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INTELLIGENCE.

METROPOLITAN INTELLIGENCE. " 4th. That Mr. Durrant be requested

to act as Deputy Chairman to the ComOUR report of the proceedings of the

mittee until April 1st.” Metropolitan Drapers' Association, last

“ 5th. That this Committee, feeling de month, was so complete, that little remains to be said, in our present number, further

sirous of aiding the Linen Drapers', Silk than that the same good spirit prevails

Mercers', Lacemen's, Hosiers' and Haber

dashers' Institution, request the different among the general body, and the same energy and activity on the part of the

District Secretaries to use their influence in Central Committee. In pursuance of their

procuring Subscribers, the names of such plan of visiting the different Districts of

Subscribers to be presented, through Emerthe Metropolis, Public Meetings have been

Meetings have been son Tennant, Esq., M.P., Chairman, at the held, during the month, in the Strand, Ox

Annual Dinner of the Institution." ford Street, Edgeware Road, Blackfriars January 29.--Mr. Cocket read the ReRoad, Holborn, Borough, and Westminster port of the Committee appointed to conDistricts, at which Resolutions, expressive sider the subject of officers for the Associaof sympathy with the objects of the Asso- tion. Other matters of detail, connected ciation, and confidence in the plans of the with the interest of the Association, were Central Committee, have been unanimously also considered, but not of sufficient imporadopted. Preparations are also being made tance to report. for holding Meetings in Chelsea, and other February 5th.—Letters were read from districts, in the course of the present various provincial towns, detailing the promonth.

gress of the movement in their neighbour

hoods, making applications for advice, &c. MINUTES OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE

Resolved, “ 1st. That Messrs. Foskey OP TAE METROPOLITAN DRAPERS' AS

and Rennie be elected as a deputation to atSOCIATION.

tend at the conference of the Young Men's January 22nd.- Resolved, “ 1st. That Association, at the Surrey Chapel and the thanks of the Committee be forwarded School Rooms, on Thursday, 13th inst." to Dr. Lankester, for his able and instructive “2nd. That ten thousand of a tract, for Lecture, at the Islington and Pentonville the City District, submitted to the CommitInstitute, on the 17th January ; to George tee, be printed." Knox, Esq., M.A., for presiding upon the “3d. That the Report of the Rooms' occasion ; and to the Committee of the Committee be received.” Institute for the use of their Lecture " 4th. That the Rooms' Committee be Room.”

empowered to engage the Rooms, 355, “ 24. That this Committee accept, with

Strand, and that the same Committee do pleasure, the services of Mr. Keeling, as inquire into the expense offurnishing them.” Standing Chairman of the Committee ; and February 12th. - The Hon. Secretary that his election to the said office take read the financial statement. place from the present date until the 1st Resolved, “ Ist. That the Honorary SecApril ensuing."

retary be empowered to engage the Rooms, “3d. That the thanks of the Committee and enter an agreement concerning them." be given to Mr. Francis, for his valuable “ 2nd. That Mr. Prentice and Mr. services during the time he has acted as Dixon supply the place of Messrs. Fosker Chairman of the Committee."

and Rennie, at Surrey Chapel.”

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“ 3d. That the documents presented by connected with the Institution, of which I Mr. Dixon, with reference to a new mode am the Secretary, is not that your pages, of collecting subscriptions, &c., be referred under the superintendence, as they are, of to the Finance Committee, and that they the Metropolitan Drapers' Association, be requested to report thereon, at the next should be made unfairly a vehicle for the meeting."

promotion of the interests of an Institution *4th. That the Tract submitted by Mr. with which the Association has been and Lilwall, as Chairman of the Tract Commit- must continue to be unconnected, but simply, tee, be received by the Committee." that as the means of publishing the Report

February 19th. - Resolved, “ 1st. That immediately after the Annual Court are Mr. Fiveash, Mr. Austin, and Mr. Robin- sought by many, the circumstanceof the Court son, be added to the Public Meeting Com- being held so late as the third Thursday in mittee."

