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FEBRUARY 1, 1810.
[1 of Vol. 29.
* As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving their Opinions à Maximum o
* Infuence and Celebrity, the mot extenfively circulated Mifcellany will repay with the greateft Effect the * Coriolty of those who read either for Amurlment or Intrudion." - JOHNSON,
Nics; and the QUACKERIES of ils to explain for themselves.
the third method, which forms indeed the EMORY, or the power of retaining chief object of my present coinmunica
on the mind, is a faculty, whose fullness Ancients, known by the name of Mneof vigour is rarely coeval with the for- monics, and a-kin to the Ars Memoramation of the human intellect. Man has tiva or Artificial Memory of the Motherefore recourse to art, for supplying derns. The principles on which this art those resources, which are denied to him is grounded will be adverted to hereby nature. As to the readjesi means of after;. and its practice, at least in the effecting this end, so indispensably re- present day, I shall abstain from enlarge quisite to the acquisition and retention ing upon, as that has been so ably de. of knowledge, the philosophers and veloped on a former occasion.* I shall rhetoricians of every age are found at content myself, therefore, with a sumvariance: nor do they differ less widely, mary notice of the origin and progress of in pointing out the fittest mode of cul- this art among the ancients, previously tivating and improving the memory, than to entering upon a wider field; the quacke agriculturists differ as to the mode of eries of its professors, and the patronage cultivating and improving the same soil. conferred on them in the sixteenth Some contend für the natural aids of a century. well-directed practice and constant ex The most important of human disercise: others scruple not to call in nie coveries owe their birth to accidental dicine to the assistance of the retentive causes; and I know not, therefore, why faculty; and many insist upon the agency chance should not be deemed as fruitful of impressions, derived from external a mother of invention, as necessity. objects, with which a certain association Simonides, the Cean, was indebted for of ideas is connected. In respect to the the invention of Moernovics to a casu. first of these methods, we find Quince alty. We are told, that this mercenary tilian among its warmest supporters: poetf being hired at a supper to eulogize “ If, (says he,) I should be asked in what the process of bis patron, Scopas, vice consists the real and greatest art for inn- tor in wrestling at the Olympic Games, proving the memory, I would say, in he was suddenly called away from table, labour and exercise, and that nothing is on being informerl, that two youths on so efficacious as learning much by heart, white horses were waiting for him at thinking much, and this daily, if pos. sible."* These maxinis are strongly en Vide, vol. xxiv. p. 105; et seq. Monthly forced by various modern writers; and Magazine, signed COMMON SENSE. amongst those of our own country, by + So Anacreon, Callimachus, and others, Beattie and Knox, who may be consuited designate him, from the ardour with which with advantaye, by such as feel an in- he prostituted the Muses for lucre: nor could terest in this subject. The second me
the Romans brand the works of a fellow-poet thod I have mentioned, as being founded
with a wore opprobrious epithet, than Si. monidis Cantilena.' To this charge, al. leged against Sinonides
his * Si quis tamen unam maximamque a me
own times, Simonides more artfully than artem Memoriæ quærat, exercitatio est et labot ; multa ediscère, multa cogitare, et si wherewithal for my enemies to preý upor
wittily pleaded : “I had sather leave fieri potest, quotidiè, potentissimum est. when I am dead, than become a burden to Last. Orat. lib. xi. c. 2.
my friends in my life-time." MoxTALY Mag. No. 194.