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ND it came to pass after this, that || pray thee, let Tamar my sister come and

Absalom, the son of David, had make me a couple of cakes in my sight, Da fair sister, whose name was · Tamar;|| that I may eat at her hand. and Amnon the son of David d loved 7 Then David sent home to Tamar, her.

saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's 2 And Amnon was so e vexed, that he house, and dress him meat. fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was 8 So Tamar went to her brother Ama virgin: and * Amnon thought it hard for non's house; and he was laid down. him to do any thing to her.

And she took flour, and kneaded it, 3 But Amnon had 'a friend, whose and made cakes in his sight, and did name was Jonadab the son of % Shimeah, || bake the cakes. David's brother: and Jonadab was a very

9 And she took a pan, and poured subtle man.

them out before him, but he refused to 4 And he said unto him, 'Why art eat. ° And Amnon said, Have out all thou, being the king's son, + lean from men from me: and they went out every day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And man from him. Amnon said unto him, "I love Tamar, 10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, 'my brother Absalom's sister.

Bring the meat into the chamber, that i 5 And Jonadab said unto him, "Lay may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took thee down on thy bed, and make thyself the cakes which she had made, and sick: and when ihy father cometh to see brought them into the chamber to Amnon thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my her brother. sister Tamar come, and give me meat, 11 And when she had brought them and dress the meat in my sight, that 1 unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and may see it, and eat it at her hand. said unto her, P Come, lie with me, my

6 So Amnon lay down, and made him- sister. self sick: and when the king was come

12 And she answered him, Nay, my to see him, Amnon said unto the king, 1 brother, do not ll force me; for "no such 8 3.2.1 Sam. 16:0. Shammar

: thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this 9 folly.

13 And I, whither shall I cause my Kings 11:1.

| Heb. thin. e 1 Kings 21:4. Cant. 5:8. 2 I Heb. morning by morning.

shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt

Or, paste. hidden, in the eyes of Amnon.

• Gen. 45:1. Judg. 3:19. John Judg. 14:20.

i Heb. humble. NOTES.

the reputation, virtue, or comfort of Tamar; or CHAP. XIII. V. 1, 2. Nathan's word began by any foresight of evil consequences: but, beto take effect not very long after it was deliv- cause of her modesty, and the care which was ered. (Notes, 12:10–12.)—David seems to taken of her, he could not find an opportunity have been far too indulgent of his children: of getting her into his power. His passion thereprobably, their mothers had a great share in fore preyed upon his spirits, and impaired his their education, and some of these instilled into health. (Notes, Cant. 5:8. 2 Cor. 7:9–11.) them bad principles; indeed these are the nat- V. 3, 4. Amnon deemed Jonadab his friend, ural effects of polygamy: Yet his sons had been hecause he was his flatterer, and the caterer for restrained from open wickedness, by his exam. his lusts. He was “a very subtle man;” (Notes, ple, influence, and occasional instructions, until 32,33. 16:20—23. Gen. 3:1.) one very sagahe had committed those crimes which have been cious, as to this present world; or rather, a considered. But notwithstanding David's re- very crafty courtier, who readily discerned the pentance, they, now grown up, would naturally inclinations of his superiors, and was very inconsider that his conduct gave some license to genious in devising means for the gratification their youthful inclinations, and conclude that of them. Observing Amnon to look more and he could not greatly censure them, after he had more languid one day after another, he suspectset them such an example. Thus he mighted the cause, and intimated to him, that a perclearly trace the sins of his children from his son of his rank might obtain his desires if he own misconduct, and this would increase the went about it: and thus he drew from him the anguish of the chastisement.—Tamar was Am-shameful secret. Had he pot interposed, probnon's sister as the daughter of David, but of ably Amnon's passion might have been suppressanother mother.

