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Index. 475

Colonies, Crown, is Cyprus one of
the, 190

— duties of the Governors of
Crown, 415-417

— functions of the Secretary of
State for the, 418, 419

Columbia, British. See Hudson's
Bay

Commerce. See Economy, social

Commercial Treaty with France,
an illustration of modern
economic principles, 136

Commons, House of. See House of
Commons

Companies and Joint-Stock Com-
panies Acts, 1825, 1834, 1844,
1856, and 1862, 127,128

Companies, Public, recent legisla-
tion for, 126-129

— Railway, recent legislation for,
129-131

Compulsory Churchltates Abolition

Act, 1868,105
Confederation Act, Canadian,

1867, 152-164 South African, 1867, 154-

156

Coxnaught, Duke Of, grant to
the, on his marriage, 227-233

Consolidated Fund, creation of
the, 217

— Colonial revenues carried to the,
221

Conspiracy, Bill of Lord Palmer-
ston, 185, 186; 366

— legal definition of, 442, 443

CONSTANTINE, THE GRAND DUKE,

visit of, to Paris, commented
on by the Prince Consort, 262-
265

CONSTITUTION, THE, AND
ITS MOVEMENTS, Chap. I,
1-13

Constitution, a political, the pro-
duct of social conditions and
historical antecedents, 4

modification of, by current

interpretations, 5

sources of enlightenment

with regard to, 6, 6

Constitution, a political, legal and
moral elements in, 6

— formative action of perma-
nent popular sentiments on, 6-10

written and unwritten

elements of, 8 central and germinating

idea of, 12 ultimate foundation of,

in the popular will, 16, 17

— English, stable and unstable
elements of the, 1, 2

— historical method of inquiry
into the; 1; 462, 463; 468, 469

— period chosen for a survey of
the, 2; 10; 462, 463; 469

— topics comprised in a scrutiny
of the, 3, 10

— distinguishing characteristics
of the, 3; 422, 423

— the, as a type for imitation by
other States, 3, 4

— formative action of permanent
or progressive popular senti-
ment on the, 6-10

— maintenance of the, dependent
on popular political sentiment,
7; 10; 466; 470

— the, an organic whole, 11-13;
42, 43; 73

— self-developing power of the, 21

— Blackstone's and other theories
of the, 26-28

— idea of representation penetrat-
ing the, 34

— movements of the, distinguish-
able in recent Home Legislation,
103

— religious equality not yet a
principle of the, 105

— financial and economic princi-
ples admitted by the, 134-137

— local institutions characteristic
of the, 137

— position of the Sovereign under
the, 209, 210; 315-317; 325-328

— position of the Consort of the
Sovereign under the, 238; 242;
244, 245; 249, 250; 252, 253;
259; 261, 262; 308, 309

Constitution, English, invasion of
the, by personal action of King
William IV., 307, 308

— Baron Stockmar's theory of the,
318-324

— true theory of the, 324-328

— legal rights of the Crown under
the, 359-360

— defence of the, by Parlia-
mentary minorities, 362, 363

— possible violation of, by
sinister influences in the
Cabinet, 371-373

— provisions of the, for the
liberty of the subject, 422,
423

— dangers to the, inherent in the
mechanism of Government, 466-
468

Conttitution Act (Canadian), of

1791, 152
Constitutions, Colonial (tee alio

Colonial Legislatures)

— creation of, by Parliament,
151-157; 159-162

— Parliamentaryinterferencewith
157-159

— problems connected with the
working of, 162-167; 418-421

Constitutional analysis, how
different from political history,
2

— facts, initial source of all, the
character of the people, 8, 9

— importance of Parliamentary
forms and procedure, 74

Copyright Act of 1842, 176, 177
Corn laws, repeal of the, 1846,
135

— presence of the Prince Consort
at a debate on, 250-252

— conduct of Sir E. Peel and of
the Duke of Wellington in
relation to the, 347-350

Coronation oath, Coleridge on
the, 14

County administration, reform of,

147, 148; 428-434
County courts, institution of, 136

— jury trial in, 449

County rate, the, an instance of
taxation by a non-representative
authority, 147

Coup d'etat of December 1861,
conduct of Lord Palm erst on
with regard to the, 284-290;
312, 313

Court, of appeal, the House of
Lords as a. 19, 20

— Central Criminal, creation cf
the, 427; 434

— for Crown Cases Reserved,
decision of the, on the Franeonia
case, 200

creation of the, 427,

435

— of Admiralty, as a Court of
Prize, 208

Courts (tee alto County Courts)

