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the hut of his old friend the miller, who knew of, and rejoiced at, his attachment to Ellen, he met with one Master Conyers, an outlaw, who was then treating secretly with the Earl of Richmond, respecting the approaching invasion of England. The outlaw had some conversation with Hubert, and bade him beware which side he chose ; and Hubert was also introduced to a girl in boy's clothing, acting as page to the outlaw, and being an outlaw herself, her father having been burnt for heresy through the intrigues of Carlton, who being fruitlessly enamoured of Marion (the page), had thus avenged himself on her. The lovers were soon betrayed to Carlton by Ellen's maid, and by him to Ellen's father, who, to cool their love, gave out that Hubert was his own illegitimate son, and, therefore, the brother of Ellen. The lovers were dismayed at this intelligence, but took Lady Isabel into their confidence, who, as she began to suspect the real truth of the matter, would not believe Sir Hugh's story. Meanwhile, Carlton plotted to burn the Lady Isabel's house in the night, with the view of obtaining her money and jewels, which were wrongly considered to be concealed in the flooring of a particular room. But Marston Conyers got wind of the transaction, and, with Hubert, lay in wait for the robbers, and falling on them when they were taking up the flooring, slew two. But the old miller, who was in the kitchen defending his sister, the Lady Isabel's servant, was mortally wounded; Hubert was cut down, and Carlton, with two or three others, escaped, bearing with them Hubert, whom they confined in a dungeon of Sir Hugh's castle. Sir Hugh, hearing of the outrage, taxed Carlton with it; Carlton demanded the hand of Ellen, and threatened to sue Sir Hugh for certain gambling debts, unless he complied with his request. Sir Hugh then told him of Hubert's real parentage, adding, that the papers relating to his birth were in a secret drawer of his cabinet. This done, Sir Hugh went forth to seek his mother, and assure her he had no share in the outrage. Meanwhile, Ellen was busy releasing Hubert from the dungeon, by means of a secret passage opening into a cave, where Marion was to meet them with a horse. Whilst sitting in this cave, they heard a fearful scream ; it was the death-shriek of Sir Hugh. Carlton had murdered him in a secret path leading up to the castle; but Marion had seen the deed, and had even picked up the murderer's dagger, when his back was turned. Ellen and Hubert, unknowing of the murder, parted; Ellen went by a secret passage to her father's chamber, and Hubert made the best of his way across the country to Newcastle. Ellen, peeping into her father's chamber, saw Carlton rifling his cabinet. Suddenly he heard a noise in the castle, and flew to his own room, first throwing on the fire the papers relative to Hubert's birth. Ellen snatched some fragments from the flames, and these fragments, coupled with the dying words of the old miller, were sufficient to make Lady Isabel believe that Hubert was indeed the son of her long-lost Reginald. Still proof was wanting. Meanwhile, Hubert, in journeying to Newcastle, lost his way on a moor, and was compelled to take refuge in the hut of a shepherd whom he met. The shepherd proved to be the son of a nobleman, who had been killed fighting for the house of Lancaster, and whose wife and child had consequently been compelled to disguise themselves in order to escape observation. As the followers of Richard were, at this time, scouring the country for recruits, the shepherd's mother earnestly besought Hubert to let her son accompany him to Newcastle, that he might there take arms for the Earl of Richmond. Hubert consented, upon condition that the shepherd should wear woman's clothes, and ride behind him on a pillion.