(Note, 3:2—5.) If Amnoned, and at length supplanted by an affection fo had not been secretly habituated' to vice, he some other object. (Noles, 1 Kings 21:4–7.) surely never could, in the first instance, lave But when Jonadab understood the state of his yielded to so uunatural a passion! ( Nole, Lev. mind, he speedily put him in way

of obtaining 18:6—17.) By gazing upon Tamar's beauty his his wishes. Amnon was the heir-apparent of concupiscence was excited, and, being indulg-| the crown: David was growing old, and probaed, it gained an entire ascendency. (Notes, 11:bly shewed Jonadab but little favor though he 1–5. Matt. 5:27,28.) He was not restrained was his nephew; being the son of David's brothfrom attempting to accomplish his base purposeer Shimeah, called also Shammah, and Shimma. by the fear of God; by conscience, shame, re-|(32. 1 Sam. 16:9. i Chr. 2:13.) He therefore gard to the peace or favor of his father, or to Il paid court to Amnon; and supposed that his

a 3:2,3. 1 Chr. 3:2.
b 11:2. Gen. 6:2. 39:6,7. Prov. h 14:2,19,20. Gen. 3:1. Jer. 4:
6:25. 31:30.

22. 1 Cor. 3:19. Jam. 3:15. c 14:27. 1 Chr. 3:9.

i 1 Kings 21:7. Esth. 5:13,14. d 15. Gen. 29:18,20. 34:3. 1 Luke 12:32.

n Gen. 18:6. Matt. 13:33.

Cor. 7:10.

k Is. 3:9. Jer. 8:12. Mic. 7:3. Heb. it was marvellous, or 1 Lev. 18:9. 20:17.

m 16:21-23. 17:1-4. Ps. 50: f Gen. 38-1,20.

18.19. Prov. 19:27. Mark 6:24, Esth. 5:10,14. 6:13. Prov. 19: 25. Acts 23:15. 6.

Deut. 22:29.

Heb. it ought not so to be done. Lev. 18:9. 20:17. 9 Geo. 34:7. Judg. 19.23. 20: 6. Prov. 7:7.

Gen. 39:7,12.

Gen. 34:2.


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be as one of the fools in Israel. Now | colors upon her: for with such robes therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the were the king's daughters that were virgins king; for he will not withhold me from apparelled. Then his servant brought thee.

her out, and bolted the door after her. 14 Howbeit he would not hearken 19 And Tamar ' put ashes on her head, unto her voice; but, being stronger than and rent her garment of divers colors she, forced her, and lay with her. that was on her, and y laid her hand un (Practical Observations.)

her head, and went on crying. 15 Then Amnon hated her

20 And Absalom her brother said unto ceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith her, Hath † Amnon thy brother been he hated her was greater than the love with thee? ? but hold now thy peace, my wherewith he had loved her: and Amnon sister: he is thy brother; 1 regard not said unto her, Arise, be gone.

this thing. So 'I'amar remained deso16 And she said unto him, There is | late in her brother Absalom's house. no cause; this evil in sending me away is 21 But when king David heard of all greater than the other that thou didst these things, a he was very wroth. unto me: but he would not hearken unto 22 T And Absalom spake unto his her.

brother Amnon neither good nor bad: 17 Then he called his servant that for Absalom hated Amnon, because he ministered unto him, and said, Put now had forced his sister Tamar. this woman out from me, and bolt the 23 And it came to pass after two full door after her.

18 And she had u a garment of divers | Jer: 2:37. r Gen. 19:8. Judg. 19:24. * Heb. with great hatred $ 12:11. Deut. 22:25—27. Judg. greatly. u Gen. 37:3,32. Judg. 5:30. Ps.

Ec. 7:9. Eph. 4:26,51. 1 John



x 1:2. Josh. 7:6. Job 2:12. 42:a 3:28, 29. 12:5,10. Gen. 34:7. 6.

1 Sam. 2:22--25, 29. Ps. 101 8.

b Lev. 19:17,18. Prov. 25:9. † Heb. Aminon.

Matt. 18:15. z Prov. 26:24. Rom. 12:10. c Gen. 24:50. 31:29. 1 Heb. set not thine heart on. d Prov. 10:18. 26:24. 27:46. V Heb. and desolate. Gen. 34: 2. 46:15.


