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names of the Romish divines judgment and choice ; for I am of Complutum, the catholick not so presumptuous as to wish to Erasmus, Beza the disciple of obtrude my decision upon the Calvin, Walton, Mill, and Bentley reader. Those variations of my of the Church of England, the text from the received, which remystical Bengel, Wetstein sus- late only to the order of words pected of heresy, Matthäi of the without affecting the sense, or Greek church, and the Lutheran which are only differences of spel. Griesbach. With such examples, ling, I have thought it unnecessary every christian who feels a proper to note in the margin ; but every respect for the scriptures must other variation, however trifling, I wish to have the words of have pointed out with the most reeverlasting life, as nearly as they ligious scrupolosity. I have also came from the lips of our Saviour, collected in the margin the most and the pens of the apostles, as it select and valuable various readis now possible to obtain them. ings, which differ both from my
This Dr. Griesbach has effected own and the common text. In in the opinion of competent judges, - selecting them, I have enfar beyond any other editor of the deavoured to consult the advanGreek Testament. His edition tage of students in theology ; who has been long received as a stand will find here almost any reading, ard in all the universities of Ger- which may happen to be mentionmany, and it is appealed to with ed in the usual lectures of profesconfidence by theologians in Eng- sors upon the books of the New land and every part of Europe. Testament. But this edition will The present edition is admirably not be a useless manual to other adapted to common use. We readers ; for it will enable them to have no doubt, from what we have discover whether the immense learnt, that this American impres- collections of readings, which have sion will be superintended with the been made by the unwearied labours utmost care, and we hope, as it is of the learned, contain any thing of to be printed page for page with sufficient importance to the critithe Leipsick edition (in the text of cism or interpretation of particular which no erratum has, we believe, passages, to invite to a more careyet been found) that it will rival it ful examination, or consultation of in typographical accuracy. The copious critical commentaries. subscribers' price too, for a book Nay more, I have not left unnoticof 600 pages, is we think extreme- ed the conjectures of learned men, ly moderate..
and the different punctuations of That the nature of this edition passages, that I may thus open a may be completely understood, wider field to students for the exwe have translated the following ercise of their judgments on subpassage from the short preface jects of criticism. For the auwhich Griesbach has prefixed. I thorities upon which I have deter,
• Wherever I have altered the mined any reading to be genuine, common text, as it was edited by more or less probable, or utterly Elsevir in the year 1624, I have inadmissible, I must refer to my given the common reading in the large critical edition .printed at margin, that every one may have Halle.' in an opportunity of using his own
For the Anthology.
ORIGINAL LETTERS From an American Traveller in Europe to his Friends in this country,
hese. MY DEAR SISTER,
This family possesses an
extensive palace and two villas, It has been observed with great which on the whole may be conjustice, that the modern Italians, sidered as the most interesting at though they fall very far short of Rome. An Italian palace or viltheir ancestors in the nobler quali la, in point of dimensions, archifications and traits of charac- tecture, and ornaments, is an obter, yet have many points in ject of admiration ; but there is a which they still strongly resemble want of neatness, comfort, and them. These particulars, very in- taste in some parts of them, which teresting in the history of the hu- renders them infinitely less pleasman character, as they serve to ing than those of the English noshew the permanent and irresistibility. The Palais Borghese is ble force of habit, shall be hereaf- situated on a fine street, leading ter the special subject of a letter from the Piazza d'Espagna to St. In no one trait do they more Peters. It is, like almost every strongly resemble their ancestors Italian palace, a large quadrangular than in their extravagant fondness building, each of whose several for extensive palaces and magnifi- sides cannot be less than 200 feet cent villas. Rome, its environs, in length. You enter under an and indeed all Italy, were filled an- arch, made through one façade of ciently with palaces and villas. the palace, into a vast court yard We do not recollect a single great of perhaps 100 feet square. This man, who had not, in the later court yard is surrounded with corperiods of the Roman history, his ridors, under which you pass, secountry seats, his baths, and often cured from the weather, to the his private theatre. The same different parts of the building. rage still prevails among the Ital. The whole lower floor is usually ian nobility, though