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from under heaven; but he saved them by

CHAP. XV. the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash. Azariah's good reign, 1-4. He is smitten with leprosy, and

Jotham his son governs for bin, and succeeds hini, 5-7 : 28 Now d the rest of the acts of Jero- Zachariah reigns ill, and is slain by Shallum; and the fulfilboam, and all that he did, and his might,

ment of the word of God to Jehu is noticed, 8-12. After one

month, Shallum is slain, and succeeded by Menahem; who how he warred, and how he recovered treats his opposers with savage cruelty, reigns wickedly; be

comes tributary to Pul, king of Assyria; dies, and is fucceeded • Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged by his son Pékahiah, 13-22. Pekebiab reigns ill, and is

slain and succeeded by Pekah, 23—26. Pekah imitates the o Judah, for Israel, are they not written sins of his predecessor; Tiglath-pileser of Assyria, carries in the book of the chronicles of the kings

captive part of Israel; and Hoshea kills and succeeds Pekab,

27–31. Jothanı reigns well in Judah, 32-35. He dies, and of Israel?

is succeeded by his son Ahaz, 30–38. 29 And Jeroboam slept with his

N *twenty and seventh year of , even with the kings ;

king of Israel began Azariand · Zachariah his son* reigned in his stead.

a 8. 14:16,17.

father, who made him consort c 5:1. 13:5. Hos. 1:7. Tit. 3:4 1 Chr. 18:5,6. 2 Chr. 8:3,4.

* This is the twenty-seventh at his going to the Syrian 6. f 15.8.

year of Jeroboam's partner wars. It is ihe sixteenth year d See on 15.

* After an interregnum of elev- ship in the kingdom with his of Jeroboabi's monarchy. e 2 Sam. 8:6. I Kings 11:24

en years. ing to the ten tribes; from Lebanon to the dead outshine their neighbors. We miglit smile at or salt sea, which had been the plain of Sodom: the ridiculous methods, which arrogant worms but, Jeroboam, encouraged by the predictions take to vaunt themselves, and to express their of Jonal, drove back these enemies, and recov- contempt of their rivals for fame; did not the ered the country. (Preface to Jonah.)

fatal effects of such competitions call for our V. 26, 27. Joash had been successful, both lamentations: and the vain boastings of those against the Syrians and Judah. But probably who follow peace are most tolerable, because the Syrians, not being totally subdued, still car-nost harmless. But did men consider from ried on destructive hostilities against Israel: and whom, and for what, their talents and successes the neighboring nations, as the Moabites, Am- were given, and how prone they are to abuso monites, and Edomites, made continual incur-them; and did they understand how mean, guilty, sions, and plundered whatever they could seize and polluted man is, at bis best estate, their upon; so that the most valuable treasures of the boastings must needs be excluded. In reality, Israelites were pillaged, those who seemed to all the distinctions between one sinful man and have taken refuge in the safest places were de- another would not be worth noting, except for stroyed, and there were none to help them.| the sake of relative obligations, and the peace But as the time for their final dispersion was not of society: but what images can shadow forth yet come, the Lord saved them by the hand of the absurdity and madness of those, who by their Jeroboam, notwithstanding his idolatries.-Blotdaring crimes seem to challenge the Almighty out. (27) Noles, Ex. 32:30–33. Deut. 29:19,20.) to the conflict, and to rush upon the thick bosses

V. 28. Damascus and Hamnath belonged to of his buckler? Or, who could have conceived Judah, in the reigos of David and Solomon: such an amity and union, as the Lord invites us (Notes, 2 Sam. 8:3~11. 1 Kings 4:21.) and Jer- / wretched sinners to enter into with binself, oboam so effectually subdued the Syrians, that through the mysterious onion of the divine and be obtained possession of them for Israel; which buman nature in our Eminanuel?-In all our une is called recovering them, because, though divid- dertakings, we should previously consider our ed in government, Judah and Israel were still ability to accomplish thein: and rather rest satisto be considered as one people.

bed with moderate advantages, or inferior repu.

tation, than risk the consequences of beginning PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. what we are not able to finish, which is indeed V. 1-14.