20.5. Esth. 7:8. t Ez. 23:17.


rank and authority would bear him out in any | vehement hatred: and without regarding her recrime, which he was disposed to commit.

monstrances, he ordered her to be turned out of V. 5-14. This plot was laid very artfully. I doors, with every circuinstance of aversion and Amnon's sickly looks gave plausibility to his abhorrence, 'as if she had been an infamous in. pretended illness: David's tender affection to “truder.' Bp. Patrick. (Note, Gen. 39:13—16.j his children was well known: persons, who have This was doubtless additional and most maligbeen accustomed to indulgence, are naturallynant ill usage, and tended to publish her diswhimsical in their diet when sick: David would grace, which might otherwise bave been conbe sure to visit Amnon, and be disposed to hu- | cealed: but we must attribute it to the confumor him in every thing, and would not at all sion and distress of her mind, that she stated this suspect so base a design concealed under his to be the greater injury; unless she supposed request: and thus he would readily obtain Da- that, in so singular a case, he might and ought vid's consent to Tamar's coming to him. Nor to have married her. could she have any suspicion of such horrid vil- V. 19, 20. Tamar went home in the manner, lacy from one, who seemed very ill and in dan- and with all the gestures of an inconsolable ger of death: but when he commanded all to mourner (Marg. Ref:) Doubtless her mind leave the room, whilst he ate of her cakes, she was filled with extreme anguish; but perhaps she Inight very justly have apprehended some bad meant also thus to protest, that though unfortudesign. Tamar's skill and readiness in such nate she was not criminal. Absalom dissembled ordinary employments, though a king's daugh- bis deep and implacable resentment, and perter; her compassionate attention to her ball-suaded her to compose her mind, and not further brother; and all her answers and behavior, are to expose the shaine of her family.-It seems suited to give us a very favorable opinion of her that Tamar not only shunned society at the time; character. She pleaded that he, as her brother, but also lived all her days a single and retired ought to protect her, instead of injuring her; | life. (Note, Gen. 34:31.) that such behavior was peculiarly foolish and V. 21. Amnon's incest was an express violawicked in an Israelite; that it would for evertion of the divine law; and to one probibition it disgrace and ruin her; and would expose him to is added, “they shall be cut off; ... he shall bear scorn and hatred, as one of the most abandoned his iniquity.” (Lev. 18:9. 20:17.) Yet the magisof men. (Marg. Ref. pr.) Her proposal to trate was not explicitly commanded to put the him, to ask her of the king, who would rather | offender to death. Neither was it enjoined, that allow him to marry her, than leave him to die he who forced a woman should be put to death, of his sickness, was doubtless solely meant to unless she was betrothed; because otherwise he prevent present violence; for she knew that would have been obliged to marry ber. (Notes, David would afterwards protect her. (Nole, Ex. 22:16,17. Deut. 22:22—27.) Perhaps these Gen. 19:6-9.) And it is probable, that she ac-circumstances united with David's excessive companied her complaints and expostulations paternal tenderness, especially to bis eldest son, with unavailing outcries, which Amnon's do- and with the consciousness of his own guilt, to mestics doubtless disregarded: for she seems to satisfy his mind in leaving Amnon to the judghave been entirely free froin blame in the scan- ment of God, without inflicting any punishment dalous transaction.

upon him. But certainly he ought to have maniV. 15—18. The determined language and fested his displeasure in some very decided manconduct of Tamar, probably joined with sharp | ner; and this complication of crimes would have reproaches, so irritated Amnon, that his licen- | justified the severest punishment: but as he nego tious lore was at once changed into the most || lected his duty, the Lord afterwards took ved.


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B. C.7 years, that Absalom hade sheep- 30 And it came to pass, while they 1630. ] shearers in Baal-hazor, which is were in the way, that tidings came to Da beside Ephraim: and Absalom 'invited vid, saying, Absalom hath slain all the all the king's sons.

king's sons, and there is not one of them 24 And Absalom came to the king, left. and said, Behold now, thy servant hath 31 Then the king 9 arose, and tare his sheep-shearers; 5 let the king, 1 beseech || garments, and lay on the earth; and "all thee, and his servants, go with thy servant. his servants stood by with their clothes

25 And the king said to Absalom, rent. Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest 32 And Jonadab the son of 'Shimewe be chargeable unto thee. And heah, David's brother, answered and said, " pressed him: how beit he would not go, Let not my lord suppose that they have but i blessed him.

