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of peace, we hear the Son of God proclaim, and understand; he compares the model with "I am Alpha,” “the beginning." Carried the structure, and finds the tabernacle erectforward in joyful hope to the day when he ed in the plain, the perfect counterpart of the shall “ make all things new," the same voice pattern delivered in the mount—He finds still proclaims, “I am Omega,"
," " the end- the scriptures fulfilled, the predictions veriing,” “ who was, and is, and is to come.' fied, the types explained, realized, justified ; Search the Scriptures ; consult the prophets; all things finished in and by the Lord Christ. to him they “all give witness.” Meditate What hath been executed ? He hath abothe promises; "all the promises of God in lished death, that hated, hideous spectre, him are yea, and in him amen, unto the through fear of whom the fallen posterity of glory of God.” Examine the record; this is Adam are “ subject to bondage." He hath the record, that God hath given to us eternal restrained the power, put an end to the dolife; and this life is in his Son. He that minion, annihilated the existence of the king hath the Son hath life: and he that hath not of terrors. Through sin death gained adthe Son of God hath not life."* Consider mission into the world ; in sin his empire is the ministration of angels; the covenant of founded; by sin he is armed with a mortal promise was ordained by angels in the hand sting. By the great propitiation for sin he of a Mediator.” Hearken to a voice from is banished thence, his reign is terminated, the most excellent glory : “ This is my be- his sting is plucked out. Ask that sickly, loved Son in whom I am well pleased, hear pining creature, what it would be to have him." All is light and glory; but not a sin- the disease which is perceptibly preying upon gle ray of light is transmitted through any his vitals abolished? Ask that dejected primediuin but this. All is grace-free, sove soner of despair, what it would be to have his reign grace; but there is not one intimation debt discharged, and the writ of his confinegiven, not one act of favour conferred, but ment abolished ? Ask the wretch condemned, through the "one Mediator between God what it would be to have the fatal handwriand man, the Man Christ Jesus." To him ting of judgment that is against him abolishlet every knee bow, to him every tongue ed ? And let the answers you would receive confess, of things in earth and things in convey, as well as they can, a sense of the heaven. What saith the scripture ? “ He obligation under which we lie, to Him, who putteth no trust in his saints, and his angels hath done away the deadly plague which he chargeth with folly.” Is not this a plain wastes, wnich threatens, which destroys the declaration, that the highest and holiest of soul; to Him, who hath paid the enormous created beings are imperfect and dependent; debt “ to the uttermost farthing," purchased that they stand in need of a Mediator and a release, set open the prison doors; to Him Advocate in order to their acceptance with a who hath cancelled the awful sentence of a holy God? And is it not for this reason, righteous God, “ nailing it to his cross. that, “ when he bringeth in the First-begot- hath abolished death, with all the wo that ten into the world, he saith, And let all the leads to it, all the dreadful wo that is in it, angels of God worship him ?”—It being the all the more treinendous wo that succeeds: fundamental law of God's everlasting king- sickness and pain, anguish and old age: the dom before the world was, and after it shall bitter pang that rends asunder the body and be burnt up and pass away, with all that it the spirit; the hell that follows. ' And by contains, under patriarchs, prophets, and what wonderful means hath all this been apostles, under the legal and under the evan- effected ? " through death” he has destroyed gelical dispensation, under the dominion of " him that had the power of death.” Into grace and in glory, on earth and in heaven, his own snare the deceiver has fallen; by that there should be access to hope in, and his own weapons the enemy has been disacceptance with God, for men and for angels, armed; his own triumph hath proved his ruin. only through the Son of his love, the eternal “ O death, where is thy sting? O grave, Word which made and supports all things. where is thy victory? The sting of death
V. In conformity with this glorious pur- is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. But pose and grace in Christ Jesus, what hath thanks be to God which giveth us the victory, been executed ? Every thing worthy of a through our Lord Jesus Christ.”* design so grand, every thing worthy of its What hath been executed ? He hath great " Author,” worthy of the glorious brought life and immortality to light. It is * Finisher of our faith.” His appearing more than flattering hope or fond desire ; it hath made it manifest. The clearest sighted is more than the speculation of a philosophic of the prophets, like the blind man only half mind, or the presumptuousness of reasoning restored to vision, saw men but as trees walk- pride; it is more than patriarchal confidence, ing, but now, under the gospel, the dullest or the dawning light of Mosaic revelation. and most despised among believers sces every It is desire warranted, and hope supported thing plainly; he sees the eternal purpose of by facts : it is reason justified and confirmed God written in characters which he can read by demonstration; it is the morning light of • Joho y. 11, 12
• 1 Cor. xv. 55-57.
