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and there, forests and falling streams.covered the sides of the hills. Rivers in many places, in the most beautiful cascades, were tumbling along; and cataracts, from the tops of moun
tains, came roaring down. The whole was grand, won« derful, and fine. On the top of one of the mountains 'I ' passed over at noon, the air was piercing cold, on ac
count of its great height, and so subtle, that we breathed (with difficulty, and were a little fick. From hence I saw • several black fubjacent clouds, big with thunder, and the
lightning within them rolled backwards and forwards, like • shining bodies of the brightest luftre. One of them went off
in the grandeft horrors through the vale below, and had no
more to do with the pike I was on, than if it had been a « fummit in another planet. The scene was prodigious fine. • Sub pedibus ventos & rauca tonitrua calcat.
« Till the evening, I rid and walked it, and in numberless windings round unpassable hills, and by the sides of rivers it was impossible to cross, journeyed a great many miles : but
no human creature, or any kind of house, did I meet with ' in all the long way; and as I arrived at last at a beautiful • lake, whose banks the hand of nature had adorned with vast sold trees, I sat down by this water, in the shade, to dine on
a neat's tongue I had got from good Mrs. Price; and was • fo delighted with the Itriking beauties and stillness of the • place, that I determined to pais the night in this sweet retreat.
That our Readers may have an opportunity of viewing this uncommon Writer in all lights, we shall subjoin a specimen of his folitary humour, when he chuses to indulge in a rural reverie; which is not unfrequent with him: he seems, above all things, to have a prevailing taste for country-retirement. We just now left him determined to pass the night in a pleafant valley, by the side of a beautiful lake. Nor was it one
night only,' says he, that I would have rested there. Of• ten did I wilh for a convenient little lodge by this sweet
water-fide, and that with the numerous swans, and other <fowl that lived there, I might have spent my time in peace • below, till I was removed to the established seat of happio ness above.
· Had this been possible, I should have avoided many an
affliction, and had known but few of those expectations and • disappointments, which render life a scene of emptiness, ' and bitterness itself. My years would have rolled on in
peace and wisdom, in this fequeftered, delightful scene, • and my filent meditations had been productive of that good
temper, and good action, which the resurrection of the dead,
• the dissolution of the world, the judgment-day, and the eter's <nal state of men, require us to have. Free from the various
perplexities and troubles I have experienced, by land and fea, in different parts of the world, I should have lived, in this Paradife of a place, in the enjoyment of that fine hap
piness, which easy country business, and a studious life, af. ford; and might have made a better preparation for that • hour which is to disunite me, and let my invisible spirit de
párt to the shades of eternity. Happy they, who, in fome such rural retirement, can employ some useful hours every day, in the management of a little comfortable farm, and
devote the greater portion of their time to facred knowlege, • heavenly piety, and angelic goodness ; which cannot be dir• folved when the thinker goés, nor be confined fo the box of
obscurity, under the clods of the earth: but will exist in Tout fouls for ever, and enable us to depart in peace to the
happy regions. This has ever made me prefer à retired country life, when it was in my power to enjoy it.
• The lake I have mentioned, was the fargest I had seen ' in this wild part, being above a mile in length, and mote,
than half a mile broad; and the water that Filled it, burit with the greatest impetuofity from the inside of a rocky
mountain, that is very wonderful to behold." It is a vart, . craggy precipice, that afcends till it is almost out of sight,
and by its gloomy and tremendous air, strikes the mind with a horror that has fomething pleasing in it. This amazing
cliff stands perpendicular at one end of the lake, at the dif'tance of a few yards, and has an opening at the bottom,
that is wide enough for two coaches to 'enter at once, if the place was dry. In the middle of it there is a deep channel,
down which the water rufhes with a mighty swiftness and « force, and on either side, the storie rises a yard above the
impetuous stream. The ascent is easy, fiat, and plane. - How far it goes, I know not, being afraid to afcend more " than forty yards; not only on account of the terrors comt.
mon to the place, from the fall of fo much of water with a strange kind of roar, and the heighth of the arch which covers the torrent all the way; but because, as I went up,
there was of a fudden an ericrease of noife fo very terrible, 6
that my heart failed me, and a trembling almost disabled 6 me. The rock moved under me, as the frightful founds
encréased, and as quick as it was poffible for me, I came into day again. It was well I did; for I had not been many
minutes out, before the water overflowed its channel, and • filled the whole opening in rushing to the lake. The in
crease of the water, and the violence of the discharge, were an astonishing fight. I had a great escape.?
Mr. Buncle here takes occasion to introduce his favourite conjecture concerning the great abyss; the existence and reality of which he is at some pains to demonftrate. As the rocky
mountain,' (juft mentioned) says he, - is higher than either Snowden, in North-Wales, or Kedar-Idris in Merionethfhire, (which have been thought the highest mountains in this ifland) that is, it is full a mile and an half high from
the basis, as I found by ascending it with great toil on the « fide that was from the water, and the top was a flat dry rock,
that had not the leaft spring, or piece of water on it, how
thall we account for the rapid flood that proceeded from its ! infade? Where did this great water come from?--I an& fwer, might it not flow from the great abyss--and the great
increafe of it, and the fearful noile, and the motion of the
rock, be owing to fome violent commotion in the abyss, oc• cafioned by some natural or supernatural cause?