Arrived in Newcastle, he met Marion, who told him that Ellen was in the town, having been carried off by Carlton, as a Ward of the Crown. Hubert rescued her from this man, and, with her and Marion, took refuge in a convert, after a desperate conflict with Carlton's men. During the conflict, however, he lost the hollow staff, wherein were papers and letters given him by Marston Conyers, to various persons in the Earl's camp. But the Abbot gave him other letters, and sent him on his way; at the same time, sending Ellen and Marion, with an escort, to the Princess Elizabeth, afterwards the bride of Henry. On his journey to the Earl's camp, Hubert fell in with a strange knight, to whom he rendered great service. On arriving at the camp, he found that this stranger was no other than the Earl himself, but, by his especial desire, he made no mention whatever of his services. The battle of Bosworth-field immediately ensued, wherein Richard the Third was slain by Marston Conyers, who found his crown, and parted with it to Sir William Stanley, upon condition of receiving a reversal of his own and Marion's sentence of outlawry. Sir William Stanley, however, forgot his promise as soon as he had got the crown into his hands; and the Queen Dowager having a mortal hatred to Marston Coafers, a price was set upon his head. Carlton managed to change sides so cleverly, as to keep well with Henry the Seventh, who, being avaricious, made use of him to fill his coffers. Hubert was severely wounded in the battle, and did not recover his health for some months, when he found that Ellen was about to be married to Lord Clifford (the shepherd whom he had carried to Newcastle); that the Lady Isabel had been confined by Carlton, upon the plea that she was insane; that Marston Conyers and Marion were hiding for their lives; and that his affairs were perhaps as unprosperous as they could be. However, he did not despair, but sought out Lady Isabel's banker, a noted jeweller of the time, and stated his case. The jeweller had come into possession of the hollow staff which Hubert lost at Newcastle, and, therefore, readily acknowledged his claims, supplied him with money, and by disguising him as an apprentice, took him into the apartments of the Princess Elizabeth, to whom Ellen was maid-of-honour. But the King and Carlton entered the apartment whilst he was there; both recognised him, and when Carlton accused him of murdering Sir Hugh, the King, without mentioning his former services, committed him to the Tower. Carlton bribed the gaoler to suffocate him, with a pan of charcoal; but ere this could be effected, Lord Clifford came to take him secretly to the King's apartments. Henry, weary of Carlton, was now glad to find some means of getting rid of him, and ordered Hubert to collect the evidence necessary to convict him of his numerous crimes. Hubert only demanded a free pardon for Conyers and Marion, which, having obtained, he began to search for them. But those two, having bronght Lady Isabel to London, and lodged her with the old jeweller, had secreted themselves ; so that it was hard to discover them. Carlton had employed emissaries, who found them out, just at the time that Hubert had succeeded in finding them. Hubert had taken Marion to the old jeweller's house, and been to the King with Conyers, who, having satisfied the King of Carlton's guilt, had received an order to arrest him. As they were returning to the jeweller's house, they met an apprentice, who informed them that Carlton, with some ruffians, had broken into the house and seized upon the Lady Isabel and Marion. Hubert and Conyers rushed to the house, and a desperate conflict ensued, wherein Carlton was killed by Conyers, but not till he had contrived to stab Marion to the heart. Conyers, who loved Marion passionately, was so grieved at this, that he went into a convent for the remainder of his life. Hubert being, by the timely appearance of Sir Christopher Urswick, restored to his estates, was knighted by the King for his services, and married Ellen, the Ward of the Crown.
We greatly fear that our sketch has not done this novel justice, and, therefore, again beg our readers to make speedy trial of the book itself.
“ THE TALENTS."*
BY R. W. DALE.
MR. DALE is, we believe, a young man; and as such, we view his production with peculiar interest. The treatise he has brought before the public must be candidly treated, and received as an expression of his youthful feelings. It may be warmly written, and some critics may think, not with sufficient moderation and judgment; but it is written in earnest. The subjects treated on are man's nature, influence, and responsibility; on each of which, a great amount of original thinking is displayed, and expressed in powerful language. Young men will, we trust, by their extensive purchase of this volume, encourage the author to yet greater things. We extract the following :
“What glory invests the mind even on earth! Its powers can grasp the vast, and anatomise the minute. Now, examining a drop, it wonders at the power which produced its tiny nations. Leaving this world in miniature, it looks around and beholds a beautiful earth, assuming the same form, governed by the same laws, created by the same God. Yes, Mind is permitted to study the code that rules every atom in every system.
“But the greatest glory of mind is, its power of assimilation to its Father. Here is its distinction from the material universe. Here is that which renders mind infinitely superior to the creatures of instinct around. Man was created in the image of God; and, therefore, received power over all the fellow productions of God's hand. When that image is perfectly restored, mind has reached
* Aylott and Jones, London.
the highest state it can attain ; henceforth, it extends and increases, brings out the lines of Divinity more boldly; but to a nobler state its cannot attain.
“Although some stray beams of his love, sublime burstings of his power, are to be discerned in his magnificent works, matter is far too coarse to receive even the shadow of Divinity's higher attributes.
"Finite mind, though infinitely expansive, is finite still, and can give us no conception of the intellectual glories of the Infinite, the only wise God.