to "ineddle to our burt.” (coles, Prov. 17:14. Many appear righteons unto men, whose in Luke 14:28–33.) But cantion is especially ward parts are very wickedness, and whose base needful, when it' we fail of success, we cannot conduct at length betrays their bypocrisy. Yet | suffer alone, but must involve many in our cathe Lord gives due commendation to the actionslanities: and those who will not take fair warnwhich accord to his law, because thus far they | ing and good advice, even from an insulting bonor him. Where his judginents are most enemy, may too late wish they had. evidently righteous, the wickedness of the in

V. 15-29, struments inay deserve punishment by the sword Wicked princes and nations are frequently of the magistrate: and "the Judge of all the successful, because opposed by others more guil. earth" may do inany things consistently with his||ty than themselves. The proud are often visitjusuce, and in his omniscience, unerring wis-led with most humiliating providences; and if dom, and all-sufficiency, which would not be not bumbled by them, their destruction is inevi. right for short-sighted, feeble mortals to imitate.table. Yet even in those places, where ungod. It will appear, however, in the day of final retri- liness is generally prevalent, the Lord takes butions, that no one has suffered who did not notice of the extreine bitterness under winch deserve it, and that none perish but for their inen groan, and spares them from time to time, own sins.-Unsanctified success increases pride; that his goodness may lead them to repentance. pride excites conteotions; and these are the Especially, is he thus long-suffering to those na. sources of trouble and iniquity in private life: tions, where he bas a remnant of true believers. but when they arise between princes, they be- -But the lives and successes of wicked men are come the inisery of whole kingdoms; and the contracted within narrow limits, and they are blood of thousands is lightly esteeined by vain soon driven away in their wickedness," one glorious mortals, who seek to be admired and after another. And thougb the Lord will never extolled by inen as foolish and worthless as blot out the name of his true Israel froin under themselves. The effects of pride in others are heaven, but will always raise them up belpers, often insufferable, even to those who are equally that the enemy may never prevail against his proud themselves; and all naturally delight in cause on eartb: yet there is an appointed period expressing contempt for such, as avowedly aim to to his patience and long suffering; beyond which VOL. II. 44


B.C. 772.

ah son of Amaziah king of Judah to Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made reign.

Israel to sin. Ž - Sixteen years old was he when 10 And Shallum the son of Jabesh he began to reign, and he reigned two conspired against him, and Psmote him and fity years in Jerusalem. And his before the people, and a slew him, and mother's name was Jecholiah of Jerusa- reigned in his stead. lem.

11 And the rest of the acts of Zacha3 And he did that which was right in riah, behold, they are written in the book the sight of the LORD, according to all of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. that his father Amaziah had done;

12 This was the word of the LORD 4 Save that d the high places were not which he spake unto Jehu, saying, " Thy removed: the people sacrificed and burnt sons shall sit on the throne of Israel unto incense still on the high places.

the fourth generation. And so it came 5 And • the LORD smote the king,' so to pass. (Practical Observations.) that he was a leper unto the day of his 13 T Shallum the son of Jabesh began death, 6 and dweli in a several house: and to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of h Jotham the king's son was over the Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned house, ' judging the people of the land. ta full x month in Samaria.

6 And the rest of the acts of Azariah, 14 For Menahem the son of Gadi wint and all that he did, are they not written up from "Tirzah, and came to Samaria, in the book of the chronicles of the kings and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in of Judah?

Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his 158 6.:]

7 So 1 Azariah slept with his fa-stead.

thers; and they buried him with his 15 And & the rest of the acts of Shal. fathers in the city of David: and Jotham lum, and his conspiracy which he made, his son reigned in his stead.

behold, they are written in the book of .:]

8 T In the * thirty and eighth the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

year of Azariah king of Judah did 16 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign and all that were therein, and the coasts over Israel in Samaria six months. thereof from Tirzah: because they opened

9 And he did that which was evil in the not to him, therefore hc smote it; and call sight of the LORD, 'as his fathers had the women therein that were with child he done: he departed not from the sins of|ripped up. 2 Chr. 26:1,3. Cz. 1 i 2 Sam. 8:15. 15:2-4. 1 Kings | p Ain. 7:9.

9 14,25,30. 9:24,31. 1 Kings 15: 1 Heb. a month of days.

* 1 Rings 16:15. Job 20:15. Ps.
55:23. Prov. 28:2,17.
yl kings 14:17. 15:21,33. 16:8,
z See on 10.
a See on 11. 1 Kings 14:19,29.

