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SECTION III.-THE MINISTERS OF THE CROWN AND
Ministers as Members of Parliament.
as personating the Crown in the exercise of the The Ministry Prerogative :
Parliamentary checks on the independence of the Ministry :
Party Organisation. The Opposition.
Doctrine of the dependence of Parliament on the Crown. 2. Duty of Ministers with regard to communications to Parliament.
Powers of the Crown apart from Parliament.
Modern practice and doctrine of non-intervention.
Purchase of the Suez Canal Shares.
(Resignation of Lords Carnarvon and Derby.)
Restriction of the Indian Vernacular Press.
clarations of War.
(4). Colonial affairs.
Gradual assumption of Parliamentary control over De
The Indian Councils Act.
The Act for the Better Government of India.
Vernacular Press restriction,
Cotton Duties Repeal.
concurrence of Parliament.
Duties of the Colonial Secretary.
Case of Sir Bryan O’Loghlen.
federation without consent of the Legislature.
LIBERTY OF THE SUBJECT.
Liberty of the Subject an inherent principle of the English Con
stitution. Its protection from encroachments of the Executive by Courts of
1. Liberty of the Subject as connected with the administration of
Justice :(a.) of Criminal Justice:(1.) Appointment of Stipendiary Magistrates.
Multiplication of offences classed as crimes.
Summary jurisdiction of Magistrates. (2.)
Systematic practice of appeal to the Home Secretary.
(3.) Criminal Punishments:
Treason and Treason-Felony.
Conspiracy. (5.) Responsibility of officers of justice to Civil and Criminal Courts.
Organization and multiplication of Police.
Oral examination of prisoners. (6.) of Civil Justice :
Expensiveness of litigation. 2. Liberty of the Subject unconnected with judicial administration:
Army and Navy discipline.
Importance of recognising dynamical as well as statical elements in
the Constitution. Recent history as an exponent of Constitutional Law,
Directions of recent Constitutional change :-
Political susceptibility of the public.
Necessity of new methods of controlling new machinery. jii. Relations between the Executive Government and Parlia
ment. Modern Constitutional conditions and requirements.
FIFTY YEARS OF THE
THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS MOVEMENTS.
What is familiarly known as the English Constitution possesses so many unstable as well as stable elements that a purely historical method of inquiry has naturally commended itself as the most hopeful mode of studying that Constitution and of predicting its probable movements in the immediate future. Mr. Hallam and Professor Stubbs have had the advantage of extending their historical researches over a very considerable period, reaching, in Mr. Hallam's case, to the end of the reign of George II. Sir T. Erskine May has purported to bring Mr. Hallam's work down to the present day; and Mr. Walter Bagebot has drawn a vivid and severely exact portraiture of the working of the Constitution at the time his treatise appeared. Most of these works treat of times very ancient or very recent, and for this reason scarcely suffice to determine the true directions in which the English Constitution may be said to be moving at the present moment, and therefore