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matter was taken, had been violently scorbutic at the age
of four, his larger teeth consuming with a caries, almost as soon as formed. The material point, however, is, that the inoculated has been these four years without any proofs of tcorbutical infection'
We must needs think it a happy circumstance for this practice, that all the diseases which have occurred, in different families, for fome generations paft
, have not been handed down by writing, os tradition, to the present; fince this ridiculous hypothesis might very nacurally be extended by such reasoners, to the imaginary communication of a disease, which killed some redilineal ances. sitor (of the person who gave the small-pox) fome centuries fince:
or by a further fubtilizing, this objection might suppose the ino. y culated would die (fome time or other) of the complicare:1. ditem
pers of all the ancestors. But as a late writer on this pradlice bag observed, If it has appeared in many inftances, that the convent fmall-pox has not conveyed its own (pecies, or degree, of the small.pox (of which Mr. Frewin has given us above twerty in
stances, by inoculation) how is it imaginable, that it should con- vey any diseafe effentially different from itself?
It is too probable, that the operation of this pamphlet may be re. Irained, from the Author's not affording u: his own naine at least to the facts; since one of competent reputation, and known integrity, would considerably increafe their impression. We have
heard that evidence viva voce, is always preferred to what is - written, even fuppofing it fubfcribed too, which we canpot fap75. pose an anonymous pamphlet to be.
We must beg leave to be indulged, on this public occafion, in a further reflection, even on lo little a work, viz. That in
all these cases, no instance is even hinted of any physician's being - once consulted about any of the patients, or about the constitu
tions of those from whom the matter was taken; some of which 25 appear to have been such, as a very prudent one, whatever were og his hypothesis, would have declined to take it from. We are
told, in each case, of some nameless surgeon, as entirely conductcing it, with compliments to the abilities of some on this occasion, 1 : fee page 13. 16; of which one at least may be designed for this * 1; anonymous writer, who is probably a surgeon: so that in a little
time, the surgery is likely to be provided with medicines for the small-pox too. But as it seems not enough to have received a very useful method for imparting that diftemper, without guard
ing it as well as possible from all miscarriage or abuse, the phyfi5.icians may very speciously affirm, that none are to proper to dis.
i pose for, to-excite, and to conduct this disease, as thofe who have *3really studied the nature of it, and of other internal diseases. D. They may add, that thefe compliments of the prescribing fur
1. geons to each other, are pronounced by incompetent judges of 2. the case; and suggest, that such an over.industry may tend to de
feat its own pursuits: fince it is scarcely to be doubted, confider. ***ing the great facility of this operation, that wherever a good phy.
fician will accommodate the patient on the surgeon's terms, every person of common sense will sooner trust the former to scrarch, than the latter to prepare and prescribe. Nor is it impossible, that this engrossing fpirit may incite some of them to specify a few modern miscarriages of inoculation, where surgeons have assumed the fole conduct of it. This might as naturally beget a few recri. minations; which, instead of producing a more guarded and ju. dicious application of this practice, by which the Public would certainly gain, might end in a considerable disuse of it, by which they must undoubtedly suffer.
Our Author's remarks on the unfair calculation, in the White. hall Evening-post of Sept. 23, figned Philopater, are jutt, and seasonable.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. XXXI. Sermons upon the following subjects, viz. on hearing the Word; receiving it with Meeknefs ; renouncing gross Immoralities; the neceffity of obeying the Gospel ; "being found in Chrift; Justification by Faith; the Nature, Principle, and Extent of Evangelical Obedience; the Deceitfulness of the Heart, and God's Knowlege thereof; the Shortness and Vanity of human Life; the true Value, Ule, and End of Life, together with the Conduciveness of Religion to prolong, and make it happy. By Jonathan Mayhew, D. D. 8vo. 55.“ Millar.
As these discourses were not composed with a view to be offered to the public; they have little to recommend them in point of accuracy or elegance; the candid Reader, however, will, notwithstanding this, find his account in bestowing upon them an attentive perusal. There appears, through the whole of them, a spirit of manly freedom : the Author, indeed, differs widely from those who call themselves orthodox; but he does not, as it is to be feared too many do, express his sentiments in phrases of ftudied ambiguity, in order to conceal his real opinions, and appear to believe what he neither does nor can believe; but, laying aside all disguise, he speaks out openly and boldly, what he Teally thinks, acting herein the part of an honest man, and of a worthy advocate for that religion, which is the declared enemy of every species of diffimulation and hypocrisy. He declares, that he will not be, even religiously scolded, nor pitied, nor wept and lamented, out of any principles which he believes upon the authority of Scripture, in the exercise of that share of Reason which God has given him: nor will he postpone the authority of Scripture, he fays, to that of all the good Fathers of the Church, even with that of the good Mothers added to it.
Nor are his discourses only valuable for the free spirit they breathe; there is a great deal of juit reafoning, and strong fenie. to be met with in them. He is at great pains to shew, and it is. of the utmost importance to thew, the absurdity of founding our
fiopes of final happiness, and acceptance with God, on the orthodoxy of our faith, the merits, and imputed righteousness of Chrift, or, indeed, on any thing separate from purity of heart and life; and he combats, very succesfully, fome dangerous not:ons that prevail, it is to be feared, among 'too many who call themselves by the Christian name, in regard to what the Scripture says concerning our being saved by Grace; being found in Chrift, not having our own righteousness, and being justified by Faith.
