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lehem, and said unto the reapers, 'The Ruth is led, without design, to glean in the beld of Boaz, 1 LORD be with you. 6 And they answered
saluted by them. 4. He shews kindness to Ruth; who behaves him, The LORD bless thee. respectfully towards him, 510.
5 Then said Boaz unto his servant beard of her, prays for her, and shews her further kindness, 11 -17. She returns to Naomi, and informs her of what had that was set over the reapers, Whose passed, 18-23.
damsel is this? ND Naomi had a a kinsman of her
And set b of the family of Elimelech; and his name Moabitish damsel that came back with was · Boaz.
Naomi out of the country of Moab; 2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto
7 And she said, 'I pray you, let me Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean and gather after the reapers among a glean ears of corn after him, in whose the sheaves: so she came, and hath - consight I shall find grace. And she said || tinued even from the morning until now, unto her, Go, my daughter.
that she tarried a little in the house. 3 And she went, and came, and ® glean
8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest ed in the field after the reapers: and her thou not, my daughter?
Go not to * hap was to light on a part of the field | glean in another field, neither go from belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kin-|| hence, but abide here fast by my maiddred of Elimelech.
4 And, behold, Boaz came from Beth
Eph. 6:21. 1 Pet. 5:5,6.
15. Ps. 133:1-3, 1 Tim. 6:2. Rom. 12:11. Gal. 6:9. h 4:21. 1 Chr. 2:11,12.
a 1 Sam. 3:6,16. 2 Kings 5:13. i Gen. 15:2. 24:2. 39:4. Matt. Matt. 9.2.22. 20:8. 24:45.
o Matt. 10:7-11. Phil. 4:8.
our souls; and therefore when fully tried, they shall often be more grieved for the sake of othdepart from him, though sorrowful and reluc-ers, than for ourselves; tbe consciousness of tant. (Note, Matt. 11:28-30. 19:16–22.) our sins will teach us to submit to our trials, V. 15-22.
without murmuring; and our mourning will be Nothing but a deep sense of the importance | mingled with heavenly sweetness.-While we of eternal things, and a conviction of our guilt, || remark, with compassion, the sad changes and need of a Savior; nothing but that faith, which numbers suffer, we should be reminded which is inseparably connected with true re- to prepare for changes ourselves, especially pentance and hatred of sin, and which works for our last great change; when the true be. by love of Christ, and his people, his truth, or-| liever, will certainly find that all things have dinances, and precepts; will, in such a world as worked together for his everlasting good. this, carry a man through all possible tempta- (Note, Rom. 8:28–31.) tions. And therefore the Lord proves those who profess themselves his disciples, by setting the
NOTES. consequences before them in his word, and by CHAP. II. V. 1. Marg. Ref.-Job 1:2,3. some experience of them in his providence; by V. 2. When Naomi and Ruth were settled in which they, who have not faith, are discourag- || some homely lodging at Beth-lehem; the latter, ed, and go back to their own people and idols: expecting nothing in Canaan but a life of hard and this, though lamentable, is principally their labor and mean fare, proposed to go and glean own loss. We ought indeed greatly to desire in somne field, where she might obtain permisthe increase of true Christians; yet we should sion, for her own subsistence, and that of her be cautious in our endeavors to multiply profes- mother-in-law, who probably was unable to ensors, lest we engage those who will betray the dure the fatigue and heat of such an employcause, which they are expected to defend.ment. The Lord indeed intended other things (Notes, Deut. 20:5—9. Judg. 7:2—7.) Especial- || for Ruth: but he was pleased thus to prove her ly we ought to examine, whether we ourselves | sincerity, humility, industry, and patience; and are thus stedfastly minded, and determined to her dutiful affection to Naomi for his sake. Or. cast in our lot with the people of God, however | pah could not have stood this trial: but had she poor, despised, or persecuted; and that living been assured of a settlement in Israel, as desir. and dying, and for ever. We should inquire, | able as that which Ruth at length obtained, she whether this be our aim and prayer; whether would have come also, and have made a hypo. the prospect of secular advantage have not critical profession of religion for the sake of some influence upon our minds; and whether, if || secular advantage. (Note, Malt. 8:18—20. that were withdrawn, or changed for the pros- V. 3. Her hap.] This circumstance was with pect of poverty and suffering, we should not Ruth merely accidental, and not the result of be tempted to draw back. But if we are thus choice or contrivance; but it was the effect of decided in our judgment for the Lord and his the Lord's secret direction, in whose proviservice and salvation, he will assuredly accept | dence great events depend upon apparently and provide for us; he will make up all our trivial incidents. (Marg. Ref.-Notes, Ec. 9: losses, support us under all our trials, and com- 11,12. Luke 10:30—37, conclusion.). municate unspeakable consolations; and while V. 4. The LORD be wilh you.] Nole, Ps. many “draw back onto perdition, we shall be- 129:6—8.—This emphatical expression occurs lieve onto the saving of our souls:” nay, we here for the first time in Scripture.—(Marg. shall even grow more determined by their apos- Ref. f.) The name of Boaz signifies, Strength is in tacy, and by our own difficulties and tempta- | him, (Note, 1 Kings 7:15–22.) and he was a tions. If reduced in our circumstances, well-mighty man of wealth;” yet he personally su
9 Let thine eyes 'be on the field that|| mother, and the land of thy nativity, and they do reap, and go thou after them: | art come unto a people which thou knewhave I not charged the young men that est not heretofore. they shall not P touch thec? and when 12 The LORD Y recompense thy work, thou art athirst, I go unto the vessels, and a full reward be given thee of the and drink of that which the young men LORD God of Israel, under whose * wings have drawn
thou art come to trust. 10 Then she fell on her face, and 13 Then she said, "Let me find favor bowed herself to the ground, and said in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast unto him, "Why have I found grace in comforted me, and for that thou hase thine eyes, that thou shouldest takespoken + friendly unto thine handmaid, knowledge of me, * seeing I am a stranger? | though I be a not like unto one of thine (Practical Observations.]
handmaidens. 11 And Boaz answered and said unto 14 And Boaz said unto her, 6 At mealher, It hath fully been shewed me, " all time come thou hither, and eat of the that thou hast done vnto thy mother-in-bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. law since the death of thine husband; and And she sat beside the reapers: and he how I thou hast left thy father and thy
11:18. 23:18. Marg.
Judg. 19:3. Marko
p Gen. 20:6. Job 19:21. Pr. 105: 1:43,48. Rom. 12:10.
25:35. Luke 7:6,7. 17:16—18.
« Ps. 45:10. Luke 6:11,28. 14:33. rGen. 18:2, 1 Sam. 25:23. 18:29,30. Heb 11:8,9,24–26. 2,13. 2 Sam. 9:8. 19:28. Luke
y 1 Sam. 24:19. Ps. 19:11. 58:11. 10.15. 43:14. I Sam. 1:18. 2 Prov.
Sam. 16:4. Matt. 5:12. 6:1, 10:41,42. Luke Heb. to the heart. Gen. 34:3. 6:35. 14:12-14. Col. 2:18. 2 Tim. 1:18, 4:8. Heb. 6:10. 11:a 1 Sam. 25:41. Prov. 15:33. 6,26.
