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234245 CONTENTS.

PAGE LECT. 1. INTRODOCTORY Lecture. Rom. xv. 4.......5

2. History of Adam. Gen. v. 5................8 3. Adam and Christ compared. 1 Cor. xv. 45..13 4. History of Cain and Abel. Heb. xi. 4......17 5. History of Cain. 1 John iii. 11, 12. .20 6. History of Enoch. Gen. v. 24..............24 7. History of Noah. Gen. v. 28, 29.............28 8. History of Noah. Gen. vii. 1........... .32 9. Noah and Christ compared. Isaiah liv. 7-10....

36 10. History of Abram. Gen. xii. 1.... 41 11. History of Abram. Gen. xiii. 8. ........ .45 12. History of Melchizedec. Gen. xiv. 18. Psalm cx. 4. Heb. vi. 20. ....

.49 13. History of Abram. Gen. xv. 17, 18. ..........55 14. History of Abram. Isaiah xxviii. 16......59 15. History of Abraham. Heb. xiii. 2........63 16. History of Abraham. James ii. 23. .67 17. History of Abraham. Heb. xi. 17–19. .....71 18. History of Abraham. Heb. xi. 13-16......75 19. Introductory Lecture. Zech. j. 5, 6.........79 20. History of Isaac. Gen. xxv. 1]. ..........83 21. History of Isaac. Gen. xxvi. 23-25....... .87 22. History of Isaac. Gen. xxvii. 1-5........92 23. History of Jacob. Gen. xxv. 27–34. .. .. .. .96 24. History of Jacob. Gen. xxviii. 5. 10. .....100 25. History of Jacob. Gen. xxix. 20..........104 26. History of Jacob. Gen. xxx. 25—30......107 27. History of Jacob. Gen. xxxii. 9—11......112 28. History of Jacob. Gen. xlii. 36–38. .....116 29. History of Jacob and Joseph. Gen. xxxvii. 3, 4.......

.121 30. History of Joseph. Gen. xxxix. 2–6......125 31. History of Joseph. Gen. xli. 38–44... ..130 32. Histoły of Joseph. Gen. xlv. 3–5. .......135 2. History of Jacob and Joseph. Gen. xlv. 24-28.......

......140 34. History of Jacob and Joseph. Gen. xlix.

.145 85. History of Joseph. Gen. 1. 24-26........149 36. History of Moseg. Exod. ii. 1-10........154 37. Introductory Lecture. Luke xx. 27–38. .158 38. History of Moses. Heb. xi. 24–27........164 39. Flistory of Moses. Exod. iii. 13, 14. ... ...]68 40. History of Moses. Exod. vi. 9. ...........172 41. History of Mosea. Exod. vi. 1.... .177 42. History of Moses. Exod. x. 7... .181 13. History of Moses. Exod. xii. 1-3........185 44. History of Moses. Exod. xii. 26, 27. Psalm

xi. 58..... 15. History of Moses. Exod. xiii. 17–22. .....194 46. History of Moses. Exod. xiv. 21, 22. ....199 47. Ilistory of Moses. Exod. xv. 1, 2. .....204 48. History of Moses. Exod. xv. 23—27......209 49. History of Moses. Exod. xvi. 11–15. .....213 50. History of Moses. Exod. xvii. 1, 2. 5, 6...218

