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his own. We have heard veterans who pressing every passion with which cobave seen King, declare, that William medy abounds. But Parsons, although Farren in his best days was quite as good a rich, unctuous actor, never descended as the far-famed original. Mrs. Baddely to buffoonery, or coloured more highly was reckoned a great beauty, but very than nature suggested to him. He improvident, and
died in abject poverty. was a well-read man, and also an artist Baddely was jealous of the attentions of considerable merit. When his colbestowed on his spouse by George lection of pictures was sold at Christie's Garrick (David's brother and trea- after his death, many of his own works surer), and called him out. Just as brought good prices. Moody was conthey had taken their places and were sidered the best representative of Irish going to fire, Mrs. Baddely arrived on characters on the London stage, but the ground, and rushed between the from all that tradition has preserved combatants, exclaiming, “ Spare him! concerning him, we suspect he was not spare him!" Whether she meant her to be compared to Jack Johnstone or husband or reputed lover, did not trans. Tyrone Power. spire, but the fight was at an end; and This very forbidding old gentleman after some tears and explanations, all is Charles Macklin, in his 93rd year, three went home together amicably painted by Opie, as Shylock. Nobody in the hackney-coach which had con- knew his exact age, but he was supveyed the lady to the scene action. posed to bave reached 108. You will John Kemble was once challenged by find him again, by Dewilde, in anAickin, and took the field, attended by other room, as Sir Pertinax MacsycoJack Bannister as his second; Aickin phant, in his own comedy of The Man had neither pistols nor friend, but of the World. In these two characters Kemble accommodated him with both. he reached a high point of excellence; Aickin fired, and missed; Kemble de- but in extreme old age he committed clined to return the shot, and the affair a sinful trespass on the domains of terminated. On their way home, Ban- tragedy, by attempting Macbeth and nister complimented his principal on Richard III. Strange, indeed, are the the perfect coolness and self possession vagaries of theatrical genius. John he had evinced. “There was no great Kemble, during his last season, was merit in that, Jack,” replied Kemble, with difficulty prevented from exposing " for I saw from the way in which the his asthma in Falstaff; and Liston alfellow pointed his pistol, he was much ways persisted that he was intended for more likely to shoot you than me." a tragedian.
Baddely was celebrated for acting This large painting of Spranger Frenchmen, but is better remembered Barry and his wife, in Hamlet and the by an annual twelfth cake, with wine Queen, may be looked upon as a great and punch, bequeathed by him to the curiosity. There are very few porperformers of Drury-lane, and to pro- traits of Barry, who was as careless of vide for which in perpetuity, he invest- fame as Garrick was sedulous on the ed one hundred pounds in the three same point. He started at once as a per cents.
great actor without practice, and kept Do not hurry past the painting now rapidly advancing, until he proved the before you. This is a scene from the most formidable rival the great little old comedy of The Committee, by potentate of Drury-lane ever encounSir Robert Howard, painted by Van- tered. His voice was music itself, and dergucht, with Moody as Teague, and obtained for him the name of the sil. Parsons as Obadiah. The play is better ver-toned Barry. It has even been known to modern audiences as curtailed known to charm a bailiff who came to into the farce of Honest Thieves. Observe arrest him, and extort from him the Parsons attentively. Did you ever see money to pay a second son of Agrippa, utter, helpless inebriety, so admirably who was waiting in another room. In personified without being disgusting? 1751 occurred the great contest for suHe is drunk down to his shoe-buckles premacy between him and Garrick, in and the strings of his inexpressibles. Romeo, in which the preponderance Garrick was very partial to Parsons, was supposed to lie with Barry, notand took great pains in teaching him. withstanding the fire and energy His face was long, and possessed as- which Garrick contrived to throw tonishing flexibility; the great merit into the part. Macklin's criticism was of his countenance was its power of ex- spiteful against both. “Barry," he
said, “comes swaggering into the quired, for his place was amply filled garden, talking so loud that the ser- in his absence. Roscius took the vants would inevitably take the alarm, alarm, and not being at all disposed to and toss him in a blanket. Garrick bear “a brother near the throne," sneaks in like a thief in the night, as returned with all speed to look after if he was afraid of the watch-dog, and his endangered laurels. Powell's catrembling at the sound of his own reer was short and fleeting as that of a voice." The contest, before it was ineteor. He died in 1769, aged only abandoned, proved pernicious to the thirty-three. Bensley was a stiff, noisy treasury of both theatres, and very actor, who trusted much to a powerful wearisome to the public, as indicated voice and sound lungs. He had held by the following epigram, which ap- a commission in the Marines, served peared in the Daily Advertiser :- in North America, and retired from ** Well, what's to-night,' says angry Ned,
the stage on being appointed barrack. As up from bed he rouses;
master of Knightsbridge. One day • Romeo again!' and shakes his head,
while he was yet an actor, he invited "Ah! plague on both your houses !""