Phil. 2:3. z 1:16. Ps. 17:8. 36:7. 57:1. 61: b Job 31:16--22. Proy. 11:24,
4. 63. 7. 91:4. Matt. 23:37. 25. Is. 39:8. 58:7,10,11. Luke * Or, I find favor. Gen. 33:8, 14:12-14.
perintended his own reapers.—The pious and friends, to come to a people, with whom she affectionate language interchanged between had had no previous acquaintance, but against him and bis reapers, and which appears to have whom she had been educated in prejudice and been familiar to them, shews that there were enmity; and to attach herself to a poor widow, many godly persons in Israel, notwithstanding whom by her industry she must help to main. national defections: and it beautifully illustrates tain. This she had done, because she believed the genuine effect of true religion, in produc- that Jehovah was the only true God, and Israel ing atfability in superiors, and respect and af- bis people: and therefore she desired to be asfection in inferiors, and mutual unaffected goodsociated with them, and to have the benefit of will in all. It is lamentably true, that such lao- | the ordinances and instructions with which guage as this is seldom heard in our fields, while they were favored. (Note, Josh. 2:0–11. P. O. the bounty of Providence is gathering in: but Zech. 8:16–23.). Thus she came to trust unfrequently the reverse; yea, whatever can in- der the wings of the Lord God of Israel;” de. filame the passions, and corrupt the morals. So | pending on his power, care, and love, both for that a stranger, who should be occasionally || the blessings of salvation, and for the things present, would be apt to form a very different which were needful for the body; and seeking opinion' respecting the religion of England, protection in every danger and alarm, as the than Ruth did concerning that of Israel, from chickens shelter themselves under the wings the conversation and conduct of Boaz and bis of the hen, from whatever incommodes or af. reapers.
frights them. (Marg. Ref. Note, Matt. 23:37– V. 5—10. There is a beautiful simplicity in | 39.) This conduct of a Moabitess had been this narrative. The servant's account of Ruth | greatly noticed; and Boaz had thence formed a was suited to give Boaz a high opinion of her very favorable opinion of her faith and piety. modesty, humility, and industry; and the dis- He therefore shewed her much kindness, encourse of Boaz with Ruth exhibits genuine hu- couraging her industry and affording her promanity, kindness, and consideration for the tection; and praying for her, “that the LORD stranger and destitute.-It seems evident, that would recompense her work, and give her a the same language was understood by all par- full reward." -In all ages and nations, converties, whether Moab, as descended from Lot andsion is substantially the same: irreligion or false Heber, retained the language of their ancestors, i religion is exchanged for the spiritual worship or a dialect of it; or whether Ruth had learned of the true God, through the appointed Mediathe language of Israel, in Elimelech's family. || tor, and in his instituted ordivances; the prac. (Notes, Gen. 11:6—9. Neh. 13:23–30.) ---See- || tice of sin, for the pursuit of true holiness; selfing I am a stranger." "I am not of Israel, but a dependence, for reliance in every thing on the heathen, born and brought up; a Moabitess, un mercy, grace, and providence of God; the ex. 'worthy the regard, and unmeet for the society | pectation of felicity from the world, for his faof the people of God, even for that of the hand- vor as our portion; and the company of the maidens (13), the poorest of them; much less of workers of iniquity, for the society of those who "the attention of one so eminent in Israel as || love and serve him. But many circumstances thou art.' (Nole, Matt. 8:8,9.)
depend upon men's outward situation. Such as V. 11, 12 Ruth had renounced the idols of have godly parents and relations, are engaged Moab, and become the worshipper and servant in lawful and useful employments, and live in of the God of Israel. In proof of her sincerity,|| peaceable times, will not be immediately reshe had left “the land of her nativity,” wherequired to make the same sacrifices, as those she might have expected a comfortable settle- || who are called out of the families of imbittered ment; and her parents, (who it seems were still opposers, from occupations inconsistent with living,) as well as her other relations and the precepts of Scripture, or in times of furious
reached her parched corn, and she did || she shewed her mother-in-law with whom eat, and was sufficed, and left.
she had wrought, and said, The man's 15 And when she was risen up to glean, name with whom I wrought to-day is Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Boaz. Let her glean even among the sheaves, 20 And Naomi said unto her daughter. and * reproach her not:
in-law, 'Blessed be he of the LORD, who 16 And e let fall also some of the hand hath not left off his kindness to the living fuls of purpose for her, and leave them, and to the dead. And Naomi said unto that she may glean them, and rebuke her her, The man is near of kin unto us, + one not.
of our next kinsmen. 17 So she gleaned in the field until 21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He even, and beat out that she had glean-said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast ed: and it was about an 6 ephah of bar- by my young men, until they have ended ley.
harvest. 18 And she took it up, and went into
22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her the city; and her mother-in-law saw what daughter-in-law, "It is good, my daughshe had gleaned: and she brought forth, ter, that thou go out with his maidens, that and gave to her that she had reserved, they meet thee not in any other field. after she was sufficed.