— Vice-Admiralty, slave trade
jurisdiction of, 198, 199

— of Prize, 208

— jury trial in Criminal, 449-
451

— admission of oral statements of
prisoners in Criminal, 461-455

— reconstruction of civil, 455
Courts of Justice, functions of

English, contrasted with those
of the Supreme Court of the
United States, 16, note

— creation of, in India, 169 in the Colonies, 175

— English, in foreign territory,
187; 196

— jurisdiction of Australasian,
under the Kidnapping Act, 197

— patronage of the Crown in
relation to, 361

— as guardians of public liberty
against the Executive, 423,
424

— responsibility of officers of
justice to, 428; 443, 444

— multiplication of offences tria-
ble in, 431-434

— variety of procedure in primary,
432

— uncertainty of action of, 439
Crampton, Me., British Minister

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at Washington, withdrawal of,

255

Crimean war, purchase of Russian
bonds by British subjects during
the, 204-206

— action of the Queen and the
Prince Consort with regard to
the, 252-259; 309; 317-318;
372

— policy and traditions of the,
368, 369

Crimes, multiplication of offences
classed as, 431, 432

— definition of, 439-443
Criminal Law, liberty of the

subject as connected with, 427-
455

Criminal punishments, 436-439;

441,442; 459
Cboss, Mb., Consolidation and

Amending Act of, relating to

factories and workshops, 131,

132

— Act of, for abolishing unfilled
prisons, 148, 149

— explanation of, as to the Queen's
letter to Lady Frere, 331

CROWN, THE (tee also Preroga-
tive, Sovereign, &c), Chap. III.,
209-421

Personal Relations And
Attributes Op The, Chap. III.,
Sect. I., 209-265

— AND ITS Ministers, Chap. Ill,
Sect. II., 266-335

Ministers Of The, And
Pabliament, Chap. III., Sect.
III., 336-421

— transfer of police administra-
tion to the, 142-145

— transfer of the government of
dependencies from the, to
Parliament, 150, 151; 167-173;
392-403

— authority of the, over small
dependencies held for military
purposes, 151

— authority of the, over conquered
or ceded Colonies, not absolute,
156, 157

Crown, authority of the, over Eng-
lish settlements, 157

— relation of Parliament to the
representatives of the, 177

— right of extra-territorial juris-
diction inherent in the, 187

— legislative and executive
aspects of the, 209

— position of the Prince Consort
in relation to the, 244, 245;
249, 250; 252, 253

— uses of the term Prerogative
of the, 266, 267

— the, as represented by it.s
Ministers in Parliament, 338,
339

— doctrine of the dependence of
Parliament on the, 354-357

— Erskine May on the powers
recently conceded by Parliament
to the, 361

— defence of the liberty of the
^subject against the, 423, 424

Crown Lands, surrender of life-
interest in the, by the Sovereign,
216-218; 228, 229

— (private), 218-221

— in tbe Colonies, 221

— reform in the management of
the, 223-225

Crown Lands (Colonies) Act, 1852,
221

Crown Private Estates Acts, 1862
and 1873, 218-221

Cyprus, organisation of govern-
ment in, 188, 189

— compulsory labour in, 189-194

— nature and extent of British
authority in, 190, 191

— English occupation of, 293;
376; 378

— Convention of, 377, 378; 382,
383 ; 388

D

Debt, the National, 125; 134, 135
— reconstruction of the law of,
455

Delegacy, modern theory of, 49, 50

— Burke on tbe question of, 50-
52

Denman, Lord Chief Justice,
opinion of, on the publication
of libels in Parliamentary re-
ports, 78

Dependencies, possible mode of
satisfying the claims of, to re-
presentation in the English Par-
liament, 95, 96

— Parliamentary Government of,
150-178; 392-405

— subordinate Legislatures in the,
See Colonial Legislatures

— forms of recent Parliamentary
action with regard to the, 151

— gradual assumption of Parlia-
mentary control with increasing
importance of the, 392-394

Dkbby, Loud, retirement of, from
the Foreign Office, in 1876,
292-295; 298; 376

— comment of Lord Salisbury on
revelations of Cabinet proceed-
ings made by, 294

Dit.ke, Sir Charles, amendment
moved by, as to the provision
for the Duke of Connaught, 227,
228

