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his excellence in female characters, fligacy was strong within him, and that ladies of fashion used to quarrel overpowered the influence of learning. as to who should take him in their car- His excellence on the stage was proriages, and drive him round the park, duced by natural humour and impoin his stage clothes, after the play was dence, skilfully blended. Once he over ;* nor George Powell, who killed spoke an epilogue in the habit of a himself with drinking, when he might horse officer, mounted on an ass, a have lived and beaten all competitors; piece of extravagance imitated in more nor the facetious Will Bullock, and recent days by Liston, as Lord Grizstill more facetious Will Penkethman. zle. Haines was a professeul joker, Much we should have rejoiced to see both verbal and practical ; but his Wilks, who was so kind to poor Far- mode of life was such as to bring disquhar's daughters, bequeathed to him credit on any calling. More stories are as a legacy by his dying friend, and re- told of his wild tricks, than would sufputed to be the truest representative fice to fill several volumes. The fol of the fine gentleman that the stage lowing, which rests on the authority of could boast. His dress was followed Aston, may be selected as a specimenas the rule of fashion, and his manners “One morning Joe was seized by a copied as the criterion of elegance. A couple of bailiffs, in an action for a portrait of Sandford, too, would have debt of £20, as the Bishop of Ely was been very acceptable. He, the Spag- passing by in his coach. Quoth Joe noletto of the stage, the stock assassin to the bailiffs, Gentlemen, here's my and conspirator, whose features were cousin, the Bishop of Ely, going into never suflered to relax from the scowl his house ; let me but speak to him, and of hatred, and who became unpopular, he'll pay the debt and charges.' The and was often hissed, as an involuntary bailiffs thought they might venture tribute to his excellence in depicting that, as they were within three or four villainy. Tony Aston describes Sand- yards of him. So up goes Joe to the ford as diminutive and mean in figure, coach, pulling off his bat, and got close round-shouldered, meagre-faced, spin- to it. The Bishop ordered the coach dle-shanked, splay-footed, with a sour to stop; whilst Joe (close to his ear) countenance, and long, lean arms, all said softly, My lord, here are two which rendered him a proper person to poor men who bave such great scruples discharge Iago, Foresight, or Malignii. of conscience that I fear they'll hang He acted strongly with his features, themselves.' • Very well,' said the wherein the diabolical passions were Bishop; so calling to the bailiffs, be powerfully expressed. No wonder said, -You two men, come to me tothat the manager confined him exclu- morrow morning, and I'll satisfy you." sively to the line of villains, of which The men bowed, and went away. King Charles proclaimed him to be Joe, hugging himself with his fallathe best in the world. The Tatler cious device, also went his way. In (No. 134) says -- “When poor Sand- the morning the bailiffs, expecting the ford was on the stage, I have seen him debt and charges, repaired to the Bigroaning upon a wheel, stuck with shop's; when, being introduced, 'Well,' daggers, impaled alive, calling his ex- said the Bishop, what are your scruecutioners, with a dying voice, cruel ples of conscience ?' 'Scruples !' said dogs and monsters; and all this to the bailiffs — we have no scruples. gratify his judicious spectators, who We are bailiffs, my lord, who yesterwere wonderfully pleased with seeing a day arrested your cousin, Joe Haines, man in torment so exquisitely acted." for £20. Your lordship promised to
Has any one ever seen a portrait of satisfy us to-day; and we hope your the noted buffoon and comic actor lordship will be as good as your word.' Joe Haines, commonly called Count The worthy Bishop, reflecting that his Haines? - equally remarkable for his honour and name would be exposed, wit and wickedness, in either of which if he complied not, paid the debt and he rivalled Rochester himself. He was charges." educated by subscription at Queen's Let us now take a look at the Ho. College, Oxford, and ought to have garths, which are seven in number, beknown better; but the spirit of pro- ginning with the “ leviathan "-Quin.
* In those days the performances commenced at noon.
