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Hence Liebig supposes, that, when there is Literature in King's College, London. a deficiency of motion, these substances London: AYLOTT and Jones, Patermay supply the place of the taurine, and noster Row. thus become beneficial to health, Dr. Play- This Primer is admirable. It " has been fair's theory is likewise noticed, which is compiled in order to furnish a cheap book founded upon the similarity in composition for those who wish to teach their children of caffeine and nervous matter, and which Hebrew, and with the hope that many supposes that the one is converted into the may be thus induced to learn themselves. other without undergoing any lengthened It is simply an Introduction to the Spelling elaboration. In this manner he accounts and Reading of Hebrero with the Points ; for the agreeable stimulus of drinking tea but it is, at the same time, so constructed and coffee when the nervous system is in that those who will take the trouble to go an exhausted condition. This effect, how through it regularly must acquire a knowever, to our minds is far more satisfactorily ledge of the principal parts of the Hebrew to be attributed to the volatile oil contained grammar. On this plan, a very young in these substances.
child may from this Primer proceed at The alimentary secretions of plants are once to the translation of the Hebrew divided into the carbonaceous and nitroge- Bible.” It is assumed, and we think nous. The former, according to the views fairly, by Dr. M'Caul, that very young emanating from Giessen, are consumed by children can acquire Hebrew. Nor could the respiratory process, and the latter, con- a child enter on a more interesting sisting of modifications of a principle termed branch of study. Without asserting that protein, which enters largely into the com- it was the one unvaried language of our position of the animal body, are solely em- first parents in the garden of Eden, or ployed for nutrition. Those plants are first that in which Jehovah made known his noticed which yield starch in combination will to our great progenitor, certain it is with exceedingly small quantities of pro- that it is the most ancient language in the tein, as the potato, arrow-root, sago, ta world. There is no trace of any one that pioca, &c. ; and next, those in which the preceded it. Besides the means for acstarch is united to a considerable amount quiring it are now numerous and easy of of nitrogenous matter, such as wheat, bar access. Added to these means is the ley, rye, maize, rice, &c.
Primer of Dr. M'Caul. It is simple, In the third lecture, the group of plants clear, definite, and easily understood. He characterized by possessing a large quantity commences with the alphabet, giving the of oil are referred to ; and the cocoa-nut, character, name, pronunciation, and power Brazil-nut, and several others of the Pal- of each letter. He next proceeds to the maces are especially described. The author formation of syllables, including the power next proceeds to those members of the ve- and application of the points ; to the getable kingdom, chiefly belonging to the letters quiescent, the compound syllables, aurantiaceæ, rosaceæ, and oxalidaceæ, which the accents; then to lessons on verbis, produce acid secretions.
lessons on nouns with their suffixes; then The fourth and last lecture is occupied to the verbal suffixes ; and closes with a with sugar and the sugar-cane, glycerine, few reading lessons illustrative of the preand the liquorice-plant, and the product of ceding rules and examples. We know of the decomposition of sugar, viz. alcohol, nothing so comprehensive and yet so simunder its various forms of fermented and ple. It is well adapted to beginners, of distilled liquors.
whatever age ; and we would strongly Such is a brief and very imperfect notice recommend some of our young men to of the subjects discussed in these excellent enter on the study of this most ancient lectures. On all the principal plants em- language. Once acquired, they will find ployed by mankind as sources of food they passages of inimitable beauty and subpresent much valuable information, in con- limity in the Sacred Volume. The Bible, nexion with their history, botany, and che even as a composition, is unrivalled. In mistry, and in their relation to dietetics. the writings of the great evangelical proThe work is a most excellent one, and we phet, whose soul was wrapt in seraphic give it a hearty recommendation.