slain all the young men the king's sons; 26 Then said Absalom, Jf not, I pray for Amnon only is dead: for by the / apthee, k let my brother Amnon go with us.' pointment of Absalom this hath been ideAnd the king said unto him, Why should termined, from the day that he forced his he go with thee?

sister Tamar. 27 But Absalom pressed him, that he 33 Now therefore " let not my lord the let Amnon and all the king's sons go with king take the thing to his heart, to think him.

that all the king's sons are dead: for Am28 Now Absalom had commanded non only is dead. his servants, saying, Mark ye now when 34 But * Absalom fled. And the Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and young man that kept the watch lifted up when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there kill him, * fear not: * have not I com came much people by the way of the manded you? be courageous, and be + val- hill-side behind him. iant.

35 And Jonadab said unto the king, 29 And the servants of Absalom did Behold, the king's sons come: as thy unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded:

servant said, so it is. then all the king's sons arose, and every 36 And it came to pass, as soon as he man * gat him upon his P mule and fled. had made an end of speaking, that be

Nah. 1:10. hold, the king's sons came, and lifted up 36. 2 Kings 3:4. 2 Chr. 26:10.

n Num. 22:16,17. 1 Sam. 28:10, their voice, and wept; and the king also
, Will you noi, since I and all his servants wept ** very sore.

37 But Absalom Aed, and went to | Heb. sons of valor.

e Gen. 38:12,13. 1 Sam. 25:2,4, Pan. 5:2--6,30.

Luke 21:34.
1 Kings 1:9,19,25.
8 11:8-15.

Ps. 12:2. 55:21. 13.
Jer. 41:6,7.
h Gen. 19:2.3. Judg. 19:7–10. have commanded you? Josb.
Luke 14:23. 24:29. Acts 16:15.

i 14:22. marg. Ruth 2:4.
k 3:27. 11:13-15. 20.9. Ps. 0 1 Sam. 22. 18,19. 1 Kings 21:
55:21. Prov. 26:24,25.

11–13. 2 Kings 1:9-12. Prov. 1 11:15. Ex. 1:16,17. 1 Sam. 29:12. Mic. 7:3. 2:17,18. Acts 5:29.

# Leb. rode. m 11:13. Gen. 9:21. 19:32-35. p 18:9. Gen. 36:24. Lev. 19: Judg. 19:6,22. 1 Sam. 25:36_ 19. 1 Kings 1:33. 38. 1 Kings 20:16. Esth. 1:10.

9 12:16.

Gen. 37:29,34. Josh. u 19:19. 7:6. Job 1:20.

1 38. Gen. 4:8-14. Prov. 28r 1:11. 3:31.

17. Jer. 48:44. Am. 5:19. $ 35.

1 Heb. according to the word tl Sam. 16:9. Shammah. of thy servant. Heb. mouth.

** Heb. with a great weeping Or, settled. Gen. 27:41. Ps. greatly. 15. marg. 12:21. 18: 7.14. Prov. 24:11,12.


geance on Amnon, in a way which added still ally supposed. (3:3.), His atrocious crime was more to David's domestic trials. (Notes, 22— greatly aggravated, by being a breach of hospi33. 1 Sam. 2:29–34.)

tality, and committed under the mask of affecV. 22—29. Absalom harbored the deepesttion, in the presence of his brethren; and by his resentment of the gross affront put upon him-father being drawn in unintentionally to be acself, and the irreparable injury done to his sister: | cessary to it. He involved his servants also in yet for two years he concealed his hatred under the guilt of murder, as if his command could the appearance of total indifference! (Notes, | warrant their transgression of God's law! Gen. 27:41,42. Prov. 26:24–27. Eph. 4:26,27.)||(Notes, 1 Sam. 28:9,10. 1 Kings 21:8—14.) He This imposed on Amnon, who on that very ac- took the opportunity of killing Amnon, when he count onght to have been more afraid of him: at was drunk, or nearly so, as if he had meant to length, however, Absalom deemed matters ripe murder body and soul at once: and his servants, for the execution of his determined revenge. without hesitation, punctually executed his most According to the custom of those times, having iniquitous command. (Notes, 1 Sam. 22:17– 19.) flocks of sheep, and making a feast when they |--His mule. (29) Males seem about this time to were shorn, he formed his plot upon that circum- || have come greatly into use among the superior stance. To cover his design he invited his persons, being substituted in the place of asses: father with all bis attendants to come to his for horses were still little employed in Israel. feast, sensible that from prudential reasons he (Marg. Ref. p.) Yet the breeding of mules was would decline the invitation: but he thus obtain- à violation of the divine law. (Lev. 19:19.) ed his approbation to Amnon's going with the Probably, they were imported. rest of his brethren; and David perhaps hoped V. 32, 33. It cannot be supposed, that Absathat a reconciliation between them would' belom would make Jonadab his confident; but bethus effected or cemented. Probably, Absalom | ing a sagacious man he had, from some circumwas urged on the more resolutely to the murder || stances, or casual expressions, suspected his of his brother, because he was the next heir to | malicious intentions. (Marg. Ref:- Note, 3,4.) the crown; if Chileab were dead, as it is gener- ll It would, however, have been far more profita