6 1 Kings 4:24.

c See on 8.12.-Am. 1:13. he will no longer bear with impenitent sinners, execute vengeance upon them, till the predicted corrupt professing churches, or wicked nations; il period. (Marg. Ref.-Note, 10:29–31.) And but will proceed to deal with them according to bad as Jehu's family was; the times, during which the most awful denunciations of his holy word. they reigned, were by far the best that Israel

experienced, from iheir separation from the NOTES.

family of David to their final dispersion. Chap. XV. V. 1. Marg.-Notes, 14:21. V. 2—7. (Notes, 2 Chr. 26:)-Two and fifty || called Tiphsah, near the Euphrates, was one

V. 13—16. Marg. Ref.-Tiphsah. (16) A city years. (2) The long reign of Azariah must be boundary of Solomon's dominions. (Note, ! Kings considered as very advantageous to Judah, when || 4:24.) But that was so far distant from Tirzah, contrasted with the state of Israel during the that some other city of the same name, situated same period.

in Canaan, is supposed to be here meant. lf, A several house. (5) Retired, but spacious, however, Menahem attempted to recover all that where he had liberty to recreate himself, though had been lost to Israel, after the death of Soloexcluded from public business.

mon, he might march to Tiphsah, on the EupbraV. 8. Amaziah reigned fifteen years after Jer-tes; and this might give occasion to the king of oboam came to the crown of Israel; (14:17.) so | Assyria to invade his dominions. All the women, that the death of Jeroboam, who reigned forty-||&c.j This savage barbarity was exercised by one years, coincided with the twenty-sixth or | Menahem against the inhabitants of those cities, twenty-seventh year of Azariah. An interreg- || which did not immediately submit to his usurped num of about eleven years must therefore be authority.-Things were now hastening to a fatal allowed for, in the kingdom of Israel, between crisis in the kingdom of the ten tribes. After the the death of Jeroboam, and the succession of his death of Elisha, true religion evidently began to son: either because of his youth, or through the decline; and neither the labors, nor the writings, factions temper of the people. (Marg.) of the succeeding prophets could stop the rapid

V. 12. Notwithstanding the wickedness of Is. increase of immorality, idolatry, or profaneness, rael, and the persevering idolatry of Jebu and which inundated that people. This chapter gives his descendants, the Lord would not proceed to such an account of their public affairs, as will af3461


b 14.21.

ziah. c 12:2.3. 14:3,4. 2 Chr. 26:4. d 14:4. 18:4. 1 Kings 15:14. 22: 43 2 Chr. 17:0. 32:12. 34:3. 2 Sam. 3:29. 2 Chr. 26:16 20. Job 34:19. 5:27. Num. 12:10. & 7.3. Lev. 13:46. Num. 12:14.

Deu:. 24 8.9. h 2 ('hr. 26:21.

3:9,28. Ps. 72:1, 2.
k See on 14:18.--2 Chr. 26:5-

I 2 Chr. 26:23. Is. 6:1. Urriah.
m 1. 14:16,17,21.
* There having been an inter-

regnum for eleven years.
D 14:29.
o See on 10:29,31. 13:2.11. 14:

28. 16:9,10. Hos. 1:4,5.
r See on 14.28.
$ 10:30.
t 13:1,10,13. 14:29.
u 9:25, 26,36,37. 10:10. Num. 23:

19. Zech. 1:6. Mark 13:31.
John 10:35. 19:24,36,37. Acts

vl. Azariah. Matt. 1:8,9.

B. C.


17. f In d the nine and thirtieth year from the sins of Jeroboam the sor of of Azariah king of Judah, began Mena-|| Nebat, who made Israel to sin. liem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, 25 But P Pekah the son of Reand reigned ten years in Samaria. maliah, ? a captain of his,'conspired

18 And he did that which was e evil in against him, and smote him in Samaria, the sight of the LORD: he departed not all in the palace of the king's house, with luis days from the sins of Jeroboam the Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and

19 And' Pul the king of Assyria came reigned in his room. against the land; and 8 Menahem gave 26 And s the rest of the acts of PekaPul a thousand talents of silver, that his hiah, and all that he did, behold, they are hand might be with him, blo confirm the written in the book of the chronicles of kingdom in his hand.

the kings of Israel. 20 And i Menahem *exacted the mon- 27 † In the two and fiftieth year of ey of Israel, even of all k the mighty men Azariah king of Judah, Pekah the son of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in silver, to give to the king of Assyria: so Samaria, and reigned twenty years. the king of Assyria turned back, and 28 And he did that which was stayed not there in the land.

evil in the sight of the LORD; he 21 And the rest of the acts of Mena- || departed not from the sins of Jeroboam hem, and all that he did, are they not writ- || the son of Nebat, who made Israel to ten in the book of the chronicles of the sin. kings of Israel?