. That there is such an abyss, no one can doubt that be. • lieves revelation, and from reason and history it is credible,
that there are violent concussions on this vast collection of
water, by the Divine appointment: and therefore I ima'gine it is from thence the water of this mountain proceeds, • and the great overflowing, and terrifying sound, at certain « times. To this motion of the abyss, by the Divine power
exerted on it, I ascribe the earthquakes, and not to vapour, 6 or electricity. As to electricity, which Dr. Stukeley makes
the cause of the deplorable downfall of Lisbon, in his book • lately published, (called, The Philosophy of Earthquakes) there ! are many things to be objected against its being the origin
of fuch calamities :-one objection is, and it is an insuper4 able one, that electrical shocks are ever momentary, by every • experiment, but earthquakes are felt for several minutes. • Another is, that many towns have been swallowed up in • earthquakes, though Lifbon was only overthrown. Such ! was the case of the city of Callao, within two leagues of • Lima. Though Lima was only tumbled into ruins, Oct. . 28, 1746; yet Callao funk downright, with all its inhabi6 tants, and an unfathomable sea now covers the finest port in
Peru, as I have seen on the spot. In the earthquake at Jas maica, June 7, 1692, in which several thousands perished, $ it is certain, that not only niany houses, and a great num* ber of people, were entirely swallowed up; but that, at 4. many of the gapings, or openings of the earth, torrents of 6 water, that formed great rivers, issued forth, This I had REVIEW, Dec. 1756. Qя
from a man of veracity, then on the spot, who was an eye. ' witnefs of these things, and expected himself every minute
to descend to the bowels of the earth, which heaved and < swelled like a rolling sea. Now to me the electrical stroke • does not appear sufficient to produce these things. The
power of electricity, to be sure, is vast and amazing. It
may cause great tremours and undulations of the earth, and • bring down all the buildings of a great city: but as to split
ing the earth to great depths, and forcing up torrents of water, where there was no sign of the Auid element before, I
question much, if the vehemence of the elemental electric « fire does this.--Beside, when mountains and cities sink in: ( to the earth, and the deepest lakes are now seen to fill the < places where they once stood, as has been the case in many · countries, where could these mighty waters come, but from • the abyss? --The great lake Oroquantur, in Pegu, was once "a vast city. In Jamaica, there is a large deep lake, where
once a mountain stood.-In an earthquake in China, in the province of Sanci, deluges of water burst out of the earth, Feb. 7, 1556, and inundated the country for 180 miles.
Many more instances of this kind I might produce, exclu« five of Sodom, the ground of which was inundated by an ir
ruption of waters from beneath, (which now forms the Dead • Sea) after the city was destroyed by fire from above; that (the land which had been defiled with the unnatural lüfts of " the inhabitants, might be no more inhabited, but remain a • lasting monument of the Divine vengeance on such crimes,
to the end of the world: and the use I would make of < those I have mentioned, is to fhew, that thefe mighty wa
ters were from the furious concussion of the abyss that caused the earthquakes. Electricity, I think, can never make seas and vast lakes to be where there were none before. Locha erne, in the county of Fermanagh, in the province of Ulfter
in Ireland, is thirty-three miles long, and fourteen broad, Cand as the old Irish chronicle informs us, was once a place (where large and populous towns appeared, till for the great
iniquity of the inhabitants, the people and their fair habitions were destroyed in an earthquake, and"mighty waters
from the earth covered the place, and formed this lake. • Could the electrical piroke produce this fea, that was not to
be found there before the destruction? Is it not more rea. fopable to fuppofe, that such valt waters have been forced
by a supernatural commotion from the great aby?s, in the earthquake that destroyed the towns which once ftood in this place. It's
• To this, then, (till I am better informed) I must ascribe < such earthquakes as produce great rivers and lakes : and
where no waters appear, I believe the earthquakes are caused • by the immediate finger of God; either operating on the
abyss, though not so as to make the water break out on the ( earth; or by directing the electrical violence or stroke; or • otherwife acting on the ruined cities, and thattered places.'
Our Author now digresses, further, into a long train of reflections on second caules, the immediate and universal operation of the Deity, the reason of the tides, muscular motion, &c. &c. He says abundance of good things, and thews a great deal of reading and reflection upon each of these topics : and his deductions from the whole appear to breathe the true spirit of piety towards the Almighty First Cause, the God and Father of all. • In page 190 this ingenious Visionary (pardon the expression, Sir! it is dictated by our real opinion; and we are persuaded you are too good a man to wish, that we should disguise or suppress any honest sentiment, or requisite circumstance, on this,, or any other occasion] resumes his description of the natural curiosities he met with, in and about the delightful valley and lake; and from an extraordinary unfathomable loch, on the top of a high mountain, he again attempts to prove his hypothesis concerning the great abyss, or vast treafury of waters within the earth, which he considers as the cause of all such lochs. As what he says on this subject, may afford entertainment to many of our Readers, we İhall here give a larger extract than ordinary.
Another extraordinary thing I saw in the place I have • mentioned, was a water on the top of a hill, which stood at • the other end of the lake, and was full as high as the moun
tain, from the side of which the water poured into the lake. • This loch measured three quarters of a mile in length, and
half a mile over. The water appeared as black as ink, but o in a glass it was as clear as other water, and bright in run
ning down. It tasted sweet and good. At one end, it runs • over, its rocky bank, and in several noisy cascades, falls • down the face of the mountain to a deep bottom,' where a
river is formed, that is seen for a confiderable way as it wanders along. The whole is a striking fcene. The swarthy loch, the noisy descending streams, clumps of aged trees on the mountain's fide, and the various fhoars and vallies below, afford an uncommon yiew. It was a fine change of
ground, to ascend from the beautiful lake, (encompassed with mountains, and adorned with trees) into which was