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y Talmai, the son of * Ammihud, king of || 39 And the soul of king David Geshur. And David mourned for his son longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he

. every day.

comforted concerning Amnon, see 38 So Absalom fled, and went to ?Ge-ing he was dead. shur, and was there three years.


a Gen. 31:30. Deut. 28:32.

Phil. 2:26.
† Or, was consumed. Ps. 84:

2. 119:20. b 12:23. Gen. 247. 37.35. 38. 12.

y 3:3. i Chr. 3:2.

* Or, Ammihur.

z 14:23,32. 15:8.

ble sagacity, to have foreseen these consequen- name of love is commonly a base sensual incii. ces, and to have forwarned Amnon, before he nation, entire selfishness, which triumphs over had perpetrated the crime which provoked this conscience and the fear of God, and without fatal revenge. (Jer. 4:22.-Note, Jer. 8:8,9.) pity consigus its object to irreparable disgrace

V. 37–39. (Notes, Gen. 4:9—12.) Absalom and misery, for the sake of a momentary gratifled for refuge to the court of his mother's father; fication! How different from that love, wnich Marg. Rif. y;), and there he continued for the law of God commands! yea, how contrary three years: and David so far from requiring to it!—Men's domineering lusts, when restrain. him to be delivered up, that he might be punished by external bindrances, become their tored according to the law of God; after a time im- mentors, drink up their spirits, and disorder patiently desired to recal him, and to be recon- their bodies; and probably the fury of sinful ciled to him. In this he too closely copied Eli's passions, without any possibility of gratification, example, and honored his sons more than God; will form one dreadful part of ihe misery of the ( Nole, 1 Sam. 2:29.) who therefore made them damned: let the tremendous thought lead every his scourges, and then punished them himself. reader to seek the mortification of them, that David's sons however were not priests, and so by the grace of God they may be extirpated did not disgrace the sanctuary: he could not from his heart.-Who can conceive, what the have proceeded against Absalom, witho:t con- state of this world would be, if every sinner's dernning him to die; as Eli might have done power was equal to his inclination, for the comagainst his sons: and David's own blood-guilti- mission of wickedness?- If indulged melancholy ness, too much resembling Absalom's, (in that be improper for those, who possess eminent stahe murdered Uriah under the guise of friendship tions and great affluence in this world; bow inby the hand of others, after having previously consistent is it with the profession, privileges, tempted him to drunkenness,) might tend to en-|| and prospects of the children of God! and if ervate his resolution and dispose him to lenity. they are “lean from day to day” in their souls, (Votes, 11:12--17.) These considerations may it is commonly the effect of yielding" to sloth account for his conduct, but they by no means and worldly affections.-When iniquity is conexcuse it.-Absalom's servants filed with him, and ceived in the heart, all the powers of the unthus escaped the doom which they merited, and derstanding will be employed in devising how so were reserved for further mischief. (14:30. to effect it; and even sickness will not always 15:10.)

be sufficient to take men off even for the time Mourned for his son. (37)