Pama
Lect.51. History of Mosos. Exod. xvii. 8–13. .....223

52. History of Moses. Exod. xviii. 7-12. ...227
53. History of Moses. Exod. xix. 16–22. .....232
54. History of Moses, Josh. i. 17. John i. 17..237
55. Introductory Lecture. 2 Tim. i. 8–10....243
56. History of Moses. Exod. xxiv. 15–18... .248
57. History of Moses. Exod. xxxii. 1-4......253
58. History of Moses. Exod. xxxiii. 8-11....258
59. History of Moses. Exod. xxxiii. 18. .....263
60. History of Moses. Exod. xxxiv. 29, 30..268
61. History of Moses. Exod. xxxix. 42, 43..271
62. History of Moses. Exod. xl. 17.34–38....276
63. History of Aaron. Numb. xx. 23–29....282
64. History of Aaron. Numb. xx. 23--29....286
65. History of Aaron. Numb. xx. 23—29. ...291
66. History of Aaron. Numb. xx. 23–29....295
67. History of Balaam. 2 Peter ii. 15, 16.....300
68. History of Balaam. Numb. xxii. 21......305
69. History of Balaam. 2 Peter ii. 15, 16. ....310
70. History of Balaam. Numb. xxiii. 10......315
71. History of Balaam. Rev. ii. 14..........319
72. Introductory Lecture. Rev. xx. 11–13..324
73. History of Moses. Numb. xxi. 4-9......329
74. History of Moses. Namb. xxvii. 12-14..334
75. History of Moses. Numb. xxxi. 1, 2.....338
76. History of Moses. Numb. xxxv. 9-15....341
77. History of Moses. Deut. i. 3............345
78. History of Moses. Deut. xxxi. 1-3......348
79. History of Moses. Deut. Ixxi. 7, 8. ......353
80. History of Moses. Deut. xxxiii. 1........357
81. History of Moses. Deut. xxxiii. 1........363
82. History of Moscs. Deut. xxxiv. 1-6....368
83. History of Moses. Deut. xxxiv. 10–12. ...372
84. History of Moscs. Deut. xviii. 15–18.
Acts iii. 22....

.............378
85. History of Moses. Luke ix. 28–35. .....382
86. Introductory Lecture. Gen. ii. 18........386
87. History of Deborah. Judges iv. 4, 5.......39?
87. History of Deborah. Judges iv. 21–23. ...306
89. History of Deborah. Judges v. 1–5... ...399
90. History of Deborah. Judges v. 12, 13. ... 403
91. History of Deborah. Judges v. 20, 21. ....407
92. History of Ruth. Ruth i. 1-5....
43. History of Ruth. Ruth i. 14—18. .415
84. History of Ruth. Ruth i. 19–22.......
95. History of Ruth. Ruth ii, 1–3...
96. History of Ruth. Ruth ii. 4...... .427
97. History of Ruth. Ruth ij. 5–17..........431
98. History of Ruth. Ruth ii. 19—23; iji. 1.. ..436
99. History of Ruth. Ruth iv. 13–17.........440
100. History of Hannah, the mother of Samuel.
1 Samuel i. 1-8............

........444 101. History of Hannah. 1 Samuel i. 9-18. ...448 102 History of Hannah. 1 Samuel i. 19–23...452 103. History of Hannah. 1 Samuel i. 24-28...456 104. History of Hannah. 1 Samuel ii. 1-10... 459

1. 33.........

.411

..420

.......190

PAGE

Paor

LECT. 105. History of Hannah 1 Sam. 11. 18—21...464 LECT. 120. History of Jesus Christ. Luke iv. 20-22..5:28

106. History of Hannah. 1 Sam. ii. 12—17.

1214 History of Jesus Christ. Matthew iv.

23, 24. ....

..467

12-2...

533

107. History of Hannah. 1 Samuel ii. 26. .....471 122 History of Jesus Christ. Before the ad.

108. History of Jesus Christ. John i. 1-14..476

ministration of the Lord's Supper.-

109. History of Jesus Christ. Isaiah liji. 8...481

Luke x. 17-22.

.539

110. History of Jesus Christ. Haggai ii. 6–1..484 123. History of Jesus Christ. John ii. 1-11..546

111. History of Jesus Christ. Luke i. 11–20..488 124. History of Jesus Christ. Luke iv. 38–44..553

112. History of Jesus Christ. Luke i. 26–33...492 125. History of Jesus Christ. John ii. 13-17..550

113. History of Jesus Christ. Luke ii. 1-14...496 126. History of Jesus Christ. John ii. 18–25. -564

114. History of Jesus Christ. Luke ii. 40......500 127. History of Jesus Christ and the Resurrean

115. History of Jesus Christ. Luke ii. 41–52. 503

tion.-Aner administering the Lord's

116. History of Jesus Christ. Luke iii. 21–23. 507

Supper.- 1 Corinthians xv. 35–44......570

117. History of Jesus Christ Matthew iv.

128. History of Jesus Christ. John iv. 46–54..578

1–11.........

