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forcing back a crowd, and then a faint no enemy appeared in front; when, no shout would follow, whose accents sooner bad the leading files reached might mean triumph or defiance. the opening of La Dauphine, than the I was already beginning to weary of artillery

opened with grape and round expectancy, when I perceived, from shot. The distance could scarcely the movement on the house-tops and have exceeded forty yards, and the the church tower, that something was withering fire tore through the dense going forward within the view of those ranks, forming deep lanes of death! stationed there. I had not to look Smoke soon enveloped the masses, and long for the cause, for suddenly the it was only at intervals I could catch harsh sharp beat of a drum was heard, sight of the moving body, which still and immediately after the head of a moved up! There was something column wheeled from one of the side indsecribably dreadful in seeing the streets into the Rue St. Honore. They steady march of men to inevitable dewere grenadiers of the National Guard, struction; and even their slow pace (for and a fine body of men they seemed, such was it of necessity, from the numas they marched proudly forward, till bers of dead and dying that enthey came to a halt before the steps of cumbered their path) increased the St. Roch. Handkerchiefs were waved horror of the spectacle. A deadly in salutation to them from windows musketry poured down from the and housetops; and cheering fol- tower of St. Roch upon the gunners. lowed them as they went. A single The whole fire from housetops and figure at the entrance of “ La Dau- windows was directed at them; but, phine," stood observing them with his fast as they fell, others took their glass; he was an artillery officer, and places, and the roll of the artillery took a long and leisurely survey of the never slackened nor ceased for an in. troops, and then directed his eyes stant. The shot rattled like hail on towards the crowded roofs, which he the walls of the houses, or crashed swept hastily with his telescope. This through them with clattering destrucdone, he sauntered carelessly back and tion. Wild and demoniac yells, deathdisappeared.

shouts, and cries of triumph, mingled The grenadiers were soon followed

with the terrible uproar. Above all, by the line, and now, as far as my however, roared the dread artillery, eye could carry, I beheld vast masses in one unbroken thunder. At last of soldiery who filled the street in its the column seemed to waver - the entire breadth. Up to this all was leading files fell back-a moment's hepreparation. Not a sight, or sound, sitation ensued a fresh discharge of or gesture indicated actual conflict, grape, at less than pistol range, tore and the whole might have meant a through them; and now the word was mere demonstration on either side, given to retire. Shouts and cries when suddenly there burst forth a poured from the housetops and paracrash like the most terrific thunder. It pets. Were they of encouragement or made the very street tremble, and the derision ?- who can tell? The street houses seemed to shake as the air vi- now presented the horrid spectacle of brated around them; a long volley of indiscriminate carnage—the guns were musketry succeeded, and then there wheeled forward as the troops rearose a din of artillery, shouts, and tired, cavalry charging on the broken small arms, that made up the infernal masses while the guns were reloading. chaos. This came from the quarter of the cavalcade of death rode past at a the river, and in that direction every walk, the gunners firing steadily on, eye was turned. I hurried to the back till the word was given to cease. The of the house in the hope of being able smoke cleared lazily away at last, and to see something, but the windows now no living thing was seen to stir in only looked into a court surrounded by front: the long line of the Rue St. tall buildings. Ere I returned to my Honore presented nothing but the boplace the conflict bad already begun. dies of the dead. The housetops and The troops of the National Guard ad

parapets, too, were speedily deserted; vanced, firing by sections, and evi. for the houses were now forced by the dently bent on forcing their passage infantry of the line, who, at every moup the street; and their firing seemed ment, appeared at the windows, and as if meant in declaration of their inten- waved their shakos in token of victory. tions rather than aggressively, since As I looked, a crash recalled my attention behind me; and now the door der lock and key, then," said he, "and of the bureau was in ruins, and four make your way to head quarters." soldiers, with their bayonets at the “ Where ?" charge, dashed forward. On seeing " At the Tuilleries. There


the me alone and unarmed, they only Commander-in-Chief," added he, melaughed, and passed on to the upper chanically saluting, as a staff of officers story,

rode by beneath. "Are you in charge here ?" asked a “Who is that pale man in front, young corporal of me.

with the long hair ?" asked I. “I belong to the bureau," said I, “General Bonaparte," was the anin reply.

swer, “and few can handle artillery “Place your books and papers un. like him."

