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Railway legislation 129

Factory legislation 131

Criticisms of Miss Martineau on the Factory Laws . . 183

Action of Parliament with regard to the National Debt . . 133

Methods of raising money for special emergencies . . . 134

New principles of taxation 136

Other subjects of economic legislation 136

Local Government 137

Mr. John Austin on Centralisation (note) . . . . 138

Two sorts of centralisation 139

Reconstitution of the Parish 140

Reorganisation of the Police 142

Public Health Acts 145

Reform of County Administration 147

The Elementary Education Act 149

Section IV.—Government of Dependencies

General transfer of the government of Dependencies from

the Crown to Parliament 150

Forms of Parliamentary action with regard to Dependencies 151

The Canadian Constitution 152

The Canadian Confederation Act 152

The South African Confederation Act 154

Prerogative of the Crown in regard to conquered or ceded

territories 156

Prerogative of the Crown in regard to Colonies acquired by

settlement 157

Claim of Parliament to withdraw or amend Colonial Con-

stitutions 157

The Victorian Legislature 159

The Constitutional Question in Victoria 162

Proposed reforms subversive of a bi-cameral system . . 166

Territorial jurisdiction of Colonial Legislatures . . . . 167

History of the government of India 167

Conversion of the East India Company from a trading asso-

ciation into a political authority 169

Transfer of the government of India to the Crown . . . 171

Admission of Hudson's Bay into the Dominion of Canada . 172

Authority of Parliament over Colonies having no Constitution 173

Supremacy of Parliament over Colonial Legislatures . .175

Inclusion of the Colonies in recent Acts of Parliament . . 176

Relation of Parliament to the Representatives of the Crown 177


The Crown Lands and the Civil List 216

Mr. Gladstone on the disparagement of the title to the Crown

Lands 217

Private Estates of the Crown 218

Crown Lands in the Colonies 221

Civil List of Queen Victoria 221

The Duchies of Lancaster and Cornwall 223

Reform of the management of Crown Lands . . . . 224

Grant to the Duchess of Kent on the Queen's accession . . 225

Proposed grant to the Duke of Sussex 226

Debate on the grant to the Duke of Connaught on his mar-

riage 227

Mr. Gladstone on the provision for Members of the Royal

Family . 229

Settlement of the Royal Household , 233

Demand of Sir Robert Peel for changes in the Household ■ . 235

Household of the Prince Consort 238

Grant to the Prince Consort 239

Precedence of the Prince settled by Letters Patent. . . 240

Title of the Prince 241

Doubts as to the precedence of the Prince in foreign Courts . 243

Offer to the Prince of the Commandership-in-Chief . . . 244

The Prince's view of his position as Consort .... 247

Inconveniences of his position as Colonel of the Grenadier

Guards 248

Intervention of the Prince in political affairs .... 249

His presence at the debate on Corn Law repeal . . . . 250

Action of the Prince at the time of the Crimean War . . 262

Suggestions of the Prince to Lord Aberdeen . . . . 253

Policy of raising a foreign legion 255

Efforts of the Prince to secure the influence of Lord Aberdeen,

as leader of the Opposition, on the side of war . . . 256

Mr. Gladstone's account of the action of the Peelites (note) . 259

Foreign correspondence of the Prince 260

His letter to the Emperor Napoleon on Russian designs . . 263

Section II.—The Crown and its Ministert.

Uses of the term ' Prerogative' . . .... 2<>K

Relation of the Sovereign to the Ministers of the Crown . 207

The Cabinet as an outgrowth of the Privy Council . . . 267

Origin of the term ' Cabinet Council' 20!1

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Contents. xvii


The first Whig Ministry 270

Relation of the Cabinet to the Privy Council .... 271

Withdrawal of the Sovereign from the Cabinet Council . . 274

Sir G. C. Lewis on the legal position of the Cabinet . . 275

Sir G. C. Lewis on the unity of the Cabinet . . . 276

Mr. Gladstone on the position and obligations of the Prime

Minister 278

Earl Grey on the duties of heads of departments as members

of the Cabinet 281

Lord Palmerston's theory of the position of Foreign Minister 283

Action of Lord Palmerston with reference to the coup d'etat

of 1861 284

True grounds of Lord Palmerston's dismissal .... 288

Lord Palmerston's comment on the restrictions imposed on a

Foreign Secretary 289

Resignation of Lord Carnarvon and Lord Derby in 1876 . 290

Speech of Lord Carnarvon 290

Speech of Lord Derby 292

Further explanations of Lord Derby 29i)

Alleged breach of the secresy of the Privy Council by the

Lord Chief Baron Kelly 29«

Letter of the Lord Chief Baron to the Lord Chancellor . . 296

Origin of the obligation of secresy in the Privy Council . 296

Obligation of secresy on Cabinet Ministers as Privy Coun-

cillors 298

Relation of the Sovereign to the Cabinet .... 299

Selection and dismissal of Ministers 29!)

Practice of the present reign 300

Conduct of King William IV. in the selection of Ministers . 301

Comment of Lord Palmerston 304

Criticism of Mr. Gladstone 305

Nature of the right assumed by the King .... 307

Its non-assumption by the present Sovereign . . . . 308

Relations of the Sovereign with individual Ministers . . 309

Differences between the Queen and Lord Palmerston . . . 31 (I

Lord Palmerston's account of his conduct . . . .313

Royal direction of foreign policy 315

Letter of the Queen to Lord Aberdeen during the Crimean

War 317

Recent doctrines as to the Sovereign's position . . . . 318

Baron Stockmar's theory of the English Monarchy . . . 320

His dread of the doctrine of the Sovereign's irresponsibility . 322


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Section III.—The Ministers of the Crown and Parliament.

Ministers of the Crown as Members of Parliament . . . 336

Intimacy of the relation of English Ministers with Parliament 337

Parliamentary checks on Ministers 339

Maintenance of an organised Opposition 340

Practice of questioning Ministers 343

Trials of strength between the two parties .... 344

Advantages of modern methods over the old weapons of Im-
peachment and Bills of Attainder 34 5

Uncertainties as to what constitutes a sufficient ground for

resignation or retention of office 347

Conduct of Peel and of Wellington in 1846 347

Comment of Mr. Disraeli on Peel's conduct .... 349

Considerations competing with those of party allegiance . . 350

Earl Grey on the party allegiance of Ministers . . .361

Parliamentary control of policy by refusal of supplies . . 353

Reciprocal dependence of Parliament on the Government . 354

Mr. Disraeli on the dependence of Parliament on the Crown . 354

Consultation of Mr. Disraeli with the Queen in reference to

the dissolution of 1868 (note) ...... 355

Comment of Mr. Bouverie 357

Other modes of bringing Governmental pressure to bear on

Parliament 367

Surrender of the rights of Parliament by subservient or negli-

gent majorities 359

Mr. Bagehoton the extent of the Royal Prerogative, as legally

determined . . . 360

Mr. Erskine May on the increasing power and patronage of

the Crown 361

Remedies to be sought for the injuries produced by a lapse of

Parliamentary control 362

Duties of Government to Parliament in respect of foreign

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