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household * after him; and the king left | lord the king liveth, surely in what place ften women, which were concubines, to keep my lord the king shall be, whether in the house.

death or life, even there also will thy ser17 And the king 8 went forth, and allvant be. the people after him, and tarried in a 22 And David said to Iltai, Go, and place that was far off.

pass over.

And Iitai the Gillite passed 18 And all his servants passed on be- over, and all his men, and all the little side him; and all the b Cherethites, and ones that were with him. all the Pelethites, and all the · Gittites, 23 And all the country wept with a loud six hundred men, which came after himvoice, and all the people passed over: from Gath, passed on before the king. the king also himself passed over the 19 Then said the king to i Ittai, the brook Kidron, and all the people


• Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? | passed over toward the way of the return to thy place, and abide with the wilderness. king: for thou art a stranger, and also an 24 1 And lo, Zadok also, and all the exile.

Levites were with him, 'bearing the ark 20 Whereas thou camest but yesterday, of the covenant of God: and they set should I this day make thee + go up and down the ark of God; and Abiathar went down with us? * seeing I go whither 1 up until all the people had dore passing

? may, return thou, and take back thy out of the city. brethren: 'mercy and truth be with thee. 25 And the king said unto Zadok,

21 And Ittai answered the king, and Carry back the ark of God into the said, " As the Lord liveth, and as my city: if I shall find favor in the eyes of * Heb. at his feet. Judg. 4:10.1) 18:2. Ruth 1:11--13.

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1 Sam. 25:27,42. marg. f 12:11. 16:21, 22. 20:3. Rom.

12:2. g Ps. 3: title. 2. 66:12. Ec. 10:

7. h 8:18. 20:7.23. 1 Sam. 30:14.

1 Kings 1.38.1 Chr. 18:17. i 1922. 6:10. 18:2. 1 Sam. 27.3.

† Heb. wander in going. Ps. n Ruth 1:16,17. Prov. 17:17.
56:3. 59:15. Am. 8:12. Heb. 18:24. Matt. 8:19,20. John 6:

66–69. Acts 11:23. 21.13. 2
k 1 Sam. 23:13.

Cor. 7:3.
1 2:6. Ps. 25: 10.57:3. 61:7. 85: 01 Kings 2:37. John 18:). Ce-
10. 89:14. Prov. 14:22. John dron.
1:17. 2 Tim. 1:16--18.

p 16:2. Matt. 3:1.3. Luke 1:30.
m 1 Sam. 20.3. 25:26. 2 Kings 19 27,35. 8:17. 20:25. 1 Kings 1:
2:2,4,6. 4:30.

8. 2:35. 4:2-4. 1 Chr. 6:3

12. Ez. 48:11. r0.13. Num. 4:15. 7:9. Josh. 3: 3,6,15-17. 4:16-18. 6:4,0. 1

Sam. 4:3-5,11. 1 Chr. 15:2. $ 12:10,11. 1 Sam. 4.3-11. Jer. 7:4.


the two hundred men, who “went in their sim- | have been a distinct body from the Cherethites plicity,” sent David word concerning the con- and Pelethites: they had accompanied, or folspiracy; and also represented it as extremely lowed, David from Gath, and probably were formidable. It must'indeed have been expect-proselyted Philistines, commanded by Ittai of ed, that the conspirators would act in the most the same nation. The Cherethites and Pele. decided manner: and though Jerusalem was a thites seem likewise to have been collected from well fortified city, yet it might not be stored among the several districts of the Philistines, or with a garrison or provisions for a siege. The adjacent and allied tribes. (Marg. Ref. h. Note, small force, which David had with him, might be 8:15—18.) They were, however, numbered insufficient to defend it against Absalom; and among David's most faithful attendants, being perhaps he had no confidence in the inhabitants, attached to him by esteem for his character, and or he was unwilling to expose that populous and love to his religion; and we may infer, that his sucred city to the effects of a siege. He mightsojourning in the land of the Philistines was also deem it prudent to give the furious blaze of over-ruled for very important good to numbers popular frenzy time to spend itself, hoping that of that nation.—David was unwilling to expose numbers would soon be sensible of their folly Ittai and his men, who were strangers and exand ingratitude.-It is probable, however, that iles in Israel, (having been driven with their famconscious guilt; the hand of God evidently lift-ilies from Gath, for their affection to David, ed up against him as it had been predicted; the and to his religion and people,) to so much hardtreason of his much beloved Absalom; and the ship and peril, as were now before him; and he fickleness of the people after all his past ser- would have dismissed them with thanks and vices, and successes for their benefit; damped prayers for them: but their attachment to his his wonted courage, and rendered him less person and cause was more strong, than that of prompt for battle, especially in so horrid and un- most of the native Israelites; and they were de. natural a war. It does not however appear that termined to cleave to him, and serve him at all his measures were impolitic, or that his friends events. (Note, 1 Chr. 12:16–18.)—David callthought them so.