Of the fourteen discourses which he offers to the public, the first ten are from James i, 21, 22. Lay apart all filthiness and Tuperfluity of naughtin Is, and receive with xeikness the ingrafted word, which is able to save your souls. But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. The feveral things contained in this passage, he considers particularly ; thewing the obligation that lies upon all Chriftians in general to be bearers of the word, and to receive the Gospel with an humble and teachable temper of mind, as opposed to that pride, captiousness, and wrangling disposition, which are but too commonly found among the profeffors of Christianity ; pointing out the ne. ceflity of obeying the Gospel, in order to obtaining the salvation of it, and rectifying some mistakes concerning the terms of falvation, and justification by Faith, as Faith is distinguished from, and opposed to, evangelical obedience.-The other four are practical discourses, on the deceitfulness of the heart, the shortnefs and vanity of human life, the true value and end of life, and the tendency of religion to prolong and make it happy.
XXXII. A Collection of Seventeen Praktical Sermons, on various and important Subjects. Preached and published separately, on divers on Occafions, but mostly out of Print. To which is added, a Ministerial Exhortation. By John Guyse, D.D. 8vo, 55. Buckland.
As these sermons liave been former published, it does not fall within our province to give any account of them; and, indeed, if what the Author fays in his preface, be true, they have alrea. dy received a much higher recommendation than any we could venture to beltow, were we ever so much disposed to recommend them ; for we are told, that they have met with a favoura áble reception from the SAINTS.-It had been kind in this good Doctor to have told ús the names of some of chefe Saints, that the public might have profited by their example; the force of which we all know to be very great. We may, however, comfort ourselves with the confideration, that there are Saints still in the land, tho'we are denied the fatisfa&tion of knowing where they are to be met with.
XXXIII. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of the East-Riding of York, at a primary Visitation, held at Hunmanby on the sit, at Beverley on the 3d, and at King
fton upon Hull on the 4th of June, 1756. By Robert Oliver, M. A. Archdeacon. 8vo. 6d. Sandby.
This is a very sensible and modeft discourse. It contains some juft reflections on the Deistical Writers, and some useful directions to the Clergy. Mr. Oliver appears to be a warm friend to out constitution, both civil and religious ; and strongly recommends to his brethren, as a matter of great importance in our prefent circumstances, that they take all possible care to make their people good subjects, as well as good Christians ; to give them a due sense of, and a just value for, our Conflitution, and encourage them, by every tie of duty, by every motive of interest, to exert the utmost of their power in support of it.
XXXIV. An Answer to the Rev. Mr. Charles Bulkeley's Pleas for mixt Communion. As published in two Difcourfes on John iii. s. under the Title of Catholic Communion, &c. By Grantham Killingworth. 8vo. 6d. Baldwin.
In our Review for January, 1755, we gave a short account of Mr. Bulkeley's two Discourses on Catholic Communion; the defign of which discourses was to fhew, that different sentiments in regard to the particular doctrines, or external appointments, of the Gospel, ought not to be the least bar or impediment to our unlimitted communion, or participation in all the exercises of religion, and ordinances of the Gospel. Mr. Killingworth, in the piece now before us, makes an attempt to answer these discourses, telling us, at the fame time, that they did not require an answer on account of the matter they contained, fo much as on account of the character and popularity of their Author. Without entering into the merits of the controverfy, we shall only observe, that what Mr. Killingworth advances, to prove the necessity of water baptism, in order to Christian communion, and churchmembership, appears verý trifling; and that the texts of Scripture which he produces, in support of his opinion, are either grossly perverted, or nothing to his purpose. Indeed, whoever will be at the pains to read what he has here said, of what he has faid in his other pieces on the subject, will not, we apprehend, be inclined to entertain any high opinion of him, as a clear, or a fair Reasoner.-What Mr. Bulkeley fays upon the subject, has a natural, and obvious tendency to promote peace and good will among Christians, notwithstanding their diversity of sentiments ; whereas Mr. Killingworth’s notions are evidently calculated to keep alive a spirit of animosity, and perpetual contention, and violence,
To the AUTHORS of the MONTHLY REVIEW.
of the first volume of the Analyse de Bayle, and of the
plan of the work, I now crave your acceptance of a sketch of the three other volumes, flattering myself that it will be agreeable to the generality of your Readers.
The second volume is a very entertaining one, comprehending a variety of miscellaneous subjects, viz. An anecdote concerning the parliament of Paris ; an extraordinary case of conscience ; an account of what the Turks call Nephes-Ogli ; an examination of some of the laws of Lycurgus; an account of the heretics called Mammillarians; the history of Cambabus and Stratonice; reflections upon fortune ; the antiquities of Ypres ; a comparison of antient and modern Rome; reflections upon dreams; a long diisertation concerning the history of Pope Joan; fome particulars concerning the life of Ætop; the prophecies of Angelo Cattho; the history of Borri; the history of Ruggeri, &c. &e.
For the entertainment of your English Readers, I shall lay before them, in their own language, a view of fome of these articles, and begin with that relating to the laws of Lycurgus.- Lycurgus's method of training up children,' says Bayle, was extremely proper, to make them good foldiers, but he extended this system of education too far ;
• Review for April lalt. VOL, XV. Nn