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tables were set and the rice dished out, and each girl During the night the great thoroughfares are usually was longing to begin to eat the good things, I bade quiet, and are dimly lighted by lanterns which hang them good bye, wishing them a merry time.”
from the doors of the houses. The city is not subject
to the same strict military rule as the Tartar city, and is The City of Yeking.
much resorted to by many persons in quest of relaxation
and dissipation. The City of Peking, the capital of China, has a popu. lation of about two million, and is divided into two private mansions, hamlets, and cultivated fields.
The environs of the city are occupied with groves, cities-the Chinese city with an area of fifteen square miles, and the Tartar city with an area of twelve of some of the principal buildings, gates, etc., of the
The following will aid in understanding the location square miles. Both of these divisions are enclosed by walls about thirty feet high, 25 feet thick at the base, city, as given in the plan: and twelve feet at the top.
A-Temple of Heaven.
F-Hei ssu, Lama Temple.
G-Hwang-ssu, Lama Temple.
J-Tung Ho Kung, Lama Temple.
J-Wen Miao, the Confucian Temple. The ball of the Classics is attached to this temple.
K-Ti-Wang. Miao, Imperial Confucian Temple.
L-Pai-ta ssu, Buddhist Temple.
M-Hu.po osu, Buddhist Temple.
Q-London Missionary Society.
S-Kuang.hsiang t'ai, Observatory.
T-Quarter of the Foreign Legations, and Ambassadors of the Tribute Bearing Nations.
V-Peb-tang, French Ecclesiastical Mission.
W-White Ming Pagoda.
1-Ta.Ching-mun. ) CITY
Four Gates of the Imperial City. 3—How-mun. 4-Yung.hua-mun. 5-Cbien-mun. 6-Shun-chih mun. 7-Ping tzu-mun.
8-Si-chih-mun. PLAN OF THE CITY OF PEKING.
9-Te-sheng-mun. Nine Gates of the Tartar City.
10-Auting-mun. The Tartar city consists of three enclosures, one within
11-Tung.chih-mun. another, each surrounded by its own wall. The inner
12—Chih-ho.mun. most contains the imperial palace and its surrounding 13-Hai-te-mun. buildings; the second is occupied by the several offices 14-Tung.Pien.mun. appertaining to the government, and by rany private 15-Sba-buo.mun. residents who receive special permission to reside within 16—Cheang.tzu.mun. its limits; and the outer one for the most part, consists
Seven Gates of the Chinese 17-Tung-ting-mun.
City of dwelling houses, with shops in the larger avenuer.
19-Hang-yi-mun. The Chinese city is more populous than the Tartar 20—Si-pien.mun. city. The houses are built of brick and seldom exceed
NOTE.—The scale of this plan is too small to give all the one story in height. There are a large number of shops. I streets. Only a few of the wider thoroughfares are indicated.
3 Day at a fair.
mean business, not pleasure. Before me there are about A missionary in China writes about a fair he attend four acres covered with men, utensils, and donkeys. ed in China. He says:
There are about 8000 men, all dressed in blue or white. We went to the fair to day. In going we passed a great The utensils are of every kind-useful in the house and many beggars, most of whom were blind. They have on the farm. Of course these things, for the most part, many methods of exciting pity. I shall mention but are rudely made, but many times I am surprised to see two. Many of them kept striking their naked breasts the skill manifested. The baskets are very well made. with thick shoe-soles. Several were bruised and bleed. They hold water, and make excellent well-buckets. ing, yet they kept on striking the same raw places and Snow shovels, also, are very good; wooden pitchforks, crying for cash. One old man was continually bowing also, manifest considerable skill. his head against the hard ground, and, though the blood The donkeys are all small, ugly, and noisy. Now, was oozing out at the pores, still he bowed and cried mix up all these things-men, utensils, and donkeysfor help
Giving them cash does not stop this cruel | into one confused mass, animate and inanimate, and the
self-inflicted pain. Just as soon as one cash strikes the noise of the donkeys and the jabbering of the men, each bowl or gourd, down goes the head against the ground trying to make himself heard, and you will have some again. Being bare-headed and naked down to the idea of what I am hearing and seeing. Now the crowd waist, they sit in the scorching sun, and add pain to has become so dense around me, I will remove to anmisery. When we got to the fair I sat on the ground, other place. to make note of what I saw. This I will send you. The Temple is very near the fair-ground, and it is the
I am at a Chinese fair. I sat down here to write, and temple of the god of medicine. Here we behold a god. before I could get my pencil sharpened, a crowd had sur. A great huge thing in the shape of a man, with face of rounded me. They are now watching me write with as bronze and painted body. Just in front of this image much interest as an American boy would watch Bar- the women are prostrating themselves, bowing their num's great circus. I can give no adequate description heads quite to the ground. On one side a priest receives of this fair. It is just as different from anything in their offerings, on the other a priest beats a gong. In America as America is different from China. It does front of the women and the god there is a little counnot mean the same thing. Here the people bring all ter, on which rests an incense vessel, in which there is a kinds of things together to sell, not to show them. They fire for lighting the incense. At either end of this counter stands a priest. One beats a gong, while the other with bis name upon it, who came on two by two.