fire, there are descriptions which leave the
most famous of the Greek and Roman A Hebrew Primer: intended as an Intro- poets at an infinite distance. No one
duction to the Spelling and Reading of unacquainted with the originals, can conHebrew with the Points. Compiled ceive of the beauties which are spread for the Use of Children and Beginners. over the volume of Revelation. If for By the Rev. A. M'CAUL, D.D. Rec- nothing else, it is worth while to study tor of St. James', Duke's Place; and Hebrew and Greek to discover these beatProfessor of Hebrew and Rabbinical ties. The effort will insure a rich reward. THE LATE-HOUR QUESTION. METROPOLITAN INTELLIGENCE. ciation to ascertain the nature of their
The Committee of the Metropolitan views." Drapers' Association have exhibited even STRAND. ---A Public Meeting of the more than their usual activity since we last Assistants of this District was held on Frisubmitted to our readers an account of their day, March 28th, in the Committee Rooms proceedings. Public Meetings have been of the Association, 355 Strand. The chair held in various parts of the metropolis, was taken by a member of the Central which have been attended with the best Committee, supported by a deputation from results. Young men, who have hitherto that board. Several excellent speeches held aloof from the Association, seem to were delivered; and resolutions were unanihave become ashamed of their former mously adopted expressive of concurrence apathy and indifference, and have come in the measures of the Committee, and forward to unite their efforts to the exer- pledging the Meeting to aid by every tions of those who are so manfully strug means in their power to promote the grand cling in their behalf. Many who are object of the Association. already members, are doubling and tre REGENT-STREET.-A General Meeting bling their Annual Subscriptions. One of the Assistants of this District was held house, in the Regent-street District, espe- in the school-room of the Scotch Church, cially' has set a noble example in this Swallow-street, on Monday evening, March respect. Chelsea has not been behind- 31st. The chair was taken by a leading hand in following it ; and we hope to see member of the District, and a deputation the same good spirit extend from one end from the Central Committee was present of London to the other. This is as it to state what measures had been adopted shorld be. We wish to see a feeling of by the governing body, and what were in noble rivalry pervading every District, and contemplation. impelling each to vie with the others in its The Chairman opened the business of efforts to advance the common cause. Every the Meeting, by briefly explaining the Assistant in London should feel that in object for which it was assembled; and this worthy race the honour of his District then called upon the Secretary to read the rests upon him, and that he has left a duty report of the District Committee, which unperformed until he has enrolled himself set forth in a clear and able manner the as a member of the Association. Let him satisfactory state of feeling in the District, hasten to do this, and congratulations upon
and the measures which had been pursued. victory will soon take the place of exhor- Several excellent speeches were then detations to the battle.
livered, and the following resolution was We will now proceed to lay before our unanimously adopted, readers summary reports of the Meetings “That this Meeting, being of opinion we have referred to in the order in which that the success of the Association mainly they took place, and our usual abstract of depends on the zeal of the Assistants, proceedings in the Central Committee. pledges itself individually to use yet more
strenuous exertions to increase the numPROCEEDINGS OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
ber of Subscribers, and endeavour to arouse OF THE METROPOLITAN DRAPERS' ASSOCIA their fellow-assistants to a just appreciation TION.
of the certain advantages which must result March 26th.-Resolved, That a General to them, and to all, from the speedy triPublic Meeting of Assistants shall be held umph of their cause." on Monday, April 14th, in the Committee vote of thanks was then unanimously Rooms of the Association.” Deputations accorded to the Chairman, and the Meeting, were appointed to attend the Public Meet- which was well attended, separated. ing in the Regent-street District on 31st of CITY,--This District, the second in imMarch, and that in the Strand District on portance of the Association, the RegentMarch 28th. Mr. Nash was deputed to street standing the first, and between attend the Public Meeting to be held at which and its rival a generous emulation Brighton on Friday, March 28th, with exists as to which shall contribute most to W. D. Owen, Esq.
the funds of the Association,- held a April 2d. The report of the Rules' Com- General Meeting on Thursday, April 17th, mittee was read, and the Rules were read in the Large Room of the Queen's-Arms the first time.
Tavern, Newgate-street. One of the everApril 9th.- A letter was read from Mr. active members of the Central Committee Wheatly, Secretary to the Association of all was here also to take the chair. The Trades, proposing a Conference of all simi Meeting, which was exceedingly well atlar Associations.
tended, many Assistants of other trades April 16th.---Resolved, “That the Secre- being present, was addressed in several tary do communicate with the Trades' Asso able speeches ; and resolutions were una
nimously adopted expressive of approval objects of the Association, which he chaof the past measures of the Committee of racterised as a branch of that great movethe Association, of confidence in their fu- ment for the amelioration of the condition ture proceedings, and pledging the Meeting of the industrious classes of this country, to active co-operation with them.
