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--principally estimated by her young and when you saw it closely in front, of being female acquaintance,—had acquired the grafted on the face, rather than growing reputation of being “ all heart." The properly out of it. His person was very phrase had often provoked my mirth,- handsome, though terminating in lame. but alas ! the description was now over ness, and tending to fat and effeminacy; true. Whether nature had formed her in which makes me remember what a hostile that moud, or my own distempered fancy, fair one objected to him, namely, that he I snow not, but there she sate, and looked had little beard, a fault which, on the other the Professor's lecture over again. She was hand, was thought by another lady, not like one of those games alluded to in my hostile, to add to the divinity of his aspect, beginning — " Nothing but Hearts !” -imberbis Apollo. His lameness was only Her nyse turned up. It was a heart and in one foot; the left, and it was so little her mouth led a trump. Her face gave a visible to casual notice, that as he lounheart—and her cap followed suit. Her ged about a room (which he did in such sleeves puckered and plumped themselves a manner as to screen it) it was hardly into a heart shape and so did her body. perceivable. But it was a real and even Her pincushion was a heart—the very a sore lameness. Much walking upon it back of her chair was a heart-her bosom fevered and hurt it, it was a shrunken foot, was a heart. She was, “ all heart” indeed! a little twisted. This defect unquestionaHood's Whims and Oddities. bly mortified him exceedingly, and helped

to put sarcasm and misanthropy into his

taste of life. Unfortunately, the usual APPROACH OF EVEN. thoughtlessness of schoolboys made him feel

it bitterly at Harrow. He would wake, The day is nearly spent, and the tir'd plough. and find his leg in a tub of water. The

reader will see (hereafter) how he felt it ; His labour v'er, hath wip'd his sweating brow, whenever it was libelled, and in Italy, the And from his traces loos'd the wearied ox; The careful husbandman pens up his fock:

only time I ever knew it mentioned, he Within the sheep-cot, and the cottager

did not like the subject, and hastened to Sits down contented to his coarse made change it. His handsome person so far

supper. Hark! thro" the air we hear the shepherd's pipe tured to him all the occasions on which

rendered the misfortune greater, as

pic Woo the calm evenings breeze, whilst he

he might have figured in the eyes of comThe approaching dark, as in his ears the bat Hums out the peal of night. Within

their palace pany, and doubtless this was a great reaThe burden rested bees count o'er their earnings son, why he had no better address. On the And sing n'er their days labour, or some seo.

other hand, instead of losing him any real

regard or admiration, his lameness gave a Seizes by the wing the lazy, thievish drone ;

touching character to both. And executes the traitor, The muttering surge Just chafes and foams against the sullen shore

He had a delicate white hand, of which Venting its grumbling sorrow for some wreck ; he was proud, and he attracted attention While listning Neptune strikes his silent tri- to it ty rings. He thought a hand of this

dent, And checks the hurrying waves. The sleepy

description almost the only mark remain

ing now-a-days of gentleman, of which Listlessly from his low resounding cave, it certainly is not, nor of a lady either; Returns the lover's whisper on the wind, though a coarse one implies handiwork O fair and sportless Even !

He often appeared holding a handkerchief, upon which his jewelled fingers lay imbed

ed, as in a picture. He was as fond of PORTRAIT OF LORD BYRON

fine linen, as a Quaker, and had the rem

nant of his hair oiled and trimmed with all “ Lord Byron's face was handsome ; character to which this effeminacy gave

the anxiety of a Sardanapalus. The visible eminently so in some respects. He had a mouth and a chin fit for Apollo, and when rise, appears to have indicated itself as I first knew him, there were both lightness early as his travels in the Levant, where and energy' all over his aspect. But his the Grand Signior is said to have taken countenance did not improve with age,

him for a woman in disguise.”-Hunt's and there were always some defects in it. Lord Byron. The jaw was too big for the upper part. It had all the wilfulness of a despot in it.