He has precisely the laughing, juicy eye in Measure for Measure, Brutus, and suited to Falstaff; the burly, impor- Cato, in which last many thought he tant look adapted to Sir John Brute ; even excelled Booth, the original reand the sensual expression of the gour- presentative. Churchill, in the “Rosmand who could revel in the flesh- ciad,” while awarding him considerable pots of Egypt. We know not whe- praise as a manly, nervous elocutionther he is best remembered as an actor, ist, who topped what he calls “the laan epicure, or an utterer of facetiæ ; bour'd artifice of speech,” condemns him but many jokes have been fathered on as a monotonous declaimer, without him, to which he has no claim. Ilis flexibility, feeling, variety, or power of ponderous, mecbanical style, gave way individualizing character. According before the brilliant vivacity of Garrick, to this trenchant satirist, he was always who fairly acted him down, when they the same :appeared together, and established the
" In Brute he shone unequalled : all agree supremacy of wbat was then the new Garrick's not half so great a brute as he. school, although the disciples of Gar
When Cato's labour'd scenes are brought to view,
With equal praise the actor labour'd too. rick would now in turn be consider
In fancied scenes, as in life's real plan, ed stiff and old-fashioned. Quin's an- He could not, for a moment, sink the man.
In whate'er cast his character was laid, cestors were of an ancient Irish family.
Self still, like oil, upon the surface play'd. His grandfather, Mark Quin, had Nature, in spite of all his skill, crept in: been Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1676 ;
Horatio, Dorax, Falstaff,--still 'twas Quin," but he himself was born in London. The individual thus described may His last appearance on the stage was be a good and sound actor, but can at Covent Garden, in 1753, when he show no pretensions to the name of a performed Falstaff, for his friend Ry great comprehensive master of his art. an's benefit. Until Garrick rose, he Judgment and physical power are attriheld the first place in public opinion ; butes far inferior to the divine inspiraand his natural surliness of temper was tion of genius. Quin was a bad dresser, not improved by being “pushed from and his carelessness in this particular his stool" before he was disposed to ab- was not improved by the outrè costume dicate. He lived many years in Bath, in then worn on the stage. At the age the best society, and is buried in the Ab- of sixty, he performed Chamont, in the bey Church, with a very elegant epi. Orphan, in a long, grizly, half-powdered taph from the pen of his successful rival. wig, banging low down on each side of Like many of his theatrical brethren, his breast, and down the back ; a heavy Quin was generous and kind-hearted. scarlet coat and waistcoat, trimmed with He left by will £1000 to Thompson, and broad gold lace, black velvet breeches, the same sum to Ryan, and told both, black silk neckcloth, black rolled stockif they wanted money, they had better ings; a pair of square-toed shoes, with draw it at once, and save his executors an old-fashioned pair of stone buckles; trouble. In those days, actors fought a pair of stiff, high-topped, white duels as readily as noblemen. Quin gloves, and a broad old scolloped hat. was twice out; once with Theophilus Were the youthful Chamont to appear Cibber, who wounded and disarnied in such a dress now, the tragedy would him, under the Piazza in Covent Gar- cause more laughter than tears. All den; and a second time, when he was who have read Cumberland's delightmore unfortunate, as be killed a bro. ful autobiography, will remember his ther performer, Bowen, in a quarrel, lively description of the first appearwhich was decided at the Pope's Head ance of Quin and Garrick together, as Tavern, in Cornhill. Bowen before he Horatio and Lothario, in the Fair Pedied declared that all was fair, and for- nitent; an entire century appeared to gave his antagonist. Quin was found roll away in a moment, between the guilty of manslaughter only, and soon heavy, measured exit of the one, and the returned to his usual avocation. Hewas bounding, elastic entrance of the other! constitutionally pugnacious; for on We should have mentioned Barton another occasion he came to fisty-cuffs