ed Absalom king, (19) as he had usurped the V. 16. David, it is probable, took his wives throne, and was at present in possession of reand children with him: but supposing that these gal authority. concubines would be an additional encum- V. 23. Though the multitude favored Absabrance, and not apprehending that Absalom lom, yet many sympathized with David.—Thu would injure them, he left them to take care of while the general cry against Jesus was, “Cru his house; by which inadvertency the Lord ful-cify him, crucify him;" there were those who filled his denunciation. (Notes,' 12:11,12. 16: wept, and bewailed bim. (Note, Luke 23:26–31.) 20—23.)

All the country wept, &c.] All the land (run) V. 17. It is highly probable, from the original, wept; that is, the weeping was general among that both David and all his company went on foot, upon this distressing occasion. After him.) at a distance.-Kidron.] Our blessed Savior

the inhabitants; the adherents to Absaloin being ibang : Al his feet. 16. marg.

passed this same brook, in his way to the garden, 'V: 18–22. The six hundred Gittites seem to l) at or near to the mount of Olives, in the even

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the LORD, he will bring me again, and || pray thee, - turn the counsel of Ahitho

t shew me both it and his į habitation. phel into foolishness.

26 But if he thus say, I have no 32 And it came to pass, that when David delight in thee; behold here am I, * let was come to i the top of the mount, where him do to me as seemeth good unto i he worshipped God, behold, Hushai him.

the | Archite came to meet him with his 27 The king said also unto Zadok the coat rent, and earth upon

his head: priest, Art not thou Ya seer? ? return into 33 Unto whom David said, If thou ihe city in peace, and your two sons with passest on with me, o then thou shalt be a you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the burden unto me: son of Abiathar.

34 But if thou o return to the city, and 28 See, * I will tarry in the plain of the say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, wilderness, until there come word from Oking; P as I have been thy father's seryou to certify me.

vant hitherto, so will I now also be thy 29 Zadok therefore and Abiathar car- servant; 9 then mayest thou for me defeat ried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: the counsel of Ahithophel. and they tarried there.

35 And hast thou not there with thee 30 And David went up by the ascent Zadok and Abiathar the priests? thereof mount Olivet, * and wept as he went fore it shall be, that what thing soever up, and had his head covered; and he thou shalt hear out of the king's house, went a barefoot: and all the people that thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar wils with him covered every man his the priests. head, and they went up, weeping as 36 Behold they have there with them they went up.

s their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, 31 1 And one told David, saying, ' Ahi- and Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them thophel is among the conspirators with ye shall send unto me every thing that ye Absalom. And David said, O Lord, u can hear.

37 So Hushai David's 'friend came

into the city, and · Absalom came into * Heb. going up and weeping. Ps. 42:3—11. 43:1,2,5. Luke Jerusalem.

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t Ps. 26:8. 27:4,5. 42:1,2. 43:3, b Zech. 14:4. Luke 19:29,37.
4. 63:1,2. 84:1--3,10. 122:1, 21:37. 22:39. Acts 1:12.
2,9. Is. 38:22.
u 6:17. 7:2.
v 22:20. Num. 14:8. 1 Kings 10: 19:41.

h 16:23. 17:14,23. Job 5:12,13. m 1:2. 13:19.
9. 2 Chr. 9:8. Is. 42:1. 62.4. c 19:4. Esth. 6:12. Jer. 14:3,4. 12:16-20. I:. 19:3,11-14. n 19:35.
Jer. 22:23. 32:41. Mal. 1:10. d Is. 20:2,4. Ez. 24:17,23.

Jer. 8:8,9. 1 Cor. 1:20. 3:18- o 20. Josh. 8:2. Matt. 10:16. * Judg. 10:15. 1 Sam. 3:18. e Ps. 126:5,6. Matt. 5:4. Rom. 20. Jam. 3:15.

p 16:16-19. Job 1:20,2). Ps. 39.9.