The receives the bread offered to the god, which they will three lighted lanterns on the head of each banner, swingfeast on for many days. Great crowds are coming and ing twenty feet in the air, reflected light upon the gold going, all of whom bow to the image several times and characters pasted upon crimson silk-characters praising then depart.
all sorts of false gods, too many to mention, for, like the But here comes an old man leading a child. The devils spoken of in the Bible, their name is 'Legion.' child, being more active and nimble, bows his little One hundred of these banners passed us with their tiny head to the ground before the old man can get upon little bells tinkling as they went along. his knees. Now they both worship togeti er, and pass “Suddenly the darkness was illumined by the arrival out. Look out ! here comes an officer hallooing “zola! of twelve little boys carrying lanterns, shaped like huge zola ! zola !” He comes to me and very politely ex. fish, curved in a way which made them look very natplains that I am detaining too great a crowd in the ural. Some salmon preceded a number of dog-fish with temple-court, and asks me to go on the outside. We large goggle eyer, and such comical movements of their start out, and just as we get to the gate a man thrusts a flexible bodies. Candles burned inside each of the fisb. stick across the path behind us, and thus cuts off Occasionally one would burn out, and an attendant boy, the crowd from us—makes them go another way, while with a big bundle of candles, would rush into the prowe pass out between two rows of soldiers with guns. cession and repair the damage with as much importance Just as we get outside some one hits me with a stone, as a new policeman or an old waiter. and I wheel and ask, Who? I look very mad, and as
“While I was thinking how much I would like to get though I am very anxious to find out who did it, but these boys into a school and teach them about Jesus, everybody looks innocent, and I am glad of it.
another band of music headed a string of lads who each The theatre is upon a high porch in front of a lit:le bore a green lantern shaped like a grasshopper, with brick house, where they have some sort of playing. candles shining through the green paper with such a Most of it is pantomimic, and all of it might be, as far fantastic light. They moved about very steadily, exas I am concerned.
hibiting far too much dignity for grasshoppers. There came more big and little fishes, more music, crackers,
and banners, then a couple of lanterns like fightingThe feast of Lanteras.
cocks, pecking and striking at each other in a most furi. Rev. J. S. Adams, of the China Inland Mission, gives ous manner. This effect was caused by strings pulled an account of the scenes he witnessed on the night when from below by the men carrying the lanterns. the Feast of Lanterns was celebrated :
“A tremendous explosion of crackers followed, and, " It was a very dark, cloudy night. Every house and surrounded by smoke and flame, a huge dragon made shop, with the exception of our own home, had three or its appearance. Its head was made of wood, richly four lanterns hanging in rows. Muffled in red silk, they carved and gilded, and it was surrounded by a crest of cast a subdued light all down the street, which was very about eighty colored lanterns, in which red was the prepleasing, yet only seemed to make the darkness more vailing color. This head, which reared up, was borne intense. The sound of gongs and cymbals, drums, fifes, on a frame by about forty men. The body was in and fiddles, and brass trumpets announced the approach curves, and as it twisted and groaned, and curled hither of the procession, which was an hour or more passing and thither, it reminded one of that 'old serpent,' who our house. The band of music came first, followed by had so long deceived this poor people. The long, coltwo artillerymen, who fired huge crackers which startled ored body, with its illuminated scales of red, green, and the men and made the women and children scream. A yellow, was one hundred and seventy feet long, and was party of little ragged boys trotted after the fireworks, carried by eighty-five coolies. No sooner had the dragon each carrying a large square box of candles all blazing gone than a tremendous chattering began among the away, their light being hidden by folds of calico cut out people: “What a fine sight! How cleverly managed ! !' in curious shapes, with holes for grotesque little figures etc., etc, with other remarks which clearly indicated to dance in--not unlike the “shadow-shows” we used that the dragon was the main feature of the procession. to make in the nursery in youthful days.