23 So she P kept fast by the maidens 19 And her mother-in-law said unto of Boaz to glean unto the end of barleyher, Where hast thou gleaned to-day? and harvest and of wheat-harvest; and dwelt where wroughtest thou? ' blessed be hell with her mother-in-law. that did take knowledge of thee. And
k 1 Kings 7:21.
Deut. 25:5—7. Job 19:25. ci Sam. 17:17. 25:18. 2 Sam. Rom. 12:13. 2 Cor. 8:5-11. || 1 3:10. 2 Sam. 2:5. Job 29:12, n 7,8,22. 17:28. Philem. 7. Heb. 6:10. 1 Job 13. 2 Tim. 1:16-18.
o Prov. 27:10. Cant. 1:8. d Deut. 8:10. 11:15. 2 Kings 4: 3:17,18
m2 Sam. 9:1. Prov. 17:17. Phil. Or, fall not upon thee. 43, 44. Matt. 14:20. f Prov. 31:27. 2 Thes. 3:10.
P Prov. 6:6-8. 13:1. Eph. 6:1 • Heb. shame her not.
g Ex. 16:36. Ez. 45:11,12. 1 Or, one that hath a right to -3. e Deut. 24:19-21. Ps. 112:9. h 14. Jobo 6:12,13. 1 Tim. 5:4. redeem. 3:9. 4:6. Lev. 25:25. Prov. 19.17. Matt. 25:40. i 10. Ps. 41:1. 2 Cor. 9:13-15.
persecution. The more, however, men ven-pared to do it permanently; before a favorable ture, renounce, or suffer for the Lord's sake, || turn, as to her wholly unexpected, was given the clearer evidence they have, that their faith to her affairs. is genuine, and that they shall' “receive a full reward.” The principle and the precept are in
PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. all cases alike; but the application varies, ac
V. 1-10. cording as different trials are allotted in the The distinctions wbich we are apt to form providence of God. (Notes, Heb. 11:8--10,24 concerning the persons and affairs of men, do -26.)
not comport with the judgment of the Lord: and V. 14. (Marg. Ref.) The Midrasch,' (an an- the gleaning of a poor Moabitess, who trusted cient Jewish book,)“makes these words, «Come in him, was deemed more worthy of his condethou hither,” to signify as much as Come to thy | scending notice, than the transactions of the 'kingdom; and the morsel dipt in vinegar, to greatest princes then living, wbich are now al. 'denote the reproaches and torments of the Messi- most entirely consigned to oblivion! We ought ah. Which is an argument, that they expect not therefore to “mind high things, but to con“ed such a King as should be exposed to such descend to men of low estate.”—Honest indus“sufferings, as our blessed Savior endured; who try, humble patience in poverty and hardship, saith in the Psalmist, “They gave me vinegar and a willingness to labor for aged parents, reto drink.” Bp: Patrick. The interpretation lations, or benefactors, who are unable to prois indeed most absurd; yet it is remarkable as vide for themselves, if these spring from faith, tending to prove that point.
are both honorable and acceptable to God.-V. 15–17. Marg. Ref.-Note, Lev. 19:9,10. True religion will teach men to behave with
V. 18, 19. (Marg, Ref.) The quantity of bar- propriety in every circumstance and relation ley which Ruth had gleaned, and the residue of life: it will form kind masters, faithful serof her plentiful meal, which she brought to Na-vants, and harmonious families: it will produce omi, shewed that she had met with uncommon-mutual love among persons of different ranks; ly kind usage.
