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In Cairo, on the Missouri, he con- my way to the room she had described, where ceives that he has discovered the origi. I slept most comfortably. In the morning nal“ Eden,” described by Dickens I was awakened by an old negro woman, in “ Chuzzlewit,” and where Mark who brought me a cup of coffee, returning, Tapley had a most favourable oppor

before my toilet was completed, with a pair tunity of “coming out strong under

of handsome ivory-backed hair-brushes becircumstances." Without doubting the

longing to her mistress, together with her

compliments to know if I had slept well."reality of his discovery, we think he

pp. 32-34. might easily have multiplied such instances along the dreary Mississippi. At New Orleans pleasure and hospitality kansas his book may be said to com

With the deer-hunting in the Arseem to have reigned supreme amongst

mence. His first efforts are of a more its semi-continental people ; and ere we bid adieu to the courtesies of life, we

simple description, being a few shots may give a sketch of a trifling incident

at a “deer-lick,” or place where the

deer come to seek some natural deposit that marks peculiarly the easy manners

of salt. This, however, is soon varied of the place. On his first arrival, he fails to distinguish his own lodging un

by a process, called “pan-hunting"

at night, which reminds us of an anader the light of the uncertain moon:

logous kind of warfare waged against

the fish in the Mediterranean, the “After a little hesitation, I entered that which I thought most probable to be the

picturesque effect of which must al. right one, and passing through the porte

ways catch the traveller's eye:cochère, I went up stairs, found doors and windows all thrown open ; and I continued " An iron pan attached to a long stick, for some time wandering through rooms serving as a handle, is carried in the left where the gilding of beautiful pictures hand, over the left shoulder; near where the glanced in the moonlight. I had not gone left hand grasps the handle is a small profar when I felt I had mistaken the house. jecting stick, forming a fork on which to Curiosity, however, induced me to wander rest the rifle in firing. The pan is filled a little further before retracing my steps. with burning pine knots, which being satuMy situation forcibly reminded me of the rated with turpentine, shed a brilliant and account of Don Alphonso, in Gil Blas, when constant light all round, shining into the eyes driven by the storm to take shelter in the of any deer that may come in that direcold Spanish house, through which he con- tion, and making them look like two balls tinued wandering from room to room, amidst of fire. splendid furniture, partially lighted by ex- " The night was most favourable, being piring lamps, until he reached the apartment pitch-dark, and after creeping about for of Seraphine, where he found the beautifal some time, I beheld, from the light thrown widow sleeping heavily and uneasily, through from my pan, a pair of shining balls of fire the sultry Spanish midsummer night. These moving up and down a short distance off. reflections, however, were quickly interrupted At first I took them for fireflies; but, on more by a lady's voice, calling out, Who is attentive observation, I saw, by their simultathere?' I replied hastily, informing her of neous motion, that they must be the eyes of a my having taken apartments in the Rue deer. After groping a little farther in that diRoyale that morning, and also of having rection, the eyes again appeared, and as they forgotten both the number of the house and began to approach, the distance between the name of its owner, · Was it Mr. So and them seemed gradually to increase, like the So's, or was it Colonel S.,' she kindly sug- lamps of a travelling-carriage to a spectator gested; but quite in vain, nothing could watching its progress towards him, till the bring it back to my memory. Well!' at animal came so near that I could trace his length she replied, “as my brother is gone outline ; so, holding my pan steadily on my to the country, you can sleep in his room shoulder with my left hand, I raised my rifle to-night. Take the first turn at the foot of with the right, the barrel resting in the notch the steps, cross the large landing-place, and before-mentioned, and suspecting that at go into the room at the head of the large night, from not being able to determine the stairs. Stay; I will give you a light.' After hind sight, one is apt to shoot high in catcha short pause, I heard, at the other side of ing the front one clearly, I aimed so low the closed door, a crackling noise, announc- that I could hardly, from force of habit, pering the ignition of a lucifer match, and suade myself to pull the trigger. When I immediately afterwards a lighted candle fired, the deer gave a convulsive bound into made its appearance, as well as a very the shades of night, and I thought he was pretty little jewelled hand, neatly pressed lost. at the wrist with a very pretty little “I had resumed my hunting-pan and rifle, lace frill. Having taken the proffered can- and was leaning against a tree, when, like dle, I thanked my hostess, and easily found some phantom, the faint dusky outline of an