promise, advanced to the perfect day of dis- no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilcovery and accomplishment. “ He that rais- lea."* Wo be to him who striveth with ed up Christ from the dead, shall also quicken his Maker." Sinner, learn wisdom in time; your mortal bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth cease from the ruinous contention; " it is
“ For it' we believe that Jesus hard for thee to kick against the pricks ;" died, and rose again, even so them also which thou art woundins, destroying only thyself. sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.”+” Kiss thie Son lest he be angry, and ye peThis is not the cold peradventure of a sage, rish froin the way, when his wrath is kindled saying, " If in this I err, I willingly err;" but a little. Blessed are all they that put but the blessed assurance of an apostle, say- their trust in him.”+ ing, “ I know whom I have believed, and I Christians, be of good courage; am persuaded that he is able to keep that tience possess ye your souls.” God will which I have committed unto him against support and vindicate the cause that is his that day." I
" I am now ready to be offered, own. His truth and faithfulness, evinced by and the time of my departure is at hand. i the interposition of ages past, are a full secuhave fought a good fight, I have finished my rity for his care and attention through ages course, I have kept the faith. Henceforth to come. Time, which impairs all things there is laid up for me a crown of righteous- else, gives stability, force, and effect to the ness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, purposes of Heaven. The dissolution of the shall give me at that day: and not to me only, frame of nature is the consummation of the but unto all them also that love his appear- work of redemption. As the writings of ing."'S
Moses are an improvement upon the tradiAnd can it be necessary to inquire who tional knowledge of the antediluvian world ; caused this light to arise Who removed and as the gospel is an improvement upon the veil, and disclosed the hidden glories of the law and the prophets, so, “according to eternity? What power could tune the hu- his promise,” we look for a new economy, man tongue to such raptures, and inspire a which shall be an improvement upon, and an mortal breast with such holy and triumphant extension, confirmation, and accomplishment joy? “ God is the LORD, which hath show- of the gospel dispensation. ed us light.” It is “ the revelation of Jesus Learn to aspire after the honour and hapChrist, who showeth to his servants things piness of working together with God in forwhich must shortly come to pass.". By warding this gracious design. It is the the gospel life and immortality are brought glory of the most exalted of all beings; and to light;" “ Even the mystery which hath therefore, surely, deservedly claims the embeen hid from ages and from generations, but ployment of the noblest powers of man. now is made manifest to his saints : to whom What heart would not rejoice in putting God would make known what is the riches forth a helping hand towards rearing this of the glory of this mystery among the Gen- blessed fabric, were it but to drive a pin, or tiles; which is Christ in you the hope of fasten a cord. Remember that carelessness glory.”'ll
here is highly criminal; that to sit still is Learn hence the folly and danger of all not only robbing yourself of the most exquiopposition to the plans of eternal Providence. site pleasure, and declining the highest ho" He is wisc in heart, and mighty in strength: nour of which your nature is capable, but is who hath hardened himself against Him and at the same time the highest insult to your hath prospered ?"'T Why do the heathen Creator, and the most certain means of inrage, and the people imagine a vain thing ? curring his displeasure. Look around you, The kings of the earth set themselves, and and observe these myriads of fellow-creathe rulers take counsel together, against the tures, less favoured of heaven than you are ; LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let consider them well, and be to them in the us break their bands asunder, and cast away place of God. Extend to them that compastheir cords from us. He that sitteth in the sion which the Father of mercies hath exheavens shall laugh: The Lord shall have tended toward thee. them in derision. Yet have I set my King See, my brothers, they are deformed, disupon my holy hill of Zion. Ask of me, and eased in body; they are distressed in their I shall give thee the heathen for thine in- circumstances; they are grieved in mind; heritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth alas, they “ are dead in trespasses and sins!" for thy possession."** " If this counsel or this Lost to God, lost to all the valuable purposes work be of men, it will come to nought: but of existence, better for them they had never if it be of God, ye cannot overthrow it; lest been born. But yet they are your brethren; haply ye be found even to fight against they are susceptible of pleasure and pain God.”+ “Verily I say unto you, till heaven like you; the same sun enlightens them; and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in the gospel ains at relieving them as well as
you; the same God created, and sustains, 1 Thess. iv. 14. $ 2 Tim iv 6–8.
and cares for you both. Have pity upon ** Psal. ii. 2, 3, 4. 6.8. It Acts v. 38, 39.
