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to receive you. Let there be joy in heavens a sense of responsibility to God, to their concerning you. Now, now is the season for pupils, to their country. The history under laying the foundation of useful life, respect- review presses one point upon you, as of able age, comfortable death.

singular moment, and closely connected with But what do I see? That youthful face every article of education and consequent already degraded by vice! so young, and so improvement; I mean the study of the happy, horrid: Unhappy youth, the depravity of but difficult medium, between excessive inthy heart is painted on thy forehead. The dulgence, and oppressive severity. The sight of thy own countenance filleth thee steady firmness of Hannah, the mother of with horror. Shame and remorse are prey- Samuel, furnishes an useful example. If ing on the marrow in thy bones. In the ever there was a child in danger of being hours of solitude and retirement, stretched corrupted by indulgence, it was he. But no on thy bed to which sleep is a stranger, thou symptom of it appears. He is treated as a ait constrained to reflect on the wretched- mere ordinary lad, and from his earliest years, ness of thy condition; thou feelest thyself to old age, evinces, by his conduct, the exunworthy of the praises bestowed upon thee, cellence of the precepts, and the steadiness by the partiality of those who know thee of the discipline which formed his character, not; thou blushest in secret, and art filled and laid the foundation of his eminence. He with indignation against thyself, on calling leaves home, and parts with his parents, to remembrance the innocence and simplicity while yet a child, with manly fortitude. Alof happier days. Thou givest up thyself as ready under habits of submission to parental lost. No, young man, do not abandon thy- authority, he cheerfully transfers that subself to despair: add not this to thy offences; mission to a stranger, to Eli. Untainted by there is help for thee, let it reanimate thy imaginary terrors, the darkness of the night, courage. Though “cast down" thou art the solemnity of the house of the Lord, silence “not destroyed. However debased that and solitude, and sleep disturbed by extraface, it is in thy power to amend, to en- ordinary and unseasonable voices, excite in noble it. Thou wert not destined always to him no silly apprehension, draw from him no remain an innocent child, nor couldest thou: childish complaint, deter him from the perby stumbling and falling thou wert to be in- formance of no duty. In all this we cannot structed how to walk and run. Wert thou but recognize the wisdom, the constancy, the wounded and bruised; wert thou plunged fortitude of his excellent mother. Had she into the abyss? There is an arm nigh thee, been foolishly fond, he had been peevish, and which is able to raise thee up, to strengthen petulant, and timid, and discontented. Take and to heal thee. Multitudes like thyself a lesson from her, ye mothers of young chilhave been recovered, restored, established. dren. If you would have these children " As a father pitieth his children, so the happy, they must betimes be inured to subLord” will have mercy upon thee, and for-jection, to privation, to restraint. To multigive and receive thee. The impure, the ply their desires by unbounded gratification, profane, the blasphemer, the chief of sinners, is the sure way to multiply their future pains have repented, have returned, have found fa- and mortifications. Reduce their wants and vour; there is hope also concerning thee. wishes to the standard of nature, and you Only for the Lord's sake, and for thy soul's proportionably enlarge their sphere of enjoysakė, proceed no farther, persevere no longer ment. Let them contract no fear but that in an evil course. One step forward may be of offending God, and of committing sin. Let fatal; to-morrow may find thee in the place them learn to consider all places, all seasons, where there is no hope. “Behold now is the all situations as equal, when duty calls. Imaccepted time, behold now is the day of sal- press on their opening minds the two great vation." “Seek the Lord while he may be precepts on which "hang all the law and the found, call upon him while he is near." prophets,” to love the Lord their God, and "The wind is boisterous," the sea rages, their fellow-creatures. Lead their infant thou art “ beginning to sink,” thou art ready steps to the Friend of little children, to the to perish ; but shalt not, whilst thou art able Saviour of mankind; to the knowledge, the to exclaim, “ Lord save me:" for behold "a belief, the love, the hope, the consolations of very present help in trouble ;" that helping the gospel, and thereby preserve them “ from hand which snatched Peter from the roaring paths wherein destroyers go." gulf