the month, shall not preclude your giving “ 2nd. That the Report of the Rooms' the particulars of the Report in your next Committee, respecting the furnishing of the publication. Rooms, be received, and that immediate “The stirring appeal made in your opensteps be taken for carrying out its recom- ing address to young men, engaged in the mendations."

various trades, must have a beneficial effect; “ 3d. That Waterloo-house be included and that you may long continne to inculcate in the Strand district."

the importance of laying hold of great prinThis Resolution was adopted in conse- ciples- of aiming at excellence--and of exquence of the house in question containing tending thought to the future, is the sincere several talented and energetic young men, wish of, whose services would be most valuable, in a new district like the Strand, with which

“ Your very obedient servant, it is also nearly connected by situation.

“GEO, BRACE, Secretary.” LINEN DRAPERS, SILK MERCERS',LACEMEN'S, HABERDASHERS', AND HOSIERS'

Report of the Board of Directors, for the INSTITUTION.-That an Institution which,

year 1844. like the Linen Drapers' and Silk Mercers', u The transactions of the year 1844 pre has so much to recommend itself to every

sent a very flattering proof of the increasing individual member of that numerous body favour with which the principles and praeafter whom it is named, and for whose be

tice of the Institution are regarded. Every nefit it was founded, should, after twelve or

branch of revenue exhibits an increase, thirteen years' existence, have received the and the amounts paid for relief, although support at the most of only one-twelfth of

awarded to every applicant who conld, unthose who are eligible to become members, der the most liberal construction of the can be accounted for only on the supposi

Rules, be considered as entitled to particition that its character is not fully under

pate in the funds, have not exceeded those stood, and that its various proceedings, from

of 1843, to the extent which might have time to time, have not been made public.

been reasonably expected. We hope for the future to remedy in some

“ The last Report, dated 3rd January, measure these defects. We shall avail

1844, showed that £2,461. 158. 78. had ourselves gladly of every opportunity to

been received during the year 1843, and explain its character and advocate its that the Funds then consisted of £10,000. claims. As a commencement, with sincere

3 per cent. Consolidated Bank Annuities; pleasure we insert the following letter

€10,000. 34 per cent. Reduced Bank Anfrom the Secretary of the Institution, and

nuities; £230. 13s. Ild. per annum Long also the report presented at the last General

Annuities; £451. Ils. in the hands of Meeting, with which he accompanied it.

the Treasurers; and £9, 14s. 6d. with the “ To the Editor of the Student. Secretary. “ 24, Surrey Street, Strand. “ Since the date of that Report, the fol

6 15th Feb. 1845. lowing sums have been received: “Sir, I have recently read your addresses

£. $. d.

294 19 9 Long Annuities. in the numbers of the Student of this and the

631 0 10 Dividends on Consols and 3! last month, and, considering that it may be

Reduced Bank Aannities. agreeable to you to receive, in time for in 113 17 6 Donations of sums less than Ten sertion in the March number, a copy of the

Guineas.

247 0 0 Donations of Ten Guineas and Report of this Institution, intended to be

upwards. presented at the Annual Court, at Exeter 950 5 0 Life Subscriptions. Hall, on the 20th inst., I forward to you

771 4 6 Annual Subscriptions.

72 15 4 Produce of Sale of Ball Tickets. a copy.

“My object in addressing you, as I now 3,081 211 do, without the knowledge of any person

* £1,420., part of the receipts of the to which persons engaged in the various year, were invested in the purchase of trades embraced by the Institution are £ 1 13. 7s. Id. Long Annuities, which made peculiarly liable. the total amount of Long Annuities, €344.

“ Thos. WINKWORTH, Is. This sum of £344. ls. Long Annui

Chairman. ties was sold on the 5th day of November, 1844, and the produce thereof, £4,127.

“ Dated this 5th day of February, 1845."" 10s. 6d., was invested in the purchase of

We earnestly recommend assistants, as £4,132. 13. 10d., 3 per cent. Consolidated

well as employers, to become connected Annuities. The sum of £830., other

with this valuable institution. . part of the receipts of the year, has been invested in the purchase of £830. 19s. 5d., 3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities.

