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nitely more desirable, and more truly ho-drink, or whatsoever you do, do all to the
there are pleasures for evermore." Amen.
* Prov. xvi. 32.
And all the days thật Adam lived, were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died.-GENESIS V. 5 If to trace the origin of particular nations; quences of whose actions we are all to this if to mark, and to account for, the rise and day involved ? progress of empire, the revolutions of states, În pursuing this important inquiry, we the discovery of new worlds, be an interest- have God himself for our guide, and we ing, pleasant, and useful exercise of the hu- plunge into the dark regions of the remotest man mind; how amusing, interesting, and antiquity, lighted by that gracious Sririt, to instructive must it be, to trace HUMAN NA- whom all nature stands confessed, and with TURE itself to its source! Placed beneath whom the whole extent of time is a single the throne of God, it is pleasing to observe point, an unchanging now. how the heavens and the earth took their God having framed and fitted up this vast beginning; and by what means this globe fabric, this magnificent palace, the earth, was at first peopled, and continues to be worthy of the inhabitant whom he designed filled with mer. ' If there be a natural, and to occupy it, and worthy of himself; having not illaudable propensity, in individuals, to formed, arranged, and fructified the yaridive into the pedigree of their families; and ous and innumerable vegetable and animal in nations, w fix that of their princes, he-tribes; having created, suspended, and baroes and legislators; is it possible to want lanced the greater and the lesser lights, and curiosity, or to miss entertainment, when settled the economy of the whole host of the history of the venerable Father of all heaven; at length, with all the solemnity Men is presented to our attention---that of and majesty of Deity, as with the maturity Adam, to whom we feel ourselves closely of deliberation, as with a peculiar effort of ullied by condition and by blood, however divine power and skill, he designs and prounconnected we may seem to be with most duces Adam, the first of men. When the of the collateral branches of the family: of earth is to be fashioned, and the ocean to be whose nature we all partake; by whose con- poured into its appointed bed; when the duct we are all affected, and in the conse- / firmament is to be expanded, and suns to be
tighted up, God says, Let them be, and they | mission and gratitude; entering on his emare created. But when man is to be made, ployment with alacrity and joy; surveying the creating Power seems to make a so- his ample portion with complacency and delemn pause, retires within himself, looks for light. The prosecution of his pleasant task a model by which to frame this exquisite unfolds to him still new wonders of divine piece of workmanship, and finds it in him- power and skill. The flower, and the shrub, self. “And God said, let us make man in and the tree, disclose their virtues, uses, and our image, after our likeness; and let them ends, to his observing eye. Every beast of have dominion over the fish of the sea, and the field spontaneously ministers to his pleaover the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, sure or his advantage; all the host of heaven and over all the earth, and over every creep- stands revealed to his capacious soul; and ing thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God himself
, the great Lord of all, delights God created man in his own image, in the in him, and converses with him as a father image of God created he him, male and fe- and a friend. male created he them."
But yet he is alone; and therefore, even in Thus then was brought into existence, the paradise, but half blessed. The exulting father and founder of the human race. And heart of man pants for communication of O, how fair nust that form have been, which satisfaction, and the rich profusion of Eden the fingers of God framed, without the in- is but half relished and enjoyed, because tervention of a second cause? How capa- there is no partaker with him. Being corcious that soul which the breath of God im- poreal and earthly, he is unfit for the society mediately inspired! But glorious and perfect of pure spirits; being rational and divine, he as he is, Adam, upon his very first reflection, is above the society of the most sagacious of feels himself a dependent and a limited be the subject tribes. “ For Adam," in the wide ing: No sooner has his eye ascended to extended creation, “there was not found an God who made him, than it returns to the help meet for him.” But no sooner is the earth from whence he was taken; and the want felt, than it is supplied. God, who does very first excursion of reason informs him nothing imperfectly, at length makes the that he is at the disposal of another, and re- happiness of paradise complete, and fills up strained by a law. He receives a whole the measure of Adam's joy. “And the Lord globe, over which he is permitted an un- caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and limited sovereignty: but one tree is re- he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and served, as a token of his subjection. Every closed up the flesh instead thereof. And the plant in paradise offers itself to gratify his rib which the Lord had taken from man, sense, every animal does homage at his feet; made he a woman, and brought her unto the but the sight of one kind of fruit in the midst man. of the garden continually reminds him, that What an important era in the life of Adam! he himself is dependent up in, and account. What a new display of the Creator's power, able to God; and while six parts of time are and skill, and goodness! How must the spirit allowed for his own employments and de- of devotion be heightened, now that man lights, the seventh is set apart, sacred to his could join in social worship! What additional Maker.