29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel, 22 And Menahem slept with his fa- came * Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, thers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his and took i ljon, and 2 Abel-beth-maastead.

chah, and a Janoah, and Kedesh, and 23 T In the fiftieth year of Azariah Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, alking of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Mena-| the land of Naphtali, and 'carried then hem began to reign over Israel in Sama-captive to Assyria. ria, n and reigned two years. 24 And he did that which was o evil in 14 9:5. 1 Kings 16:9.

c Josh. 11:1,10,13. 12:19. Judg the sight of the Lord; he departed not See on 15.

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d 13

e See on 9.
fi Chr. 5:25.26. Is. 9:1.
6 12:18. 16:8. 17:3,4. 18:16.
Hos. 5. 13. 8:9,10. 10:6.
h 14.5. Jer. 17:5.
i 23:35
* Heb. caused to come forth.

k Ruth 2:1. 2 Sam. 19:32. Job

1 29. 17:3,4. 18:14-17.
m See on 15.
n 21:19. 1 Kings 15:25. 16:8.

22:51. Job 20:5
o See on 9,18.

p 27. 2 Chr. 28:6.

a Josh. 16:6,7. Janohah.

b Josh. 19:36,37. r See on 10. 9:14.

4:2. t2,8,13,23

d Num. 32:1,40. Deut. 3:15 u 25,37. Is. 7:1,9.

Am. 1:3,13. v See on 9.18. 13:2.6.-21:2. e Josh. 20:7. 1 Kings 9:11. Is. I 16:7.

1 Chr. 5:6,26. 2 Chr. 9:1,2. Matt. 4:15,16. 28:20,21. Tiglath-pilneser. { 17:6,23. Lev. 26:32,38,39. Is. 9.1.

Deut. 4:26,27. 28:25,64,65. 15. y 1 Kings 15:20. 2 Chr. 16:4. 1:7. 7:20. 2 2 Sam. 20.14,15.

ford the attentive reader great assistance in un- | very considerable. (Note, Ps. 83:6--8.) But it derstanding the writings of those prophets, who seeins that Nineveh had by this time become a lived during that period, viz. Isaiah, Hoshea, Mi- || very great city, and no doubt the king of Nineveh cah, and Amos.

had acquired a considerable territory. (Jon. 1:2. V. 19, 20. The king of Assyria, coming to in- ||3:3,4. 4:11.) And some think that Pul was the vade Israel, seems to have found the people much | king, when Jonah prophesied against Nineveh. disaffected to Menahem, who must have been It is not, however, agreed, whether he was one of odious for his cruelties; but he, having made sub- the ancient line of the Assyrian kings; or whether mission to Pul, and engaged for the payment of he was one of those who effected that revolution, one thousand talents of silver, (nearly four hun- which, all allow, took place about this time; and dred thousand pounds,) obtained his assistance in so was the father of Tiglath-pileser. The latter subjugating the Israelites, and was thus confirm- indeed seems most probable: but such darkness ed in the kingdom; and then by force he extorted and uncertainty rest on this part of ancient bisthe money from his richer subjects. Thus the tory, that the most learned men differ exceedingly kingdom was impoverished, and the people exas- | in their opinions on the subject. (Notes, 1 Chr. perated; and that powerful prince having been so 5:25, 26. 2 Chr. 28:16–18.) well paid for invading the land, left an example Of euch man fifty shekels. (20) He gave to the to his successors, which they followed till they king of Assyria so many shekels for every man .. had totally desolated the country. The kingdom l'in his army. So they (the Hebrew words) 'run of Assyria is here mentioned, for the first time, || 'exactly, "to give to the king of Assyria ffty after the building of Nineveh by Nimrod. (Note, ||'shekels of silver for each man.” Bp. Patrick Gen. 10:8--12.) And this shews, that the histo-It may be supposed, that Menahem compelled ry, given by many writers, of a very prosperous “the mighty men of wealth” to give much more