. “And immediately Jesus stretched The profligate character and untimely end forth his hand and caught him, and said unto of Eli's sons, on the other hand, afford a him, O thou of little faith, wherefore didst solemn admonition of the inevitably ruinous thou doubt ?"*

effects of unbounded indulgence to the pasI concludle with calling upon parents, and sions and caprices of youth. Had they been guardians, and instructers of youth, seriously early habituated to the wholesome restraints to consider the importance of the trust com- of piety, decency, and justice, they could not mitted unto them; and to discharge it under have become thus criminal, nor would have * Matt, xiv. 31.

| perished thus miserably. In the excesses

which they committed, we clearly see the , So long as God “waiteth to be gracious," relaxed government, the careless inspection, surely it well becomes man to “put on bowthe unbounded licentiousness of their father's els of mercies, kindness, meekness, longsufhouse. Neglect, in this case, occasioned fering, forbearance, forgiveness, and charity, the mischief. And the neglected field will which is the bond of perfectness." soon be overrun with noxious weeds, though Thus have I finished what I proposed, in you sow, designedly, no poison in it. Fa- attempting to delineate the female character, thers, see to it that your instructinns be by instances taken from the sacred record. bound, that your deportment be regular, that In these, and in the case of every virtuous your discipline be exact. Account nothing woman, we see the great Creator's design unimportant that affects the moral and re- fully justified, in making for man an help ligious character of your son. Precept will meet for him.” That which is necessary go so far, example will go farther; but au- cannot be despised; that which is useful thority must support and enforce both the one ought to be valued; that which is excellent and the other." You cannot, indeed, com- commands respect; that which is improvemunicate the spirit of grace, but you can able calls for cultivation. Bad men only recertainly form youth to habits of decency and vile and undervalue the other sex: the weak order: and habitual decency is nearly allied and ignorant idolize and worship it. The to virtue, and may imperceptibly improve into man of sense and virtue considers woman as it. Do your part, and then you may with his equal, his companion, his friend, and treats confidence " cast all your care" on God. her accordingly; for friendship excludes

May it not be necessary to throw in a short equally invective and flattery. In the educaword of caution against the opposite extreme, tion and treatment of females, too much atthat of excessive severity to offending youth? tention has, perhaps, been paid to sex. Why This indeed is not so common as corruptive should they be for ever reminded that they indulgence; but this too exists. How many are females, while it is of so much more impromising young men have been forced into portance to impress upon their minds, that a continuance in an evil course, have been they are reasonable beings, endowed with driven to desperation, have become “harden- human faculties, faculties capable of pervered through the deceitfulness of sin,” because sion or of improvement, and that they are the first deviation could find no mercy, be accountable to God for them? Wherefore cause a father armed himself with inflexible, obstruct to them one path to useful knowunrelenting sternness, for a slighter offence? ledge, one source of rational improvement, Alas, how many amiable, excellent, promis- or of harmless enjoyment? If they are des ing young women have been lost to God, to pised they will become despicable. Treated their families, to society; have been dragged either as slaves or as angels, they cease to into the jaws of prostitution, and infamy, and be companions. Prize them and they will disease, and premature death, because a fa-l become estimable; call forth their intellecther's door was shut, and a mother's heart tual powers, and the empire of science will hardened against the penitent: because her be extended and improved. native refuge was no refuge to the miser. And let them learn wherein their real able? She returned to her own, but her own value, importance, and respectability consist. received her not. Instances, however, might Not in receiving homage, but in meriting be produced of wiser conduct, and happier approbation; not in shining, but in useful consequences; of mercy extended, and the employment; not in public eminence, but in wanderer reclaimed; of human parents work-domestic dignity ; in acquiring and maintaining together with “the Father of mercies," ing influence, not by pretension, vehemence, and succeeding in rekindling the sacred or trick, which are easily seen through, and flame of virtue, in restoring peace to the always fail, but by good temper, perseverance troubled breast, in recovering the fallen, tol in well-doing, and the practice of unfeigned reputation, to piety, to comfort, to usefulness. į piety.