12:15. 1 Cor. 12:26.

i 30. 1 Kings 11:7. Luke 19:29. 9 17:5--14. y 24:11. 1 Sam. 9:9. i Chr. 25: s 12. Ps. 3:1,2. 41:9. 55:12-lj i Kings 8:44,45. Job J:20,21.

r 17:15,16. 5.

14. Matt. 26:14,15. John 13: Ps. 3:3-5,7. 4:1-3. 50:15. $ 27. 17:17. 18:19,&c. z 34.36. 17:17.



t 16:16. I Chr. 27:33. a 23. 16:2. 17:1,16.

g Ps. 55:15--17. 109:3,4.
k 16:16-19.

u 16:15.
I Josh. 16:2.

ing before his crucifixion. (Note, John 18:1—3, and penetration, who could furnish him with imv. 1.)

portant and authentic information by his obser. V. 24–29. Abiathar was the high priest: yet vance of Absalom's conduct; and one in whose Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, was more no- faithfulness he could entirely depend. He would ticed than he, as more favored by David; for not therefore go to any great distance, till be Eli's family was gradually declining. (Noles, 1 heard from Zadok. Sam. 2:30,35,36. 1 Kings 2:26,27,35.)— The V. 30. These were expressions of David's selfpriests and Levites were generally attached to abasement, and sorrow for his sins, and for the David, which was honorable to them, and shew-miseries which he had brought on himself, on his ed that religion was upon the whole in a flour family, and people. He thus “humbled himself ishing state. The presence of the ark and the under the mighty hand of God,” which he saw high priest would have been a comfort, and an lifted up against him: and the people joined him apparent advantage to David: but the ark had with the same tokens of godly sorrow and re been placed, and the ordinances of God establish- pentance. (Marg. Ref.), ed, in Zion. David was under the divine re- V. 31. David apprehended more darger from buke, and would express his humiliation and sub-|| Ahithophel's superior talents, and decisive enermission to it; and not assume, by the presence of gy of mind, than from all the courage and numthe ark, that God was on his side, while he was bers of Absalom's followers: immediately theresuffering for his sins: (Notes, 1 Sam. 4:3—11.) fore, upon hearing that he had joined the conbut he would refer his cause to the Lord, either spirators, he addressed the Lord in one short to bring him back to Zion in peace, or to let bis ejaculation; and it proved effectual. He did not unnatural and ungrateful foes prevail against pray against Ahithophel himself; but, “that his him; being conscious that he deserved the worst counsel might be turned into foolishness;” either at the hands of God, though not from them. that he might be left to give foolish counsel, or (Marg. Ref. s—v.)--David's frame of spirit was that his prudent advice might be despised and excellent on this trying occasion: and his lan- neglected as folly: and all, who heard this petiguage beautifully humble, resigned, and pious.- tion, could not but be much impregeed with the It is not certain whether Zadok was endued with answer which it shortly received. (Noles, 17:1 the Spirit of prophecy, or whether he sometimes -14,23.)—He afterwards worshipped God in a inquired of the Lord in the place of the high more solemn manner with his whole company. priest; or whether David only meant to say, (32) ihat he was a person of remarkable discernment 32–37. It seems, that David entirely con


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fided in the fidelity and prudence of Hushai, and times, when the profession of godliness is treated that his reputation as a wise counsellor was with general respect. Pious persons are glad to great: but either he was not able to endure the see others, and particularly those whom they fatigues of war, or he was no soldier. David most love, appear to be religious, and are not therefore stated, that in his present destitute apt to suspect them of hypocrisy: and this gives condition, Hushai would only burden him and occasion to the most scandalous and pernicious his friends, by attending hinn; and he pointed deceptions.—The policy of wicked men and the out how he might better serve his cause by re- subtlety of Satan are exerted to the utmost, in maining in Jerusalem.-Stratagems of war are drawing in respectable persons to give an uninlawful; for an enemy may as well be out-witted tended and unsuspected countenance to the as over-powered: but the instructions given to basest designs; by which, opinions, principles, Husbai imply a falsehood, which cannot be wholly and practices acquire a degree of regard, to vindicated. (Note, Josh. 8:1,2.)-The con- which they are not at all entitled, and which they duct of Ahichophel, in joining Absalom, would would pot otherwise have obtained: but none so render Husbai's less suspected by the conspira- much strengthen the hands of profligates or intors.-Ahimaaz &c. (36) Notes, 17:15–21. fidels, as a postates from a religious profession.