Booth before Quin, in the regular with Aaron Hill, for an article in a pe- succession of theatrical dynasties, but riodical paper called The Prompter, in his portrait has only this moment which his qualifications as an actor caught our eye. We must insert him had been rather freely commented on. in a parenthesis, although his merit, as Quin's most popular characters were the legitimate successor of Betterton, Falstaff, Sir John Brute, the Duke, demands a longer notice. He was nearly related to the Earls of Warrington, mit an inimitable Flora to be es. and educated at Westminster, under changed for a bad Violante. The great the matchless pedagogue, Dr. Busby. delight of her life was to bully Roscius He was unquestionably the greatest into submission, in which she some tragedian of the early stage, next to times succeeded. Such was her bad Betterton; but forced to retire, from taste, that in the trial scene of the ill health, in his forty-sixth year. To Merchant of Venice, wherein she was the last hour he boped to recover, and suffered to travesty Portia, she turned was endeavouring to improve himself the whole into burlesque by a mimicry in the art he longed to resume. A few of some well-known lawyer. A modera days before his death he said, “ The audience is often accused of having delongest life was too short for the almost generated in taste; but most assuredly endless study of an actor.” Booth, in they would not endure, for a moment, addition to his histrionic talents, was a such an outrageous perversion of the very pretty poet, of which good evi. author's intent. Kitty, after her redence may be seen in his translations tirement, lived many years in a snag and imitations of Horace, and in the cottage at Twickenham, and in conwell-known song of “Sweet are the fortable independence. She was : charms of her I love,” which may be great favourite of Horace Walpole, reckoned a masterpiece in its kind. and a constant visitor at Strawberry He invested the greater part of his for- Hill, where, from her undaunted man. tune in building three streets in West- ner, ready repartee, and freedom of minster-viz., Cowley-street, Barton- speech, she became the nightly terror, street, and Booth-street. In the first, the bête noire of all the gossiping, he perpetuated the memory of Cowley, cheating, tea-table tabbies, who formed whom he looked upon as the greatest of the staple of his select coterie. She English poets; and in the two latter, produced four dramatic pieces, all of the name of himself and family, which are long forgotten. The second
The old lady now before us, honour picture of Mrs. Clive, said to be by ed by the pencil of Hogarth, is Mrs. Verelst, is a mistake - Verelst died Pitt, who was forty years at Covent the year before she was born. The Garden, and played the Nurse to six two next portraits by Hogarth, are generations of Juliets. She would, Christopher Bullock, who died young, perhaps, wonder at her own immorta- in the bigh road to excellence; and lity, if she was aware of it. And here, John Hippesley, who began as a canclose by, is John Rich, the ignorant pa. dle-snuffer, and, on the death of Pen. tentee, but accomplished harlequin, kethman, succeeded to all his ebawhose stage name was Lun. The first racters, and more than half his reputaEnglish pantomime was brought out tion. “ Hippesley's Drunken Man" by him, at Lincoln's Inn-fields, in obtained much celebrity. His face was 1717, called Harlequin Sorcerer. He distorted by an accidental burn in was a mighty master in his own pecu- his youth, which some said was his liar walk, but had a sovereign con- chief recommendation. One day he tempt for Sbakspeare and legitimacy. mentioned to Quin, that he bad When the houses at Covent Garden thoughts of bringing his son on the were crowded to overflowing, to witness stage, and he hoped he would resemble the joint efforts of Garrick and Quin, his father. “ In that case," replied Rich would look through the hole in the cynic, "you had better begin by the green curtain, in utter mortifica. burning him. tion, and exclaim derisively to the And now, look on the three Peg audience (but not loud enough to be Woffingtons, by Wilson, Mercier, and heard), “So, you are there again, are Hogarth - the last incomparably the you?' Much good may it do you." best and most fascinating.