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In the “ History of British India," we tablished his claim to be rated amongst occasionally meet with passages which, the ablest officials of that well-served while varying from its epic tone, com- government. This was Colonel Henry mend themselves to our judgment as Hall, C.B., at that time a captain actnot less deserving of admiration than ing with the army in Malwa and Rajthe spirit-stirring triumphs of that bril- pootana, under Sir David Ochterlony, liant narrative. Amongst the most en- and whose services and gallantry had gaging of such episodes is the “ Sketch attracted the notice, and elicited the of Mairwara.” It tells of a wild and commendations of his distinguished warlike race, famed for the ferocity of commander. Through the exertions their forays-a nation of Rob Roys of Colonel Hall, the robber system was and Robin Hoods—orsomething worse, put down, a native battalion was partly Mussulmans, partly Hindoos, but formed, roads were made, the passes so much laxer in their observances than were opened, traffic was encouraged, either of these persuasions, as to be and a regular government was, for the disavowed by both. Their mountain first time, established throughout Mairfastnesses were for ages the Adullam wara. The Mairs — for so are these caves of the neighbouring lowlands, people named—were won over to abanand, accordingly, their community don their demoralising habits, and by grew up, recruited from the worst cha- their own acts, in their own councils, racters of the cities of the plain. Thus to abolish their pernicious usages. circumstanced, they became an or. Slavery was prohibited; infanticide, ganised robber-state, and continued which it bad been found so difficult to for centuries, idle, independent, and check elsewhere, was completely put unsubdued, plagued at frequent in- an end to, and their peculiar and most tervals by pestilence, or peeled by barbarous of all savage customs, that famine, until the year 1821, when of selling their mothers and wives, was they came into contact with our arms, wholly given up. A form of trial by jury and were reduced to subjection. Soon was introduced, a jail was erected, and afterwards their districts were con- maintained without cost to the Comfided by the East India Company, pany, and a system for the administrawith little either of interference or of tion of justice was established, which aid, to the management of an officer, was inexpensive, and so efficacious that, whose appointment affords a fresh in- since the year 1824, the punishment of stance of the marked discretion with death has been in no instance inflicted, which such selections are usually made, and but three persons have been transand who, in the perfect accomplish- ported. To secure a supply of water ment of a task of signal difficulty, es- -the great want of these districts

• “Sketch of Mairwara.” By Lieut.-Col. C. J. Dixon, Bengal Artillery. 4to. Smith, Elder, and Co. London : 1850.

and to husband it for the purposes of tions, render the book too high-priced irrigation, the people were encouraged for extended circulation. The main to sink wells, and taught to construct object of the Directors—the instructank-embankments. Agriculture was tion of their own officers, may in this improved, much waste jungle-land was manner be best attained ; but, besides brought into cultivation, new villages instructing, it is good to encourage were built, and, in fine, through the officers, a maxim which no public body labours of Colonel Hall, unreinittingly can be more ready to assent to, than pursued with quiet devotion for the Court of Directors. We, there. thirteen years, this people, once so wild, fore, with all respect to them, submit were reclaimed to fixed habits of in. that they may do more justice both to dustry and order, and are now living the individuals whose names are so ho. in security and comfort, defraying the nourably connected with Mairwara, charges of their own establishments, and to themselves, by the simple step and yielding, willingly, a remunerating of having this cumbrous “Sketch tribute to their benefactors and pro- denuded of its quarto honours, disentectors, the Supreme Government. cumbered of work-details and exThis is the sketch of a “ Sketch," the pensive attributes, and reduced to the crême de la crême of the “ Sketch of

compass of a railway volume. Thus Mairwara,” made to bespeak the in- may the labours of Colonel IIall meet, terest of our readers. As, however, in the earnest applause of the public, we apprehend that their attention will the reward which will be at once most not be very readily accorded to a fare grateful to him, and most stimulating off district, with an unknown heathen to others; thus, too, may the millions name, and that, possibly, our glowing know that, besides gathering those picture of these happy valleys may have laurels of which we are all so justly less the appearance of reality than of proud, extending our commerce, afromance, we think it well to add that fording occupation, and amassing the “Sketch of Mairwara"

comes be

wealth, the East India Company, far fore us with unusual vouchers, as well from meriting the taunt of being infor the substantial accuracy and unex- different to the internal condition of aggerated truth of its averments, as the country, is actively employed in for the importance of the labours which improving it, and has been, for a length it records. The work was prepared of time, unostentatiously engaged in by Colonel Dixon, the successor of the silent ministry of doing good. Colonel Hall, in pursuance of an order Mairwara forms a portion of that of the Court of Directors of the East mountain chain known by the name of India Company, and printed at their the Arabala Hills, and running N.N.E. expense, “chiefly,” as the minute con- from Goozerat, to within a few miles veying their order states, “ for the pur. of Delhi. It is bounded on the north pose of being circulated among all by Ajmeer, separates Meywar on the public officers who may have an op- east from Marwar on the west, and to portunity of rendering similar services the south has the hill possessions of in other quarters." The better to Meywar. The territory is about a secure the full effect of so good an ex- hundred miles in length, with a breadth ample, it was ordered that the book of from twenty-five to thirty :should contain scientific plans, sections, and drawings of the most ma