Absalom seems here froin licentious pursuits. When debauched perexclusively intended; for David was comforted sons occupy exalted stations, they will be attendfor “Amnon;" who was buried privately, as ited by "very subtle men,” nearly resembling appears; and not, as Abner had been, with any | Satan; sagacious prompters, and crafty advisers public honor. (Notes, 3:33—39.) Amnon's base in iniquity! These will assist them in overcomconduct had, it may well be supposed, rendereding the opposition of shame and conscience; and him unpopular: and an honorable interment encourage them to gratify themselves, without would have been a strong protest against Absa-l regarding truth or justice, or the interests or lom's crimes, which David was not disposed to happiness of others. Such are deemed and enter

treated as friends; but the event will prove

them to have been, merely for their own adPRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS.

vantage, the most destructive enemies.-Many V. 1-14.

violent, but concealed, evil desires would be The judgments of God upon those, who are extinguished, did not such prompters discern finally saved, may be so terrible, varied, and and draw forth the confession of them, and concontinued, as effectually to proclaim his abhor-trive the method of gratification. Such plausirence of their crimes; and no reflecting persun, ble villains know how to take advantage or the with these records before his eyes, would ven- affection, candor, modesty, and unsuspecting ture to commit iniquity, even if he could be confidence of pious persons, for the accomplishsure to escape eternal misery; any more than a ment of their own infamous designs: and when man would, for a trifling advantage, throw him-iniquity is resolved on, a perfect infatuation self from a precipice and break his bones, if he takes place, and all probable or certain conse. could be assured that his life would be preserv- quences are forgotten.-But silent abhorrence ed: for he would be sensible, that he must suf. is the proper censure of these abominable deeds fer immense pain, and probably be a cripple all of darkness, which are especially horrible un. his days.--The Lord over-rules the wickedness der the light of revelation: even ungodly perof men, (while they are hurried on by their own sons will execrate those, who perpetrate such lusts and Satan's temptations,) to accomplish his outrages against coinmon decency: and they holy and righteous purposes.--External accom- will appear as fools and reprobates to their plishments are generally a detriment to the neighbors in general; notwithstanding high possessors, and a temptation to others: none rank, or even priocely or royal dignity. therefore ought to be vain of them, or to regret

V. 15–39. the want of them. So depraved is the human Sensual love is readily changed into hatred heart, that even natural affection may degene- and concupiscence into loathing: nor can it rea. rate into licentiousness; and the intercourse sonably be expected, that those, who make no even between near relations should be conduct-scruple of debauching the persons for whom ed with caution and prudenrc, that no opportu- they pretend affection, will feel any remorse at nity may be given to those who are disposed to deserting them with cruelty and disdain, at excommit iniquity.-What men dignify with the ll posing them to shame and contempt, or at leave

beauty, 25, 26.

His children, 27.

Neived that the king's heart was bro and they" Ywo strove together in the

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to the ground, and did obeisance, and Joab instructs a woman of Tekoah, and sends her to David, 1_|| said,

said, • Help, o king.

O 3. With a feigned tale and artful management she induces 5 And the king said unto her, What him to recal Absalom, 4—20. Joab is sent to bring him to Jerusalem; yet he is not allowed to see the king, 21–24. His aileth thee? And she answered,' s I am

After two years, he pre-l indeed a widow woman, and mine husvails with Joab to introduce him to David, 28-33.

band is dead. OW Joab of per

6 And handmaid

toward Absalom. 2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and|| but the one smote the other, and slew

field, and there wus t none to part them, fetched thence a wise woman, and said

him. unto her, I pray thee feign thyself to be

7 And behold, 'the whole family is

៖ a mourner, and put on now mourning risen against thine handmaid, and they apparel , and anoint not thyself with oil

, said, Deliver him that smote his brother, but be as a woman that had a long time that we may kill him, for the life of his mourned for the dead:

brother whom he slew; and we will de3 And come to the king, and speak on

so they shall this manner unto him. So Joab • put the stroy the heir also: and

quench my coal which is left, and shall words in her mouth.

not leave to my husband neither name nor 4 And when the woman of Tekoah

remainder | upon the earth. spake to the king, she fell on her face

2 Kings 6:26

Luke 18: i Gen. 4:14. Num. 35:19. Deut. g 12:1-3. Judg, 9:8—15.

a 2:18. 1 Chr. 2:16.