Disraeli, Mr. See Lord Bea-

CONSFIELD
lri»»enters' Chapelt Act of 1844,
111

Documentary Evidence Act of
1868, 176, 177

E

East India Company, Charter of
t he, of William III., 168

— Regulating Act for the, 168

— conversion of the, into a
political corporation, 169-171

— transfer of the government of
India from the, to the Crown,
171-172

East India Company Act» of 1767,
1769, and 1833, 168, 169

Eastern Question (tee alio Foreign
Affairs)

— retirement of Lord Carnarvon
and Lord Derby on grounds
relating to the, 290-294

— reopening of the, 367-370

— three views of the, 369, 370

— review of English policy in
regard to the, 373-392

Ecclesiastical Commission, in-
stitution and action of the,
109, 110

Eccletiattital Commissionert In-
corporation Act, 1836, 109

Economy, Social, Parliamentary
interference with, 121-137

— principles of recent legislation
relating to, 121, 122; 124:
126

Education, reform of endowments
for, 113-117

— principle of Parliamentary
interference in, 149

— Acts, administration of the,
456-458

— Dr. Thompson on the necessity
of popular, 466

Election Judges, Mr. Disraeli on
the finality of decisions of, 44,
45

Elementary Education Act of

1870, 149
'Empress of India,' assumption

of the title of, 213-215; 375;

380; 381; 385
Endowed Schools, reform of,

115-117

Endon-ed Schoolt Act of 1869,
116,119

Endowments, right of the State to
interfere with, 107-109; 117

— reform of religious, 109-113

— reform of educational, 113-
117

— reform of charitable, 117-119
Exchequer Chamber, Court of,

right of the House to punish for
contempt asserted by, 83, 84
Extradition, treaties relating to.
181-184

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Extradition, case of Winslow. 183
Extradition Acts, 1870 and 1873,
182-184

Extra-territorial jurisdiction. See

Jurisdiction
Eyre, Governor, validity of a

Colonial Act of Indemnity in

the case of, 144

F

Factory and Workshop Act, 1878,

131, 132; 456, 458
Factory Laws, intention of, 131,

132

— Miss Martineau on the results
of, 133

— administration of, 456-458
Fiji, annexation of, 173; 403-405
Finance, modern principles as to,

134-137; 390

— control of policy through, 353

— necessity of Parliamentary
vigilance in the management
of, 389-391

— Indian, Parliamentary super-
vision of, 39B, 400

Flogging, as a criminal punish-
ment, 437-439; 459

Foreign affairs, recent prominence
of, in Parliamentary debate,
179

— Mr. Disraeli on the importance
of, 179

— policy as to, not generally initi-
ated in Parliament, 180

— recent legislation bearing on,
180-208

— conduct of Lord Palmerston as
Secretary for, in 1850 and 1861,
284-290; 310-315

— retirement of Lord Carnarvon
in 1876, on grounds relating to,
290-292; 376

,— retirement of Lord Derby from
the conduct of, in 1876, 292-
295; 376

— theory of a special attitude of
the Sovereign towards, 315 317

Foreign affairs, indifference of
the country to, after the Treaty
of Vienna," 363, 364

— doctrine of non-intervention in,
366-367

— revived interest in, on the
reopening of the Eastern Ques-
tion in 1876, 367

— review of recent policy with
regard to, 373-380

— comments on recent policy with
regard to, 380-387

Foreign Enlistment Act, 1854, 254

1870, 204; 206-208

Foreign Jurisdiction Acts, 1843

1878, 187-189; 191
Forster, Mr. W. E., policy in-
augurated by the Education
Act of, 149
Forsyth, Mr., on cession of
territory by Royal Prerogative,
414

Franconia and Strathclyde Case,
200

Freeman, Mr. E. A., letter of
Sir G. C. Lewis to, on the legal
status of the Cabinet, 275,
276

Frere. Sir Bartle, expressions
of sympathy with, by the Queen,
during the Zulu war, 330, 331

— policy of annexation recom-
mended by, 407, 408

Fugitive Slave Circulars, 195, 196

G

GlPPARD, Sir Hardinge, instance
of, in office but not in Parlia-
ment, 337, note

Gillon, Mr., motion of, for an
increased grant to the Duke of
Sussex, 226

Gladstone, Mr., action of, in the
repeal of the Paper Duties, 22

— on the practice of the House of
Lords in proposing money
grants, 24, 25

— use of a Royal warrant by, for

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