THE STEAM ENGINE. The animal predominated over the intellectual part of his head, inasmuch as the « The STEAM ENGINE,” says Mr. face altogether was large in proportion to Farey, in his treatise recently published, the skull. The eyes also were set too " is an invention highly creditable to near one another; and the nose, though human genius and industry; for it exhihandsome in itself, had the appearance, bits the most valuable application of phi

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losophical principles to the arts of life, and spirit of philosophy, he would have been has produced greater and more general right; for it does not become a man of changes in the practice of mechanics than genius to “give up,' even to his country, has ever been effected by any one inven- what is meant for mankind.' He was ion recorded in history. All other not without some of this spirit ; but uninventions appear insignificant when com- doubtedly his greatest dislike of England pared with the modern steam engine. A was owing to what he had suffered there, ship, with all her accessaries, and the and to the ill opinion which he thought extent of knowledge requisite to conduct was entertained of him. It was this that her through a distant voyage, are most annoyed him in Southey. I believe if he striking instances of the intellectual power entertained a mean opinion of the talents of man, and of hisenterprising disposition. of any body, it was of Southey's, and he The steam engine follows next in the scale had the greatest contempt for his political of inventions, when considered in refer- conduct (a feeling which is more common ence to its utility, and as an instance of with men of letters than Mr. Southey fanthe preserving ingenuity of man to bend cies) : but he believed that the formal and the powers of nature to his will, and the foolish composed the vast body of the employ their energies to supply his real middle orders in England ; with these he and artificial wants; but when we consi- looked upon Mr. Southey as in great estider the steam engine as a production of mation ; and whatever he did to risk genius, it must be allowed to take the lead individual good opinion-however he preof all other inventions. The natives of ferred fame and a sensation,

at all Britain will more readily grant this pre- hazards-- he did not like to be thought ill eminence to the steam engine, from the of by any body of people.-Hunt's Lord circumstance of its having been invented Byron. and brought into general use by their countrymen within a century; and parti

THREE FINGERED JACK. cularly as it has been one of the principal means of effecting those great improve

OBI; OR, THREE FINGERED JACK, THE ments, which have taken place in all our national manufactures within the last Jamaica, in the years 1780 and 1781, he

FAMOUS Negro Robber, was the terror of thirty years :—that amazing increase of productive industry, which has enabled ncantations, was the dread of the Negroes,

was an obi-man, and by his professed us to extend our commerce to its present there were also many white people, who magnitude, could never have been effected without the aid of this new power. In fact believed he was possessed of some superthere is every reason to suppose, that if

natural power. He had neither accomthe steam engine had not been brought fought all his battles alone, and either

plices nor associates, he robbed alone ; into use, this country, instead of increas- killed his

pursuers, or retreated into difficult ing in wealth and prosperity, during the fastnesses where none dared to follow him. last century, would have retrograded It was thus that he terrified the Inhabigreatly, because the mines of coals, iron, copper, lead, and tin, which have in ali tants, and set the civil power, and the ages formed so considerable a portion of neighbouring militia at defiance for two the wealth of England, were at the begin- years, ning of the last century nearly exhausted,

At length allured by the rewards offered, and worked out to the greatest

depths tó by Governor Dalling, in a proclamation which it was practicable to draw off the dated the 12th December, 1789, and by a water by acqueducts and simple machi- resolution which followed, it of the house of nery; and without the aid of steam Assembly, iwo Negroes, Quasher and engines it is probable, that fuel, timber, Sams, both of Scots Hall, Maroon Town, and all the common metals, would long with a party of their townsmen went in since have become too scarce in England,

search of him. to have supplied the necessities of a nume

Quasher before he set out on the expedirous population."

tion, got himself christened, and changed his name to James Reeder. The expedi

tion commenced, and the whole party, crept LORD BYRON'S DISLIKE OF about the woods for three weeks, but in HIS COUNTRY.

vain. Reeder and Sam, tired with this

mode of warfare, resolved on proceeding in He cared nothing at all for England. search of Jack's retreat, and taking him He disliked the climate; he disliked the by storming it, or perishing in the attempt. manners of the people ; he did not thi They took with them a little boy of spirit, hem a bit beiter than other nations, and and who was a good shot, and then left the tad he entertained all these opinions in a rest of the party. These three had ziot