HISTORY OF JESUS CHRIST.

LECTURE CVIII.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shineth in darkness : and the darkness comprehended it not. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe. He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light. That was the true Light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God; even to them that believe on his name: which were born, noi of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. And the Word was mnade flesh, and dwell among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Fa. ther,) full of grace and truth.- John i. 1-14.

The idea of a beginning involves that of “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well antecedent existence, from which that be- pleased; hear ye Him." ginning originated. The beginning of a We are now therefore to comtemplate man's life implies parentage; the being of a " him, to whom all the prophets gave wittower of a city, necessarily supposes a pre- ness," in his own person, doctrine, and existent head to plan, and a hand to execute. mighty works; and, as the order of things The vast frame of Nature must have had its prescribes, our contemplation must comcommencement from a preceding skill to con- mence in what he was in the beginning, trive, and a power to perform. The Mosaic prior to the lapse of time, for "he is before account of the Creation is the only one that all things, and by him all things consist." sound reason can admit. If God created the John, the disciple whom Jesus loved," heavens and the earth, God was before the long survived the rest of his fellow-disciples. heavens and the earth. Moses the historian, He knew what some of them had written. and John the evangelist carry us back to one He lived to see the progress of the truth as and the same era, carry us up to one and the it is in Christ. He saw the divine origin of same all-wise, all-powerful Being. Nature Christianity demonstrated by its success, and and Grace issue from the same source, and he became a joyful martyr to the truth which tend toward the same grand consummation. he published to the world. A “ brother and The prophet and the apostle employ the self- companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom same terms to describe the same objects. and patience of Jesus Christ,” in common “ He that built all things is God."

with other saints, he retired into exile in It has been remarked that the four Evan- " the isle that is called Patmos," a cheerful gelists introduce their great subject in a victim to“ the word of God, and the testimony retrogade series of representation. Mat- of Jesus Christ.” In that sacred retirement, thew's gospel opens with a display of the more to be prized than all the blessings of Saviour's humanity, and presents us with society, he is visited with the visions of the his descent as a man. Mark conveys us back Almighty, and becomes the highly honoured to the age of prophecy, and “the beginning minister of unfolding the character, offices, of the gospel of Jesus Christ the Son of God" and work of his divine and beloved Master, is traced up to the predictions of Malachi and from the days of eternity to the final conIsaiah. Luke the beloved physician refers summation, when He who sitteth upon the us to the Levitical priesthood, to the altar of throne shall say, “ Behold I make all things incense, and the services of an earthly sanc. new.” The Gospel, according to St. John, tuary, "a shadow of good things to come.

." and the Revelation of St. John, may therefore But John soars above all height; he recurs be considered as together forming an abstract to the birth of nature, and ascribes that birth of the plan of Providence from the first dawn10 a pre-existent, omnifick Word, which in ing of light upon the world of nature to the “ the fulness of time was made flesh, and perfect day of the restitution of all things." dwelt among us." We have beheld his glory And one and the same Agent is represented displayed in the ages before the flood, in the as the animating principle which is before all, persons and predictions of patriarchs and pro- and through all, and in all. phets, by whom “God at sandry times and in In the beginning. The mind, with all its divers manners spake unto the fathers.” But powers, loses itself in surveying the works Moses and Elias have disappeared; the "voice and the ways of God. I have a dark, indiscrying in the wilderness" is heard no more; tinct recollection of my first emersion into it is lost in a “voice from heaven," saying, I thought. I can remember some of the im

pressions made, of the sorrows and joys felt, , into infinity it is overwhelmed and lost. If when I was a little child. Soon after I began the wisdom which cries, and the understandto exist, I began to perceive that I did exist, ing which puts forth her voice in the writings but for the knowledge of all that preceded I of Solomon, be the same with the WORD stand indebted to a father's intelligence, to a which was in the beginning, as a comparison another's tenderness. They were to me the of the two passages will render highly probeginning of days and the oracles of truth. bable, we shall have a sublime and interestTheir own pittance of illumination flowed in ing idea of this pre-existent state. The evanthe same channel. But there must have gelist says, been a point when thought began. There The word was with God, as the delibera. must have been an intelligence which could tive, active, determining principle of the communicate the power of comprehension; Eternal mind. The wise man expands the there must have been a spirit which could thought, and represents the plans of eternal breathe into man's nostrils the breath of life; Wisdom as digesting; the framing, arrangthere must have been one without a begin- ing, supporting, governing, redeeming of a ning to make a beginning. And who He world, as in contemplation. As if admitted was the evangelist unfolds.

