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it is, importanteps out Dr.
redeftination for my
What a mirace in this ! (says 'St. Chryfoftom) he who-fits above with the Father, at the very inftant of time is handled with the hands of men. And again, That which is in the cup, is the same which flowed from the lide of Chrift: (Theopbilact.) Because we abhor the eating of raw feth, and especially human desh, therefore it appeareth as bread, tho it is, indeed, flesh (St. Auftin.) Chrift was carried in his
, he ) It is bread before it is consecrated, but when that ceremony hath passed upon it, of bread it becomes the flesh of Chrik.com Thus much for the Fathers. If now we resort to the Script tore itself, it is plain that our Saviour's own words; literally understood, do carry the meaning which the Papifts affix tó them. This is my body; this is my blood. - My Heth is méat, indeed; my blood is drink, indeed.indd yvig Now in what manner is all this to be got the better of ? Here we have the authority of the Church, the sense of the Fat thers, and the plain words
ords of Scripture, all bearing teftimo ny, with their united force, to the truth of Tranfubftantiation: by what fuperior weight of argument, is this threefold cord to be broke through? is there any other method of doing it, than by having recourse to the Reason of the thing? We bring the doctrine to be tried at the bar of human Reafon, we there find it inconsistent with the clear principles of
, , own nature, impossible. Against this, indeed, the authority of the Church is a cobweb, the opinions of Fathers lighter than air; and we affirm, that our Saviour's words must necessarily be taken in a figurative sense, because it is impoffible they should be true in a a literal one.
But here trine is no argument against its being revealed; for he affilms, a revelation may come from God, tho” it contains things inconfflent with the conceptions of man. Now no proposition is inconsistent with the conceptions of man, otherwile than as it contradicts the Reason of man, and it then only contradicts his Reason, when he clearly perceives it to be impossible. The confequence of all this is, that Tranfubftantiation may be true, for any thing Dr. Patter can have to say against it. The fame sort of weapon we have, and such only, to beat down part, I have nothing else against it, but that it is inconsistent
ness, and justice, and
this lieve it could be St. Paul's meaning, confiftently with my belief of his having been inspired. Ste 2731118 L'ody diw
svods Thus we fee with whom it is, that these
deeriers of reason unites and to what point they would lead uscoe And hence there is some room to fulpect, after all our boastings and pas rade, that popery is not kept out of this nation by dint of argument and fair realoning, was not the door against it barred by good and wholelome laws, it is much to be feared, wit would pour in upon us like a deluge; with writers of Dr.P's stampa it is certain, the papists have greatly the advantage in every Atep of the
dispute ; no body can give fo good reasons for the exclufion
of reason, and to confistently with them selves, as they do. It were to be wished, we would no longer give them an opportunity of taking up our own arms, and turning them against ourselves. Let us be "convinced, that
reason is injurious to the protestant has nothing to fear from it: true religion can contain nothing in it but what is reasonable, and what is in itself reasonable, zit is a paradox to say, Reason ever hurt. Thich would noir
1199 91313 e ng toith scd so obyos blot grids ads to holss: ad os shuoney universalisieb SIMIT TO 10 9 is bem si os sonsoh ach god sW to plaidum
The Causes of Heat and Cold in the several Climates and SituaPartions of this Globes lo far as they depend upon the Rays of the 1918 Sune confydered, in order to phew, that the difference of heat con and gold in other countries may be nearly ascertained by a thersłdi Prometer - By I, Sheldrake. 8vo. Is. Cooper. 671 1102021790 18 THIS Differtation, which contains about forty pages, is mte dedicated to the Earl of Macclesfield, Prefident of the Royal Society, and by the dedication we learn, that this tract hath been honoured with a favourable hearing before that
Society. na 20 And, indeed, whether we consider the intention of the Asthor, or his manner of reasoning, or the fuccess which seems
to have attended his conjectures, wherein he hath-displayed osno small degree of phŪosophical sagacity, no less could be due i to him than a favourable hearing. VIA 16 Almost infinite, says this Writer, " is the variety of obgostjects that employ the senle of vision; and among these the Dorian Howers that rite Spontaneously to adorn and beautify the face of of nature, are not the least engaging They have charms to allure and gratify the organs of vition, and of imelling;
they have wisdom and contrivance in their forms and struc
ture, to engage the study of the philosopher, and to excite • meditation in the divine: and as their beauty charmsi our
eye, their virtues administer to the relief of every animal, < in the cure of various maladies, It is not, therefore, cu
riofity, or ornament, alone, that induces us to with we « could teach the vegetable productions of other countries, to
grow in English ground; but health and piety join our ideas
of beauty, and all persuade the culture of every fair and use«ful Aower, herb, vegetable, and tree, whether it be the
growth of this, or the remotest, clime.--As we have no • certain rule for determining the heat, that exotic plants <may require in summer, nor, unless by dear-bought expe
rience, what degree of cold they could, with safety, bear in • winter, I was led to consider, whether it might not be pof
fible to discover fome method, for determining how much less the cold of the winter, in more southern climates, might
be, than in ours; and in what proportion their heat allo, ¢ might probably exceed that of our summer, by adjusting a
thermometer so, as to ascertain the difference; that if it
were possible we might, by the affistance of good green« houses, thermometers, and stoves, have the pleasure of fee« ing exotics here, in almost the same beauty and perfection: in their native countries.'