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been long separated, before their keen eyes with blood from his wounds; both were discovered, by impressions among the covered wi h gore and gashes. In this state weeds and bushes, that some person must Sam was umpire,' and decided the fate of have lately been that way. They softly the battle. He knocked Jack down with followed these impressions, making not a piece of rock.* The little boy soon came the least noise, and soon discovered smoke. up, and with his cutlass they cut off Jack's

They prepared for an encounter, and head and three-fingered hand, which they came upon Jack before he perceived them, carried in triumph to Kingston, and receive he was roasting plantains by a little fire ed the promised reward. - Percy Anec on the ground at the mouth of a cave. This was a scene in which it was not for ordinary actors to play. Jack's looks were fierce and terrific, he told them he would On SPENCER THE POET. By Brown. kill them. Reeder instead of shooting Jack, replied that obi had no power to hurt him He sung the Heroic Knights of Fairy land, for he was christened, and that his name 'In lines so elegant, and with such command,

That had the Thracian play'd but half so well, was no longer Quasher. Jack knew Reeder, He had not left Eurydice in helt. and as if paralysed, let his two guns remain on the ground, and took up only his cutlass. Jack and Reeder had a desperate engagement some years before in the

INFALLIBLE CUREFOR HARD woods, in which conflict Jack lost two

TIMES. fingers, which was the origin of his name: but Jack then beat Reeder, and almost

CALCULATE your income, and be sure Lilled him, with several others who assist- you do not let your expenses be quite so ed him.

much-lay by some for a rainy day. Jack would easily have beat both Sam and Never follow fashions—but let the fashions Reeder, who were at first afraid of him, follow you : that is, direct your business but he had prophesied that white obi and expenses by your own judgment, not would get the better of him, and from by the custom of fools, who spend more experience he knew the charm would lose than their income. Never listen to the none of its strength in the hand of Reeder. tales of complainers, who spend their Without further parley, Jack with the breath in crying hard times, and do cutlass in his hand threw himself down a nothing to mend them. Every man may precipice at the back of the cave. Reeder's live within his income, and thereby pregun missed fire, but Sam shot him in the

serve his independence. If a man is shoulder, Reeder like an English bull-dog never looked, but with his cutlass in hand poor his taxes are small

, unless he holds

an estate which he cannot pay for, in plunged down head long after Jack. The such case he does not own it, and theredescent was about thirty yards, and almost fore ought to let the owner take it. Indusperpendicular. Both of them had preser- try and economy will for ever triumph ved their cutlasses.

over hard times, and disappoint povertyHere was the stage on which two of the therefore, the general cry, stoutest hearts began their bloody struggle, pay the taxes and live,” is absolutely the little boy, who was ordered to keep back false. out of harms way, now reached the top of the precipice, and during the fight shot Jack in the belly.

TRIBUTARY LINES TO THE MEMORY Sam was crafty, and coolly took a cir- OF EDWIN THE COMEDIAN. cuitous way to get to the field of action, but when he arrived at the spot where it Rere rests his head, and may it rest in peace. commenced, Jack and Reeder had closed May sorrow vanish, and may trouble cease and tumbled together down another preci- Here rests the frolic son of truant mirth, pice, on the side of the mountain, in which View'd him, delighted, with a mother's eye, fall they both lost their weapons.

Sam And beckoned Edwin from his infancy; descended after them, but he also lost his Whate'er was mirthful to the public gave, cutlass among the trees and bushes. When

And veil'd his foibles in the silent grave. he came up to them, he found that though

Thus the proud column, by the artist's hand,

Braves the high air, an emblem of command without weapons, they were not idle. Till, strnck by time, its pride is overthrown, Luckily for Reeder, Jack's wounds were And all its beauty in a moment gone. deep and desperate, and Sam came up

No farther seek his praise, or blame to scan, just in time to save him, for Jack had

Or praised or pitied, Edwin was a man. caught him by the throat with a giant's grasp. Reeder was then with his right hand almost cut off, and Jack streaming above, l'age

* See the embellishment, illustrative of the

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1.

FEMALE ANCESTOR OF THE QUEENS MARY

AND ANNE.

AND

PRACTITIONERS IN SURGERY

PHLEBOTOMY.