V. 13–37.
PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. Little dependence can be placed on earthly
V. 1-12.

prosperity; and as little can be judged of canses The ostentation of emulating or exceeding su- or characters by success, until the final event of periors in external pomp, is an evidence of a things shall arrive.-Our severest trials often narrow mind, a weak judgment, and a depraved come from those, in whom we most confided; and heart. It is, however, the common folly and ruin our firmest friends are sometimes raised up of indulged children, and frequently prepares among persons, from whom we had the least exthe way for the most atrocious crimes. The very pectations. But a truly pious man will never be first appearance, therefore, of this affectation entirely excluded from usefulness some individshould be repressed by parents, with decision, uals, wherever he abides, will have to bless God and even with severity, if they would prevent for his example, converse, and prayers.—In our the ruin of their families. Those who least un- most critical and important concerns, we ought Jerstand the duties, and could least endure the not to require any thing unreasonable from our burdens of authority, are commonly most desir- friends; orbind heavy burdens” on new conons of it. But when ambition prompts, the most verts, lest they should be discouraged: we should self-indulgent assume the appearance of dili- be thankful for fidelity and kindness from those, gence; and the most haughty, that of affability who are not likely to be further serviceable to and condescension: and while men aspire to the us, and recompense them with our earnest praypinnacle of earthly grandeur, they, for the tiine, ers: and if the mercy and truth of God be with pay the most abject court to the meanest of the them, and with us and ours, we shall be safe and mob! Such fawning sons of ambition are pecu- eventually happy, however at present afflicted liar to no age or nation: but let every wise and or separated. But that love of the brethren, honest man shun them as a pestilence. They which is the fruit of the Spirit of Christ, when it make their way by openly or obliquely traducing is vigorous, will not be restrained by the fear of the characters, or censuring the measures, of hardship, danger, or even death, from rendering their rulers; and the wisdom and perfection of an assistance to those in affliction.- We often in angel would be no security against their malig- despondency think our enemies to be more nunant insinuations. As sell-love cannot but mur. merous, and our friends fewer, than they are mur at impartiality, and men are generally dis- found upon trial: for our sererest crosses are contented and desirous of change, these dema- mingled with comforts, wbich afford us causes gogues always have proper persons on whom to for thankfulness.—The ministers of God should practise. By joining in the groundless com- always set an example of submission to "the plaints of the disaffected, they feed their discon- powers that be,” in all things lawful; and of cortent; by flattering their persons and approving dial attachment and faithful adherence to those their cause, they humor their pride; by lavish rulers, who protect and countenance them in promises (which cost and mean nothing,) of what their pious labors; and especially in those seathey would do if they were in power, they excite sons, when others oppose and revile them. It their sanguine hopes of greater felicity; and by behoves us to humble ourselves before God una voluble tongue, an insinuating address, per- der the tokens of his displeasure; and godly sorsonal accomplishments, and consuminate impu- , row, confession of sin, repentance, self-denial, dence, they steal the hearts of the people, and 'and self-abasement are the proper methods of prepare the way for popular tumults, insurrec- seeking deliverance out of those troubles, which tions, and rebellion. ' For such is human nature,' are evidently chastisements for sins. (Note, Is. that these arts and attainments go much further 22:8—14.). At such a time, therefore, it is imin gaining the favor of the muliitude, than wis- proper to buoy up our confidence by the exterdom and justice, truth and piety, or the most im-nals of religion, which do not always imply the portant and long continued services! This is gracious presence of the Lord. If he pardon our ihe old hackneyed way for men, destitute of con- sins, and then again employ os, his house and science or honor, to wind themselves into im- ordinances will be our comfort: and he will portant stations; and yet it is as much practised, do us no wrong, though he lay us aside, or cut us and as little suspected, as if it were quite a new off by death, as though he had “no delight in discovery!- Ņo wise and good man, therefore, us. Nothing, however, must prevent our worshould on any account promise himself the con- shipping the Lord, though we have not access tinuance of popular favor, or be cast down if he to his more solemn ordinances: and as afflictions meet with treachery and ingratitude: yet, in abound; the fervency of our prayers should also general, we may perceive the righteousness of increase.—Vain is all worldly wisdom and powGod, in the basest treatment which we can re- er against “the effectual fervent prayer of a ceive from man; and may thence be reminded righteous man;" as in answer to a single emphatto humble ourselves before him, and to expect ical ejaculation, “the counsel of the prudent is all our happiness from him alone.—No villany carried headlong,” and the force of the potent can be termed complete, which is not disguised is turned into perfect weakness.—Some are useunder the mask of religion; especially at those ful in one way, and some in another, to one com