and while it engages the rich to condescension, V. 20. Boaz had been kind to Elimelech's it will teach the poor to be humble and respectfamily, before his removal to the land of Moab: ful in their behavior to their superiors and benand Naomi rejoiced that his care of her had re- lefactors: above all it will naturally express itvived after the death of her husband, when she self in prayer and praise. This return the poorso much needed his assistance; and she besought|est may render for favors bestowed; and for the the Lord to repay him with his blessing. (Notes,| neglect of it, no liberality can excuse the affl!2 Sam. 9:1-3. Phil. 4:10–13.)
ent.-The good examples of those placed in V. 22. If Ruth had gone into any other field eminent stations, and who employ many.in to glean, it would have seemed a slight put upon their service, are most extensively beneficial. the kindness shewn her, as well as an evidence -With what gratitude to God and liberality to of an inconstant temper of mind, which might the poor, should the bounty of a kind Pror. have given Boaz and his family an unfavorable | idence be received by us unworthy sinners! opinion of her. (Note, Matt. 10:11—15.) Ruth and how inexcusable are those who abuse plenty persevered in her labor, and endeavored to in intemperance, or covetously neglect the inmaintain herself and Naomi, by her industry digent, or allow themselves in wickedness, for a considerable time; and was evidently pre- || when they are thus experiencing the goodness 8]
9,22. 2 Sam. 13:28. Esth. 1: 10. Ps. 104:15. Ec. 2:24. 3:12,
14. b Gen. 40:14. Deut. 4:40. Ps.
128:2. Jer. 22:15,16. c 2:20-23. Deut. 25:5,6. Heb.
d 2 Sam. 14:2. Ps. 104:15. Matt.
(Ex. 20:12. Prov. 1:8. Jobp
4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, Ry Naomi's instruction Ruth lies down in the night at the feet of that thou shalt mark the place where he sends her away in the moraing with six measures of barley. || cover his feet, and lay thee down; and he kinsman, but shews that another has a prior claim, 8–13. He shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and unand she confers with Naomi, 14-18. THEN Naomi her mother-in-law said will tell thee what thou shalt do. unto her, My daughter, a shall I not
5 And she said unto her, All that thou eek rest for thee, that it may be well with sayest unto me I will do. hee?
6 And she went down unto the floor, 2 And now ° is not Boaz of our kindred, l' and did according to all that her motherwith whose maidens thou wast? behold. in-law bade her.
7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor.
and & his heart was merry, he went to lie 3 Wash thyself therefore, and 4 anoint down at the end of the heap of corn: and thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and she came softly, and uncovered his feet.
and laid her down. get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he
8 And it came to pass at midnight, that shall have done eating and drinking.
the man was afraid, and + turned himself;
and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. a 1:9. I Cor. 7:36. 1 Tim. 5:8,1 2:11-14.
* Or, lift up the clothes that
13. 1 Cor. 10:31. Eph. 6:18,
g Gen. 43:34. Judg. 16:25. 19:6, 7 Or, took hold on. of the Lord!—In shewing kindness to the des- ||ed for every good work.-Finally let us, in the titute, we ought ourselves to avoid, and try to kindness of Boaz to Ruth, contemplate the prevent in others, every thing that may appear kindness of Jesus to poor sinners; to whose like reproaching them for a generous mind in meanness he most freely condescends; on whom, distress has very exquisite sensibilities. though most unworthy, he liberally confers bis V. 11-23.