which is now exciting so much attention Meetings of a similar character have among humane and reflecting men. He also been held in Lambeth, Edgware- dwelt in terms of commendation upon the road, Tottenham-court-road, Shoreditch, and mild and conciliatory manner in which the Islington ; and the following aggregate members of this Association sought to carry Public Meetings have taken place in the out their views, and spoke earnestly of the course of the month.
necessity, and the duty of co-operation on
the part of a Christian public in the laudaA General Meeting of the great body ble efforts of these young men to procure of Assistants throughout the metropolis themselves more time for mental, moral, was held on Monday, April 14th, at the and religious improvement. In the course spacious Committee Rooms of the Associa- of his speech, he stated that he should be tion, 355 Strand. It was called for the happy to afford them all the assistance in purpose of infusing fresh vigour into all his power, and would gladly devote a porinterested in the cause, and, although not tion of his time to giving lectures upon so well attended as it ought to have been, interesting and instructive subjects during it has been productive already of the most the winter evenings, which might be one beneficial results.
mode of spending the additional hours of The Chairman of the Association pre- leisure they were struggling for—(loud sided on the occasion ; and several able cheers.) Bodily health, however, he conaddresses were delivered to the Meeting, sidered to be as essential as health of mind, especially one by Mr. Hill, an employer, and in summer time he should like to see one of those benevolent, well-principled them recreating themselves in the greenmen who deem it a duty to regard the fields, and inhaling the pure invigorating welfare of the employed.
breath of heaven, rather than passing from The following resolution was then una the heated shop to the crowded and equally nimously adopted,
heated lecture-room. “ That this Meeting, being fully con The Rev. J. C. Miller moved the first vinced of the evils arising from the late- resolution, which was as follows,hour system, and being deeply interested “That this Meeting is of opinion that in their removal, is of opinion that no mea- the present custom of keeping shops open in sures hitherto proposed are more calculated the evening until a late hour, is fraught to obtain speedily and permanently that with the worst results to the health and object than those adopted by the Metro- morals, and wholly at variance with the politan Drapers' Association, resolves from mental discipline of those employed therein ; this time individually to use all its influ- and that by affording them little or no ence and ability to further the cause of the opportunity for social intercourse, or other Association by subscribing freely to its recreation during the days of business, it is funds, by strenuous and persevering co- calculated to lead, in numerous instances, to operation, and by endeavouring to arouse an utter neglect of the sacred duties of the to active exertion those Assistants who have Sabbath ; and this Meeting desires, morehitherto stood aloof, and who appear to be over, to express its deep sympathy with the unmindful of the many and great advan young persons so situated." tages that must follow the successful efforts In the course of an impressive speech, of the Metropolitan Drapers' Association. the reverend gentleman observed, that he
So entirely approved of the objects the A Public Meeting of the Association Metropolitan Drapers' Association had in was held on Friday evening, April 18th, in view, and felt it so incumbent upon him to the National School-room, Marlborough- further them by every means in his power, road, Chelsea, for the purpose of appealing that if the Association thought proper to to the inhabitants of that neighbourhood hold another Meeting in that neighbourfor assistance in the object the Association hood, he should be happy to allow them has in view, viz., the earlier closing of shops. the use of the school-room attached to his The Rev. Richard Burgess, B.D., rector of chapel, and would willingly preside on the the parish, took the chair, supported by the occasion, or take any part in the proceedmost influential clergy of the District, and ings the Committee might desire, for he other gentlemen favourable to the cause, considered the question to be intimately
Mr. Owen, Mr. Peters of Sloane-square, connected with the religious welfare of the and other eminent employers were also community. present.
The resolution was seconded by - LegThe Rev. Chairman opened the busi- gett, Esq., who dwelt with much ability ness of the meeting with an address of upon the scientific and medical details of much eloquence and feeling, explaining the the subject, showing the fatal effects upon
the human frame of over-toil and bad ven- to aid, by every means in their power, to tilation, and was unanimously adopted promote the grand object for which they
The Rev. William Niven moved the se- were assembled. A vote of thanks to the cond resolution, which was to this effect, Chairman was then carried by acclamation,
* That this Meeting desires to express and the Meeting separated. its high approval of the measures hitherto adopted by the Metropolitan Drapers' Asso
PROVINCIAL INTELLIGENCE. ciation, and its conviction that it is the Brighton.-One of the most imposing duty of all persons, especially those pro- Public Meetings ever held in Brighton took fessing the Christian religion, to co-operate place in the Town-hall on Friday evening, for the attainment of the object of the March 28th,“ to consider the evils arising Association.”