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estate, 1-4. Shimei a Benjamite curses and slanders David,


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|| all the servants of king David: and all the Ziba imposes on David, and obtains a grant of Mephibosheth's || people, and all the mighty men, were on who bears it humbly and meekly, 5-14. Hushai insinuates his right hand and on his left. himself into Absalom's counsels, 15-19. By Abithophel's 7 And thus said Shimei when he advice, Absalom openly goes in to his father's concubines, 20

cursed, Come out, come out, thou 1 bloody the top of the hill, , Žiba


8 The LORD hath 9 returned upon the servant of Mephibosheth met him thee all the blood of the house of Saul,

with a couple of asses saddled, and upon in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the them two hundred loaves of bread, and an Lord hath delivered the kingdom into hundred bunches of raisins, and an hun-the hand of Absalom thy son: and, & bedren of d summer-fruits, and a bottle of hold, thou art taken in ihy mischief, be

e wine.

cause thou art a bloody man. 2 And the king said unto Ziba, 'What 9 Then said Abishai the son of Zemeanest thou by these? And Ziba said, ruiah unto the king, Why should this 8 The asses be for the king's household 10 dead dog o curse my lord the king? * let ride on; and the bread and summer-fruit me go over, I pray thee, and take off his

for the young men to eat; and the wine, head. i that such as be faint in the wilderness

10 And the king said, y What have 1

to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so Ž And the king said, And i where is let him curse, because 2 the LORD hath thy master's son? And Ziba said unto the said unto him, Curse David. a Who king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: shall then say, Wherefore hast thou for he said, " To-day shall the house of done so? Israel restore me the kingdom of my fa- 11 And David said to Abishai, and to ther.

all his servants, Behold, my son, which 4 Then said the king to Ziba, 'Be- came forth of my bowels, seeketh my hold, thine are all that pertained unto Me- || life: how much more now may this Benja phibosheth. And Ziba said, " 1 humbly mite do it? Let him alone, and let him

* || beseech thee that I may find grace in thy curse; e for the Lord hath bidden him. sight, my lord, O king.

12 It may be that the LORD will 5 1 And when king David came to look on mine | affliction, and that the m Bahurim, behold, thence came out a LORD will & requite me good for his man of the family of the house of Saul, cursing this day. A whose name

was Shimei, the of 13 And as David and his men went Gera: t he came forth, and ° cursed still by the way, Shimei went along on the as he came.

1 Heb. man of blood. 3:37. 11: 6 And he cast stones at David, and at

17. 1 Kings 21:10,13.
9 Judg. 9:24,56,57. 1 Kings 2:

may drink.





1 15.30,32.

19:18,19. Ps. 15:3. 101:5. b 9:2,912.

Prov. 1:19. 21:28. I Tim. 6:9, c 17:27–29. 19:52. 1 Sam. 25: 10. Jude 11.

18. i Chr. 12:40. Prov. 18:16. I 14:10,11. E.. 23:8. Deut. 19: 29:4,5.

15. Prov. 18:13, 17. 19:2. d Jer. 40:10,12. Am. 8:1. Mic. * Heb. I do obeisance. 14:4,22. 7:1.

m 14. 3:16. 17:18. e 1 Sam. 10:3. 16:20.

n 19:16. 1 Kings 2:8,9,36–44. f Gen, 21:29. 33:8. Ez. 37:18. † Or, he still came forth and g 15:1. 19:26. Judg. 5:10. 10:4. curred. h 1 Sam. 25:27.

o Ex. 22:28. 1 Sam. 17:43. Ps. i 15:23. 17:29. Judg 8:4,5. 1 69:26. 109:16-19,28. Prov. Sam. 14:28. Prov. 31:6,7.

26:2. Ec. 10:20. Is. 8:21. Matt. j 9:9,10. Ps. 88:18. Mic. 7:5. 5:11,12. k 19:24-30. Ex. 20:16. Deut.

z Gen. 50:20. 1 Kings 22:21 15- 17. 12:9. Ps. 5:6. 51:14. 23. 2 Kings 18:25. Lam. 3:38, p Deut. 13:13. 1 Sam. 2:12. 25: 39. John 18.11.

a Job 9:12. Ec. 8:4. Dan. 4:35.