satisfaction in contemplating the frame, orBehold him then taking prissession of his der, and course of nature, now that he posfair inheritance, of his vast empire, in all sessed the most exalted of human joys, that the majesty of unclouded yeason, all the of conveying knowledge to a beloved object! beauty of perfect innocence; possessed of Now that he can instruct Eve in the wonevery bodily, of every mental endowment. ders of creation, and unfold to her their Ma. His numerous vassals of the brute creation ker's nature, perfections, and will! What a present themselves before hijn; at one glance new flavour have the fruits which grow in he discovers their nature and qualities, and the garden of God acquired, now that they gives them suitable names. But, while he are gathered by the hand of conjugal affecis invested in the property of a world, he re- tion, and recommended to the taste by the ceives it as a charge for which he is to be smile of complacency and love !-Ah! why responsible: “The Lord God took the man, were not joys like these permanent as they and put him into the garden of Eden, to were pure? Was bliss like this bestowed but keep it;" and he for whom God and nature to be blasted? And must Adam's chief felicity had produced all things in a luxuriant abund- issue in his ruin? ance, has nevertheless employment assigned We are reluctantly brought forward to him; he is placed in the garden to dress it. that awful revolution, which at length took And can any of nis degenerate sons then place in Adam's condition and character. Of dream of independent property; or reckon the duration of his innocence and happiness want of employment to be an honourable we have no account. His history now bedistinction ?
comes blended with that of the wicked and Behold him accepting his cherge with sub- malignant spirit, who had “ left his first es. * Gen, i. 26, 27.
• Gen. ii. 21, 22 P
late" of holiness and felicity: and who, hav- of love, has in a moment learned to reproach ing artfully seduced our first parents from and upbraid. The heart which glowed at the their innocence, exposed them to the wrath promise and the prospect of a fair, numerous, of God, procured their expulsion from para- and happy progeny, now sinks in dejection dise, rendered them a prey to fear, shame, and at the dismal apprehension of that guilt and remorse, and subjected them to pain, disease woe, in which his folly had plunged all his and death.
hapless children. Where innocence sat enThe circumstances of the case, according throned, there fell despair broods over her to the scripture account of it, were these. own stinging reflections, and tormenting The devil observed the serpent to be an ani- fears. Above, the awful throne of an offend. mal of peculiar sagacity and penetration, and ed God; beneath, a fathomless gulf, kindled fixes on him as a fit instrument of seduction. by the breath of Jehovah as a stream of Fearing a repulse from the superior firmness brimstone; within, a troubled conscience, and discernment of the man, he watches for, like the raging sea, incapable of taking rest. and finds the unhappy moment, when the “The glory is departed: the gold is become woman, being separated from her husband, dim, and the most fine gold changed.” opposed to his wiles inferior powers of rea And now too a revolution in outward cirson and intelligence, with greater softness cumstances takes place, corresponding to that and pliancy. He addresses himself to a prin- which had passed on his internal constituciple in her nature, the immoderate indul- tion and character. Adam must no longer gence of which has proved fatal to so many possess that paradise of which he had renthousands of her daughters, curiosity; curi- dered himself unworthy. Justice drives out osity, the investigator of truth, the mother of from Eden the man, who had cast himself out invention; curiosity, the prompter to rash- from the favour of God. A wall reaching up ness, the parent of danger, the guide to ruin. to heaven, and immoveable as the decree of Having first gained her attention, he excites the Eternal, prevents the possibility of reher to doubt and to reason in the face of a turn. The flaming sword of the cherubim positive command; rouses in her a spirit of bars all access to the tree of life. His labour, pride and ambition; and at length persuades formerly his delight, must henceforward be her to make the fatal experiment. She eats accompanied with pain. The subject tribes of the prohibited tree, and, by transgression, throw off their allegiance, and either shun, or accuires the knowledge of evil, whereas she threaten their Lord. The elements change had hitherto known only good.