“ There are no rivers in this tract, and as terial works executed, founded on

the rain descending from the hills made its actual survey and measurement, with- way to the plains with the force of a mounout which their nature could hardly tain torrent, agriculture was extremely prebe understood, the difficulties encoun- carious, since the crops only received advantered appreciated, or sufficient infor- tage from the rain while falling. It will be mation given to enable others to con- shown, in due course, the arrangements that struct like works in similar localities.

have been made to obviate the want of water The drawings of the specimens selected

for purposes of cultivation, by damming up are accordingly given, with minute

the mountain streams, whereby the calamidetails of the mode of construction,

ties arising from drought have been rerates of work, mode in which used, and

duced to a minimum point. The soil, com

posed of the debris of the hills, mixed with all other circumstances. These details,

decayed vegetation, is extremely fertile ; the however, embarrass the narrative, and return from a beegab of wheat or barley with the plans, drawings, and illustra- being from ten to twelve mounds, while in Marwar, and Meywar, immediately below together to the southward of the Arabala the hills, the produce only ranges from six range. The reduction of the hill-tribes perto eight mounds. The arrangements manently open these lines of intercourse, alopted in the hills, of diking up the fields thereby materially conducing to the intewith walls of dry stone, whereby moisture rests of the adjoining state. Colonel Hall is retained, and the decayed vegetation opened a road passing through the cantonment washed down from the hills arrested, con- of Beawr, for cattle, over the Arabala range, duce much to the fertility of the soil. The in 1826. On the formation of the town portion of the country now most productive, of Nya Naggur, in 1836, this pass was waz, before the subjugation of the Mairs, a made practicable for wheeled carriages. dense jungle, infested with wild beasts, and It is now undergoing considerable improvescarcely ever traversed by man, save along ment, and, with other plans, being carried the foot-paths, which served as roads com- out, the communication between Marwar municating between the few villages dis- and Meywar bas been so much facilitated, persed through the hills. At the time the that the route by Nya Nuggur has now bearmy penetrated the tract, no single village come the great line of intercourse between was inhabited in what is now denominated the northern portion of Marwar to Malwa Purgunah Bhaelaw, now consisting of twenty- and the Deccan. The arrangements for profive villages, only two of which had retained tecting trade and travellers through the their inhabitants."—p. 2.

Mairwara hills are so good, that a robbery is

a matter of very rare occurrence. When The Mairwara territory now under such cases happen, the onus of satisfying the our control, belongs in unequal por- injured parties rests with the village where tions to the East India Company, to

the injury has been committed. Various Meywar, and to Marwar. On the

other intermediate passes have been opened, subjugation of the Mairs, the villages

and are frequented by all sections of the which had paid allegiance to these

community without fear or apprehension.

The heretofore much-dreaded Mair hills offer states were given up to them; but

convenient routes of intercourse between the some of them proving too refractory,

two great principalities of Mey war and Marwere subsequently made over to our

war, through their whole length; and life management. The district, as at pre- and property are much more secure, from sent constituted, consists of nine pur- the responsibility which devolves on the gunahs, or divisions : of these, four be. people, than while traversing any of the long to our Government and form, states of Rajwara.”—pp. 3-4. properly, part of the British territory of Ajmeer. They embrace one hundred

Whatever we know of the history of and forty-three villages, and sixty-three

these mountaineers, was collected by hamlets, of which only eighteen were

Colonel Hall, from a comparison of such inhabited when the country first fell

records as they possess with the depointo the hands of Colonel Hall. Mey

sitions of their chiefs. The Mairs were war owns three divisions, comprising se.

no clerks, but though unacquainted venty-six villages and thirteen bamlets. with reading or writing, it was their Their land is fertile, and has been much usage to employ itinerant historians, improved by the provision made for irri

who marked down the main events of gation. Marwar has but two divisions,

their career. Through these sources, with twenty-one villages and four ham

their origin has been traced to the lets. These are mostly placed in moun

twelfth century; and it appears, that tain fastnesses, and have but little avail

as they grew in numbers, they became able land. One of the early objects

troublesome to the states around them, of Colonel Hall was the making of

and were in consequence the objects roads.