some of his old brother-officers to din. There is another likeness of Barry ner, and when the wine was circulating, in his private character ; but we miss they asked him how he could leave a Mossop, who was supposed, with many gentlemanlike profession to become a defects, to rank next to him; also an vagabond player. "I am well paid," Irishman, and equally improvident. replied their bost," and I suppose that He died at the early age of 43, in ex
consoles me.” 6. And how much may treme poverty, having only one half- you get by this business, Dick?" de penny in his possession at his decease. manded one of the guests. “About Mossop excelled in tyrants, and possess- six hundred a-year,” answered Bensed a voice of iron, which never gave ley. “Thed l you do !” exclaimed way. His style of elocution was pom- the red coats with one accord; “ have pous and emphatical, with an equal you any vacancies in your corps ?" emphasis upon every syllable. There Had Powell lived, his name would have appears to have been justice in come down to us in the very first class Churchill's censure, wherein he says of of great actors, but he was cut off before Mossop's dislocated minuteness of ut- his powers attained maturity. Sach terance
was the fate, too, of his friend Charles
Holland, who introduced him to Gar. “In monosyllables his thunders rollHe, she, it, and, we, ye, they-fright the soul."
rick, and whom you see hanging there
over the chimney. He had consider. There is one portrait here of Thomas able merit, but injured his reputation by Sheridan, the father of Richard Brins- a servile imitation of his master, except ley, who completes the triumvirate of that he ranted outrageously, which celebrated Irish actors coeval with Garrick never did. Holland was once Garrick. He was an excellent scholar, storming through Richard III. to a and a performer of sound judgment very thin house, and remarked to Mrs. rather than genius. His English Dic- Clive, that it was most extraordinary. tionary was long in good repute ; his “On the contrary," replied the lady, “Essay on British Education” and “it is perfectly natural, when they “ Oratorical Lectures" show that he can hear every word outside without was a writer possessed of depth in rea- paying for admittance.” soning, and an ample command of At last we have reached Samuel graceful language.
Foote, the Proteus of the stage, painted This scene from King John, by Mor- by no less a person than Sir Joshua timer, gives us William Powell as the Reynolds. He was no great actor in gloomy monarch, and Bensley as Hu- the legitimate line, but a brilliant wit bert. 'Powell came out at Drury-lane and a pestilent imitator—the terror of when Garrick was travelling in Italy everybody, high or low, gentle or simin 1763; and although a perfect no- ple, who laboured under physical defects vice, burst upon the stage with every or peculiarities; except only Dr. Johnperfection but experience. He drew ston, who awed him into silence by the such large sums of money to the trea- purchase of a shilling cudgel, which he sury, that Lacy wrote to his partner to most certainly would have used with a say, he might amuse himself on the hearty good-will, on provocation. A Continent as long as his health re- sacrilegious dog was foote. How he
ever got into Westminster Abbey, the was disinherited by his father for going Dean and Chapter only can tell ; but on the stage, and being of improvident the authorities of the cathedral were habits, suffered much from poverty in less conscientiously fastidious in those his declining years. An anecdote in days than they are at present. Having his career has been often mentioned let in St. Evremond, they thought, before. For nine or ten years, he reperhaps, there could be no great mis- ceived regularly at his benefit, a note chief in allowing Foote to occupy a sealed up, enclosing ten guineas, and niche near him. In the face of these these words, “A tribute of gratitude questionable precedents, it seems ra- from one who was highly obliged, and ther hard to have excluded Lord Byron, saved from ruin, by seeing Mr. Ross's and reminds us of the text which says performance of George Barnwell." something about straining at a gnat Ross never knew the name of the doand swallowing a camel. There can nor, nor saw him to his knowledge. be no reason whatever why great actors Look at the extraordinary and unshould not find statues and monuments graceful costumes of Iachimo and Pos. in cathedrals or churches as readily as thumus in this scene from Cymbeline, the great poets of whom they have been with portraits of John Palmer and the able illustrators. But let them be Reddish. The acting must have been perpetuated in their own, and not in of a superior class which could triumph their assumed characters. Much as we over such grotesque accoutrements; admire John Kemble and Mrs. Sid. assuredly they never belonged to any dons, we think they would look better as age or country in the world. These Cato and Queen Catherine in some lo. authentic memorials of stage panoply, cality less exclusively devoted to sacred as worn by the great disciples of the purposes. For many years Foote acted school of Garrick, are strange eviwith a cork leg, and died in 1777, aged dences of the taste of the day, and 56. He has been called the English would be received as exaggerations, Aristophanes, but the wit of his farces but that we are well assured the paintis flat, obsolete, and too coarse for ers could not have invented them. modern refinement. The Mayor of Palmer died on the stage in Liverpool, Garratt is sometimes acted, but all while acting the Stranger, in 1798. the rest are long forgotten. To the He was the original Joseph Surface, honour of Irish taste it should be re- in which his excellence has never been corded that The Minor, which carried questioned. Charles Lamb says of him, all London after it, was condemned on « Jack had two voices—both plausible its earlier production in Dublin. and insinuating ; but his secondary, or
Who is this? Woodward in Petru. supplemental voice, was still more deci. chio by Vandergucht-a first-rate por- sively histrionic than his common one. trait of a first-rate actor ; equally fa. It was reserved for the spectator, and mous too as a harlequin, in which the dramatis persone were supposed to many thought he surpassed Lun him- know nothing at all about it. The lies self. His person was so elegant that of Young Wilding, and the sentiments he could not throw himself into an un- in Joseph Surface, were thus marked graceful attitude, even if he tried. He out in a sort of Italics to the audience." saved £6,000 in a few years at his Reddish was the second husband of outset, and lost it in half the time, Mrs. Canning. He was always wild by commencing manager in Dublin. and eccentric, and died mad, in the lu. His great forte lay in characters of natic asylum of York, in 1785. light, eccentric comedy, and he was We are not yet half through the very particular in his mode of dress- collection, and hark! there rings " that ing his parts - a collateral advan tocsin of the soul, the dinner-bell,” tage which even the greatest genius and the waiter announces that the welshould not despise. Woodward sur. come repast is ready. “Hear him! mounted all competitors in Petruchio, hear him!” as they say in parliament. Mercutio, Bobadil, Marplot, and Brass The symposium cannot wait, so the in The Confederacy. Not far off, is pictures must. Reader, if you are not Ross, as Hamlet, by Zoffany. He was tired of our gossip, we shall, perhaps, a very pleasing actor, but so indolent invite you to accompany us through that he scarcely allowed fair play to the remainder on some future occasion. his own talents and opportunities. He
J. W. C
OUR PORTRAIT GALLERY-NO. LXXI.