ILLUSTRATIONS OF HISTORY. Wolsey's,) and of Baulie or New Hall,

in Suffolk, received about £12 per annum. PROTECTION TO M. p's.

The gardener of Greenwich, £20 a year, The privilege of protection to the Mem and the gardener of Windsor and Wandbers of Parliament, bears the stamp of stead, £Ă per annum. antiquity, for we find so early as the Saxon Government, that security was provided to all the members of the Wittenagemote (or Council of the Wise Men), The wife of the celebrated Lord Clain the going to, or returning from, their rendon, the author of the History of the meetings, except they were notorious Rebellion, was a Welsh pot girl, who, t.ieves and rubbers.”

being extremely poor in her own country, journeyed to London to better her fortune, and became servant to a brewer,

While she was in this humble capacity, Edward IV. (son of Richard, Duke of the wife of her master died, and he hapYork,) granted the Charter of Incorpora- pening to fix his affections on her, she tion to Barber-Surgeons; the barber and became his wife ; himself dying 'soon surgeon being performed by the same

after, leaving her heir to his property, operators in this branch of arts for three which is said to have amounted to between centuries and upwards.

twenty and thirty thousand pounds. The first introduction of surgery to the Among those who frequented the tap at shaving community, is said to have been the brewhouse, was a Mr. Hyde, then a by the priesthood of the darker ages, who poor barrister, who conceived the project were then the only practitioners, but find- of forming a matrimonial alliance with her. ing the expertness of barbers in the use

He succeeded, and soon led the Brewer's

Mr. Hyde being of their edge tools in removing the hair widow to the altar. that protruded forward on the parts they command of a large fortune,

quickly rose

endowed with great talent, and at the wished bare, initiated them in making in his profession, becoming head of the salves, the dressing of wounds, bleeding Chancery Bench, and was afterwards the and tooth-drawing. Such was the origin celebrated Hyde Earl of Clarendon. The of barber-chirurgery. In the fourteenth century however the barbers gained ground eldest daughter the offspring of this union, so fast in the practice of surgery, that in

won the heart of James, Duke of York, France, the Legislature interfered, but

and was married to him. His Majesty their old friends, iñe priests, putting in a (Charles II.), sent immediately for his good word for them, they were admitted brother, and having first plied him with into a newly formed surgical establishment

some very sharp raillery on the subject, under the title of Barber-Surgeons, so that finished by saying, "" James as you have the co-partnership between shaving and brewn, so you must drink ;” and forthsurgery has exitei in France and England be legally ratified and promulgated.

with commanded that the marriage should until near the present time, 1827.

Upon the death of Charles, James mounted the throne, but a premature death frustrated this enviable consummation in the

person of his amiable Duchess. Her In the year 1539, the wages of hus- daughters however, were Queen Mary the bandmen and labourers, were 8d. a day, wife of William, and Queen Anne, both each. In the reign of Henry VIII, the grandchildren of the ci-devant pot girl wages of a falconer were generally a groat from Wales, and wearing in succession the a day, with ld. per day for the food of crown of England. each hawk under his care. A huntsman received 35s. 5d. a quarter, and as well as mos of the other servants, he had 4d. a day for his board wages.

The allow- CUSTOMS OF VARIOUS COUN ance for the board of boys of the

TRIES.-(No. I.) stable, 26d. each per week : and of the king's riding boys, 2s. a week each. The keeper of the Barbary horse was allowed is. and 8d. per week, for his board, his In Rome, on the evening of the Epiwages being £4. a year, the hen taker phany, a feast is held, particularly dear was, however, better paid, as he received to children. Not_that they draw King 453. 7d. a quarter.

The regular wages and Queen, as in England, or have their of the king's waterman were 10s. a quar- Fête des Rois, as observed at Commercy ter. The fool's wages were 155. a quarter. in France. But cakes, sweetmeats, fruit, The gardener of York place, (Cardinal and an assemblage of othe good things are

PRICE OF WAGES TO HUSBANDMEN

AND LABOURERS.

