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judgment upon them for the sin of his banishment. They sent messengers to recall him, the whole city went out to meet him. The Bosphorus was bridged across with boats, and lighted up with torches. Two short months passed by, while he prayed and preached within Santa Sophia's walls, when the storm of persecution recommenced.

A silver statue of the empress was placed before Santa Sophia's doors, and around it the people danced and feasted, and sounds of the wild revelry of a great multitude pierced through the wall and drowned the songs of praise. Chrysostom thundered forth his stern rebuke, though knowing that bitter persecution would be his portion, fearlessly the bishop denounced their impiety, and now the empress was resolved on a lasting vengeance.

Santa Sophia's floor was stained with blood, for the emperor's troops came even on Easter eve, the day of all the year of holy calm, to drive the people from the church where St. Chrysostom is ministering.

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BANISHMENT OF CHRYSOSTOM.

A few weeks of struggle pass away–when the songs of Whitsuntide should be ringing through the church, there are instead sounds of weeping and mourning. Can we not fancy we see him now before the high altar in Santa Sophia, praying the Eternal Wisdom to direct his steps ?

They bring in the sentence of his banishment. No more must he teach the flock, for whose salvation he had so yearned; that tongue whose eloquence the world has never equalled, was to be stilled for ever. Perhaps before his eyes floated some vision of the woe which was to fall over the city, and desecrate his loved cathedral.

Around him gather his bishops, and when he parted from them his last words were, as if in prophecy, “Farewell to the angel of this church.” Embracing them with tears, and blessing the deaconesses who flocked around him, and in touching words entreating that they would offer up prayers for their

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exiled bishop, and then avoiding the attention of the multitude, he went to his doom to wander three years in the wilderness, dragged about by brutal guards—rest at night-clean water to drink, bread to eat were often denied to him whom once in Santa Sophia the people almost worshipped. No murmur passed the saintly lips—they led him through the scorching heats which poured down their fury on that bald headthey led him out in rains till he was drenched in streams of water. At last the hour of release was at hand; he asks for rest, for he knows death is near; the guards only drag him on more violently than before. But there is a Power stronger than they. At last they are forced to lay him in a roadside chapel, and there he called for the white garments of his priesthood, and saying in death that which had been his song through life, “Glory be to God for all things,” went to his rest.

VOL. II.

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210

JUSTINIAN'S AMBITION.

Thus died the great Patriarch of Constan, tinople; his memory is the principal interest which attaches to the former church of Santa Sophia.

In 532 this temple was laid in ruins by fire. Justinian then sat on the throne. He was a great man, and he conceived the mighty ambition to build a church which should excel the temple of Solomon. The founda tion of it was laid forty days after the fire. In less than six years his work was completed, and Justinian beholding it, exclaimed, “Solomon, I have conquered thee !"

During the reign of this emperor an earthquake did great damage to the church. Its ravages were, however, perfectly restored, and for 1300 years, though countless earthquakes have shaken the city, not one has touched Santa Sophia. Against fire Justinian carefully preserved it, for he ordered his builders to employ fire-proof materials; this has been carried out even to the doors and

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RELICS OF ANTIQUITY.

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windows—the tracery work of the windows is of stone and the doors either of bronze, or covered with it. Some of the windows, it is said, contain panes of the oldest glass ever made, but the date of their insertion is unknown. In the apse of the eastern windows are inner windows of coloured glass, which the Turks allow to remain as a curiosity. The Imaums drew our attention to these, and pointed them out with evident pride. The door frames are of bright-coloured marble, except that which was the emperor's entrancedoor, and which was of bronze. Over all the doors are large hooks, or rings, as it was customary to suspend hangings or veils before the church door. This is now a universal custom in the Greek churches; the door curtain is always made of some heavy material, with bars of wood placed in it, so that it is difficult to lift. The emperor's entrance-door is adorned with a bas relief, it consists of an arch supported by

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