nd large monarchy, lasting for much above a apiece than this sum, and each of them in some housand years previous to this time, is in great proportion to his affluence. measure à romance. David and Solomon met V. 25. It does not clearly appear, whether with no opposition from the kings of Assyria, in Argob, Arieh, and the fifty Gileadites, were slain establishing their kingdom, even to the Euphrates with the king; or whether they were conspirators Nor is Assyria once mentioned in their history. I with Pekah. Assur indeed helped the Moabites, Ammonites, V. 29. Pul seems to have carried captive many and Edomites, on some occasions: but yet the out of those tribes which dwelt to the east of Jorvery connexion implies, that it was of itself not | dan: (Note, 1 Chr. 5:25,26.) and Tiglath-pileser,



30 And Hoshea the son of Elah, 8 made the sight of the LORD: he did accorda conspiracy against Pekah the son of ing to all that his father Uzziah bad Remaliah, and smote bim, and slew him, done. B. C.7 and * reigned in his stead, i in. f the 35 Howbeit ° the high places were not

twentieth year of Jotharn the son of | removed: the people sacrificed and burut Uzziab.

incense still in the high places. He 31 And the rest of the acts of Pekah, || built P the higher gate of the house of the and all that he did, behold, they are writ- LORD. ten in the book of the chronicles of the 36 Now 9 the rest of the acts of Jokings of Israel.

tham, and all that he did, are they not 32 In the second year of Pekah the written in the book of the chronicles of son of Remaliab king of Israel, began the kings of Judah? k Jotham the son of Uzziah king of 37 In those days the LORD began Judah to reign.

* to send against Judah. Rezin, the king 33 Five and twenty years old was be of Syria, and u Pekah the son of Remawhen he began to reign, and he reigned liah. B. C. 7 sixteen years in Jerusalem. And 38 And Jotham slept with his

bis mother's name was m Jerusha thethers, and was buried with his fathers daughter of Zadok.

in the city of David his father and 34 And he did that which was right in | Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

n 3,4. 2 Chr. 26:4,5. 27:2. 16 16:5. 2 Chr. 28:6. Is. 7:1,8 See on 10,25. the twentieth year after Jo

Hos. 5:12,13. Hos. 10:3,7,15.

tham had begun to reign. * After an anarchy for some k 7. I Chr. 3:12. 2 Chr. 27:1.

1:21. 14:20,31. i 32,33. 16:1. 17:1. 2 Chr. 28:41 See on !,7,13,17,23,27. 14:21. -6,16. Is. 7:1-9. 8:6.

y 16:1. 1 Chr. 3:13. 2 Chr. 28: | In the fourth year of Ahaz, in m 2 Chr. 27:1. Jerushah.


u See on 27.
X See on 2 Sam. 7:12.

1 Kinga


Matt. 1:9. Joatham.

o See on 4.-18:4. 2 Chr. 32:12.
p 2 Chr. 27:3.
q See on 6,7.-2 Chr. 27:49.
r 10:32. 1 Sam. 3:12. Jer. 25:

29. Luke 21:28.
s Deut. 28:48. Ps. 78:49. Is.

10:57. Jer. 16:16. 43:10.

-1 Chr. 3:12. Azariah,

1. Matt. 1:9. Achaz.

who is, with great probability, thought to have and to dispose him to bear patiently manş evi. been his son and successor, carried captive a con- dent faults in the administration of public affairs. siderable number of the inhabitants of the north-| For as every thing may be estimated by compariern parts of the land, as well as the inhabitants of son; and as the history of the world exhibits by the districts to the east of Jordan. (Marg. Ref:) far the greater part of princes desperately wick -Thus the prophecies, in this respect, had á led, and the people exposed to every kind of mis gradual accomplishment. (Notes, 17:5,6. 18:9—|| ery, in consequence of their ambition, cruelty, 12.)