from the present protracted hours of labour, The reverend speaker made a forcible and the benefit which would attend their appeal to the Meeting to support the Asso- abridgment.” The Large Room of the Hall ciation upon Scriptural grounds, in the was crowded to overflowing by a most recourse of which he said, that at first he had spectable audience, a large portion of whom some doubts, notwithstanding his approval were ladies. The chair was occupied by of the objects of the Association, whether Sir Thomas Blomefield, Bart. ; and on the as a Christian minister he had not suffici- platform were the principal clergy of the ent to occupy his attention in matters of, town, and the most influential employers. as he imagined, a more strictly religious A deputation from London was also present, character, but upon examination he found consisting of W. D. Owen, Esq., of Great that this question of earlier hours bore so Coram-street, and Mr. Nash, the Secretary strongly upon the moral and religious of the Metropolitan Association. Speeches interests of those concerned, that he un were delivered by the Revs. J. S. M. Anhesitatingly came forward at once upon derson, Joseph Sortain, James Vaughan, religious grounds to support it.
R. E. Wilmot, and Messrs. Owen and The resolution was seconded by the Rev. Nash; and resolutions were unanimously J. Patteson, in a short but effective speech, adopted denouncing the evils of the lateand unanimously adopted.
hour system, cordially approving of the - Cooke Evans, Esq. moved, and the measures adopted by the Brighton AssociaRev. W. H. Howard seconded the third tion, and pledging the Meeting to promote resolution, which was also carried unani- the object in view, and hoping that the mously, and was as follows:
propositions of the Committee of the Dra“ It appearing very evident that if per- pers’ Association being in the opinion of sons would abstain from visiting shops in the Meeting reasonable, they will meet the evening, the chief, and indeed the only with the cordial assent of the several eminducement to keep them open until a late ployers, and that they will accord to them hour would be removed, those composing their support in the establishment of an Asthis Meeting now pledge themselves that sociation having for its object the moral and henceforward they will purchase no article intellectual improvement of their Assistants. unnecessarily after six o'clock in the even- Mr. Holthan then proposed, and Mr. C. ing, and that they will do all in their power S. Hannington seconded, a vote of thanks to to prevail upon others to act upon the same the Chairman, which was enthusiastically deterinination."
carried, and the Meeting broke up. A vote of thanks to the Chairman, for The effect of this important demonhis able conduct in the chair, was then stration was soon apparent. The principal moved by Mr. Lilwall and seconded by employers in the town met on the following Mr. Rennie, which was carried by accla- evening in the same place, Mr. Holthan in mation.
the chair; and resolutions were adopted, The reverend gentleman briefly ac the result of which may be gathered from knowledged the compliment, and the Meet the following advertisement which aping, which was numerously and respectably peared shortly afterwards in the Brighton attended, separated.
“Early Closing of Shops.--The inhabitA Public Meeting of the Assistants of ants and visitors of Brighton are respectall Trades was held on Thursday evening, fully requested to take notice, that, in deApril 24th, in Mr. Lawson's Large Room, ference to the resolutions passed by the Gower-street North. W. D. Owen, Esq., very large and respectable Public Meeting of Great Coram-street, was in the chair, held at the Town-hall on Friday, the 28th supported by a deputation from the Central March, and in accordance with the wishes Committee. Several excellent speeches were of the Assistants, the establishments condelivered; and resolutions were unanimously nected with the drapery and hosiery trades, agreed to denouncing the evils of the late- &c., will for the future, by unanimous hour system, expressing concurrence in the consent, be closed at the following hours: measures hitherto adopted by the Commit. December, January, February, seven o'clock, tee, and pledging the Meeting individually P. M.; March, April, September, October, November, eight o'clock, P. M.; May, June, pointed do continue their operations in proJuly, August, nine o'clock, P. M.
