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490sqxo, 47005 domani in which the court of Petersburgh made
ming) “the great
to us in the last war, when we reclaimed the Casus Fæderis; and
your Excellency will also remember the answer which their Mi-
nisters gave us, when we were pressed to accede to the treary o
Petersburgh, of 1746, and we thewed our willingness to do it
upon condition, that we should not appear upon the stage, till

** after the King of Prussia should be attacked, and his forces » divided, that we might not, from the fituation of our country, "hazard our falling the first facrifice.” Of the Sieur Funck it is

said, “ that having had the question put to him at Petersburgh, oh whether his court would not take up arms, hy of with Pruffia ; and having replied, that the situation of Saxony

“ did not permit it to enter the lists, till its powerful neighbour should be beat out of the field, he was arswered, That he was

in the right, that the Saxons ought to wait till the Knight was of thrown out of the faddle. The use made of these passages is,

firit, to fhew what the Saxon system really was; and fecondly,

to establish a belief, (for fuch premises will hardly enforce conovviction) that the allies of Saxony did at length come into it: af

ter which follows a general inference from all the proofs which had been produced, That the court of Saxony, without having acceded to the treaty of Petersburgh in form, was not the less an accomplice in the dangerous designs founded upon it; and that

the said formality having been dispensed with, they had only u waited for the moment, when, without running too great a risk,

they might concur in effect, and share the spoils of their neigh191 bour : in expectation of which event, it is farther asserted, that

the Austrian and Saxon Ministers laboured underhand, in concert, ay with the more ardor to prepare the means of bringing the case of

the faid secret article to exilt: and the meahs they lo prepared, of were to embroil the King irreconcileably with the Empress of o Ruffia, by falsely and opprobriously laying to his Majesty's charge all sorts of designs, now against Russia, and even the Empress's

own person; then upon Poland; and, to crown all, againlt SweTuoden. --Several pages are then taken up i in manifesting the truth roos of this fact, by a series of evidence, drawn both from the Saxon

and Austrian dispatches, most of which are to be found entire in 190 the documenis: and the fruit of

f all is
is said to have been, first

, a oro resolution of the Senate of Ruflia, of the 14th and 15th of May, zid: 1743, in which it was laid down as a fundamental

maxim of the cob empire, to oppose every farther aggrandisement of the King of

Prufia, and to crush him by a fuperior force, as soon as a favoursilable opportunity should ocour of reducing the Houle of Pruffia to

its primitive Rate of mediocrity: and secondly, a revival of this on resolution in a great council held in October, 1755. with this

addition, To attack the King of Prufia without any farther difcuffion, whether that Prince should happen to attack any of the allies of Russia, or any one of the Ruffian allies

should begin with him. Which advices, it is proved, were received at Dref.



den with a joy suitable to the harvest the Saxon court expected to reap in consequence of them.

But this joy, we are next given to underland, was soon damped, by the convention of a neutrality in Germany, figned at London, Jan, 16, which, it is said, filenced Count Bruhl's calumnies, and shook his iniquitous fyftem. Fearing, however, that this blow would be followed by a worse, a reconciliation between the courts of Berlin and Petersburgh, he redoubled his efforts to prevent it; and by the laudable concorrence of the court of Vienna, with such perfect success, that the faid court, imagining, in consequence of the new connections they had entered into this year, (with l’rance, muit be understood) they had caught the opportunity to recover Silefia without obstruction, lost no time in crowding troops into Bohemia and Moravia, forming camps, and filling magazines; while Rufia, ar the same time, kept the same pace, step by step, in making valt armaments, both by sea and land, without any apparent object; the court of England, which they were pleased to make ufe of as a pretence, not having required any fuccours. To prove, that these military preparations were the result of a secret concert berwcen the two courts, formed against che Prufian dominions, which was afterwards, for certain reasons, put off til next year, a series of advices out of the dispatches of the Saxon ministers, stuioned at Vienna and Petersburgh, are next inserted; which, it is faid, go. near to a demonstration of it Bilt the two first from the Sicur Praffe, Secretary to the Saxon Embafly at Petersburgh, prove rather a practice of the Ruffian Minilters on their own Sovereign, in order to cheat her into such a concert, than any predetermination of hers to ener into it: they are addressed to Count Bruhl. In the former, dated April 28, 1956. he says,