. Rom. viii. 11.
1 2 Tim. i. 12.
* Matt. v. 18
Psaum ii, 12
thern; strive to restore them to peace with | of heaven shall be shaken, and the heavens themselves, to peace with the world, to pass away with a great noise, and the earth peace with God." It is not the will of your with all that it contains shall be consumed ! Father which is in heaven, that one of these Then thy suffering creatures, delivered from little ones should perish."* “Jesus, thou all the ills which oppressed them, shall be Son of David, have mercy upon them.” Let clothed upon with a glorious and immortal the purpose of grace comprehend them, body, fashioned like to thy glorious body; even them also.
shall be perfectly conformed to thy blessed Son of God, who didst restore agility to image—the image of the first-born among the lame, sight to the blind, hearing to the many brethren! Then the Saviour of the deaf, the faculty of speech to the dumb, life world shall pronounce, not from the expiring to the dead, and who givest wisdom to the agony of the cross, but from the radiance of wise,—thou shalt renovate all things, thou a throne above the skies, “ It is finished !" shalt abolish death and point out the path of Then He who “maketh all things new," life! O, I shall bless thee with transports shall with complacency contemplate this of joy ineffable, in the day when the powers second glorious creation, and proclaim "all
is good, yea, very good !"
* Matt. xviii. 14.
HISTORY OF MOSES.
And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. And the glory of the Lord abode
upon Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days; and the seventh day he called unlo Moses out of the midst of the cloud. And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like devouring fire on the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel. And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount; and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights. - Exodus xxiv. 15–18.
Bread is not more necessary to the sup-Icing to the summit of the burning mountain port of human life, than religion is to the to meet God. Who can walk into the midst happiness of a rational being. Man, in his of a flaming furnace and live? But is it better, his immortal part, "lives by every possible to remove from God an instant of word that proceedeth out of the mouth of time, a hair's breadth of space ? No: God God." In more than one instance the mira- is about our path and our bed, is watching cle has been exhibited, of sustaining the our going out and coming in, our lying down body without food, and yet no pain nor in- ond rising up. God is in this place: and, conveniency felt; but for the soul to exist, were our eyes opened, we should even now and to exist in comfort, undirected by the behold his face clothed with the frowns of precepts, unenlightened by the discoveries, just displeasure, or beaming with the smiles unsupported by the consolations of religion, of paternal love. is a miracle not to be performed. It is the Was the law given by the disposition of more to be lamented that the attempt is so angels," arrayed in all their majesty and often fatally made, of living without God might? O how benign their aspect, how in the world;" of pursuing a happiness that affectionate their assiduity, how vigilant is independent of the great Source of light their care, could we but behold them, while and joy; of seeking peace, rest, and enjoy- they aid the preaching of the everlasting ment in the neglect or violation of his com- gospel, while they attend the assemblies of mandments. Happy it is for men, if after a Christian church, and minister to them who having made the fruitless experiment of are the heirs of salvation! As the awful" seeking the living among the dead," and ness and solemnity of the prophet's condition after having at length discovered that suc- are not peculiar to him, and to that importcess is vanity, and that disappointment is ant occasion, so neither are the privileges vexation of spirit, have been persuaded, be- which he enjoyed, nor the communion to fore it was too late, to draw their felicity which he was admitted, peculiar and persofrom the pure and never failing sources of nal. Christian, you have but to retire into faith and a good conscience; happy they, your closet and to shut the door after you, and who, reconciled to God through Christ Jesus you are immediately on the top of a higher Vieir Lord, enjoy real tranquillity in life, mountain than Moses climbed, and are near and well-grounded hope in death.
to God as he was in the most precious moWe tremble as we behold Moses advan-lments of the most intimate communication
Alone, or in company, we have access at all the supreme Author of every establishment times to the throne of grace; and we have And he speaks thus but seldom, that all men what gave him safety and confidence in may learn to revere conscience, his vicedrawing nigh unto God-an Advocate with gerent upon earth, to study his word, the the Father, a great High Priest, a Mediator interpreter of his nature and will; and to rebetwixt God and us.