.

me.

p. 72.

enormous stag walked noiselessly up, and have attended their sojourn in such a dreary was actually passing me. It made me, from abode, have found themselves greatly inthe high state of excitement in which I then vigorated, and their appetites much increased. was, almost superstitious enough to fancy One gentleman recovered in a most wonderful bim the departed shade of an ancient deni- manner, after a residence of several months zen of these primeval forests. I fired rapidly in a cottage there, wbich was pointed out to as he passed in front of me. On receiving The young ladies had, the year before, the ball, he rushed violently off; but, from voted it too hot to dance above-ground, and the way in which I heard him thresh the had actually planned and given a subterbushes, I knew I had a good chance of find- ranean ball; choosing a very fine cavern, ing him at daybreak. I had hardly loaded spacious enough, but not too large to admit again, when three or four pairs of glowing of its being properly lighted, and having a eyes presented themselves, glancing about in boarded floor laid down for the occasion." several directions. I fired a chance shot at one, which fortunately brought the animal down on his tracks: hearing him struggling Our traveller now commences the on the ground, I feared, by the sound, that he ascent of the Missouri, aided by an inwas not for one momeut safe, I then threw down

trepid little steamer, which once a-year rifle and pan, and rushed up knife in hand. It was fortunate that I did so, for the stag was

faces the rapid current for 2,000 miles

to Fort Union, a great depot of the recovering, and just as I had seized him with my left hand by one of his horns, which be

Fur Company's trade, and again de. ing then only in the velvet, it broke in my

scends, freighted with the costly skins grasp, so that I was compelled to drop my

collected during the past winter. knife, and hold on to him with both hands, Taking advantage of this for but 500 holloaing loudly for assistance, till the ani- miles, he then abandons such civilised mal tore the front and sleeve of my shirt refinements for a more primitive and with his fore-feet, and made such a powerful independent mode of travelling: fight, that had it not been for Thibault, who His party is formed of hardy hunters came up, attracted by my shouts, and stabbed

and trappers, and every variety of wild him through the heart, I should not only

men, moving together on horseback ; have lost my stag, but have got the worst

at night camping on the ground, and of it into the bargain."--pp. 43-50.

by day hunting the game on which they

live. Occasionally this exposed them Five capital bucks were the produce

to some deficiencies in the commis. of this first night. Presently we have sariat that were not always supplied our traveller beginningin right earnest,

by any very delicate luxuries. Thus making his solitary bivouac in the

Mr. Palliser receives an invitation forest, shooting, skinning, and cutting

from the chief of an Indian tribe to a up his own supper, with an awkward

“dog-feast;" he accepts gladly the “at ness that subsequent practice makes him now look on with contempt, and finally, home” and despite some qualms of

conscience and of stomach, does not killing a panther that ventured to make

fail to assure us that often afterwards, too elose an acquaintance with him.

when assailed by the pangs of hunger, Henceforth we may fairly consider him

he turned to the remembrance of this as having passed through the ceremony feast with envious regret. of savage initiation.

Their larder, however, was in geA visit to the Mammoth caves forms

neral supplied with more palatable & short episode : be there walks some

food, and Mr. Palliser waxes positively twenty miles up and down hill, and

eloquent in his glowing description of across rivers, catches fish without eyes,

the flavour of buffalo meat. He men. and altogether passes a most subterra

tions some remarkable instances where nean day. Chacun á son gout ; it seems

both it and the oxen beef were tried that some people find a peculiar luxury by Indians, Europeans, and Americans in interring themselves alive in such a

together, and where the verdict was deplace by way of raising their spirits :- cided and unanimous in favour of the

wild animal. He several times recurs to "The temperature is always uniform, uninfluenced by that of the external air, which

this topic, and quaintly concludes an renders them, consequently, comfortable in

excellent description of the buffalo's winter, and delightfully cool in summer.

appearance and habits, with the critiThe air inside is very pure; so much so,

cism of a practised purveyor—“ Taken that invalids have tried the experiment of altogether, they are a curious and inremaining for weeks under ground, and not- teresting animal, and uncommonly good withstanding the inevitable gloom that must eating!"

told :

About the end of October he reach- rately, doing it in a most scientific manner, es Fort Union, and here commences

and with evident relish, dabbling in the his buffalo hunting ; first as an amuse

blood, and actually drinking it, the youngest ment, and soon as a necessity. The

laughing at my aversion, and offering mo nature of the sport may be shortly

some in the palms of her hands."-p. 135.