Rom. 9:20.
32,33. Acts 28:4,5. Rev. 16.6. b 12:11,12.
r 1:16. 3:28,29. 4.11,12. Ps. 3: c 7:12. Gen. 15:4.
2. 4:2.

d 17:1–4. 2 Kings 19:37. 2
ý Or, behold thee in thy evil. Chr. 32:21. Matt. 10:21.
$ 3.30. 1 Sam. 26:6-8.

e Is. 10.5—7. Ez. 14:9. 20:25. t 3:8. 9:8. 1 Sam. 24:14.

f Gen. 29 32,33. Ex. 2:24,25. v See on Ex. 22:28. Acts 23:5. 3:7,8. 1 Sam. 1:11. Ps. 25:18. 1 Pet. 2:17.

|| Or, tears. Heb. cye. x 1 Sam. 26:6-11. Job 31:30, g Deut. 23:5. Is. 27:7. Matt. 5: 31. Jer. 40:13-16.

11,12. Rom. 8:28. 2 Cor. 4:17. 19:22. 1 Kings 2:5. 2 Thes. 1:7. Heb. 12:10,11 1 Matt. 16:23. Luke 9.54–56. 1 Pet. 4:12-19. 1 Pet. 2:23.

y 3:39.

mon cause, wben they are cordially united: yet

NOTES alas! where shall we find wisdom and simplicity Chap. XVI. V. 1-4. (Notes, 9:) Ziba took so united in any mere man, that we can perceive advantage of existing circumstances, to form an nothing which merits censuro, and needs for- | artful plan for obtaining a grant from David giveness? But when the Son of David was treat- of Mephibosheth's estate. By his seasonable, ed with all possible treachery, indignity, cruelty, and apparently generous present and his insinuand ingratitude; his wisdom, meekness, candor, ating behavior, he prepossessed David's mind in and patience were unalloyed perfection. His his favor: (Notes, Prov. 17:8. 18:16.) and then inexpressible sufferings are now over: his hu- by false accusation he prejudiced him against miliation is exchanged for the throne of glory, | Mephibosheth. It was indeed improbable, that where unseen, except by realizing faith, he Mephibosheth should prove so ungrateful, or form serves our cause in the world above. Let us fol- expectations of obtaining the kingdom: but what low, and serve, and cleave to him, in tribulation, villany could excite wonder, when Absalom was life, and death. And let us not forget, that we in arms against bis own too indulgent father? are left behind among his enemies, to promote And Ziba might hope that some event would sehis cause; and bis instruction is, that we be "wise cure him from detection, or that David would be as serpents, and harmless as doves.” (Note, | ashamed to retract his grant, when he had once Matt. 10:16–18.)

made it. (Nole, 19:24–30.)-It is evident, how


bill's side over against him, and "cursed 19 And again, Whom should I serve! as he went, and threw stones at him, and Should I not serve in the presence of his cast dust.

son? As I have served in thy father's pres14 And the king, and all the people ence, so will I be in thy presence. that were with him, came weary, and 20 1 Then said Absalom to Ahithofreshed themselves i there.

phel, • Give counsel among you what we (Practical Observations.]

shall do. 15 | And j Absalom, and all the peo- 21 And Ahithophel said unto Absaple the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, lom, P Go in 9 unto thy father's concuand Ahithophel with him.

bines, which he hath left to keep the 16 And it came to pass, when Hushai house; and all Israel shall hear that thou the Archite, David's friend, was come unto art · abhorred of s thy father: t then Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, || shall u the hands of all that are with thee God save the king, God save the king.

17 And Absalom said to Hushai, Is 22 So they spread Absalom a tent upon this thy kindness to thy friend? ' why the top of the house: and Absalom wentest thou not with thy friend?

went in unto his father's concubines in 18 And Hushai said unto Absalom, the sight of all Israel.

, Nay, but " whom the LORD, and this peo- 23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, ple, and all the men of Israel choose, his which he counselled in those days, was will I be, and with him will I abide.

be strong,

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n 15:34. 1 Sam. 28:2. 29:8. Ps.

