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Senate of the United States (continued)-
shall not be questioned elsewhere for any speech or debate in
shall not be appointed to certain offices...... Senators and Representatires, election of, how prescribed..
who are disqualified from being...... Senator, shall not be an elector of President....... Slavery, abolished..
new, may be admitted into the Union......
tion of two or more...
tection aguinst invasion, and domestic violence... Taxes, on persons imported, not to exceed ten dollars........
direct, how apportioned,,....
on exports, prohibited....
in representation in Congress, how filled.
arrive, or from which they depart .......
may be removed by impeachment.......
CONSTITUTION OF CALIFORNIA.
ADOPTED BY THE CONVENTION, OCTOBER TENTH,
EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-NINE; RATIFIED BY THE PEOPLE, NOVEMBER THIRTEENTH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-NINE; PROCLAIMED, DECEMBER TWENTIETH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND FORTY-NINE; AND AMENDED, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND SIXTY-TWO.
WE, the People of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution.
ARTICLE I. DECLARATION OF Rights.
II. RighT OF SUFFRAGE.
V. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.
SECTION 1. Inalienable rights.
2. Popular government.
SECTION 3. Jury trial.
4. Religious worship, and liberty of conscience.
SECTION 1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have certain inalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquiring, possessing, and protecting property, and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness.
Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people. Government is instituted for the protection, security, and benefit of the people, and they have the right to alter or reform the same whenever the public good may require it.
SEC. 3. The right of trial by jury shall be secured to all, and remain in violate forever; but a jury trial may be waived by the parties, in all civil cases, in the manner to be prescribed by law.
Religious SEC. 4. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious worship, and profession and worship, without discrimination or prefer. liberty of conscienco. ence, shall forever be allowed in this State; and no person
shall be rendered incompetent to be a witness on account of his opinions on matters of religious belief; but the lib. erty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licentiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this State.
Sec. 5. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus Habeas shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require its suspension.
Sec. 6. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor exces- Excessivo
bail, tines, sive fines imposed; nor shall cruel or unusual punish- and pun
ishments. ments be inflicted; nor shall witnesses be unreasonably detained.
SEC. 7. All persons shall be bailable by sufficient sure- All offenses
bailabloties, unless for capital offenses when the proof is evident ono or the presumption great.
Sec. 8. No person shall be held to answer for a capi. Personal tal or otherwise infamous crime (except in cases of im- rights of
property. peachment, and in cases of militia when in actual service, and the land and naval forces in time of war, or which this State may keep, with the consent of Congress, in time of peace, and in cases of petit larceny, under the regulation of the Legislature) unless on presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury; and, in any trial in any Court whatever, the party accused shall be allowed to appear and defend, in person and with counsel, as in civil actions. No person shall be subject to be put twice in jeopardy for the same offense; nor shall he be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation,
SEC. 9. Every citizen may freely speak, write, and Liberty of
speech and publish his sentiments on all subjects, being responsible press, and for the abuse of that right; and no law shall be passed libel. to restrain or abridge the liberty of speech or of the press. In all criminal prosecutions on indictments for libels, the truth may be given in evidence to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be acquitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the fact.