There We have him again in another room, she is, reclining on a couch, “dalin his generic panoply of Harlequin. lying and dangerous," as Charles
Hogarth the fourth is the incom- Lamb observed thirty years ago, when parable Kitty Clive, as the Fine Lady he first saw the painting. She has a in Lethe. In broad comic characters book in one hand, and a miniature in she has never been equalled ; but, like the other. What is the subject of her many others, mistook her line, and was studies, and whose features is she conalways squabbling with Garrick be- templating? Do not gaze too long, cause he would not indulge her, or per- lest you become fascinated. We caña
not promise you the fortune of Pyg- She survived David forty-three years, malion, or that Venus will a second and died in 1822, at the extraordinary time re-animate her own rival. No age of 105. He left her a magnificent wonder she captivated Garrick, in the fortune, but she never married again. heyday of his success, and in the pride Perhaps she thought as old Sarah of of her own loveliness. She had but one Marlborough did, that the heart which drawback - an inharmonious voice; had once belonged to a great man her face and figure were faultless. should never be given away a second She was, perhaps, altogether the most time. beautiful woman that ever appeared We have here no less than twelve upon the stage ; and her animation and portraits of Garrick, in different chaoverpowering vivacity were neverequal. racters. Little David was vain -- the led, except by Dorothea Jordan. She common weakness of genius, according sometimes courted Melpomene, but in to some philosophers. He never tired that walk she only reminded the au- of sitting for his portrait, and cared dience painfully of her superior devo- not for trouble, while it increased his tion to the sister muse. Alas! she popularity. His versatile powers renwas frail as the most yielding of the dered him equally excellent in Tragedy sisterhood, in spite of the chivalrous and Comedy, and entitled him to the efforts of our friend, Charles Reade, to precedence which Churchill has ac. purify her fame in his agreeable drama, corded him in the “ Rosciad.” There and still more attractive novel. But may be many disputes as to who should her heart was in the right place: she come next, but his claim to stand first supported her mother with every com- is universally admitted. Actors have fort; built and endowed a number of exceeded him in individual parts. He almshouses at Teddington, in Middle- failed utterly in Othello and Marplot, sex; and although cut off in the prime and never willingly assumed the Roof life, lived long enough to repent man dress. But, as a whole must be sincerely of all her early indiscretions. judged by all its parts taken together, Christian charity may readily echo the we may fairly place him above every sentiment of the gallant bishop, wbo, professor of the histrionic art that any being accidently a witness to her be- age or nation has produced. He repu. nevolence, and captivated by her diated measured declamation for easy, graces, exclaimed involuntarily, “Wo impassioned speaking; and when we man, may thy sins be forgiven thee !" remember the artificial impediments Garrick intended to marry her, poured of the early classic stage, we become forth his adoration in the song of incredulous
as to the great effects re“Lovely Peggy;" and went so far as corded of Polus, Roscius, and Paris. to place a ring on her finger before How could they possibly reflect nature witnesses. But he pulled up in time through the pipe, the mask, and the - detected her in an infidelity_found exaggerated cothurnus; and, above all, that he could do better, and united how could the gentler sex be invested himself to Mademoiselle Violetti, a with interest, while its representatives celebrated dancer, also distinguished were bearded men ? The illusion is enby her beauty and accomplishments, tirely dispelled, when we are told that with whom he lived in uninterrupted the play cannot begin until the queen harmony to the end of his days, and is shaved. Churchill's condensed eufrom whom he was never separated logium on Garrick may bear repeti. for four-and-twenty hours, after holy tion, although tolerably familiar :Church had incorporated two in one. There she is opposite to you, at the
“ If manly sense, if nature link'd with art;
If thorough knowledge of the human heart; end of the room, between the windows, If powers of acting, vast and unconfined ; painted by Cipriani, in her decline, If fewest faults with greatest beauties join'd ;
If strong expression, and strange powers, which lie and looking very sedate and matronly,
Within the magic circle of the eye ; although she never knew the feelings of If feelings, which few hearts, like his, can know, a mother. No matter whether she
Deserve the preference-Garrick, take the chair, was Lord Burlington's daughter or Nor quit it, till those place an equal there." not, he gave her a good fortune, and bestowed her on an excellent husband. We cannot say that we admire this
And which no face so well as his can show;
She could scarcely have been so old as this. Ninety-five is more likely.