undoubtedly devoted to stables, coach-houses, more limited in consequence of and other offices, and is, as you their poverty. Almost every pope would conceive from the habits of has ennobles, enriched, and ag- a filthy people, in a state extremegrandised his family. Every greatly offensive to the senses. The palace or villa belongs to some no- Palais Borghese is, however, an ble family, which traces a pope in exception to this rule ; it is more its line of ancestry. These villas neat, and its lower rooms are deand palaces are in many points voted to the gallery of paintings. superiour to those of any other There are in this palace about nobility, or even of any monarchs fifteen or twenty apartments, kept in Europe. Paul V.was the foun- always open to the visits of strani
gers, and regularly attended by most distinguished of the country a concierge, to whom you pay seats in the Roman territory. It a trifling compensation. In each is a very large and elegant seat, room you find a printed catalogue laid out with great taste, in a style of the paintings, which are all between that of the French and numbered, and you pass round and English pleasure grounds. admire or censure at your leisure. Decorated with fountains and Your catalogue is your compan- jettes d'eau, in which the Romans ion ; your taste your guide. I do excel all the world, ornamented not know the number of original with artificial lakes, temples, and paintings in this palace, almost all ruins, shaded by groves, and laid of which are however by the first out in walks, sheltered by lofty masters ; but, as I recollect no hedges, it boasts more magnifiroom with less than forty in it, cence, and affords more variety there must be at least one thou- than any thing of the sort I have sand fine originals.
met with in Europe. The RoEvery body enjoys these luxu- mans indeed have a great superiries more than the owner. His ority over all the rest of the world habitation is aërial, perhaps in the in this species of decoration. They third or fourth story ; and I have can erect statues of heathen gods, little doubt, that, though surround- and of illustrious men ; they can ed with this rich banquet of genius distribute temples and ruins, withand talent, which his pride will not out offending taste, or violating let him dispose of, he often dines probability. on soup meagre for want of funds. What an absurdity would it be I do not mean that he literally in our country to erect the ruins of wants bread, but I am assured that a Roman temple, when our history these princes are often in want of excludes the possibility of such a a guinea to pay their debts.
fiction ! If we would adhere to The house of Borghese, how- probabilities, we should confine ever, will probably be provided for. ourselves to wigwams and beaverThe young prince has lately mar- dams, instead of ruined palaces or ried the widow of general LeClerc, shattered theatres. the sister of the emperour Napo. The moderate nature of the leon. To the Bonaparte family Italian climate is equally favourahe brought rank, palaces, and the ble to delicious retreats of this narichest treasures of painting and ture. Their hedges are composed sculpture ; and he only demands of the Laurustinus, now in bloom, in return a little Spanish or Nea- of the laurel and the myrtle. The politan gold, which twenty thou- box and myrtle put forth their sand French troops can at any leaves and flower buds in Decemtime command.
ber, in this climate, and are in I understand that young Borg- flower in January and February. hese is a very stupid, silly prince ; When you peep through the but as his wife has talents, at least hedges, you see the orange sinkfor the theatre of love, and frater ing down under its golden burden, nal assistance, his want of talents and the citron arrests your attenis of no moment.
tion by its fragrant perfume. As the Palazzo Borghese is the No place in the world unites most splendid of the Roman pala- all these charms in a higher degree ces, so the Villa Borghese is the than the Villa Borghese. It has a
fine carriage road throughout its Æneas, in the act of bearing off his extent, and it is very liberally father, with the little lülus by his thrown open to the publick for a side. It is a tender, pathetick promenade.
story, but I do not think that BerThe palace of this villa is as su- nini has rendered it as touching as perb as its grounds are enchanting. he might. But his third piece Of an imposing magnitude, richly makes ample amends for any triv. decorated with antique bas-reliefs ial defects in the other two. The in the front, its exteriour gives you subject is one of Ovid's; the flight some promise of the noble feast of Daphne, and the pursuit of within. Nine elegant rooms on Apollo. The sculptor has chosen the basement story, whose pillars, the moment when the god of mufloors, and even wainscots are of sick and of light had overtaken the richest marble, of infinite va- the Nymph, and when she was riety, are laid open for the display to spare her disgrace, convertof the finest exhibitions of sculp ed into a tree. The attitudes ture existing in any private cabinet of both figures are enchanting. in the world.