It is much desired, that, in order to favour certain viels, you * would be pleased to get the following intelligence conveved to * Petersburgh, through different channels, viz. That the King of

Prusia, under pretence of trade, roas fending officers and engineers into the Ukraine, to reconnoitre the country, and stir up a

rebellion. That this intelligence molt not come from the court *** of Saxony, nor from Mr. Gross, the Ruffian Envoy, but from ** third hands, to the end, that this concert may not be perceiv“ ed — And that the same commision had been given to other " Ministers, in order that this piece of news might come from " several quarters.--I have been also required to write upon this • head, to Baron Sack in Sweden, which I fall not fait to do.

- And they have affured me, that the service of our court was equally concerned therein.---Aiding, that the King of Pruslia, " had given Saxony a blow, which they would feel for fifty years;

but that he thould foon receive one, which he would “ feed for a hundred years." The memorial bereto adds, That Count Bruhl, who was always ready to act again!t the King, and 'not over nice in his choice of the means of doingis, promiled, in


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his letter of June 2, (inserted in the documents) to execute this commillion so that here 'the pretence of a rupture was ready found. The fame Secretary Prafle also, in the second Letter, of June 2, says, 1. Upon my visiting a certain Minister, he told me, that “ he waited with impatience for the effect of the fuggested in

telligence; and he gave me to underkand, That they would " not hesitate long about beginning a war against the King of “ Pruflia, in order to set the bonnds of the power of fo trouble“ Tome a neighbour. I took the liberty to say, that I did not ** see in what ally's favour they meant to make fo great a di“ version, especially after the Convention of Neutrality, ligned “ between the Kings of Prussia and England. To which I was " answered ; Thele engagements do not concern us in the least ;

we go on our own way, in keeping to the sense of the subî

diary treaty. The Einpress having charged the Grand Coun"cil with the care of executing this treaty, it has been thought

proper to take such measures as might be most conducive to " the glory of the Crown, and the security of our allies." He " added, That the Empress having given the Grand Council an " unlimitted power, to act according as conjunctures should re

goire, he had made use of ir, to fasten the bell to the beast. « This was his expresiion."

And there is a third Letter of June 21, in which the intelligence is, That if he might judge by the present fituation of affairs at the court of Russia, they would very much approve of the

of Vienna's new connections with France. - That they might even extend their engagements with the court of Vi" enna, so far as to support it in its attempts againit Prussia, so which were publicly talked of at Petersburgh."

The Letters (or rather parts of letters, for they are no more) from Count Flemming, are two : both of an imperfect nature, as containing nothing but matter of inference ; none that will, ever fo remotely, agree with so strong a term as Demonstration. The fi: ft dated June 12, we are told, runs in these terms.

Having injensibly brought the thread of my discourse with “ Count Kaunitz to the armaments of Russia. I asked him the o realon of them ? And tho' this Minister did not explain him.

self upon them, yet he did not contradie me when I told him, that those great preparations seemed to be rather making * against the King of Prusia, than with a view to fulfill their

engagements with England. And upon this I hinted to Count “ Kauniiz, That I did not well fee how Ruffia could maintain “ such great armies out of their own treasures, if the subsidies s from England should cease ; and that, therefore, the Einpress

Queen must intend to make them good. Upon which he an« fwered me, That the money would not be grudged, provided

they knew how to make a righe use of it. These were his own words. And when I oblerved to him, that it was to be

.: fear




." feared, that if that crafty and sharp-fighted Prince fhould vb happen to discover such a concert with this court, he might all VO" of a sudden fall upon chemhe replied, that he was not very

upeasy about it;-that he would meet with his march ; and

that they were prepared at all events."; -11 £ And in the second, dated July 4, he expreffes himself thus: DisCount Kayserling has received a letter from a certain Ruflian HC Minister, which is so obscurely writien, that it is difficult to ...judge of the sentiments of his court, as to the resolution they I will chure to take in the present crisis. That lecter is dated

June 15, and contains in fubilance, That he would not have Sono failed to let him into the connection of the present affairs, if OfW" she great fecrecy, which it was agreed to observe, had not

• prevented it, and laid him under a neceflity of aling a file as viss laconic, as mysterious. That he did noe wonder, that he,

". Kayserling, law before his eyes a chaos which he could not

clear up. That, for the prelent, he could only refer him to to the saying, fapienti fat; hoping that, in cime, both be and

“ Kaunitz might put an end to their reserve. That the treaty to between England, and Prusia had made a great alteration in “affairs; and that as the correspondence between England and

Pruffia ftill continued, he must be upon his guard with Mr. & Keith.”

