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which we could have wilhed to have seen introduced ; and of several passages, from the difference betwixt the English and the Greek languages, he could not transfuse(d) the idiomatic propriety. But whether any epitome, or even the original itself, tho' ever so unexceptionably translated, would greatly afhit the generality of our Readers in their notions of Beauty, the nature of the human Soul, or, indeed, of the Art of Oratory, may be very much doubted. To enter fully into Plato's ideas, the Reader must possess fome portion of that divine furor, which, in this Dialogue, he requires of him who approaches to the PoetICAL Gates of the Muses.
As a fpecimen of our Author's translation, take the following prayer of Socrates.
« Propitious Pan, and all the other Deities of this place, ( vouchsafe to me to become beautiful within ; and grant that • external things may be friendly to those within me; may I • deem the wise man, wealthy; and may I have such a . quantity of gold as no other can bear, or manage, than
the temperate man* The above is by no means selected as a specimen of the most glaring defects in this writer's language; which is, in general; not only incorrect, but abounds in low phrases, and North-British modes of expreffion, to a degree that is equally intolerable to a judge of the original, or of the Englith. () Thus Socrates derives ipws (love) from pagan (ftrength), and para ars divinatoria, from
farix, furor. Ω Φιλε Παν τε και αλλοι οσοι τηδε θεοι δοιητε καλω γενεσθαι τανδοθεν. ταξωθεν δε οσα εχω, τοις εντος ειναι μοι φιλια, αλουσιον δε νομιζουμε τον σοφον. το δε χρυσων πληθος ειη μοι οσον μητε φερειν μητε αγειν δυναιτο αλλος η ο σωφρων. p. 358.
Miscellaneous Remarks made on the Spot, in a late seven years
Tour through France, Italy, Germany, and Holland. By
understanding, than a personal acquaintance with foreign climates ; and as no people travel more than the natives of Great Britain; they ought, therefore, to let none surpass them in manly and generous perceptions. The man who, by his birthright, is a member of a free society, not a slave to despotic power;
and who, in matters of religion, enjoys the invaluable blefsing of private judgment, thould not fail to visit other pations: for this will not only rub off all the felfish asperities he may have contracted, from a narrow furvey of things, but will also re-land him at home, with a more rational attachment to that constitution, under which he had the happinefs to be born. :: On the contrary, when the subject of an arbitrary government, has travelled into countries 'which enjoy the inestimable advantages of civil and religious liberty, he returns with a diminished affection for his own; and learns to despife, and hate, that constitution which denies him the enjoyment of those natural rights, the knowlege, and the value of which, he has learnt from his happier neighbours. Hence it is, that despotic Princes are cautious how they permit their subject's to sange abroad; and, for the reafons above intimated, travelling has ever been encouraged in free ftates : in particular, our own countrymen have been remarkable for their segard to this finishing branch of education.
But tho' one would think, that every Briton who makes the tour of Europe, should return, not a nominal, but å real patriot; yet this is not always the cafe! for alas ; too many of our young gentlemen bring home only a miserable reverse of every good purpose for which they were sent out: and we have reason to fear, that what Pope observes of one of them, may be applied to moft,
Europe he faw, and Europe saw him too! But whence does this proceed ?-Lord Molesworth, in his excellent observations on Denmark, imputes it to our early visiting France, where slavery is fo artfully gilded over, as to hide its native deformity and he thinks that if his countrymen were first 'to make the tour of Den"mark, &c. where the people are more apparently faves, it would remedy this evil. His lordship's remark is judicious, and the remedy feems appropriated. Yet, if our travelJer is either too young, or has never been accustomed to reHect; if be is unacquainted with the constitution of Britain ; or' is committed to the guidance of those who know men, or books, only * ; it is not to be expected, that even the genuine
* The young traveller ought, more especially, among other prerequifites, to have his morals well formed and lettled ; and particucular care hould be taken, that the person intrusted with his tui.
and disguftful appearance of slavery in the north, will have the desired effect, or produce all the advantages that ought to accrue from so expensive, and even so laborious, a course of ftudy, if travelling may be fo denominated.
But after all, without natural good fense, and a manly tumn of mind, all foreign helps will avail but little. If this foundation is wanting, our travellers may, in time, be able to describe the ceremonies practifed when the French King dines in public ; or they may even attain a smattering in the virtû of Italy; but they will never make any improvement in our commercial interests, nor, by reflecting on the miseries of foreign lavery, be incited to hazard their lives, and fortunes, in guarding their native country against a like mortifying state of subjection,
But if fo many things are required ere the Briton can make a proper and natural use of travelling, are not the same, and Itill greater qualities, equally neceffary in those who publish to the world, an account of their travels! Many, however, of this class of writers, entertain us with scarce any thing more important than Sir Polydore Woud-be's journal, in Ben Johnson.