their influence, and his fair domain becomes By what arguments Adam was prevailed a vast solitude. The sole partner of his forupon to become a partner of her guilt, we mer joys, now become the cause and the are not informed. From the apology he companion of his guilt, becomes also the made for his conduct, it is to be inferred that companion of his woe.
Mutual reflections female insinuation and address misled him and reproaches embitter and increase their from the law of his God. And thus were both common misery; and stern death stares them ruined by the operation of principles in them in the face. selves good and useful; but carried to excess, But will God contend for ever, will he be unchecked by reason, unawed by religion always wroth? Then “the spirit should fail Eve perished by a curious and ambitious de- before him, and the souls which he had sire after a condition for which God and na- made.” Behold a dawn of hope arises, and ture had not designed her, a desire to be “as the promise of the Most High saves from God, to know good and evil;” Adam fell by despair. The moment man becomes, and complaisance to his wife, carried to unmanly feels himself, a miserable offender, that moweakness and compliance, yielding to his ment is the gospel preached unto him; as the subject, bidding defiance to his sovereign. woman was first in the transgression, so from
And what words can express, what heart her the prospect of salvation arises; and it is can conceive the bitter change! All his declared that “the old serpent, who is the posterity have experienced the melancholy devil and Satan," who had, in deceiving her, transition from health to sickness, from ease destroyed her posterity, should by one who to pain: very many have passed from afflu- was peculiarly her posterity, be destroyed ence to indigence, from glory to shame, and and slain. Thus they leave Eden, supported not a few have exchanged empire itself for and cheered with the expectation of triumph banishment or a dungeon. But more than over their bitter enemy, and of being restored the accumulated weight of all these at once, at length to the favour of their offended God. falls on the devoted head of our guilty first to keep alive this hope, as well as to afford father. The eyes, which before met the ap- present relief from shame, at this period, 1. proach of God with rapture, now are clouded would appear, sacrifice was instituted. The with sorrow, tremble with fear, or strain same victim shed its blood, the type of atonewith remorse and horror, at the voice of the ment: and furnished its skin to clothe the Almighty. That tongue, which was once naked, thereby presenting the emblem of a tuned only to the accent and the language perfect righteousness, to cover and shelter
the naked soul. And thus early, distinctly designed of God to be, and is in itself, the
An event now took place in Adani's family In process of time, however, Adam has by which every former grief must have been the felicity of becoming a father; and en- renewed and embittered; and to his inexjoys the satisfaction of seeing the blessing pressible mortification he finds himself a root pronounced upon him in his better state, of bitterness, of which all his branches must notwithstanding his apostacy, taking effect. and do partake. Cain, incensed at the preferEve becomes the joyful mother, perhaps at sence given to his brother's offering, burning one birth, of two sons, and the earth begins with envy and resentment, watches his opporto be replenished. Behold the first parents tunity, and finding himself alone with him in of mankind exulting in affections unknown, the field, puts Abel to death. Thus man unfelt before; exulting in this fresh proof becomes the executioner of the dreadful senthat God had not forgotten to be gracious. tence of the divine law, upon man—brother Behold the nuptial tie strengthened and con- upon brother. What must have been the firmed; the voice of upbraiding and re- emotions of Adam's soul when these sad proach turned to the language of gratula- news were brought him! To lose a son, a tion, complacency, and love.