"Man's polluted spirit has lost every trace of its Creator's moral attributes, $0 that we cannot look to him for any representation of his holiness.
* Angels, disgusted by the depravity of our nature, have long ceased to display their gluries to us; their sacred communings terminated with Adam's
PAPERS READ BEFORE YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETIES.
(We do not, by inserting these papers, bind ourselves to the opinions expressed in them. All we are answerable for is, that the subjects they treat on are discussed in a proper spirit.]
THE REVOLUTION OF 1688.
CENTLEMEN,—There appears to me to have been few more upright and conscientious sovereigns than James II.; and, perhaps, none who have so honestly acted out their convictions unfettered by state policy. We may turn to the history of the Commonwealth, but we shall not find Even there greater liberty of conscience than was granted to the people by this popish king, notwithstanding the predominance of those who were the first-and justly so-to exclaim against the religious intolerance of their former rulers. The Nonconformists had been trampled 'spon and persecuted ; and they, in their turn, forgetting the maxims of Him whom they professed to obey, seem to have enjoyed the rerenge which the Protectorate of Cromwell afforded them. The prin. ciples of civil and religious liberty were not fully understood, or, at least, not acted upon by the Protector himself. And we may turn, too, to the reign of the second Charles, so enthusiastically received on his refarn to England, and so revered amid all his despotism. The established church, as the great bulwark of his throne, might stand for his security, although he agreed not with its doctrines, either at the commencement of his reign, when, with his lax deistical notions, he resigned himself to the full tide of dissipation, or at its close, when he received the sacrament, and died in the faith of the Romish church. His attachment to any system of faith did not over-balance his desire for personal security and ease, or Romanism would have been established ere his brother had ascended the throne, and the adherents of the Proteatant church exposed to the like infamous persecution of the English Puritans and the Scotch Covenanters.
James II. had, doubtless, imbibed the prejudices of the Stuart family in favour of the Catholic faith ; but it does not appear that these prejudices led him notoriously to disregard the religious liberties of his people. Unlike Cromwell, he did not degrade one dominant sect for the purpose of elevating another. Unlike Charles, he did not deprive of their civil liberties, and even persecute to the death, his nonconforming subjects. That his motives, in this general toleration, were not merely for the purpose of including the Catholics with the other sects, seems sufficiently evident from the fact, that his general policy did not accord with such motives. He did not hesitate, when he so desired it, to single out Roman Catholics for professorships in the universities, or for commissions in the army; and, surely, if this toleration had been given solely for the Catholics, he would have had sufficient courage to have granted it specially to them. Moreover, he ordered his Scottish parliament to tolerate the Catholics in their country, without including other sects; and this, not because he wished particularly to advance them, but because, as Presbyterianism universally obtained there, and toleration, as in England, to numerous small sects was, there. fore, unnecessary; so, on this account, the Catholics in particular were subjected to great intolerance. And it cannot, certainly, be considered as bigoted, that he should desire to see, not merely a portion of his subjects, but these, too, his brethren in religious opinion, relieved from oppression, and permitted to worship their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences.
That James desired the re-establishment of Popery, and that, for this purpose, he adopted harsh and despotic measures, cannot be de nied; but he interfered in this matter only with the church of which he was the supreme ruler, and his high commission court was insti tuted for the control of that church alone. He may be condemned for his desire to place in the professorships of the universities men who were avowed Catholics, and, as a Protestant king, bound by oath to support a Protestant establishment, for his continued efforts to infus the spirit of Popery into it; but there seems to be every reason to be lieve that the jealousy with which that establishment viewed the pro fessed Catholicism of the King, and interfered with the exercise of his private devotions, rendered him anxious to secure in its ranks those who would show more sympathy for the faith to which he appears to have been so warmly attached. However illegal it might have beer on the part of the King to order the proclamation of universal tolera tion to be read by the clergy, it was not certainly the desire of ar illiberal mind, and we may safely conclude that it was not on accoun of its illegality that his request was refused, but because it was con sidered as an attempt to injure the church, by granting liberty of con science to those who were opposed to it. The measure was decidedly an illegal one; but it speaks well for the liberality of the King; and reflects but little credit upon the seven bishops who, more especially refused to tolerate their dissenting brethren. There can, in fact, be ne doubt, that the church of England displayed far more intolerance ir its contest with James, than it would have done, had it not viewed with suspicion all the measures that he adopted, thinking that the