spect, and “be subject to the powers which The great Jehovah, having delivered in he ordained of God, not only for wrath, but every circumstance of magnificence that for conscience' sake.” Directions are accould excite attention, procure respect, and cordingly given to ratify the covenant, not enforce obedience, that law, whose general by the whole people in person, but by their nature, tendency, and design, together with representatives. The persons summoned to its relation to the evangelical dispensation, attend on this great occasion, are; first, were the subject of a former Lecture, pro- Moses himself, who was to represent the ceeded to regulate their civil polity. But Mediator between the high contracting parnot by an audible voice, in the ears of all ties; then Aaron and his two sons, Nadab, the people, as he had done the law of the and Abihu, who represented the Levitical ten commandments, but in private confe- body, or order of priesthood; and finally, rence with Moses, to be by him delivered to seventy of the elders of Israel, who were to the people, he delivered those institutions act in the name of the congregation at large. of a civil and political nature, which regarded When we observe the names of Nadab and their social and national capacity. In study- Abihu in this respectable list, and look foring these, the lovers of scripture will rejoice ward to their dreadful and untimely end, we to trace the justest and most comprehensive are led to a reflection of no small importance views of human nature, the noblest and most in studying the sacred volume; namely, that liberal ideas of legislation, the most perfect the destination of Providence in raising parequity, the profoundest sagacity, and the most ticular persons to eminent, honourable, and unbounded kindness and benevolence. But important stations in civil society, is someit exceeds our strength, and it consists not thing extremely different from “ the election with our plan, to go into the detail of these according to grace." A Cyrus and a Nebuexcellent statutes. We pursue the history: chadnezzar may be the servants of God, to
The voice from Sinai having, in dreadful execute his vengeance or his love, without glory, proclaimed the conditions of this new knowing any thing of their Employer; and covenant, directions are given for the solemn their private and personal character may and public ratification of it. This was done remain unaffected by their public conduct. that the obligation, which was originally, The man according to God's own heart, in invariably, and necessarily binding upon the the view of some great object of public utiparties, might acquire additional force from lity, has sometimes been found dishonouring voluntary consent, and from the intervention God by private vice, and degrading, destroyof august and significant ceremonies. I trust ing himself
, while he has been materially it will be neither unentertaining nor unin- serving the world. This most serious constructive to attend to the description of these sideration dictated to the great apostle of the ceremonies as they stand upon the sacred re- Gentiles that necessary rule of conduct. "I cord. They are highly interesting, whether keep under my body and bring it into subwe consider them as the venerable remains of jection ; lest that by any means, when I have a very remote antiquity, being no less than preached to others, I myself should be a cast three thousand three hundred and forty-three away."* And it is a loud call to every one years prior to the present time ;* or as the ori- who acts in a public capacity, to support and ginal compact in the constitution of an an- adorn it by private virtue and unaffected cient, important, well-known, and generally piety. While the great God was thus putinteresting national government; or as form- ting honour on these seventy-three persons ing part of the plan of a divine administra- in the eyes of all the people, he sees it netion, whose force can never be spent, whose cessary to put and to keep them in mind of influence on human virtue and happiness can their distance and dependence; “Worship never expire.
ye afar off: Moses alone shall come near God has “spoken once in his holiness,” in the Lord, but they shall not come nigh." a sensible manner, has made himself seen, This message being reported to the people, heard, and felt by a whole people together. they express their cheerful and unanimous But it is neither consistent with his dignity, consent. “ All the people answered with one nor favourable to man's improvement, that voice, and said, All the words which the he should always or often make himself Lord hath said will we do.”+ Moses upon this known in that manner. He has spoken thus reduces into writing the articles of the treaty once, that every hearer might have a perso- between God and the people, to be recited nal reason for acknowledging and adoring aloud in the hearing of all the parties conthe dread Jehovah, the Fountain of all power, cerned, previous to the solemnities of the A. D. 1792
* 1 Cor. ix. 27. † Exod. xxiv. 3.
