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increased nor diminished during the period for which he powers of
Executive. shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that period any other emolument from the United States or any of them.
8. Before he enters on the execution of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirmation: “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
1. The President shall be Commander in Chief of Other
powers and the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the duties. Militia of the several States, when called into the actual service of the United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.
2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Sen. ate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for and which shall be established by law; but the Congress may by law vest the appoinment of such inferior officers as they think proper in the President alone, in the Courts of law, or in the heads of Departments.
3. The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may bappen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall expire at the end of their next session.
to, and power of
Messages 1. He shall, from time to time, give to the Congress
information of the state of the Union, and recomassembling and mend to their consideration such measures as he shall adjourning Congress; recoption
judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordisadors, etc.; nary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them,
and in case of disagreement between them with respect officers.
to the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the officers of the United States.
Removal of officers on impeachment.
1. The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanor's.
1. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior
Courts as the Congress may, from time to time, ordain Supremo and establish. The Judges, both of the Supreme and interior inferior Courts, shall hold their offices during good term of behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their compensaservices a compensation, which shall not be diminished Judges. during their continuance in office.
1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in Judicia law and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or States; between a State and citizens of another State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States; and between a State, or the citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or subjects.
2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned the Supreme Court shall bave appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such exceptions and under such regulations as the Congress shall make.
3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of impeachment, shall be by jury; and such trial shall be held in the State where the said crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the trial shall be put at such place or places as the Congress may, by law, have directed.
1. Treason against the United States shall consist Treason. only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort.
2. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open Court.
3. The Congress shall have power to declare the punishment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted.
Evidence of acts and official records of States.
Privileges of citizens,
government and protect against invasion.
Evidence of acts and official records of States.
1. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner in which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be proved, and the effect thereof.
Privileges of citizens.
1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several States.
2. A person charged in any State with treason, fel. ony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, sball, on demand of the executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.
3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be due.
1. New States may be admitted by the Congress New States into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned, as well as of the Congress.
2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
1. The United States shall guarantee to every State United in this Union a republican form of government, and guarantoo shall protect each of them against invasion; and, on State a
republican application of the Legislature, or of the Executive form of (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against ment and domestic violence.
Manner of making Amendments to Constitution.