Count Flemming's dispatches, continues the Memorial, are -t filled with a great number of such passages ;-among others, he su relates that Count Kayserling had received orders, to spare neipussy ther pains por money, in order to get an exact knowlege of the 17 date of the revenues of the court of Vieona; and he affures,

that this court had remitted a million of Florins to Petersburgh.

He very often expresses his own persuasion of an eltablished confre, cert between the two courts of Vienna and Russia.

That the Jaccer, in order the betçer to disguise che crue reasons of their Witw armaments, made them under the apparent pretence of being won thereby in a condition to fulfil the engagements they had con

tracted with England ; and that when all the preparations Mould now be finithed, they were to fall unexpectedly upon the King of


Here it must again be observed that none of these dispatches si are given entire among the documents ;, and that for the re

i markable particular of the remittance from the court of Vienna, ait to that of Petersburgh, no better authority is co. be found than and the following clause, in the dispatch of M. Flemming's, next to 2136 be treated of, viz, \ A friend of mine, who pretends to have his

401S information from one of the Clerks of the Treasury, assures - me, that chis court has remitted,"? &c. sus vil What enfues next in the Memorial, is, an endeavour to derive benivo that measure of proof from all circumitances combined, which S: 1979 could not be derived from any in one particular. And then recurof ring to the explanations which his Pruffian Majesty had so often


tho' in vain, laboured to extort from the court of Vienna, another dispatch of M. Flemming's, of the 28th of July, is made use of, to set the intentions of that court, with regard to Prussia, in open day-light. This dispatch, which is inserted at large in the documents, opens with a recital of M. Klinggrafe's application to Count Kaunitz, for a special audience of the Empress ; and of the address made use of by that Minister, to worm out of him, what the subject-matter of it was to be, in order to prepare her Majesty properly for it, as also to get rime fufficient to prepare a suitable answer; and then proceeds in the following terms :

" That Minister (Kaunitz) told me farther, that having set “out immediately after [his conference with Klinggrafe, that • is to say] for Schoenbrun, he had, in bis way thither, turn“ ed it in his thoughts, what answer he should advise his Sove

reign to return to M. Klinggrafe ; and that having, as he

thought, perceived, that the King of Pruflia had two objects " in view, which they meant here equally to evade, viz. To

bring on conferences, and explanations, which might immediately occasion a suspension of those measures which it was thought necessary to continue with vigour; aud, secondly,

to bring things further, and to other more effential proposals and engagements; he had judged that the answer ought to “ be of such a nature, as entirely to elude the King of Prussia's " demand ; and, without leaving any room for further explana

tions, should, at the fame time, be firm and civil, without

being susceprib:e either of a sinifler, or a favourable construc“tion. That, agreeable to this idea, he thought it would suf

fice, that the Empress should answer simply, That in the vio. " lent general crisis Europe was in, both her duty, and the dig

nity of her crown, called upon her to take sufficient measures for her own security, as well as for that of her friends and « allies.”

So far the dispatch; and the inference drawn from it, in the Memorial, which is fair and warrantable, is as follows.

It plainly appears by this, that by dietating the above-mentioned answer to his Sovereign, Count Kaunitz proposed to • fhut the door againit all means of explaining and conciliating

matters, and, at the same time, to pursue the preparacions of • his dangerous designs, in the expectation that the King would • be so far provoked, as to take fome ilep, which might serve • to make him pass for the aggressor.”

After this, the conduct of Saxony is again resumed; and from the Saxon dispatches, it is farther manifested, chat, tho' che court of Dresden had not as yet entered into the suppoled concert of Petersburgh and Vienna, they, nevertheless, put themfelyes in a forwardnels co fith in troubled waters. To


chis, Count Bruhl's instructions (two months before the march of the Prufians) to Couns Flemming, so propose to the court of Vienna,


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