Lest our readers should fancy that “ The first object in approaching a herd of bisons are shot like grouse, and are buffalo should be to get as near as possible quiet, defenceless creatures, we select before charging them; then, rush in with

a specimen of one keen encounter :your horse at full speed, single out one ani. mal, and detach him from the herd, which you will soon do, and after a turn or two be

“I soon came in sight of mine. He was able to get a broadside shot, when you should

standing a little way off on the open plain, endeavour to strike him behind the fore

but the skirting willows and brushwood shoulder. While reloading slacken your

afforded me cover within eighty yards of him, horse's speed to a hand gallop. The general profiting by which I crept up, and taking a method of loading is to empty the charge

deliberate aim, fired. The bull gave a confrom the horn slung round your neck into

vulsive start, moved off a little way, and the palm of your hand, whence you can more

turned his broadside again to me. I fired easily pour it down the barrel ; you then take

again, over one hundred yards this time; he a bullet wet out of your mouth, and throw

did not stir. I loaded and fired the third it down upon the powder ; by which means

time, whereupon he turned and faced me, as you avoid the necessity of using a ramrod, a

if about to show fight. As I was loading most inconvenient process when riding fast

for a fourth shot he tottered forward a step on horseback. I found it from experience

or two, and I thought he was about to fall, better to dispense with both powder-horn,

so I waited for a little while, but as he did ramrod, and copper caps altogether, and use

not come down I determined to go up and a light self-priming flint gun, carrying the

finish him. Walking up, therefore, to within powder loose in the skirt pockets of my

thirty paces of him, till I could actually see shooting.coat, and thereby having no further

his eyes rolling, I fired for the fourth time delay than to thrust my band iv for it, and

directly at the region of the heart, as I thought, empty it down the barrel of my gun; accu

but to my utter amazement up went his tail racy in quantity at such close quarters being

and down went his head, and with a speed of small importance.”—pp. 111, 112

that I thought him little capable of, he was upon me in a twinkling. I ran hard for it,

but he rapidly overhauled me, and my situaBut winter soon set in, wrapping

tion was becoming anything but pleasant. the plains in universal snow, and bind- Thinking he might, like our own bulls, shut ing all things in the rigid chains of the eyes in making a charge, I swerved sudthat dreary region's iron frost. With denly to one side to escape the shock, but, to its first cold broke out an epidemic my horror, I failed in dodging him, for he among the inhabitants of the Fort, bolted round quicker than I did, and affordwhich soon placed both hunters and

ing me barely time to protect my stomach doctor hors de combat. The garrison,

with the stock of my rifle, and to turn myof nearly fifty souls, thus became de

self sideways as I sustained the charge, in pendant on our traveller's prowess,

the hopes of getting between his horns, he and we have a narrative of fearful

came plump upon me with a shock like an slaughters and hardships, which, per

earthquake. My rifle stock was shivered to

pieces by one horn, my clothes torn by the haps, nothing but necessity could have other ; I flew into mid-air, scattering my enabled a denizen of Merrion-square prairie hens and rabbits, which had bitherto and May Fair to have encountered. hung dangling by leathern thongs from my He had not only himself to slay the

belt, in all directions, till landing at last, I game, but to skin and cut it up, and

fell unhurt in the snow, and almost over me carry back the available meat. On --fortunately not quite-rolled my infuone occasion, he certainly had the as

riated antagonist, and subsided in a snow drift. sistance of some Indian ladies, but we

I was luckily not the least injured, the force doubt if their feminine accomplish

of the blow having been perfectly deadened

by the enormous mass of fur, wool and hair ments imparted much delicacy to the that clothed his shaggy head-piece.” process : " It was quite a party of pleasure for them,

This recreation was varied by a gueand by the way in which they performed the

rilla warfare against the wolves, from cutting up, that operation seemed to afford

whom he stripped their skins, as spoils a considerable share of their enjoyment.