pious, promising son: almost an only one; Adam observes, with growing delight, his prematurely, unexpectedly, by the hand of sons increasing in stature and wisdom. Stung his own brother! The one dead! the other with keen reflection upon the happiness worse than dead; a wretch unworthy to live! which he had vilely thrown away, and the How would his own transgression again misery which he had entailed upon his hap- stare him in the face! How would he again less children, how would he exert himself accuse himself as the author of his own to repair that loss! How forcibly inculcate, wretchedness, and the propagator of wo on by his own fatal example, the obligations of wo to his posterity! The empire of Satan God's holy law! With what gratitude lead over this miserable world would now seem them to the promised atonement! With confirmed; and the purpose of the divine what heartfelt delight infuse knowledge into grace would be apparently defeated. But their opening minds!
God yet takes pity on fallen, guilty man, Man is destined to labour from the be- being mindful of his promise; and Seth is ginning; and, for his punishment, guilty given to supply the loss of Abel-Seth, in man must labour with the sweat of his whose line the promise runs, and of whom brow. But all the punishments of Heaven as concerning the flesh Christ should come. in reality, and in the issue, are blessings. And thus the divine interpositions always It is the privilege and the happiness of Adam seasonably and suitably meet our necessities and all his sons to be employed, though to and wants. weariness and fatigue. Accordingly the Adam's own forfeited life is prolonged to heirs and possessors of the whole globe, as many generations, and he lives to see his soon as they arrive at man's estate, betake posterity increased to a great multitude, inthemselves to the humble and necessary oc- venting and cultivating the arts which supcupations of that simple state of human na- port, adorn, or comfort life. But the time ture. “ Abel was a keeper of sheep, and approaches, at last, that he must die. Mercy Cain was a tiller of the ground.”
flew as on the wings of a dove to his relief; But Adam, we find, has taught his sons to justice walks with slow and steady steps to blend religion with their secular employ- his punishment. By himself sin had entered ments; nay, to make their very employments into the world, and death must inevitably the monitors and the means of religious follow, and pass, upon him and upon all men. worship. “In process of time it came to He had seen the ghastly appearance of death, pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the in the person of his murdered son; he must ground an offering unto the Lord. And now drink the bitter cup for himself; “ And Abel he also brought of the firstlings of his the days that Adam lived, were nine hunflock, and of the fat thereof; and the Lord dred and thirty years, and he died." had respect to Abel, and to his offering; but This is the end of all men, and the living unto Cain and his offering he had not re- should lay it to his heart. And thus at spect."* And O, how early did the differ-length decayed the fabric which God himent passions and affections of the human self had reared; thus“ the dust returned to mind discover themselves! Abel brings with the earth as it was, and the spirit to God who his offering, an humble, pious, and believing gave it.” And thus must conclude the hisspirit. Cain approaches the altar of God tory of every life, though protracted to a with a proud, selfish, murderous heart. And thousand years, whether adorned with virmelancholy it is to observe, the first quarrel tues, or sullied with vice, whether passe:] in the world, the first human blood that was with noise on the great theatre, or obscurely shed, were occasioned by religion, which is spent in the shade. To this complexion the * Gen. iv. 4,5.
wise and the beautiful, the brave and the
good, as well as the simple and the homely, | furnishing matter for a little conversation. the timid and the vicious, must come at last. There must be more virtue, religion, and “ Here the rich and the poor meet together; good sense among the young men of the here the wicked cease from troubling, and age, before this crying evil be remedied. the weary are at rest."