512 129. History of Jesus Christ. Matthew viii.

118. History of Jesus Christ. Luke iv. 13–32. .517

512. Luke vii. 1-10.....

..........582

119. History of Jesus Christ. Luke iv. 16–2..522 130 History of Jesus Christ. John vi. 1-14..589

SACRED BIOGRAPHY.

LECTURE I.

For whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our learning, that we through patience

and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.-ROMANS XV. 4. Various methods have been employed, athibited a collection of striking portraits, for different periods and by different persons, to our entertainment and instruction. In conconvey useful knowledge to mankind. The templating these, we seem to expatiate in a knowledge most useful and most important vast gallery of family pictures, and take deto man, is that of morals and religion. These light in observing and comparing the various sciences not only afford the most pleasant and features of the extensive kindred, as they reelevating subjects of meditation, but evident- semble or differ from each other; and through ly possess a very powerful influence over hu- the physiognomy piercing into the heart, we man happiness, both in the life which now is, find them, though dead, yet speaking and and in that which is to come.

pleasing companions. The principles of morality and religion The holy scriptures possess an acknowhave, by some, been delivered in short, plain, ledged superiority over all other writings, in and nificant sentences; and have been left all the different kinds of literary composition; to produce their effect, by their own weight and in none more than in that species of hisand evidence. Public teachers have, at other torical composition which is called BIOGRAtimes, taken pains to explain and enforce Phy, or a delineation of the fortunes, characthese principles; have demonstrated their ter, and conduct of particular persons: and reasonableness and utility; and have exhi- that, whether the historians be themselves bited the criminality, the danger, and the the men whom they describe and record; or misery, of neglecting or transgressing them. whether, from proper sources of information The charms and graces of poetry have been they record the lives and actions of others. employed to set off the native, modest beau These Lectures, undertaken at your re ties of truth and virtue, and allegory has quest, and humbly submitted to your candid spread her veil over them, in order to stimu- and patient attention; and, permit me to add, late our ardour in the pursuit, and to height- intended for your religious instruction and en our pleasure in the discovery. The pene- improvement, will, through the help of God, tration of genius, the enchantment of elo present you with a course of SACRED BIOquence, and the creative energy of fancy, GRAPHY, that is, the more particular and dehave successively lent their aid to those gen- tached history of the lives of those eminent tle guides of human life, those condescending and distinguished personages whom Proviministers to human comfort.

dence raised up, and whom the Holy Spirit The historic page, that faithful and true has in the scriptures of truth represented witness, has been unfolded. Ages and gene- either as patterns for us to imitate, or as obrations elapsed and gone, have been made to jects of disesteem and aversion. We shall pass in review; and the lessons of religion endeavour to compare together those which and virtue have been forcibly inculcated, by possess more obvious and striking marks of a fair and impartial disclosure of the effects, resemblance or of dissimilitude; and they which the observance or neglect of them shall be brought, one after another, into comhave produced on the affairs of men. And parison with that pure and perfect example the pencil of history has enriched the can- of all excellence, which was exhibited by vas, not only with men in groups, but select- Him, who is “ holy, harmless, undefiled, and ing distinguished individuals, delineating separate from sinners.” them in their just proportions, and enliven Happy will your Lecturer esteem himself ing them with the colours of nature, has ex-l if be shall in any measure attain what be

ardently desires, the power of blending profit can calculate, to an instant of time, their with delight, for your use: the power with future oppositions and conjunctions ? which the lively oracles of God furnish him, Once more:-It is highly gratifying to that of rendering the errors and the vices, find ourselves in the midst of a public asas well as the wisdom and the virtue of sembly of agreeable people of both sexes, others, beneficial unto you.