Her uplifted hands are already I shall not attempt to describe springing into leaves, and the tenthem ; many excellent remarks der feet are striking roots into the have been made on them by Dr. earth. Nobody would have conMoore, but there are a few, which ceived that marble could so well I cannot refrain from noticing. have expressed this singular my.
There is a Grecian bas-relief, thological fable. The connoisseurs though of a Roman subject ; Cur- of our party give this piece a pretius on his horse, leaping into the ference, in some respects, to even chasm to save his country. This the Apollo di Belvidere, or the is executed in marble. The ex. Venus di Medici, at Paris. pressions of terrour in the attitudes A group is undoubtedly more and countenance of the horse, and interesting than a single figure, of despair in that of Curtius, are and Bernini has here had it in his inimitably fine.
power to unite the beauties of both There are three pieces of statu. the Apollo and the Venus ; in adary of Bernini, who lived about a dition to which he has contrived century since, and who is therefore to shew his skill in the represenclassed with the moderns, but tation of the Metamorphosis. whose works are, I think, equal to In this admirable villa there are those of any ancient artist. The also the celebrated Seneca, dying first is David with his sling, and in the bath, too exquisitely done. his hand drawn back in the attitude Death, with all his horrours, is too of immediate attack ; his counten- accurately described by the faithance is severe ; anger is inimita ful chisel. The beautiful Hermably expressed, but I think, with phrodite, iying on a couch ;-the many others, that it is deficient in fighting Gladiator ; the Centaur dignity ; it is the anger of a mean conquered by Cupid, are all chef mind ; it is not the soul of David, d'œuvres of Grecian artists. On commissioned, as he must have the whole, I can say without enfelt himself to be, by the God of thusiasm, that had there been no battles ! The anatomical accuracy other palace at Rome but that of of this statue, and its attitudes, ap- Borghese, I should have thought pear to me fine. The second is myself amply repaid for the visit.
Bat I much question, whether we introduce you to wonders of anothderive more pleasure from this er species ; to smoaking mounsuperabundance of beauties, than if tains, and flowing lava ; to boiling they were more limited in number. Springs, and excavated hills ; to We should visit them oftener, and sulphurous exhalations, and mephhave more correct, definite, and itick vapours. You will pardon stronger impressions.
me,if my letters smell too strongly I shall leave the description of of these topicks, for I consider mythe Palais Doria, Giustiniani, Bar self writing upon volcanoes, and berini, Aldobrandini, Medicis, and rambling over subterraneous fires. Ludovis, till my return, and shall
Adieu. now take my leave of Rome, to
For the Anthology.
And if a sigh would sometimes intervene,
TAE expressions, applied to par- the dictate of unadulterated natícular classes of our sentiments ture, or the mirrour of just perand emotions, have the form of ception. On the other hand, it solecism. The effect of certain must be admitted that these and objects and representations upon similar expressions allude to real the feelings is described in phrases phenomena of human nature. They of a paradoxical structure. It is are not ill chosen to picture those called melancholy satisfaction, and states of the mind, which have a soothing melancholy, pleasurable tinge of sadness, and are yet agreepain and painful pleasure, the joy of able ; in which pleasure and pain grief, agreeable sadness, and de- , are blended, but in which pleasure lightful woe. By those, who are prevails. They indicate someunused to the melting mood, or thing, to which the soul is conwho think it worthy of their wis- scious, solemnized, and affected by dom and dignity to guard them- the objects of religion, softened by selves, and of their benevolence to contrition, and bowed by humility, guard others against the weaknes- but cheered by hope, and exalted ses of fancy and feeling, this lan- by the spirit of devotion. They guage is not heard with any great answer to that grief for departed respect or sympathy. They are loveliness and worth, which is melinclined to suspect it, as delusive lowed by time,and chastened by reor hurtful, or deride it, as a species signation,but which delights to hold of refined jargon. It cannot be in affectionate remembrance the denied, that phraseology of this buried friend or child. The heartkind is frequently the vehicle rath- aches, that belong to the tender er of vanity, than of tenderness; passion in its less violent sympthe cant of an ill-directed, ill-gov- toms, are thought to be rightly deerned, and factitious sensibility, and nominated pleasing pains. There wayward imagination, rather than is a luxury in the indulgence of
Vol. V. No.1,