It is granted, that the description of fine churches, villas, gardens, pictures, ftatues, &c. may be of service to the stapary, painter, architect, and gardener; that the antiquary may find entertainment in the relief of a medallion, or the ruins of a temple; that the naturalist reaps advantage from the phyfical hiitory of foreign productions; and that most people are wonderfully pleased with a detail of the customs of other
countries : yet narratives, where only such topics are treated S'of, are not the most useful to such of our countrymen as ein 1. ther have not time, or cannot afford, to travel. To such,
that book which points out the improvement of any branch of commerce, or that which thews them the felicity they derive from their government, religious and civil, is certainly not the least valuable.
In Mr. Stevens's performance, indeed, the merchant will find no plans for extending our trade, nor the farmer any improvements in agriculture, but its perufal will teach both, that tion, be not only a scholar, and a gentleman, but a striétly moral man: one who abhors vice, however fanctified by custom ; and who dares freely to admonith his pupil, be his *rank what it will, whenever he finds him adopting principles, or manners, inconfiftent with the characteristics of genuine virtue, and goodness of heart.
while property is fecured in Britain, we shall ever furpafs the more precarious traders and farmers of the continent. Mr. Stevens travelled, and thought, like an Englishman; and if his language is far from being elegant, yet, as it is, generally, intelligible, and as he describes nothing but what he was an eye-witness of *, his work is so far preferable ta the more flowery, and more marvellous relations of some others, whose fancy either embellishes what they saw, or supplies what they never had an opportunity of bebolding.
Mr. Stevens's narratives, and observations, will doubtless serve to assist the young traveller ir gaining some idea of France, and especially of Italy; and will guide him through many of the first cities in Germany and Holland. The Author, indeed, is far from affecting the character of the scholar, or the antiquarian; and when he introduces any scraps of French, or Italian, he generally betrays his ignorance of those languages. Neither does he give us many deep researches into, the nature of the several governments in the countries through which he passed. He saw the people in bondage, altho” he did not know how they lost their liberties. He saw that, notwithstanding the gaiety of the French, and the content of the Romans, neither of them enjoyed the folid advantages of the Briton. The former he beheld, the slaves of a King, fupported by a standing army, and the latter, the more abject flaves of bigotry and superstition.--He does not attempt to amuse his readers with the age, temper, and amours of great courtiers and officers of state; nor expatiate on the virtues of a Potentate, or a Prime Minister: things that can little avail, or interest, the generality of readers. But he takes every opportunity of expofing the frauds of the priests, and the ignorance, and superstition of the laity: The Bishop of Salisbury, indeed, had performed this protestant task before our Author, and with superior abilities; but Mr. Stevens's work ferves to corroborate what the Bishop advances, and even points out some instances of laical absurdity, which his lordship does not mention.
Mr. Stevens's book is also commendable on another account. Englishmen who go abroad, generally estimate things at the price they are sold for at home; and as they have commonly what the French call une bourse bien garni des guinees, they become the dupes of imposing inn-keepers, lying valets, pimping landlords, and extortioning tradesmen. It is inconceivable what fums are, annually, loft to Britain, by means of such
Our Author's travels were begun in the year 1738.
vermin, Every attempt, therefore, to guard the young tra-
fore you set out, with Boyer's Grammar and Dictionary ; $. for at Paris they are sold at an exorbitant price. By the 4 help of these, and converfing frequently with the natives,' [Should not Mr. Stevens have added, the assistance of a master] you will soon acquire a competent knowlege of that language: and in order for your more expeditious arrival at
Paris, it will be expedient to embark at Dover for Boulogne, Ce instead of landing at Calais, which is the usual custom; by 2. this means, you will fave at least twenty miles travelling by - land. You cannot be too cautious in your choice of a va** let; several will offer their service in that capacity, who 1,6 speak broken English; they will address you with the greatest
complaisance, and profess the utmost integrity ; but they are Sinot to be trusted, being most of them designing, imposing 1116rascals. The best method is, to get one recommended by
& the master of the inn where you put up at.' (This is not alalways a safe practice neither, for the inn-keepers and thofe ime posing rascals are often in a confederacy, to fleece strangers.)
Be careful to make a bargain for every thing you want,' [at the inn); otherwise they will charge what they think proper, $ and you will be obliged to satisfy their exorbitant demands. • Another most neceffary caution is, to have some English <servants, who speak the French language perfectly well, and 15 whose integrity you can rely on.'- ::
P. 10. "My first entrance into Paris, was through the gate of St. Dennis : this is a very fine one, built like an antient • triumphal arch, beautifully adorned with basso-relievo, re