ensuing ratification. According to the form | the scene of this sacred feast was a nigher observed upon such occasions, rising up early region of the mountain than that where the in the morning, he builds an altar under the covenant was ratified. He builded the altar hill, the emblem of the divine presence, on under the hill, and set up the pillars, as it is the one side; "and twelve pillars, according verse 4; and when the solemnities of that to the twelve tribes of Israel,"* or an heap inferior station were duly celebrated, the consisting of twelve large stones, according nation whom God had thus chosen is exalted to the number of the tribes, to represent the to a superior rank, and admitted to a more people, on the opposite side; and upon it he intimate union with their Maker. “Out of offers a burnt-offering, a sacrifice made by Zion, the perfection of beauty, God now fire unto the Lord. The application of the shines, calling to the heavens from above. blood of the victim principally challenges our and to the earth, Gather my saints together attention in the celebration of this awful unto me; those that have made a covenant rite. It was divided into two equal parts: with me by sacrifice."* Purified by blood, one half was put into basins, and placed by the blood of the covenant, they are encour the twelve pillars of stone; where in all aged to mount higher and higher, to approack probability were arranged the seventy elders, nearer and nearer; they are enabled, with the representatives of every tribe standing enlightened eyes, to discern more clearly. by the pillar peculiar to their tribe, the other and to look more steadfastly. half was sprinkled upon the altar on the Being sprinkled with blood, then went other side. Thus, that which constituted up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and the life of the sacrifice was separated, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and they saw Moses, standing between the divided parts, the God of Israel: and there was under his and having some of the blood now denomi- feet
, as it were a paved work of a sapphirenated the blood of the covenant, or of the stone, and as it were the body of heaven in purifying victim, in his hands, rehearsed his clearness. · And upon the nobles of the aloud the words of the covenant in the audi- children of Israel he laid not his hand: also ence of the people who were represented they saw God, and did eat and drink.”+ What by their elders, and then solemnly demanded a stream of splendid ideas here rushes in upon whether they acceded to the conditions of it. us! They saw the God of Israel.” They
The form of adjuration employed in such saw Him whose presence is the glory of cases, as you heard in a former Lecture,t heaven, the light of whose countenance is now in the hands of many of you, was inex- the joy of angels and archangels; they saw pressibly awful and tremendous. “ As the him descended to earth, to be the light, glory, body of this victim is cleft asunder, as the and joy of his people, to dwell among them, blood of this animal is poured out, so let my and to be their friend, their father, and their body be divided and my blood shed, if I prove God; they saw Him engaging himself by unsteadfast and perfidious,” Under an en- every thing that could affect the senses, kingagement of this dreadful import, they con- dle the imagination, or melt the heart, to sent to the conditions of the treaty, saying, guide and protect them, to provide for them, “All that the Lord hath said will we do, and to bless them, and to do them good. “They be obedient."| Whereupon Moses takes of saw the God of Israel,” their father's God, the blood, and sprinkles it upon the people, their own covenant God, and the God of their in the persons of their representatives, as he seed to the latest generations. They saw had before sprinkled it upon the altar, ex- God! but what did they see? That face pressing thereby God's acceptance of their whose lustre constrains the cherubim to cover persons and services, and his engagement to their faces with their wings—those eyes, fulfil all that the covenant promised on his which was a flame of fire to go up and down part. Matters being thus adjusted, and peace through the earth,” which discern impurity established, the burnt sacrifice is succeeded in the heavens and folly in angels-that by a peace-offering, and the parties, as friends, mouth which spake the universe into exissit down to partake of a common repast. This tence, and whose lightest word shakes the is evidently the meaning of the expression foundations of the everlasting hills—the hand in the end of the eleventh verse: * Also that wields the thunder, or the feet that walk they saw God, and did eat and drink," that is, upon the swift wings of the wind ? No; the as in the presence of the most high God, at nobles of Israel had shrunk into nothing bepeace with him, and at peace among them- fore such an awful display of Deity. He selves, they did eat of the same bread and needed not to have laid his hand upon them; drank of the same cup. It would be easy, one glance of those piercing eyes which were it necessary to confirm this interpreta- guard the law, had been sufficient to consume tioni by quoting the practice of other nations them in a morent. What then did they see? in later times, undoubtedly borrowed from What was under his feet; and even that, rites of God's own institution. It would something which could not be represented, appear from the letter of the narration, that expressed, or described; “ as it were the body * Exod. xxiv. 4. t Lecture xiii. Exod. xxiv. 7.
t Exod. xxiv. 3-11.
* Psalm 1. 5.