of war, and bore them off, not as They skinned and sliced slowly and delibe- trophies, but to barter for tobacco, and other remnants of semi-civilisation. them, when, of course, the wolf made off at A huge dog, Ishmah by name, half- full speed followed by my dog with his trawolf himself — no doubt on the prin

vail behind him, loaded with everything I ciple of setting a thief to catch a thief- then possessed in the world. I followed formed his companion in these solitary shouting after him in vain until he entirely forays. How they managed to bivouac

disappeared from my view, after which I is worth hearing :

continued running on the tracks, till darkness obliged me to abandon the pursuit, and

I found myself a long way from timber, out " The woods along the banks of the river

on the broad prairie, alone on a vast barren afforded me timber, already fallen and in

waste of snow stretching around me on every every stage of decomposition, wherewith to

side. light a fire at night ; and when I stood and

“My sensations were anything but envialooked about me to choose a convenient spot

ble, on reflecting that I was about one hunnear an ice-hole, Ishmah used to gaze into

dred miles from any known habitation, and my face as if he could read my thoughts,

nearly one hundred and fifty from my destiand wbine, as much as to say, 'I am tired,

nation, destitute of robe and blankets, with too.' When I trampled down the snow, cut

but very little powder in my horn, and only and strewed the willows, and proceeded to

two bullets in my pouch. In short I was in collect the wood, he used to watch me eagerly,

a pretty considerable sort of a 'fix,' and had and prick up his ears when he saw me take

nothing for it but to make tracks again with the flint and steel from my pouch, and the

all speed for the timber. Fortunately I dry inner bark of the cotton-wood tree from

found my way back to the river without my chest, in which to kindle the spark. The

much difficulty. It was a beautiful moonfire secure and burning well, I turned my at

light night, which enabled me to collect some tention to him, unbarnessed him, unpacked

fallen wood, and having lighted a 'fire, I his travail, and placed it aloft against the

seated myself beside it, and began to consiside of a tree to protect the leather straps der the probabilities of my ever reaching a from the voracity of the wolves. This done

trading post alive, in the event of Ishmah I spread my bed, and filled the kettles with

not returning, and how I should economise water, took a handful of coffee-berries from

my ammunition and increase my rate of tramy bag, which I roasted in the cover of

velling, so as to effect this object. My the kettle, then wrapping them up in a piece

prospects were dismal enough, nor did I feel of leather, I pounded them on a stump, and

cheered as the cold north breeze froze the put them in the smaller kettle to boil, reserv

perspiration which had run down my foreing the large one for the meat. These culi

head and face, and formed icicles in my Dary proceedings Ishmah used to regard with

beard and whiskers, that jingled like bells the most intense interest, turning back, from

as I shook my head in dismissing from my time to time, as the eddies of pungent smoke

mind one project after another. At last, refrom the damp fuel compelled him to avert

signing myself to my fate I took out my his eyes. When supper was at last cooked

pipe, determined to console myself with a and despatched (quickly enough on his part,

smoke, when, alas! on feeling for tobacco I poor fellow, for his share was sometimes very

found that was gore too. This was the cliscanty), he sat up close beside me as I

max of my misfortunes. I looked to the smoked my pipe and sipped my coffee; and

north star and calculated, by the position of when at last I got into bed, he used to lie

the Plough, that it must have been about down at the edge of the robe, with his back

ten o'clock, the time at which, in England, close up against my shoulders, and so we

we have our knees under the mahogany surslept till morning. As soon as it was day- rounded by friends, discussing a bottle of the light we rose, Ishmah submitted patiently to

best, and awaiting the summons to tea in be harnessed, and we resumed our march."

the drawing-room. I tried to see a faint -pp. 155-156.

similarity to the steam of the tea-urn in the

smoke from the snow-covered wood on my Ishmah's poor relations, the famish- dreary fire, and endeavoured to trace the ing wolves, were sometimes excessively forms of sweet familiar faces in the embers, troublesome, and used to entice him till I almost heard the rustling of fresh white to join their wild gambols, so as once

crèpe dresses round me, when, hark! I did closely to jeopardise our traveller's

hear a rustle-it approaches nearer, nearer, life :

and I recognise the scraping of Ishmal's travail on the snow ; another moment and the

panting rascal was by my side! I never felt * One day, after a long march, I was so relieved, and laughed out loud from sheer looking out for a convenient camping-place, joy, as I noticed the consciousness he showed when a she-wolf crossed the ice at some dis- by his various cringing movements of having tance from where I was standing. In spite behaved very badly. I was too well pleased, of all my exertions and threats, Ishmah im- however, at his appearance to beat him, parmediately gave chase, and they continued ticularly when I found nothing of his hartheir gambols until I attempted to approach ness and load either missing or injured in the

miles

slightest degree. Even the portion of meat procurable. The party is nearly frozen which I had secured from the last deer I to death, sleeping under a north-eastern shot was untouched ; so that I had nothing snow storm, without a fire, and then to do but unpack the travail, make my bed, nearly perishes for want of food; but and cook our supper.”—Pp. 157–59.