PROVINCIAL * The Capital Stock therefore of the Institution now consists of €14,963. 138. 3d., ASHFORD.-A correspondent states, that 3 per cent. Consolidated Annuities, and “although no Association has been formed, £10,000., 31 per cent. Annuites.

the Drapers' Establishments close at 7 in “ In the hands of the Treasurers there is the winter, and at 8 in the summer, and a sum of £212. 4s. 7d., and with the that it is done without the slightest inconSecretary, £12. 188. 7d.

venience." " Exclusive of the two Widows who, in BIRMINGHAM. - Our friends here are 1843, were placed permanently on the stirring, and are making arrangements for funds, fifteen applicants have received pe holding a public meeting. We trust that cuniary relief.

it will be the means of making the early" Pursuant to an order of an Extraor- closing movement still more generally dinary General Court, held 15th March, adopted. 1844, the Directors placed the sum of 150 BRIGHTON. We trust that the assistgaineas in the hands of Dr. Marshall Hall, ants and young men of Brighton, released for distribution amongst the Medical Offi from late-hours of business, will use their cers, as a slight expression of the high utmost endeavours in the formation of the estimation in which their valuable and Institution contemplated, for the promotion disinterested services, since the formation of intellectual improvement, that by a good of the Institution, have been uniformly use of the short time already obtained, the held. The compliment was acknowledged employers may be induced to grant a still in terms extremely gratifying to the Direc- longer respite. tors, who have caused the letter they re- CHATHAM.-We are glad to hear of the ceived to be inserted on their minutes. good progress of the cause in this town, but

" In taking a review of the transactions we trust that the assistants will be more of the Institution, and its progress during alive to their own interests, by rousing a period of thirteen years, the Directors are themselves from their “indifference and strongly impressed with a conviction that lukewarmness." the success which has continuously at- CHELTENHAM.—The first general meeting tended the exertions of the original pro- of the Cheltenham Institute was held in the moters is in a great degree attributable to Town Hall, on Tuesday evening, Jan. 21st. the earnestness and liberality with which It owes its origin to the movement which the principals of the most influential houses commenced a few months since, for the in the trades advocated the objects of the earlier closing of shops. The attendance Institution. Munificent contributions were was numerous and respectable. The chairreceived from most of the large houses; man, D. L. Thorp, Esq., M.D., President of and it has occurred to the Directors, that the Cheltenham Literary and Philosophias there are, at the present time, many cal Institution, opened the proceedings by establishments which have attained opu- an able address, followed by the Rev. lence and celebrity since the year 1832, F.D. Gilby, W. H. Gomonde, Esq., the Rev. but have not subscribed to the funds, the A. M. Brown, Thos. Wright, T. D. Clarke, well-directed exertions of members may and G. Stokes, Esqrs. From the speech of secure a very extensive co-operation of the the Rev. A. M. Brown, we extract the foltrades, and lead to an immediate and con lowing passage :siderable augmentation of the funds. With “I feel constrained to view the present meetthis view the Directors suggest that a well ing as a meeting of congratulation among ourorganized plan should be acted on by the selves, on the result of the never-to-be-forgotmembers at large for personally canvassing ten assembly, to relieve the sufferingsofa class the various houses in London which have in our town. But while some triumphant not, by their names and subscriptions, borne results are before us, do not let us imagine testimony to the expediency of encouraging that the struggle is over. It is a struggle an Institution for mitigating the calamities we must attempt annually. It is a struginceof dovested to bus nisters and face object

gle which cannot be completed until all the PENZANCE.--Here, in consequence of the young people--men and women, are enjoy earlier closing of shops, one of the most ing similar privileges. But, Sir, we are appropriate rooms in the town has been met to do more than congratulate each engaged, in which lectures have been deother. We are met to say that we have livered during the winter. " But," reerected a monument, and to open the doorsmarks our correspondent, “the spring and of it to the public-a monument which the summer months are coming on, when combines the utile et dulce-a monument nature puts on her gay and inviting dress, where science sits in its most inviting form and with them returns the old practice of -science for the young and the old-science late shutting. I would ask why may not for the rich and the poor-science for the the shops be closed early through the sumchurchmen and the dissenter, without the mer months too ? " slightest shade of distinction being recog