benefits; and whom he neither upbraids himself, All persons should be careful what connexions nor suffers others to upbraid, with their former they form, and what places they frequent; but transgressions. especially young women, both for conscience and credit's sake: and parents, and other supe
NOTES. rior relations should have a watchful eye over Chap. III. V. 1-6. If the measure, here thein, and require an account, where, and with proposed by Naomi, had been of as ill appearwhom, they have spent their time.-In the path lance in those days, as it would be at present; of duty is safety; and we should keep close to it can hardly be supposed that she would have those employments and situations, in which the advised it, or that Ruth would have complied Lord has blessed us, without being desirous of with it.-The law, concerning a man's marrychange. He will not suffer those who trust in ing his brother's widow when he died childless, bim to want the necessaries of life, and will was by custom extended, as it seems, to the often far exceed their expectations; and an other near relations, when there were no brethabundant recompense for every loss, and ofren: and it required the woman to do several every really good work, yea a full but gracious things, widely different from modern usages. reward shall surely be given to all those, “who (Note, Deut. 25:5-10.) This law gave Ruth, come to trust under the wings of the LORD our now prosely ted to the true religion, a legal God.”—A tender concern for each other's wel. claim upon Boaz, as Naomi supposed; who either fare, affectionate and edifying conversation, did not know of another nearer kinsman, or with true piety and conteniment, will render was aware that it would be in vain to apply to the lowest circumstances and the meanest fare him. (Nole, 4:1—8.) It was customary for comfortable.—The Lord will prove those, who widows to assert this claim; and, considering enter upon a religious profession, whether they Boaz's character and superiority of station, are sound hearted, and willing to stoop and suf- she supposed that this was best done in a private fer for bis sake; and then he will stir up the manner. She deemed herself bound to proininds of his more experienced servants to speak | mote this desirable settlement for Ruth, and comfortably to them, and deal kindly with bad an entire confidence both in her and Boaz; them. This is a good work, which all Chris- | whose character in all respects appears to have tians should embrace every opportunity of per- | been very excellent, and who seems to have forming; especially to those who are cheerfully been advanced in life. And as Roth supposed industrious, and willing to endure hardship for Naomi to be well acquainted with the laws and conscience sake. But to accommodate this customs of Israel, she implicitly followed her subject, onght not parents to ask their children counsel. Yet, when all allowances are made, what they have gleaned from the sermons which perhaps neither party can be entirely exculpa. they bave heard, the books which they have ted. At least, though their plan was graciously read, and the conversation that they have rendered successful, it was not recorded for joined in? May we not also ask ourselves the imitation in the present state of society; nor same question?' He that would increase in wis. must it be judged of by modern customs and dom must be always thus gleaning, and call maxims. (Marg. Ref.) himself frequently to account respecting it; V. 7. When the work of the day was finished, determining if possible, to get some profitable it seems that Boaz feasted with his laborers; hint from every person and occurrence. And and, according to the simplicity and hardivess those, who thus daily collect knowledge from of the times, afterwards lay down to sleep on others, and keep close to the word and ordinan- | some couch prepared for him in the barn, or in ces of God, will become “thoroughly furnish-llan adjoining tent. It is said “his heart was VOL. II. 2
[9 9 And he said, Who art thou? and she I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as Pihe answered, I am 5 Ruth thine handmaid: LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.
spread therefore thy skirt over thine 14 And she lay at his feet until the handmaid; for thou art" a near kinsman.morning: and she rose up before one could
10 And he said, Blessed be thou of know another. And he said, 9 Let it not the Lord, my daughter; for thou hast be known that a woman came into the shewed more kindness in the latter end foor. than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou 15 Also he said, bring the i veil that followedst not young men, whether poor thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And or rich.
when she held it,' he measured six meas11 And now, my daughter, fear not; 1ures of barley, and laid it on her: and she will do to thee all that thou requirest: for went into the city. mall the city of my people doth know 16 And when she came to her motherthat thou art a virtuous woman.
in-law, she said, Who art thou, my daugh12 And now it is true that I am thy ter? And she told her all that the man near kinsman: how beit, there is a kinshad done to her. man nearer than 1.
17 And she said, These six measures 13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in of barley gave he me; for he said to the morning, that if he will perform unto me, Go not empty unto thy mother-inthee the part of a kinsman, well; let him law. do the kinsman's part: but if he will not
18 Then said she,' Sit still, my daughdo the part of a kinsman to thee, then will ter, until thou know how the matter will b 2:10-13. I Sam, 25:41. Luke 111:8.
fall: for the man will not be in rest, until
he have finished the thing this day. * Or, one that has right to re
p Judg. 8:19. Jer. 4:2. 2 Cor.
