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Author being so much of a Scholar, as to understand Latin ! which is more than the generality of our modern Aathors, in this branch of Literature, especially, can boast.

XVI. The Life and surprizing Adventures of Crusoe Richard Davis. 12mo. 2 vols. 6s. Noble.

From fome disagreeable peculiarities in the language, and a parity of nonsense, and ridiculous extravagance, we are led to conclude, that this is the manufacture of that notable genius, Mr. Adolphus Bannac, to whom the Public is indebted for. The Jills, and, The Apparition. See our lat, p. 355-356. To say no more, is saying enough, on the present occasion.

XVII. Northern Memoirs; or, The History of a Scotch Family. Written by a Lady. 12mo. 2 vols. 6 s. Noble.

Tlvis Lady seems to be one of the best hands employed in Meff. Noble's manufactory. There is, indeed, nothing excellent in her work; but there is less absurdity, and rather better language, in it, than in any of her fellow-labourers productions that have come to market this season. If it affords no indications of genius, it fhews no want of invention; and if the incidents are not very affecting, they are more natural and more probable, than those with which most of our late adventure-books have been stuffed.

Should our fair Novelist chance to think this verdict not quite fo juft to her merits, as a natural prejudice in her own behalf may have led her to expect, we beg leave to observe, that she has no great reason to complain; and that she might have appeared to somewhat lefs advantage, had the not been favourably fet off by the luckiest foils that fortune could poflibly have flung in Her way :-As an Old-Bailey delinquent, (pardon, good Madam, lo homely an illustration) indicted for some flight offence, may, comparatively, appear almost a respectabie personage, in the eyes of a jury, who have previoufly fat on the trials of a gang of the most attrocious malefactors.

XVIII. Les Vrais Principes de la Langue Angloise: Ou se trouve developé tout ce qui est necessaire aux Etrangers pour apprendre facilement a parler, lire, et ecrire l’Anglois. Par Ve J. Peyton. 12mo. 35. 6d. Nourse.

Fronti nulla fides.

ERRATA in our last. Page 488, line 5, for too, read to. P. 498, in the second Note, for

characterical, r. characieristical. ** The first political article in the Monthly Catalogue for November, should have been placed the loft in that class. This mistake in the arrangement of the materials, will account for the local impropriety in the beginning of the faid firit article ; viz. So much has already been said,' &c.

AN

Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI x

TO THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

VOLUME the FIFTEENTH.

Mr. Hampton's Transation of POLYBIUS, concluded. See

Review for June 1756.

WHE person who furnished the preceding parts of this Article

proper to defer the remainder until his return, rather than destroy, by the interposition of another hand, that uniformity of style, and manner, which are essentially requisite, in works of this nature especially. This, we hope, will be thought a fufficient apology for the delay that has happened.

By turning to the Review for last June, our Readers will find, that we accompanied our Historian to the conclusion of the Sicilian war, between the Romans and the Carthaginians; but that we left the latter engaged in a war against their revolted mercenaries: whom, in the space of three years and four months, they, at last, entirely reduced.

We come now to the second book of this excellent History; which contains a concise and general abstract of the chief events immediately following those we have already attended to: the first two books being designed only as an introduction to the whole. In the first chapter we find, that the Romans being induced to make a descent upon the coast of Greece, in order to revenge the many insults offered both to their Merchants and Embaffadors, by Teuta, Queen of the Illyrians; APP. VOL. XV.

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this

this haughty Princess was foon compelled to fue for peace; and, by treaty, was confined to a small part of her former dominions *

In the second chapter of this book, our Historian, after having given us a geographical defcription of that part of Italy which was inhabited by the Gauls, proceeds in his concife, but accurate, narrative of all the wars between that people and the Romans; by which, however, the former were, at laft, entirely subdued. He concludes his recital with the following sensible and inftructive reflections.

• Such was the end of the Gallic wars : which, if we re

gard only the daring fpirit, and undaunted bravery of the « combatants, the forces that were brought into the field, the

bațiles that were fought, and the numbers that fell in thote engagements, must certainly appear as great and formidable

as any that are known in history. But, on the other hand, • if we reflect upon the rafhness with which those expeditions

were projected, or the absurd and senseless conduct, by which

* From the various transactions recorded in this chapter, M. Folard takes occafion to make many obfervations, which, to a military Reader, will afford both entertainment and instruction. He thews us, that, in general, the events of war are not so entirely beyond the reach of human forefight as is imagined ; that a wife General may be more perplexed by engaging with an ignorant one, than if he had to deal with a man of equal intelligence with himfelf; that experience, grounded upon theory, will enable us, in fome degree, to judge of the future, so as to prevent, and fruftrare, the best concerted designs. We shall select, from among the Teft, his note upon that part of the treaty between the Romans and the Queen of Illyria, by which she was obliged, not to fail beyond

Liffus with more than two frigates, and those unarmed ; and, as Such fubjects are interesting, to this nation particularly, our Readers will, probably, thank us for a translation of the whole.