FESTIVALS HELD ON THE EPIPHANY

AT ROME.

or

66

sold and given away upon this occasion. Salvedge;" or

safe edge." The Piazza della Rotonda is distinguished “Swithin," from“Swithealm,” meaning by the tasteful appearance of the cake very high.—“Botolph," from “ Botall. and fruit stalls, loaded with conserves and Cyprian,"

;" from “ Cypria ;" a name the choicest of Pomona's gifts, splendidly of Venus.-"Dunstan,” from two words decorated with flowers, and irradiated by “ Dun and Stan;” denoting a high hill or ornamental paper lanterns, the whole mountain.-“Garret," from * Gerard appearance having a very pleasing effect. and Gerald.”- '-"Guy,” from “ Guido or

Persons dressed up to resemble the Guidi ;" i. e, a guide or director.grotesque appearances of Mother Bunch

Borough, Burgh, and Brough,” from and Mother Goose, under the appellation “ Burgus,” meaning a fortified place.' of Beffana, are led about the streets to the —“Acre," from " Ager.”_" Bach or gratification of their pleased spectators, Beck," a river or streamlet.—“Combe, who never fail to display a fund of popular a valley: --Thorp," a village.--"Kirk" wit at their expense. But these visible from - Kuirace ; " i. e, a church. Beffanas are nothing in importance to the invisible. When the children retire to bed, it is usual to hang at their head a stocking, when if the child has behaved itself to the satisfaction of its friends, the

Anecdotiana. stocking is filled with sweetmeats, &c. before morning, but if otherwise, the offended Beffana places within it stones THE OCCASION OF BRUCE'S PERSEVERANCE. and dirt, so that many smiles and tears are occasioned by the dispensation of the dote which rests only on tradition in the

The principal features of this Anecgifts of the Beffana.

families of the name of Bruce, according to The carnival commences at Rome on

Sir W. Scott, in his recently published Twelfth day, (see our Chronology, when work for the juvenile classes, the Tales of every species of entertainment and spec

a Grandfather, has for a period of time tacle are resorted to, though not carried to found its way, into collections of miscelthe excess of by-gone days. The great lanea, but as there is a novel difference support of the carnival is occasioned by in the account, as related by Sir W. in the attendance of vast_multitudes of the above work to that so often printed, foreigners, who crowd to Rome to be wit

we are induced to give it a place within nesses of a spectacle, to which they are

our columns.“ Bruce after receiving the the principal contributors. The pleasing last unpleasant intelligence from Scot. them, which is wanting to the Italians. land, was lying one morning on his To the visitants of other countries, the himself whether he had better resign all

wretched bed, and deliberating with camival and festivals now owe their thoughts of again attempting to make splendour.

good his right to the Scottish crown, and

dismissing his followers, transport him. DERIVATION OF NAMES AND self, and his brothers to the Holy Land, PHRASES.

and spend the rest of his life in fighting

against the Saracens; by which he “Saint Mary Overy,” « Saint Mary thought perhaps to deserve the forgiveness over Rhe;

i. e. over the River." _" Wala of Heaven, for the great sin of stabbing tham;" “ Wealdnam.”—“ Billingsgate” Comyn in the Church at Dumfries. But to have been“ Belings or Bellings gate then, on the other hand, he thought it -"Charter House, corrupted from would be both criminal and cowardly to "Chartreux," and that from Carthu- give up his attempts to restore freedom to sian;" the name of an order of Friars.- Scotland, while there yet remained the “Worcester,” from “ Wireceaster.” least chance of his being successful in an *Farnham,” from “ Fernham ;” a bed of undertaking, which, rightly considered Pern.—“Surrey,” from “ Suthşhe, or was much more his duty, than to drive Suthiey;" the south side of the River. the infidels out of Palestine, though the

"Wolverhampton,” from “ Vulpenes superstition of his age might think otherHampton;" who built a monastery, &c. wise. While he was divided betwixt these

-“Rosamond," from "Rosa Mundi." reflections, and doubtful of what he “ Rosemary;

from “Ros Mary.' should do. Bruce was looking upward “ Seymour," from " Sain Maur." to the roof of the cabin in which he lay, “Gibraltar," from “ Ghibal Tairiff.”. and his eye was attracted by a spider, To“ Cabbage,” should be “ Kabage which, hanging at the end of a long a northern word for STEAL._Selvedge," thread of his own spinning, was endeaa

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