Or, sheet, or; apron.
14:11. i Ez. 16:8.
m Prov. 12:4. 31:10,29-31.
deem. 12. 2:20. k 2:4,20. I Cor. 13:4,6.
1 Thes. 5:22. 1 Pet. 2:12. 1:23. Heb 6:16. q Ec. 7:1. Rom. 12:17. 14:16. rls. 32:8. Gal. 6:10. 1 Cor. 10 32. 2 Cor. 8:21. Ps. 37:3-5. Is. 22 ja 30:7.
merry;" but it may be translated, “his heart was would. This he confirmed, for ber fuller satis'good;' and may be used to mark his cheerful- | faction, with a solemn oath; and in the morning ness, and thankfulness for the plenty which the he sent her away with a present to her motherLord had sent after the famine; and his subse- || in-law (15). quent conduct shews that his feast was consis- V. 14. 'Let it not be known, &c.] We may tent with temperance and piety. In the mean consider these words as containing his reasons time Ruth concealed herself, till he was left for dismissing her so early; for he said within alone; and then lay down at his feet, waiting himself, “Let it not be known, that a woman her opportunity of speaking to him; and by came into the floor:” or as his caution to Ruth that very action she implicitly preferred a claim not to speak of it to any one. For it does not to be received by him into the marriage-rela- appear that there was any servant privy to the tion.
interview. V. 9. Spread ... thy skirt.] This is supposed V. 15. This present was a token of the fac to have been a customary ceremony in con- | vorable construction which Boaz put upon the tracting marriage, and implied the woman's || transaction, and of his affectionate regard for being taken under the protection of her hus- | Ruth and Naomi. It is not known of what band, and admitted to share all his comforts. I quantity these measures consisted. (Note, Ez. 16:6-8.) It was therefore a direct V. 16. Who arl lhou?). Or, “What bast thou claim upon Boaz 'to marry her; which she done?” What has passed? For so the words may grounded on the law of God, and on his being be interpreted. the nearest relation of her deceased husband.
V. 10-13. The conduct of Boaz in this PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. transaction is worthy of the highest encomiums. It behoves aged persons to recollect their He neither attempted to take advantage of younger days, and not to exclude young perRuth's exposed situation, nor reproached her sons from those lawful satisfactions, of which with impropriety of conduct, nor disdained her themselves bare given up all thoughts. (1:12.) as a poor destituite stranger, nor suggested that|| Indeed we ought not to make our own conduct she was swayed by interested motives in preferr- a standard for that of others, in any matter ing her claim. on the contrary, instead of which the law of God leaves to our choice; but suspecting her of any ill intentions, he imputed || should, without censure, allow them in many ber whole conduct to her affection to the family things which we deem inexpedient for our of Elimelech, and to Naomi; as if she had thus | selves. The word of God has pronounced shewn her greater kindness, than in coming “marriage honorable in all;" and therefore with her into the land of Israel: and he com- those who from inclination, prudential regard mended her, for giving him, an elder man, the to the interests of their families, a pious desire preference to younger persons, whether richof being more at leisure, and having more in or poor, Moabites or Israelites; and for her re- their power for the service of God, and prepargard to the law of God. Perceiving her con-ation for the eternal world, choose to abide in fused, as it is probable, upon the recollection || a single state, should not condemn those, who hornituation, he also obviated her fears, ap- may have as good reasons for preferring a mar.
I ber as a woman of known and approved | ried life. If they are imprudent, they “will and made her a promise of marriage, have trouble in the flesh: but their brethren 2 still nearer kinsman who had a prior || should spare them,” and not censure what the ould wave it, as it might be supposed hell divine law does not condemn. (Notes, 1 Cor.