and to partake of the general cheerfulness In order to justify the .lesign, for we pre- and benevolence. But what are the cheersume not to answer for the execution, we fulness and benevolence of a public assemshall en our to show the propriety and bly, compared to endearments of friendusefulness of this mode of instruction in ship, and the meltings of love? To enjoy general, and the peculiar advantages which these, we must retire from the crowd, and the sacred writers enjoy, in thus communi- have recourse to the individual. In like cating useful knowledge; and which we of inanner, whatever satisfaction and improvecourse possess, in the diligent and attentive ment may be derived from general histories perusal of their writings: and this shall of mankind, which we would not be thought serve as an Introductory Lecture to the by any means to depreciate; yet the history Course.

of particular persons, if executed with fideWe begin with attempting to show the lity and skill, while it exercises the judgpropriety and usefulness of conveying in- ment less severely, so it fixes down the atstruction by means of the historical repre- tention more closely, and makes its way sentation of the character and conduct of more directly and more forcibly to the heart. individuals, as opposed to the object of gene To those who are acquainted with this ral history.

kind of writing, much need not be said, to Now the professed purpose of all history evince the superior excellency of the sacred is, without fear or favour, without partiality penmen. Biographers merely human, neor prejudice, to represent men and things as cessarily lie under many disadvantages, and they really are—that goodness may receive are liable to many mistakes. The lapse of its just tribute of praise, and vice meet its time is incessantly thickening the veil which deserved censure and condemnation. It is is spread over remote persons and events. evident, that this end is most easily and most | The materials of history lie buried, concertainly attained, when our attention is founded, dispersed, among the ruins of anticonfined to one particular object, or to a few quity; and cannot be easily distinguished at most. This may be judged of by the and separated, even by the eye of discernteelings and operations of the mind, in the ment, and the hand of honesty, from the contemplation of other objects.

rubbish of fiction. And as they are not alWhen, from the summit of some lofty ways furnished by truth and nature, so neimountain, we survey the wide extended ther are they always selected with judge landscape; though highly delighted, we feel ment, nor employed with taste and discreourselves bewildered, and overwhelmed, by tion. the profusion and variety of beauties which Men, who only see the outside, must of nature spreads around us. But when we necessity infer the principles of human acenter into the detail of nature: when we tions from the actions themselves. And yet attend the footsteps of a friend through some no rule of judgment is more erroneous : for favoured, beautiful spot, which the eye and experience assures us, that many, perhaps the the mind can take in at once; feeling our- greater part of our actions, are not the rebelves at ease, with undivided, undistracted sult of design, and are not founded on prinattention we contemplate the whole; we ciple, but are produced by the concourse of examine and arrange the parts; the imagi- | incidents which we could not foresee, and nation is indeed less expanded, but the heart proceed from passions kindled at the mois more gratified; our pleasure is less vio- ment. lent and tumultuous, but it is more intense, Besides, every man sits down to write, more complete, and continues much longer; whether of ages past or of the present, of what is lost in respect of sublimity, is gained characters near or remote, with a bias upon in perspicuity, force, and duration.

his mind, and this he naturally endeavours to Take another instance:

-The starry hea- communicate to his reader. All men have vens present a prospect equally agreeable to their favourite periods, causes, characters; every eye. The delights of a calm, serene which, of course, they strive, at any rate, to evening, are as much ielished by the simple embellish, to support, to recommend. They and unlettered, as by the philosopher. But are equally subject to antipathies on the who will compare the vague admiration of other hand, under the influence of which, the child or the clown with the scientific joy they as naturally strive to depress, to expose, of the astronomer, who can reduce into or- and to censure what they dislike. And as der, what to the untutored eye is involved men write and speak, so they read and hear, in confusion; who can trace the path of each under the influence of prejudice and paslittle star: and, from their past appearances, sion. Where the historian's opinions coin :

cide with our own, we cheerfully allow him of truth, of pleasure, and of improvement, to be in the right; when they differ, without instantly disappear. Length of duration hesitation we pronounce him to be mis- can oppose no cloud to that intelligence, taken.