Book, From the above quotation, the tendency of our Author's meditations begins pretty fully to appear. The train of thinking, which, on this occasion, presented itself to him, is somet what singular. We shall, therefore, fairly place it before our Readers, keeping as closely to Mr. Sheldrake's own terms, as succinctness and perspicuity will permit.
The difference of feasons, says he, as well as the different degrees of heat or cold, depend upon the changes of the position of this globe, with respect to the sun, the only visible fountain of warmth and life.--From repeated observations, the natural state of this globe seems to be, what we call temperate, or an intermediate degree between hot and cold: This natural warmth of the earth is what secures springs, and all other bodies, from being frozen ; few winters proving fo coid, as to penetrate the earth to more than twelve or fourteen inches below the surface. The transitions from heat to cold, in the air embracing our globe, are chiefly owing to the elevation and depression of the poles, which cause fo great a change in the situation of the earth, that the obliquity and perpendicularity in which the rays of the sun fall, are continually in a state of variation; according to which warmth is
perpetually increasing or diminishing. --So far as action and reaction, occasioned by reflection, conduce to the production of heut, fo far also will the continuance of the fun's presence, with the flowness of his motion, be found to increase that heat: andgiron the contrary, cold will be increased by the obliquity of his rays, the swiftness of his motion, and the time of his abfence below the horizon. Upon these principles it would appear, that a regular increafe of heat should always follow the approach of the fun, and as gradual a decrease of warmth, or increafe of cola, always attend his departure; but this is not fo, either on the Continent, or the Islands. There are many accidents to prevent it; such as the situation of hills, moun tains, and the declivity of land from a true plane: for if the defcent be towards the fouth, it will be warmer than it would be, if towards the 'north. Clouds also will fometimes propagate heat by reflection, and water-clouds will inake the air cool. Winds from the South, if without rain, and from the fouth-west, always increase warmth; as, on the contrary, winds from the east, north-east, north, and north-west, always bring a colder air with them. Whenever water becomes a reflecting plane, the fmoothness of its surface increases very much the heat of the fun's rays: and, certain it is, that all bodies, whose surfaces, being polished, reflect light, reflect heat also along with it, the degree of which will bear a juft proportion to the closeness of the pores, and extent, convexity, or concavity of the surface. Besides, heat is always increased, or diminithed, as the colour of the body, on which the rays of the fun fall, is light or dark, or admits of different shades from white to black; and as the surface of the body is ragged or smooth. . Black absorbs light, and if the furface be rough, it will
grow warm much fooner than if it were smooth: white, on the contrary, reflects light and heat, and that more vigoroufly from a polished surface. The fame holds true of all intermediate degrees of colour, in proportion as they recede from the grand opposites, black and white. Heat increases by ther continuance of action, notwithstanding what caused it grows weaker ; and cold increafes, notwithstanding the fun's approach, till his thinly dispersed rays become closer collected together, and his presence is longer with us.
When a body is hot, a lefs degree of heat will preserve that heat, than was required to generate it, and fo, on the contrary, with refpe&t to bodies that are cold, more heat is required to put the parts in motion again, than will keep them so, when once agitated, ipildo sd Isrl litrov, 918, elist mut se: 1g erum ad ritw ni ydinsiuvibner
It ...domen hiny ot !!!
It is certain, that all parts of this globe enjoy the same quantity, or nearly fo, of the sun's prelence, in the fpace of a year; and it is certain, that all places do not enjoy the fame quantity of heat from his presence. As the sun's motion from north to fouth, and from south to north, is confined beIween the tropics, so is his motion swifter there, than in any other part of the globe: and the nearer he approaches the equator, so much the swifter is his motion from east to weit, and from north to fouth, and south to north. This will-a
lappear from the following observation. The fun passes from three degrees, thirty minutes, fouth latitude, to three degrees, thirty minutes, north latitude, being together seven degrees in about eighteen days; whereas, when the sun enters Gemini on the 21st day of May, at twenty degrees north latitude, he fpends one entire month in going three degrees and thirty mi: nutes, or till he enters Cancer, and touches the northern tropic; and another month in returning back from the tropic, till he arrives at Leo, on the 234 of July: in all which time, being fixty-seven days, the sun is as near to the tropic as he was before to the equator for eighteen days. Hence it appears reasonable to suppose, 11otwithstanding the fun passes the equator twice in the space of twelve months, that as he spends only thirty-fix days in these two tranfits, the heat under either of the tropics may be as great, if not greater, than under the line. Secondly, for a further proof of the probability, that the heat under the tropic is as great, if not greater, than under the line, I shall just observe the difference of velocity in the sun's motion, at the above mentioned different places, on the surface of the globe. Under the equator, the fun, in one hour, moves fifteen degrees, each degree containing fixty geometrical miles; that is, he moves nine hundred miles in an hour: whereas under the tropic, tho' in an hour be moves the same number of degrees, yet as each degree there contains only fifty-five such miles, the velocity of his motion there is only at the rate of eight hundred and twenty-five miles in the hour; i. e. the fun travels seventy-five miles less in an hour, under one of the tropics, than under the equator. * The mo. tion of the fun then being flower under the tropic, may we not with reason fuppose, that by his being nearly so long vestical, and withal his motion lo much flower, the heat may thereby be raised to a more intense degree here, than it is under the equinoctial line? It is also to be remembered in this place, that the tun, in our fummer half of the year, remains about one hundred and forty hours longer above the horizon, under the tropic, than above that under the equator; which