THOMAS COLLEY GRATTAN, ESQ. Who is this we have got on the opposite page? A hale, hearty-looking fellow; past the bloom of youth, 'tis true, but still evidently full of vigour— vigour of mind and vigour of body. There sits his dog, looking up with a most becoming canine veneration of his master's physiognomy-dogs are profound in the science of Lavater—and his gun lies in the hollow of his arm. We will venture a trifling bet that they have been beating through the stubble during the morning, and have bagged beaven knows how many brace of partridge. Ăy, ay; still as fond as ever of the old sport-rambling over hill and moorland, through “ highways and by-ways;" and always with a keen eye for “game" of one sort or another, and sure to find it, too. And thou art right: keep thy body active, thy heart young, thy spirits gay as long as thou canst ; for the time will yet come to thee, as it must come to all, when thou shalt say, “I have no pleasure in them.” Yes, surely will it, good Thomas Colley Grattan.
The family of the Grattans is a distinguished one. The name is one which an Irishman ever pronounces with pride. Å branch from the English stock was first transplanted into this country in the seventeenth century, and there took root and spread. In the reign of Queen Anne, several brothers (we believe as many as six) had located themselves in Dublin and the neighbouring counties, and they are mentioned by “ the witty Dean of St. Patrick's,” with whom they were on terms of intimacy. From one of these the illustrious orator, statesman, and patriot, Henry Grattan, was descended. Another of them was the ancestor of the subject of our present memoir,
John Grattan, Esq., M.D., of Edenderry, in the Queen's county, was, like most Irish gentlemen, blessed with a numerous progeny, and of them his fourth son, Colley, is still remembered by a few of the oldest solicitors of our metropolis as having been, towards the close of the last century, one of the confraternity. Colley was, however, a man who had a taste for literature and the fine arts, rather than for the arts whereby attorneys are said to attain to wealth and emi. nence, and was more engrossed by pictures than given to engrossing on parebment. Accordingly, he gave up the practice of his profession, and retired to the enjoyment of a country life, at Clayton Lodge, near Castle-Carberry, in the county of Kildare-a property which he derived through his mother, Miss Colley, a descendant from Sir Dudley Colley, and a connexion of that branch of the Colleys which subsequently took the name of Wellesley. Previous to his leaving Dublin, his son, Thomas Colley Grattan, was born. While Thomas was yet an infant, Clayton Lodge was burned down to the ground, in the memorable year of 1798, after it had been frequently attacked by the rebels, and as often gallantly and successfully defended by the owner and his servants. His father then removed to the little town of Athy; and, in due course of time, young Thomas was sent to the Rev. Henry Bristow, of that town, where he received his education.
But the education of youth, be they boys or girls, is but partially acquired in the schoolroom. The genius, the intellect, the tastes, are educated largely outside the seminary, and fed from a thousand sources besides the classic streams, and upon other food than books, food which the young minds are greedily absorbing, and taking their hues therefrom as does the chameleon from its nourishment. And so it was with young Grattan ; when escaped from the ferule, he was sure to be found loitering through the valley of the Barrow, by the legendary moat of Ardscull, or amid the ruins of the old Castle of Woodstock; or, it may be, traversing the interminable Bog of Allen, or crossing the hills in quest of the snipe or the plover ; and thus did the boy acquire and nurture the early tastes for literature and wild sports, both of which in after-life were abundantly developed. To the memory of these scenes Grattan afterwards referred with vivid pleasure, in one of his tales :
" The whistling of the wind across its brown, bleak breast, and the shrill cries of the curlew that sprung from its heather into the skies, were the first sounds that impressed them