sewell. 1799.

The great attention, which has been paid of late years to the cona cerns of the Poor, reflects much credit on the humanity of the age; and many of the publications which we have noticed, on this inseresting and inportant topic, are as honourable to the character of their authors for the afilities which they shew, as for the benevolence of the motives in which they originated. Mr. Saunders, having acted for the period of two years as overseer of a populous parish, possessed opportunities of knowlege and means of information which belong to ftw individuals ; -and the good sense and practical remarks, to be

foud

found in his book, prove that he availed himself of the advantages of his situation. His work contains a state of the poor at Lewisham, in Kent, the parish of which Mr. S. was overseer. He proceeds to give a cursory review of the sentiments of different authors on the poor laws; and here lie evinces an intimate acquaintance with what had been previously written, and gives high and merited praise to the exertions of Mr. Gilbert, Sir William Young, and Mr. Ruga gles, in their attempts to rescue so large a part of the community from the hardships and difficulties under which they labour, and to render more extensively useful the liberal contributions which are an. mually made. A plan for the future government and control of all that concerns the management of the poor concludes this well-writien treatise.-Mr. S. considers most of the present evils attending the system, as arising from the nature of the office of overseer, which in-, rolves in it a medlcy of important and degrading duties; the former demanding the assistance of the liberal and independent classes of society, and the latter absolutely precluding their interference.--He advises a separation of the duties of collector and overseer, and the placing the funds in the hands of a treasurer.--All that he this subject is founded on good sense and experience, and we recommend the production to the attention of those who are entrusted with so important a concern as the regulation of the poor.

urges on

Art. 45. A Treatise on the Law of Bills of Exchange, Checks on.

Bankers, Promissory Notes, Bankers’Cash Notes, and Bank Notes. By Joseph Chitty, Esq. of the Middle Temple. 8vo. Pp. 300. 6s. Boards. Brooke. 1799.

The great and extensive advantages, resulting to this country from the influence of commerce, have induced our Courts to afford it all, the encouragement in their power; and the custom of merchants has been recognized and supported from the fourteenth century. The assignable quality of a bill of exchange, and of a promissory note, forms an exception to the old common law on the subject of Choses in Aition; which, even in the present day, cannot be so com pletely assigned as to be sued-for in a Court of Law, in the name of the assignee ; and this exception is admitted for the benefit of commercial transactions. The decisions on the subject of these transferable instruments are very numerous, and not easily reconciled with each other; and though there are various treatises on this branch of our law, we do not think that there is any one so complete as to su. persede the necessity of farther discussion.

The author of the present publication has divided his work into two parts; in the first of which he considers the Right which may be acquired by a bil, check, or note; and in the second he explains the Remedies by which a payment of them may be inforced. He has also subjoined an Appendix of Forms of Déclarations, &c. with Annotations, and a List of the Notary's Fees of Office, together with the Statutes relative to small Notes and Bills.--Much useful information will be found collected in this work, and arranged in a systematic and methodical manner. I iz

Art.

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