Zoffany, representing Garrick and tion. Mrs. Pritchard retired from the Mrs. Pritchard in the murder scene of stage in 1768, and died, not long after, Macbeth. The positions of the figures at Bath. Her last appearance was in are stiff and unnatural that of Garrick Lady Macbeth. Garrick wrote her ungraceful almost to impossibility. farewell address, which is a poor comWe know he was short, but here, al position, much on a level with his own, though placed in advance, he looks delivered eight years later. The author like a dwarf attended by a vulgar of the epitaph on Quin might have giantess. We also recollect the lines produced something better than the of the poet we have just quoted from, following common-place rhymes :wherein it is justly said
The curtain dropt, my mimie life is past; * Before true merit all objections fly
That scene of sleep and terror vas my lastPritchard's genteel, and Garrick vix fect high."
I now appear myself-distress'd, dismayed,
In acted passion tears must seem to for, This picture reminds us of the de- But I have that within which passeth shor. fect, but conveys not the intense expression of high genius which supplies But worse lines than these will produce the remedy. Macbeth is dressed in a effect, if delivered with good einphasis heavy blue coat, with scarlet waistcoat and discretion. and breeches plastered with broad gold Here is Garrick again as Jaffier, but lace, very similar to the full costume this time accompanied by Mrs. Cibber of the Lord Mayor's state coachman, as Belvidera. She was one of the on inauguration day, with his hair most natural actresses that ever lived, hanging over his shoulders, and just so much so that it was impossible to loosened out of a trimly curled wig. imitate her. She had no salient points Macklin was the first who introduced of peculiarity which could be carica the tartan, while all the rest of the tured. She was originally a singer, characters, including his brother gene- and sister to the great musical comral, Banquo, retained the court dresses poser, Dr. Arne. Ophelia has never of George the Second. Kemble ar- been so perfectly represented either rayed the entire dramatis persone in before or since. Garrick dreaded her kilts, and made a good step in advance; quiet, determined manner, even more but the correct point is reached at last than the clamorous invectives of in the magnificent revival, by Mr. C. Clive and Woffington, when they Kean, at the Princess's Theatre. squabbled for parts, as they were con
Here is a much more agreeable picture tinually doing: A manager leads a by Hayman (one of the first members of sorry life with his rival queens. When the Royal Academy), in which we have the news of Mrs. Cibber's death was the two great artists again as Ranger brought to Garrick, he thus proand Clarinda, in Dr. Hoadly's comedy nounced hereulogium—"Then tragedy of the Suspicious Husband. In this, has expired with her! and yet she was the Garrick is light, airy, and elegant, the greatest female plague belonging as we have so often heard him describ- to my house. I could very easily party ed. Mrs. Pritchard is a fine portly the threats and despise the coarse lanlooking dame, somewhat too substan.
guage of some of my other heroines ; tial for the juvenile heroines of the but whatever was Cibber's object, & comic muse; but her talent must have new part or a new dress, she was albeen of the highest order, for she con- ways sure to carry her point, by the quered personal disadvantages, and her acuteness of her invention and the line embraced leading characters of the steadiness of her perseverance." most opposite descriptions. She was We are now standing opposite to as celebrated in Mrs. Dakly as in Lady the finest Zoffany in the collection, Macbeth. Dr. Johnson says of her representing a scene from the Clandesthat she was coarse and uneducated; tine Marriage, with King as Lord and her pronunciation of English so Ogleby, Mrs. Baddely as Miss Fanny impure that she talked of her gownd. Sterling, and Baddely as Canton. Her features were strong and impres- Either as regards the likenesses or sive rather than pleasing, but her voice the details, this picture is admirable. had great power and compass. Gar- Garrick originally intended to play rick told Wilkinson that, in scenes of Lord Ogleby himself, but resigned the passionate grief, she blubbered too part to King, who, under the instrucmuch, and became indistinct with emo- tions of his master, made it entirely