55:21. Gal. 2:13.
o Ex. 1:10. Ps. 2:2. 37:12,13.
Prov. 21:30. 18. 8:10. 29:15.
Matt. 27:1. Acts 4.23--28.
p Gen. 6:4. 38:16.
q 12:11. 15:16. 20:3. Gen. 35:
22. Lev. 18:8. 20:11. 1 Kings
2:17, 22. 1 Cor. 5:1.

r Gen. 34:30. 1 Sam. 13:4.
$ Gen. 49:3,4.
t 1 Sam. 27:12.
2:7. Zech. 8:13.
X 11:2.
y 12:11,12. Num. 25.6. Is. 3:9.
Jer. 3:3. 8.12. Ez. 24:7. Phil.

1 15:37.

Heb. Let the king live. 1 Sam. 10:24. 1 Kings 1:25,34.

ever, that David acted very precipitately, did | Get thee out of the kingdom, from whence thou great injustice to Mephibosheth, and even forgot deservest to be expelled. Bp. Patrick.- The his covenant with Jonathan, in passing sentence Lord hath bidden him. (11) Grotius thinks Da. witho:it hearing Mephibosbeth's defence. (Note, ||“vid excuses Shimei in these words: for speaking 1 Sam. 20:14–17.)

'concerning the respect that is to be used to V. 5—14. Bahurim was a city of Benjamin; and ||•kings, in not giving them public reproaches, he Shimei was a relation of Saul: so that the trans- l'excepts those which are given by a prophet, who lation of the kingdom to David marred all his had a special command of God for it. Upon prospects of preferment. He disregarded the ex- ||ówhich account he saith, when David was openly press appointment of God, and his heart was full cupbraided by Shimei as a murderer, he had no of implacable enmity to David, as a usurper of l'excuse to make for him but this, that perhaps the throne. Contrary to the fullest evidence, he | God had commanded bim to do it.' Bp. Patrick. accused him of murdering Saul's family, and in- || How could such a thought ever come into the terpreted his afiliction into a proof of his guilt; || mind of this learned and eminent man, or find a and he took this opportunity to pour out all kinds reception there? What prophet, in his most of imprecations and reproaches, and to express all pointed reproofs, ever used such virulent and slanthe rage of impotent contempt and malice. But derous language as that of Shimei? not to speak if David had been a bloody man, and disposed to of his casting stones and dust. slay the family of Saul, Shimei would soon have V. 15–19. Though Absalom interpreted Husuffered the just punishment of his audacity; for shai's words as implying an express promise of David was so well guarded that Shimei could fidelity, and an unreserved tender of his services, only shew his malice at a distance: and David's || they did not necessarily imply these things. He prohibition alone prevented his nephew Abishai | said, “Let the king live,” not Let king Absalom from putting him to death. This Shimei merited: live. And when Absalom expressed his surprise, but David was now under the divine rebuke for that he thus forsook his friend; he declared his his sins. Though free from the guilt charged resolution to accompany, and devote himself to upon him, he was consciously guilty of having him, whom the Lord and whom all Israel chose; murdered Uriah: he therefore submitted to the but the event soon proved that this was not Abjustice of God, in this injurious treatment from salom, however it appeared for a time. He Shimei

; and he could not wonder that his enemies would also serve in the presence of the son, as in were stirred up against him, when his own son is the presence of the father.” But whom would sought his life. The sin both of Shimci and of Absa- li he serve? He would serve David in Absalom's lom was from themselves and Satan: but David's presence, as faithfully as he had hitherto done. amiction was from the Lord; and they were merely (Note, Gen. 3:4,5.)-If Absalom hiad not been instruments, which he employed, without their blinded with pride and popularity, he would have intention, of correcting David for good. (Notes, suspected such ambiguous words, when used by Gen. 50:20. 18. 10:7,15. Ez. 14:9-11. Acts 2:22—tbe known and hitherto zealous friend of his 24.) The curse causeless could only injure him ther; and not have admitted him at once among who used it: and David hoped that his humble his confidential counsellors. It is indeed very submission to such base usage froin man, would difficult to conduct stratagems without such equiv prepare the way for the return of peace and locations, if not direct falsehoods: and therefore comfort from a merciful God; and therefore he it is best to keep at a distance from them if it be would not permit Shime to be molested. (Marg: possible. When Absalom said, “Is this thy kindRef:-Noles, 19:19-23. 1 Kings 2:8,9,36–46.) ness to thy friend?” Hushai might have answer

Come out, &c. (7) Or rather, “Go out, goout. ed, 'Is this thy duty to thy father and king?'


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