into the counsels of peace, he thus unfolds In the beginning was the WORD. Let us the purpose of Him who worketh all things not contend about the import of a Greek term. after his own will, that all should be to the If cur evangelist has not an intention to mis- pfaise of his glory : “ The Lord possessed lead, but one lea can be affixed to that term. me in the beginning of his way, before his He is evidently describing God the creator, works of old. I was set up from everlasting, in the view of leading us to know and to ac- from the beginning, or ever the earth was. knowledge the Redeemer of mankind as one When there were no depths I was brought and the same with him. Who “was made forth; when there were no fountains aboundflesh and dwelt among us?” Who "came to ing with water. Before the mountains were his own and his own received him not ?" settled; before the hills was I brought forth; Who “was despised and rejected of men ?" while as yet he had not made the earth, nor The WORD that was in the beginning, and the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of who has revealed himself by a display of so the world. When he prepared the heavens many glorious attributes. “ Without con- I was there; when he set a compass upon troversy, great is the mystery of godliness: the face of the depth; when he established God was manifest in the flesh.” Is this pro- the clouds above; when he strengthened the position to be rejected because it is myste- fountains of the deep; when he gave to the rious ? For the same reason the system of sea his decree, that the waters should not nature, in whole, and in all its parts, is to be pass his commandment; when he appointed rejected. All is mystery; and all is revelation the foundations of the earth; then I was by and discovery, from the insect too small for him, as one brought up with him; and I was sight swimming in a drop of water, up to daily his delight, rejoicing always before yonder flaming orb which revolves at an im- him: rejoicing in the habitable part of his measurable distance over our heads. Is not earth; and my delights were with the sons man a great mystery to himself? But is he of men.” Thus was the Word with God to renounce his being because he is unable from eternity taking pleasure in the prospect to explain it? Is he to call the union of mat- of the fabric which he was about to rear; of ter with mind an absurdity, because their the creature whom he was going to frame, mutual influence escapes his penetration and whose nature he was in due time to asHow many combinations actually exist of sume; that he might make the children of which we have no perception, and which men “partakers of the divine nature," an we would pronounce to be impossible! In union as mysterious and incomprehensible as all the ways and works of the Most High that of soul and body, as that of the persons there is a wonderful mixture of luminous in the Deity, and as evidently matter of truth ness and obscurity, of minuteness and mag- and revelation as these are. nitude, of complexness snd simplicity. And And the Word was God. Here “ the disScripture exhibits the connexion of extremes ciple whom Jesus loved" recognizes in his similar to that which is apparent in the world Master, on whose bosom he leaned at supper, of nature and in the ways of Providence. This all the fulness of the godhead dwelling is a presumption at least, if not a proof that bodily.” Lest the expression, the Word was they have all one original; and who can that with God might be supposed to imply sepaoriginal be but the divine person emphati-ration, difference, as a man who sojourns cally, called THE WORD, which existed in with his friend is nevertheless a different the plenitude of power, wisdom, and good- being from that friend, the evangelist speaks ness" before the world was," but of whose out fairly, fully, unequivocally, the truth pre-existent state very general ideas only are which he himself believed, and which he was communicated. Indeed none other can be divinely inspired to deliver to mankind, that communicated, for when the mind launches they also might believe. If St. John be not

in these words delivering the doctrine of the highest glory of human nature: but this la real and proper Deity of Jesus Christ, he is bouring and working is not in aid to feeble. either himself labouring under a delusion, or ness, it goes not to the production of what he intentionally means to deceive, or there had no previous being; it simply implies the is no meaning in language, and consequently adoption of the same views with Gnd, and no distinct and safe channel of communica- the imitation of his works of goodness and tion between man and man.