Finally, let us take the conclusion of the The next Lecture, if God permit, will at- book of God, and the bright prospect which tempt to exhibit to you, the comparison and it discloses to our view, to support and contrast of the first and second Adam: in cherish us under the melancholy scene ex. the former of whom all died; and by the hibited to us in the beginning of it.
“ AClatter, an elect world is made alive, and cording to his promise, we look for new “raised up together, and made to sit to heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth gether in heavenly places in Christ Jesus." righteousness.” “ And he that sat upon the
Let us endeavour to improve what has throne said, Behold I make all things new."* been said; by learning habitually to acknow- " And he showed me a pure river of water ledge, adore, and serve the great Author and of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of preserver of our being, who has lavished so the throne of God, and of the Lamb. In much goodness upon us, who adorned our the midst of the street of it, and on either nature with his own glorious image, pitied side of the river, was there the tree of life us in our low and lost estate, and has laid which bare twelve manner of fruits, and help for us on one who is mighty to save: yielded her fruit every month: and the and who, by the exceeding great and pre- leaves of the tree were for the healing of cious promises of the gospel, is aiming at the nations. And there shall be no more making us partakers of a divine nature, and curse; but the throne of God, and of the delivering us from that bondage of corrup- Lamb, shall be in it, and his servants shall tion, in which we are sunk by reason of sin. serve him. And they shall see his face, and
Let us learn, secondly, from the sad ex- his name shall be in their foreheads. And ample of the first transgression, to rest con- there shall be no night there, and they need tented with that state and condition which no candle, neither light of the sun: for the Providence has assigned us in life; to use Lord God giveth them light, and they shall only lawful means for bettering it; to make reign for ever.”“I beheld, and lo, a great the known will of God the only rule of con- multitude which no man could number, of duct; never to reason and tamper with all nations and kindreds, and people and temptation; but to repel or flee from it at tongues, stood before the throne, and before once: and to shun those as our worst ene- the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and mies, who, on any occasion or pretence, palms in their hands; and cried with a loud would attempt to make us think lightly of voice, saying, Salvation to our God which the law of God.
sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb. Let me take occasion, thirdly, from that And all the angels stood round about the institution which God designed for the com- throne, and about the elders, and the four pletion of human happiness in a state of in- beasts, and fell before the throne on their nocence, and for the mutual assistance and faces and worshipped God; saying, Amen: comfort of the sexes, in their fallen condi- blessing, and glory, and wisdom, and thankstion, to censure and condemn that spirit and giving, and honour, and power, and might practice of celibacy, which is one of the be unto our God for ever and ever. Amen. crying vices of our own age and country, And one of the elders answered, saying unto and which is equally inimical to religion, to me, What are these which are arrayed in good morals, to public spirit, and human white robes? And whence came they? And comfort
. He who says, or lives as if he I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he thought, that it is good for man to be said unto me, These are they which came alone,” gives the lie to his Maker; sins out of great tribulation, and have washed against the constitution of his nature, dis- their robes, and made them white in the honours his parents; defrauds another of one blood of the Lamb. Therefore are they beof the justest rights of humanity, and in a fore the throne of God, and serve him day case too where it is impossible so much as to and night in his temple, and he that sitteth complain; and exposes himself to commit on the throne shall dwell among them. offences against society which are not to be They shall hunger no more, neither thirst mentioned in this place. In truth, celibacy any more, neither shall the sun light on is a vile compound of avarice and selfish- them, nor any heat; for the Lamb, which is Tiess, which would fain pass upon the world in the midst of the throne shall feed them, for prudence and self-denial; and the state and shall lead them unto living fountains of of our own country at present, in this re- waters: and God shall wipe away all tears spect, looks as if a single state, as in Ro- from their eyes." I man Catholic countries, were estabụished by Thus the mercy of God, and the blood of a law, but that the laity, not the clergy, the Lamb, remove the guilt, and rectify the were bound b. It But, alas! I am only * Rev. xxi. 5. + Rev. xxii. 1-5 | Rev. vii. 9–17.