and tyranny, or the contests between rivals for V. 30. In the twentieth, &c.] That is, the power: so, we may repress our murmurs under twentieth year from Jotham's accession; for he slighter grievances, by reflecting with grateful reigned only sixteen years; (33) and Hoshea suc- i satisfaction on our exemption from flagrant opceeded Pekah in the fourth year of Ahaz, though pressions. In this view, we seem to congratulate he was not established in the kingdom till the Judah, under the peaceful reigns of Azariah and twelfth year of that king. It is also evident from Jotham; as that kingdom was very highly favor. the whole narrative, that Ahaz reigned over Ju-ed, compared with the distracted state of Israel, dah some time before the death of Pekah. (Note, under a succession of bloody murderers, usurpers, 17:1.) Perhaps the conspiracy was entered into and tyrants. And if the inhabitants of our land before the death of Jotham; but was not success of liberty and peace can read this narration, ful till four years after. In respect of many of without forgetting their imaginary, or trivial these difficulties in settling the chronology, (which causes for complaint, or without blessing God for infidels vainly magnify into objections against their mercies, and praying for their rulers, and the sacred history, it may be proper to observe, the continuance of our distinguishing privileges, that no writer wilfully contradicts himself within they cannot be acquitted from the charge of base a few lines: and therefore some solution of the dif- || ingratitude.—But with regret we must observe, ficulty should be sought, and must exist, whether that such is the depraved tendency of human our information enable us to solve it or not.

nature to evil, that revivals in religion are comV. 31. Notes, 16:5. 2 Chr. 28:6—8. Is. 7:1,5 | monly transient: whereas corruptions endure -9.

from age to age, and few good men have at once V. 32–36.

Marg: Ref:- Notes, 2 Chr. 27:- | power and courage effectually to remove them. In the second year. (32) Pekah reigned twenty | For great defects are found even in godly peryears. (27) Jotham 'therefore began his reign sops: and, though they are graciously accepted, seventeen or eighteen years before the death of as to their eternal state, they are often in this Pekah: consequently Pekah survived Jotham a world marked with the tokens of the divine disconsiderable time; as indeed the scriptures refer- | pleasure for particular offences, by which they red to (Note, 31.), fully prove. (Note, 30.) have dishonored him; nor can apy situation pre

137. In the days of Jotham, those designs of || vent these effects of sin.-When persons in au Rezin and Pekah were formed, and in some de-thority are incapacitated from the duties of their gree carried into effect, which became far more high station, it is peculiarly happy for them and formidable during the reign of Ahaz. (Notes, 30. l for the public, when they have children, who, 2 Chr. 28:1–15. Is. 7:1–9.)

like Jotham, are disposed and qualified to fill up

their places, and to enter into their views of PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. serving God and doing good to the people; and V. 1-12.

who can give satisfaction both to them and to The study of history has a tendency to render the community. The imperfections of true bethe reflecting person thankful even for a medi- lievers are very different from the allowed, hab. ocrity of character, in those placed in authority; || itual, and pertinacious wickedness of ungodly $48

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3 But he walked in the way of the Ahaz reigns very wickedly, l-4. Rezin and Pekah war kings of Israel: yea, and made his son

against him; and Rezio takes Flatba 5.6.cabandiere Tiedzib: | to pass through the fire, according to S. Ahaz sends a pattern of un altar from Damascus; and the abominations of the heathen, whoin res rving the brazen altar for Ahaz to inquire by, 10–16 | the LORD cast out from before the chilAbaz robs and defaces the temple for the king of Assyria, 17. || dren of Israel. He dies, and is succeeded by his son Hezekiah, 19, 20.

4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense N the seventeenth year of Pekah

on the hills, and

under every green tree. Jotham king of Judah began to reign.

5 Then Rezin king of Syria, and Pe2 Twenty years old was Ahaz when

kah son of Remaliah king of Israel, came he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieg

1 Kings 12:28–30. 16: which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

& Deut. 12:2. 1 Kings 14:23. Is.

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d 8:18.

14:24. 2 Chr. 33:2. Ps. 100.35. 31-33. 21:25,28. 22:52,53. 2 Ez. 16:47 Chr. 22:3. 28:2-4. e 17:17. 23:10. Lev. 18:21. 20: 57:57. 65:4. 66:17. Jer. 17:2. 2. Deut. 12:31. 18:10. 2 Chr. Ez. 20:28,29. 33:6. Ps. 106:37,38. Jer. 32:35. b 15:37. 2Chr. 28:5-15. Is. 7. Ez. 16:21. 20:26,31.