Ec. 9:8. Matt. 6:17. b)3 39. 18:33. 19:2,4. Prov. e 19. Ex. 4.15. Num. 23 5. 29.

Deut. 18:18. Is. 51:16. 59:21. C ? Chr. 11:6. 20. 20. Neh. 3:5, Jer. 1:9.

27. Jer. 6:1. Am. 11. Tekon. 1:2. 1 Sam. 20:41. 25:23. d 11:21. Ruth 3:3. Ps. 104:15.

* Heb. Save.

28. Job 29:12-14.


k Gen. 27:45. Deut. 25.6. h Gen, 4:8. Ex. 2:13. Deut. 1 21:17. 22:26,27.

1 Heb. upon the face of. + Heb. no deliverer bettecen

ing them to all the horrors of penury or prostitu-induces them to neglect their duty to God: yet tion. Let no one ever expect better treatment parental affection can scarcely be extinguished from those, who are capable of attempting to by any degree of misconduct. But the case of seduce them.—But whatever anguish and dis- || parents is very deplorable, when the children tress may result from injuries received, nothing copy their conduct in the crimes which they will eventually harm us except our own iniqui-perpetrate; and when it is nevertheless their ty: and it is better to suffer the greatest wrong, duty to punish them with great severity for than to commit the least sin, thongh apparently those very imitations! Let this be a warning to with impunity and without rebuke.--It is every us, to watch and pray against temptation, lest one's duty to comfort those wbo are in distress: by the misconduct of one unguarded bour, we and generally it is most advisable for injured per- should occasion such fatal consequences to our sons to be quiet, and leave their cause with God. offspring, and such misery to ourselves through-- When less atrocious crimes escape punish-out our future lives. And let us not covet that ment from man, more and greater will be com- || worldly wisdom, which, with all its boasted samitted: and the magistrate's indignant anger gacity, cannot prevent the destruction of those against heinous offences should stimulate bim to who are counselled by it: but let us seek that enforce the laws without respect of persons: but heavenly wisdom, which safely leads the posall others must learn to bear every injury with- l sessor through all the dangerous paths of this but seeking to revenge themselves; and if mild life, to the perfect felicity of the eternal world. expostulations and prayers will not prevail,

NOTES. they must quietly leave the event to God.- Chap. XIV. V. 1–3. Joab perceived that Haired and revenge, however, possess the David greatly desired to recal Absalom; but bearts of ungodly men: and some are so artful did not know how to do it, without disgracing and malicious, that they defer their vengeance, his character and government: he therefore and cover it with the appearance of affection, framed a plausible story, and employed an intill they have an opportunity of executing it genious woman, in the character of a disconsowith more determined malignity:-Often havellate widow, lo relate it to him. He doubtless festive interviews, and seasons of sensual indul- intended to obtain a concession from David, gence, been the chosen scenes for assassinations that in some possible cases the punishment of a and massacres; and men have been sent into nurderer might be dispensed with; and then the eternal world from the midst of riot and to apply it to the case of Absalom. Thus he excess! Such is human nature, left to itself, hoped to ingratiate himself with both parties, arıned with power, and emboldened by pros- with the king, and the next heir to the crown; perity: what need then have we to pray for as Absalon would be now considered. Doubtconverting grace, and to be satisfied, in our in- less he would also be glad to increase the numferiɔr stations!—No crime is so great or evi-ber of precedents for the impunity of murderdent, that men in general will not be founders, as he lay under the guilt of that crime daring enough to commit, in order to please himself. their superiors: but alas! their command will V. 6, 7. (Noles, 13:22—29. Gen. 4:8.) This not bear out the guilty at the day of judg- seigned case was widely different from that ment, for violating the law of God!--Evil lidings which it was intended to represent. It was inare generally enlianced: yet the imaginary ca- deed stated that one brother had been slain by lamily proves a real affliction for the time, and the other, and that the survivor, "the only son may serve the purpose of an humiliating chas- of his mother who was a widow," was exposed tisement.-Children are always uncertain com- to the sentence of the law; but David had many forts: but indulged children will surely prove other sons; and the death of Absalom would not trials to pious parents, whose foolish fondness | bave "quenched his coal that was left,” or de 150]

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