of some very formidable expeditions;

all of which, however, had the one re** Formerly there was no carriage-road sult of being unsuccessful. This, their from Aboo to the southward, to Khurwah in courage, their martial character, and Ajmeer, northwards across the hills. Over the difficulties of their mountain fast. the passes of Dewair, Chapulean, Peeplee,

nesses, render quite credible. From the Mandawur, and Kot-Kuran, a traffic on

year 1754 to 1800, repeated movecamels and bullocks could only pass under

ments were made against them by the protection of large military escorts. Com

princes of the Singh family. In 1807, merce was, in consequence, subjected to

Baleh Rao, a Mahratta, led a force of mach expense and interruption. The communication from Goozerat, or Marwar to 60,000 men against them; but their Meywar, if not effected over these ghattas, whole population rose in arms, and was extremely circuitous, being carried on attacking this numerous army, comeither through Ajmeer to the north, or al- pelled it to retire. In 1810, and again in 1818, they were assailed by ported to have been wounded ; but no serious other powers, who experienced the attack was made upon them, and the neceslike fortune of defeat, and thus a long sary local information having been gained, series of successes increased their con

the party returned to Nusseerabad.”—p. 19. fidence both in themselves and in the impregnability of their position.

In this passage there is a small misÎn 1818, the city of Ajmeer, some

take. The escort was merely for twenty-five miles north of the frontier

Colonel Hall while reconnoitring, but of Mairwara, was occupied by the

wishing to see and learn more than he British forces, who soon became aware

could, while so attended, he left the esthat they were in the neighbourhood of

cort, and entered Shamgurb, the chief marauders, whose audacity made it un

town of the Mairs, accompanied only by safe for any one to go beyond the eity

an officer of engineers. Their escape walls after sunset. They were called,

was providential, the Mairs being well as we were told, Mairs, and lived by

aware that we were contemplating an levying blackmail on the cultivators

attack upon them, and having, at the and chiefs around. It was at that

moment, actually sent an agent to in. period that we first heard of their ex.

spect and report upon the British istence. A young officer, on his own

force. The account which their mes. entreaty, obtained leave to go amongst

senger gave on his return, does not do these mountaineers and sketch their

much credit to their intelligence deunknown hills. This was Captain, now

partment:Colonel Hall, who was thus the first

“The first thing (says Colonel Dixon) European who trod their virgin soil, which he saw was a number of Sepoys unand whose name in the hereafter, was dressed, bathing and eating; and observing to be for ever associated with the his

80 many of them with the Juneo, or Brahtory of their race.

minical thread, across their bodies, he conAn agreement was entered into with ceived the idea that the regiments were these Mairs, by which they bound

composed chiefly of Brahmins, seeing that themselves to abstain from plundering.

in Rajpootana the distinction is almost enThis they observed only as long as they

tirely confined to that caste; and held them could not help it, and it became neces

in light esteem accordingly. He next saw

them in the evening, dressed in their red use compulsion. The ba

coats, and drilling on their respective parades: zardous task of gaining a knowledge of the exhibition seems to bave fairly puzzled the features of the country and other him, and on returning to his friends he reinformation before attacking it, was ported that the British regiments were comundertaken by Captain Hall.

posed of Brahmins and women." “With a view. (says Colonel Dixon) to

The Mairs had, before long, an opgaining the knowledge of the features of the portunity of improving their acquaincountry, so necessary for the successful con- tance with these Brahmins and women. duct of military operations, a party of four In 1819, a Sepoy force, with some officers, accompanied by a strong escort, of a light guns, mounted on elephants, was company of infantry, a troop of cavalry, and

brought against them, and a simulta. a number of Hurkaras proceeded from Nus

neous attack was made on two of their seerabad, via Loolooa to Shamgurh, in Mair

strongholds, Loolooa and Jak. The wara. Of this party was Colonel (then Captain) Hall, of the Quartermaster-Gene

plan, which was framed by Colonel ral's department, who afterwards was en

Hall, was perfectly successful, and the trusted with the charge of the district, and

Mairs were again allowed to enter into who commenced the then apparently hope- an agreement binding themselves to less task of improving the morals of the good conduct for the future ; this, Mairs. There was also an officer of engi- however, they did not much regard, neers, and the party was accompanied by and in another year they were in open Devee Singh, the Thakoor of Mussooda. arms against us. It had by this time Having proceeded thus far without moles.

become manifest that all attempts to tation, they attempted to penetrate by the

advance the prosperity of our posJak Ghatta to Dilwara, but the Mairs collected in force and occupied the pass in front

sessions in Rajpootana would be una, of them, and they were obliged to alter their

vailing, until the Mairs were reduced route, and passed vid Soorajpoora to Khur

to order ; and it was accordingly rewah, where they halted for the night,

solved on-first, to subdue, and then, Some considerable robberies were committed if possible, to keep them quiet. Their during the night, and a chuprassie was re- subjection was attended with more of

sary to

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