PORTSMOUTH. — Here, many of our nised between the young and old, the rich

readers are aware, the question of short and poor, the churchman and the dissenter."

hours was first agitated in the autumn -Cheltenham Free Press.

of 1843, when a public meeting was held, Two Lectures have been delivered in

presided over by the Mayor, and the importhis town, in support of the movement. We sincerely hope that the public and

tance of doing something to shorten the hours

usually devoted to business, was very ably the employers of Cheltenham will lend their

set forth by several ministers and gentlemen. aid and concurrence to the assistants in cur

An association for effecting the above object tailing the hours of business. High WYCOMBE. – An Association of

was subsequently formed, which determined Assistants was formed during last summer

on recommending to the inhabitants that for obtaining an abridgement of the hours

the shops be closed at 8 o'clock in winter, of toil. The result of their labours has been

and 9 o'clock in summer. We regret to

learn that this recommendation has not been that, during the winter, the business hours

rigorously observed, and that with the exterminate at 7, during the spring and

ception of the Drapers, there has been no autumn at 8, and during the summer at 9.

uniformity in the hours of closing business ; Thus released, they have formed an Insti

and even some of the latter trade residing tute, and lectures have been and are being

in the immediate vicinity, but without the delivered on interesting and important

walls of the town, keep open, to the injury subjects. HULL.-Lectures and sermons, in sup

of their neighbours, who observe the foreport of the movement against the late-hour

going regulation. We learn, too, that a desystem of business, have been delivered by

gree of apathy exists among the employed, the Revs. J. H. Bromley, N. B. Hall, J. Puls

in reference to this subject, which is much

to be deplored. Surely it is a matter that ford, and R. Thompson. A favorable im

deeply concerns their immediate interests, pression has been produced, and all the Drapers' establishments, with the exception

and they, of all others, should seek, by of four, have consented to close at i past

every legitimate means, to rivet public at

tention to the important fact that they are 7, 8, and 9, P. M. according to the season of the year. The Grocers and Ironmongers

sufferers from late hours of basiness. at 8, and the Chemists at 8 and 9.

Redditch. — The Drapers, and other LEICESTER.-A movement, partially suc- houses of business generally, have agreed to cessful, has been proceeding here; it is our close their shops at 8 o'clock all the year earnest desire to see it become more general. round, excepting on Saturdays.

THE STUDENT;

AND

YOUNG MEN'S ADVOCATE.

A COURSE OF LECTURES TO YOUNG MEN.

SELF-CULTURE.—THE POWER OF KNOWLEDGE.

A FAVOURITE maxim of the ancients was—TRUTH LIES IN A WELL.” The same may be affirmed of knowledge. It lies deep, and demands an effort to reach it :-and, in making the effort, there must be undivided application. It may appear a hard condition of our nature, but it is the arrangement or ordination of Heaven, that nothing truly great or valuable is to be obtained without labour. Employment is the duty of man :—it is imposed upon him as one of the laws of his being. Nor from this law can he escape without hazard and damage to his whole nature. It is essential to life itself that he should be actively engaged ; and yet there may be intense application and effort without any substantial good. A fool may chase his own shadow till he become breathless, and fall before the phantom overcome and exhausted. Some men's thoughts are like the fool's eyes—always in pursuit of shadows. Every bauble that rises before them engages their zeal and energy in a higher degree than can often be discovered among those who are devoted to the greatest and most important objects. " It is good to be zealously affected always in a good thing.” If the object be intrinsically and substantially good, our zeal may rise even to enthusiasm. We say enthusiasm ; for, if the powers of the mind be fairly balanced—if there be no calculations which reason condemns, the soul may kindle and burn in pursuit of its chosen object-be on fire with the velocity of its own movements.

Having laid open the sources of information :-since the fountains of knowledge are unsealed, and send forth their pure and refreshing streams, you are now invited to partake. The waters are deep, and you may drink in copious draughts. Enjoyment will beget desire, and desire will heighten enjoyment. Knowledge is progressive. No man is born with his ideas in

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