these are ordinary incidents, and of

what value are they when compared But the best hunter cannot always to a box of copper caps ? After all, insure game, or unfailing success, and men soon cease to be very particular, our traveller had soon to observe an and their standard of comfort becomes involuntary fast for more than two

wonderfully low. Thus we find it very days. His feelings the second night simply told us—“It continued to pour are well described :

all night ; but we hardly suffered any

inconvenience from the rain, and on " I felt very hungry indeed, and was, be

the whole, with the exception of having sides, very tired. I slept feverishly, awakened at intervals from visions of the most rare

nothing to eat, were very comfortable !" and delicious dishes placed before me. I

Next follows a succession of bold dreamed I stood before the hospitable man

and daring shots, and some most trision of an old friend, who led me, in spite of

umphant expeditions some hundred my incongruous costume, into his bril

up the Yellowstone river, in liantly-lighted parlour, and placed me down which the rifle deals death with territo a table loaded with all the delicacies of ble precision amongst hosts of anteevery season and climate under heaven, in- lopes, wapiti, beavers, buffalo, and cluding two soups and a turbot! At last

grosse corne, which last are neither when powdered footmen removed the richly

more nor less than wild sheep. It chased covers off these exquisite delicacies, I

does not sound very romantic or started up wide awake, to look on nought

sportsmanlike to go sheep-shootingbut snow, and finally I solaced myself with a pipe. On the day following I hunted

in fact, it is apt to recal to our minds long and hard till considerably after noon

here, certain very stringent laws about without success. The painful sickening sen

sheep-stealing ; but these animals are sation of hunger had now quite left me, and

as wild and nimble as the chamois, and I suffered much less on the third than on use their huge horns much as the boar the second day. Strange to say I had not would his tusks. So vast a slaughter the least apprehension for the future, but soon overloads the party with the trofelt perfectly confident the whole time, that phies of victory, and they determine sooner or later I should fall in with game. to build a boat to transport, by water, At last I came to some fresh tracks of deer,

their growing pile of furs and skins. and soon made out that the animal had not

This is soon done most effectually, only been walking quietly, but was in the willows close by ; this I rightly guessed by

though mayhap not with the beauty, the ziz-zag direction of the tracks ; for deer

or after the recognised rules of Lambefore lying down, walk slowly from side to

beth or Putney. They make a frameside, as if hesitating where to stop. I re

work of willows, kill a couple of bulls, mained perfectly still for some time, looking Alay them, and stretch the reeking intently with an eye sharpened by hunger, hides upon the frame, lashing them on and at length observed something stir in the with elk-skin cord. In the prairies, willows; it was a deer ; evening was advanc- men have not leisure to serve an aping, and he was going out to feed. I waited

prenticeship to trades; they must imanxiously as he came on, slowly, most for- provise, and be satisfied without any tunately towards me, until he approached to within about 100 yards, and then stopped.

very high artistic finish. Thus our tra. I drew up my rifle, and would have fired;

veller's next occupations are those of a but he came still nearer, feeding slowly for

shirt maker and a tailor, rather à la ward till he was scarcely sixty yards off,

Robinson Crusoe :when I took a steady deliberate shot as he turned his flank towards me. I heard the “I was at this time very badly off for bullet crack against the shoulder ; he rushed clothes. My large winter grey woollen shoota short distance back, and rolled over in the ing-coat (or capote) was completely worn snow.”—pp. 161-63.

out; over and over again I bad patched it

with pieces of blanket, but still the rents But as shops are not more plentiful

were made worse, and at last it went utterly than restaurants, he has to undertake a

to pieces. I had, however, with me an elk

skin, which had been uncommonly well march of seventy miles to make a pur- dressed by one of the men while I was at Fort chase of copper caps, where that ne- Union; this I took and cut into a huntingcessary of his wild life is said to be shirt with loose sleeves, sewing it up partly

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