The first Punic war, says M. Folard, had taught the Romans the vaft consequence of a strong marine force, and how necessary it is for a nation to keep up that force, if the means to become formidable to her neighbours. They had experienced how much the Carthaginian Republic, by their powerful Acet, had made themselves feared at sea, and, consequently, at land for he that 'commands on the ocean, will also be obeyed on fore. It were to be wilhed, adds our ingenious Commentator, that this maxim were written over the door of every apartment of the King of France, whose neighbours well know the truth of it. For not attending to this maxim, the Greeks loft their liberty; and France, in the year 1701, suffered many misfortunes. · It is but now, that, by the wisdom of a worthy Minifter, we haver at last,-begun to open our eyes.

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they severally were carried into execution, nothing will be found more trifling or contemptible. For the Gauls, I do

not say most frequently, but even in every thing they at6 tempt, are hurried headlong by their passions, and never < submit to the rule of reason. From hence it happened,

that they were in a short time dispossessed of all the plains

that are watered by the Po; some few places only, at the « foot of the Alps, excepted. I thought it necessary, there.fore, to give some account of the conduct, and the for• tunes of this people, from their first fettlement in the coun(try, to the time of their final exclufion from it. Such in6cidents very properly belong to history; and well deserve

to be transmitted to all future times. For, from this poftea rity may learn, what little cause there is to dread the rafh and sudden expeditions of any of these barbarous tribes : and in how short a time their strongest forces may be diffipated, by those who are determined bravely to refift, and

to struggle, even to the latest hope, rather than be deprived • of their juft and natural rights *.

The remainder of this fecond book contains a Night sketch of the hiftory of Greece, previous to the period of time at which Polybius begins his grand History; and at which we are how arrived.

The world is now poffefled of no more than one eighth part of this invaluable work: yet it may not be difpleafing to such of our Readers as are unacquainted with Polybius, if, from the beginning of this book, we extract that part of it

Our French Commentator in speaking of the triumph of Flaminius, after a victory gained over the Intubrians, takes occasion to enlarge upon the Roman custom of fatyrizing the triumphing Geberal as he passed along in their fongs, in which they ludicroully exposed his foibles. He concludes his Note in these words: If M. de Turenne, after his many victories, had triumphed in Paris, his soldiers, in their songs, must have given him all the praises of which even Cæsar was worthy, without being able to discover a single blemish in his character. He would have returned home tri. umphant, not only poffefsed of every military virtue which adorned the Roman Hero, but also of chofe, few, as they were, which in him were wanting. If Marlborough, whom the English have conpared to this great Roman, had passed through the Itreets of Löndon, feated on a triumphal car, on account of his victories gained over us, with what vollies of rhiming wit would he have been faluted, in consequence of bis avarice, wbich tardifhed all his other glorious qualities : a vice but little known among people of rank jo chat nation.'-o that this were but tree! Uu 2

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which contains the Author's plan of the whole. From hence only they will be enabled to form an idea of the irretrievable loss which fucceeding ages have fustained, in the destruction of fo conliderable a part of fo accurate, fo judicious, fo faith

1961 Tot 500 ful an Historian. sipisteod, bts

The chief intention, then, of this History, is to shew at what time, in what manner, and from what causes, the whole known world became subject to the Roman power. And since this great everit had a known beginning, and is allowed to have been compleated likewise in a determinate course of time, it will be useful to recapitulate all the chief transactions which passed between its commencement and its completion.-Having first explained the causes of the war S between the Carthaginians and the Romans, which is most $ frequently called the war of Annibal, we shall shew in what

manner this General entered Italy, and gave so great a shock $ to the empire of the Romans, that they began to fear, that

they should be dispossessed even of their proper country and S feat of government : while their enemies, elate with a fuc$cess which had exceeded all their hopes, were persuaded that Rone itself must fall as soon as they should once appear before it. We then shall speak of the alliance that was made

by Philip with the Carthaginians, as soon as he had ended & his war with the Ætolians, and settled the affairs of Greece.

Next will follow the disputes between Antiochus and Ptole my Philopater, and the war that ensued between them for

the sovereignty of Coele-Syria: together with the war which • Prusias and the Rhodians made upon the people of Byzan

tium, with design to force them to desist from exacting cer

tain duties, which they were accustomed to demand from all • vessels that failed into the Pontus.' Thus tnuch only remains of this History. What followed is entirely loft. <Here,' continues our Author, 'we shall pause a while, to take a view

of the form and constitution of the Roman government : • and, in the course of our enquiry, shall endeavour to de6 monstrate, that the peculiar temperament and spirit of their · Republic, supplied the chief and most effectual means by

which this people were enabled not only to acquire the so

vereignty of Italy and Sicily, and reduce the Gauls and Spa( niards to their yoke, but to subdue the Carthaginians alfo; 4 and when they had compleated this great conquest, to form

the project of obtaining universal empire. We shall add, < likewise, a short digretlion concerning the fate of Hiero's

kingdom in Sicily: and afterwards go on to speak of those • commotions that were raised in Ægypt, after the death of

Ptolemy,

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