motion of the object, and report at such In addition to this concession, Messrs. times and in such a manner as may be Hannington, in a spirit of noble liberality, deemed advisable.” have presented the Association with the We have also learned that 10,000 indisplendid donation of £100. towards the viduals in this town, many of them heads establishment of an institution. Such con- of families, have signed a declaration that duct deserves the gratitude of all, and must they will not enter a shop after seven o'clock secure it.
in the evening. One hundred tradesmen have LIVERPOOL.—This town is keeping up also pledged themselves to close their shops its reputation for energy in the movement. at the same hour. This is a worthy exOn Thursday evening, March 27th, a ample for other towns to follow. Meeting was held in the Music-hall, Bold BIRMINGHAM,- A similar important mastreet, in furtherance of the closing of shops nifestation of public feeling has also taken at seven o'clock throughout the year. The place in this town since we last addressed principle of early closing having been pretty our readers. It was held on Tuesday, well carried out, and generally acknowledged, April 15th, in the Town-hall, every part during the winter months, the object of this of it being crowded by a highly respectable Meeting was to prevent any relapse during audience. James Bourn, Esq., the High the approaching summer, and to influence Bailiff, was in the Chair ; and in the organ the public not to countenance the shops gallery were the Rev. J. Garbett, Rural which did not close early, by being cus- Dean, the Honorable and Rev. G. Yorke, tomers after seven o'clock in the evening. the Rev. Prince Lee, the Rev. J. A. James, The room was well filled in every part; and and other eminent clergymen and gentlea number of ladies expressed their sympathy men favourable to the cause. Letters were with the persecuted shopmen by their pre- read from Lord John Russell, M.P., Lord sence. Mr. Sands, the late Mayor, was Ashley, M.P., Lord John Manners, M.P., announced in the handbills as having con- G. F. Muntz, Esq., M.P., Douglas Jerrold, sented to preside ; but he was unfortunately Esq., and others expressive of sympathy compelled to be absent by sudden and un- with the object of the Meeting. The same expected business in London. Thomas enthusiastic spirit prevailed amongst the Blackburn, Esq., was therefore unanimously large assembly as has characterised other called to the chair in his stead.
Meetings held for the same purpose, and Here, as elsewhere, the clergy have resolutions of similar import were unanicome forward nobly to support a cause mously adopted. they feel to be so intimately connected HULL.- With reference to this town, we with the moral and religious welfare of have received information that the follorthe community ; and the Meeting was ing Memorial, with about 200 signatures addressed by the Revs. William Falloon, attached, was presented to the Mayor, on D. Ferguson, Verner W. White, Henry Saturday, April 5th, by the Vicar and H. Higgins, and Mr. Bevan and Dr. Dun- Alderman Atkinson, can. The following resolutions were then “We the undersigned Assistants and unanimously adopted,
Apprentices in the Drapery and other 1. “That this Meeting, adhering to the Trades in this town, most respectfully soprinciple recognised by the inhabitants of lict your countenance and assistance in the Liverpool for promoting the closing of shops formation of an uniform and certain hour of at seven o'clock every evening throughout closing shops. We believe eight o'clock in the the year, records its satisfaction at the more evening, during the six months commenc general observance of that principle during ing on the 1st April, and seven during the re the past winter, conveys its thanks to those mainder of the year, to be sufficiently late Tradesmen by whom it has been carried for all the purposes of business; and while into practical effect, and earnestly requests it would not entail any loss upon employers, the continuance of the practice on their it would afford us an opportunity for mental part, and its immediate adoption by the improvement and bodily recreation, -it rest of the Shopkeepers."
would also greatly add to our happiness, use 2d. “ That this Meeting, under a deep fulness, and respectability." sense of the importance attaching to a strong LEICESTER. We learn that the Drademonstration of public opinion, renews the pers of this town bave consented to meet the appeal to the benevolent and the religious on wishes of their Assistants by closing their behalf of a measure to wise and just as the shops at eight o'clock during the summer termination of the hours of retail business at months, and their example has been folseven o'clock in the evening; and entreats lowed by most of the principal shopkeepers their co-operation in endeavouring to secure of the town. its universal and permanent practice, by a Measures in a similar spirit we have also conscientious abstinence from purchases (ex- been glad to hear have been adopted in cept in cases of emergency) after that hour.” Oxford, Shrewsbury, and in Swindon in
3rd. “That the Committee already ap- Wiltshire.