1,2. f 21:2,11. Deut. 12:31. 1 Kings


In the former, the remains indeed of de- time, wicked men may prosper, to execute the pravity are visible, and occasionally break forth || vengeance of God on other sinners, and then into evident evil: but in the latter case, when others will be raised up to execute vengeance on restraints of conscience, regard to reputation, 1 them; as criminals, or the refuse of society, are fear of human laws, and want of power, are sur-commonly employed for public executioners.mounted; the desperate wickedness of the heart, |. The most innocent sufferers from man's wickedlike an impetuous torrent which has burst its ness must plead guilty before God, and may often hanks, bears down all opposition, and spreads read his just displeasure in the injustice and crudevastation all around.

elty of their oppressors.-Proud men cannot enV. 13_38.

dure contradiction, and the ambitious are ex. The words concerning Jeroboam, so often re- || asperated by opposition: yet often, in aiming at peated, for ages after his death, that "he made | independence and supreme authority, they crouch Israel to sin,” should impress our minds with with the basest submissions, and bring themselves dread and horror, at the thought of tempting into the most abject dependence on strangers others to wickedness; as it can never be known and enemies, who fium mercenary motives, at how extensively or durably the mischief may first assist, and then enslave them.-Death in spread. For, however ungodly men may disa- various forms hurries men to God's judgment gree in all other things, they perfectly accord, seat: the righteous are then taken from the evil in either utterly neglecting religion, or in mak- to come, and enter into rest; and it is a mercy ing it a state-engine, or in some way subservient to be spared the anguish of witnessing the misto their selfish projects: and the most notorious eries that are coming on corrupted churches and and detestable idolatries and superstitions have, || nations. But the wicked are stopped in their in many kingdoms, been supported by authority career, that they may do no more mischief, and from generation to generation, through success- | "their lamp is put out in utter darkness.”, May ive revolutions in the goveroment, by those who we live the life of faith and holiness, and die the in their hearts despised the whole system which | death of the righteous, that “an entrance may be they patronised!— When the gratification of am- ministered to us abundantly into the everlasting bition, avarice, revenge, or lust, requires it, there kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Chrişt!" is no conceivable kind or degree of treachery and barbarity, which men may not be tempted

NOTES to commit: yet the madness of those who thos act, equals their wickedness; for repeated exam- CHAP. XVI. V. 2. “He did not that which ples of the fatal end of those, who through blood was right in the sight of the Lord his God, like have waded to a throne, will not deter them from David his father;" cas might have been expected pressing forward in the same way, and mounting from the good education, which no doubt, so the slippery pre-eminence, to be thence hurried pious a man as Jotham his father gave hiin; who by a violent death to a premature grave! We left him an excellent example.' °Bp. Patrick. should then be thankful for external restraints, | Ahaz was an entire contrast to his ancestor Da. and for being kept out of temptation; and beg of vid, and a disgrace to his family. God incessantly to "create in us a clean heart, V. 3, 4. Ahaz imitated the kings of Israel, and renew a right spirit within us:" and may be in worshipping idols, and rebelling against the help us to seek that honor which comes from Lord. It is said in Chronicles that he burnt his him, to those who do good in their generation; children in the fire," and here that he made his ani to dread that greatness, which is obtained son to pass through the fire,” to consecrate him and secured by doing inischief and diffusing mis- to the deinon which he worshipped. (2 Chr. 28:1 ery. Yet in these horril scenes, the truth ani-4. Notes, Lev. 18:21. 20:2–5.) În short be justice of God are manifest: they perfectly ac- copied the crimes of the Canaanites, whom God cord to the character of human nature given in hal destroyed by Israel; (Note, Lev. 18:24–30.) the Scriptures, an 1 forin a confirination of their ani not only allowed, but set the people an ex. divine original. For the wickelness of the land ample of, a variety of idolatrous practices. Hez. many are the princes thereof;" whose crimnesekiah was born some years before the death of and sufferings are the punishment of the sins Jothain; if he was the son here intended, he was both of the governors and governed. (Note, past his infancy at the tine. (Note, 18:2.) He, Prov. 28:2.) “A inan that doeth violence to the however, proved an eininently pious prince, and blood of any person, shall fee to the pit; let no an entire contrast to his most wicked father, mao stay him." ("Nole, Prov. 28:17.) For all (Noles, 18:20:)

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