with which “a thousand years are as one Most of the writers of profane ancient day, and one day as a thousand years." The history are chargeable with an absurdity, human heart is there unfolded to our view, which greatly discredits the facts they relate, by Him“ who knows what is in man," and and reduces their works almost to the level" whose eyes are in every place, beholding of fable. They attempt too much; they the evil and the good.” The men and the must needs account for every thing; they events therein represented are universally conjecture when light fails them; and be- and perpetually interesting, for they are cause it is probable or certain that eminent blended with the things which accompany men employed eloquence on important pub- salvation," and affect our everlasting peace. lic occasions, their historians at the distance There, the writers, whether they speak of of many centuries, without record, or writ- themselves or of other men, are continually ten document of any kind whatever, have, under the direction of the Spirit of all truth from the ample store of a fertile imagination, and wisdom. These venerable men, though furnished posterity with the elaborate ha- subject to like passions with others, there rangues of generals, statesmen, and kings. speak not of themselves, but from God; "for These, it is acknowledged, are among the the prophecy came not in old time by the most ingenious, beautiful, and interesting of will of man; but holy men of God spake as the traces of antiquity which they have they were moved by the Holy Ghost."* And transmitted to us: what man of taste could "all scripture is given by inspiration of bear to think of stripping these elegant per- God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reformances of one of their chief excellencies? | proof, for correction, for instruction in rightBut truth is always injured, by every the eousness; that the man of God may be perslightest connexion with fable. The mo- fect, thoroughly furnished unto all good ment I begin to read one of the animated works.”+ speeches of a hero or a senator, which were Having premised these things, we will never composed, delivered, or written, till proceed next Lord's day, if God permit, to the historian arose, I feel myself instantly the execution of our plan; and shall begin, transported from the real theatre of human as the order both of nature and of scripture life, into a fairy region; I am agreeably prescribe, with the history of Adam, the amused, nay, delighted; but the sacred im- venerable father and founder of the human press of truth is rendered fainter and feebler race. to my mind; and when I lay down the book, Men, brethren, and fathers, we are about it is not the fire and address of the speaker, to study the lives of other men; but it conbut the skill and ingenuity of the writer cerns us much more to look well to our own. that I admire. Modern history, more cor- Our forefathers were; we are. The curtain rect and faithful than ancient, has fallen, has dropped, and has hid ages and generahowever, into an absurdity not much less tions past from our eyes. Our little scene censurable. I mean that fanciful delinea- is going on; and must likewise speedily tion of character, with which the account close. We are not, indeed, perhaps, furof certain periods, and the lives of distin- nishing materials for history.

When we guished personages, commonly conclude; die, obscurity will probably spread the veil in which we often find a bold hypothesis of oblivion over us. But let it be ever rehazarded for the sake of a point; and a membered by all, that every man's life is of strong feature added to, or taken away from importance to himself, to his family, to his a character, merely to help the author to friends, to his country, and in the sight of round his period.

God. They are by no means the best men, Finally, a great part of profane history is who have made most noise in the world; altogether uninteresting to the bulk of man- neither are those actions most deserving of kind. The events recorded are removed to praise, which have obtained the greatest

vast distance, and have entirely spent their share of fame. Scenes of violence and blood; force. The actors exhibited are either too the workings of ambition, pride, and revenge, lofty to admit of our approach, with any in- compose the annals of men. But piety and terest or satisfaction to ourselves; too bru- purity, temperance and humility, which are tal to be considered without disgust, or too little noticed and soon forgotten of the world, low to be worthy of our regard. The very are held in everlasting remembrance before scenes of action are become inaccessible or God. And happy had it been for many of unknown; are altered, obliterated, or disre- those, whose names and deeds have been garded. Where Alexander conquered, and transmitted to us with renown, if they had how Cæsar fell, are to us mere nothings. never been born.

But on opening the sacred volume, all One corruption subdued, is a victory infithese obstructions in the way of knowledge,

| 2 Timothy iii. 16, 17

* 2 Peter i. 21.

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