mercy. The united powers of angels and The same was in the beginning with God. men are unequal to the formation of a John speaks as a prophet as well as an evan- single atom, for, to the ascription of the gelist. Foreseeing that “false teachers” creation of universal nature to the Word, should arise, “even denying the Lord that John subjoins his exclusive title to the chabought them," he employs a clearness, a co-racter of Creator: it is a glory which he will piousness, a force of expression on this not give to any other; "without him was momentous point, not to be misunderstood, not any thing made that was made." " He not to be slighted, not to be explained away. spake, and it was done; he commanded, and When a master charges his servant with a it stood fast." “God said, Let there be light, message of peculiar importance, he repeats and there was light." And who but God could it again and again, he puts it into every dif- thus speak, thus produce ? ferent form, in order to avoid ambiguity and In Him was life. In the vegetable world to prevent mistake. This is evidently the life is a state of expansion, a progress of case here. It must not be made a question. fructification, a power of reproduction, but “Of whom speaketh” the evangelist thus? all issuing in the decay and dissolution of " of himself, or of some other man?" The the parent germ. A grain of wheat in order identity of the person is ascertained beyond to vitality must itself consume. “That which the reach of doubt. He is the same before thou sowest is not quickened, except it die." time began its race; the same who set time It has not therefore life in itself. It was the a flowing; the same through every period divine mandate which first generated, and of duration; the same under every character which still supports the wonderful process. and in every condition.

“ God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, Where is the proof that the Word was the herb yielding seed, and the fruit-tree God? All things were made by him; and yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself upon without him was not any thing made that the earth, after his kind : and it was so : and was made. Behold the execution of the God saw that it was good.” From the same eternal plan. The design is copied to an fountain of life proceeded animal nature: iota. It is the incommunicable prerogative - All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of of Deity to create. He who creates cannot the field, the fowl of the air, and the fish of be himself a creature. By the Word were the sea, and whatsoever passeth through all things made, the Word therefore could the paths of the seas.". A higher species of not have been made. What God did by the life issues from the selfsame source. The Word of his power, he did by himself; and Lord God formed man of the dust of the " through faith we understand that the worlds ground, and breathed into his nostrils the were framed by the Word of God.” Mark breath of life; and man became a living the universality of this creative energy; All soul.” In all these gradations we behold a things were made by Him. The apostla vital principle, but that principle derived, makes a splendid enumeration of those all standing in need of continual supplies, and things, in his epistle to the Colossians, ch. i. hastening to extinction. Here we are preverse 16. “ For by Him were all things sented with life underived, needing no excreated, that are in heaven, and that are in ternal support, inextinguishable.“ In Him" earth, visible and invisible, whether they be supereminently “was life;" a life of which thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or man is in a peculiar sense partaker : and the powers; all things were created by him and life was the light of men. for him." Wherever therefore there is “ The light of the body is the eye;" and created existence, there is omnipotent, omni- a precious gift it is. Truly the light is present, creating, and sustaining virtue, and sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the eyes there can be but One Omnipotent, Omni- to behold the sun. .” But the faculty of vision, present. “ Angels" are said to "excel in as well as some others, is bestowed in a highstrength," but that strength is imparted, and er degree of acuteness on certain of the aniit is exerted or restrained by a will not their mal creation than upon man. He however own; they “ do His commandments, heark- possesses a light denied to the beasts that ening unto the voice of his word.” Man is perish. “There is a spirit in man, and the capable of doing great things, but his power inspiration of the Almighty giveth them unis limited to the modification of materials derstanding.” “The spirit of man is the provided to his hand. Christians are indeed candle of the Lord,” by which he is distinsaid to be “ labourers together with God," guished from, and exalted far above the and “workers togeher with him;" it is the beasts of the earth and the fowls of heaven,

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