“More fish-big and little, red, green, blue, and yel“When the ragged urchins had played their part and low-more crackers, music, shadow-shows, more banpassed on, an interval of silence succeeded, broken only ners borne by all sorts of people. Then clanging cym. by the whisperings of the women, the men looking bals, special honors in the way of fireworks, and, amid stolidly down the street for the appearance of the next a cloud of incense, a big, gilded idol passed on, borne by part of the procession, and smoking away at their pipes. coolies and attended by priests. Next came a miniature Soft music was soon heard, and several thin old gentle temple, with gardens all complete, lighted with wax men blowing flutes, and others scraping on fiddles, tapers. A cry of delight rose from the people when a seconded by boys tapping gently on tambourines, put in cluster of lanterns, ten feet high by fifteen round, made an appearance in slow, solemn step. They preceded a in imitation of a greatly prized flower, passed by. It long train of respectable citizens, each bearing a banner was inexpressibly beautiful. This flower in nature is like a red dahlia, but as large as a small cabbage when was a good woman; but she praised Mr. Chang, perhaps cultivated.
more than was good for him, when he did right, and “Now came eight or ten mythical scenes taken from scolded him soundly when he did wrong. You may the history of China, in various ways attended by mu imagine they did not always live very peacefully, and sic. The ground-work of these set pieces was illumin. at last Mr. Chang determined to send off Ting Heang ated; and in the midst of paper trees, mountains, and and marry his beautiful cousin, Hi Tang. rocks, sat little boys and tiny girls proudly showing Ting Heang was a good, economical woman, and soon their grand dresses as emperors and empresses of the became rich, while Mr. Chang became a beggar, as he olden time.
richly deserved. As he went from door to door to beg, “These idol-processions, how they bind the hearts of he came one day to the house of his former wife, who the people to their false gods! From infancy to the knew him at once. When he discovered of whom he grave, their joys and holidays are all in some way or was begging he was so ashamed that he threw himself other mixed up with idolatry. Sober merchants, acute into the fire and disappeared in a twinkling. At the officials, intelligent scholars, kind-hearted matrons, win. same moment some one passing saw him come out of the ning girls, and bold, handsome lads—all with many top of the chimney and ascend into heaven. When the features that draw out love, if with some which repel-affair was made known to the emperor he decided that are the slaves of these false teachings which are Satan's Mr. Chang should be honored as the god of fire. devices."
After awhile his two wives, on account of their virThe Chinese Kitchen God.
tue, went up to heaven to live with him. Hence you
see in the picture his two wives, Ting Heang, his first Mrs. C. W. Mateer, a missionary in China, writes to wife, on his right, and Hi Tang on his left. Above at Children's Work for Children the following account of his right you see his brother, the supreme ruler of all the Chinese Kitchen God :
things. There are three principal times for the worship This god has, perhaps, more influence than any oth of this god. The first is his birthday, which is on the er in China, and there is not a house, rich or poor, where third of the eight month. Early in the morning each his picture is not pasted up over the fire-place and wor. family burns paper money and incense and spreads shipped by the whole family by prayers and sacrifices. wine and soup before the god. Then each person One of the accounts of him tells us that in the begin. prostrates himself four times before bim, praying ning of the world everything was eaten raw, because no aloud that he will accept the offerings. The second time one yet had discovered fire. At last an emperor arose for his worship is on the twenty-third of the twelfth who felt sure there must be such a thing, and ordered month, just seven days before the new year, when they one of his officers, Tan Tez Kwo, to invent some means of say he ascends to heaven to report to his elder brother producing it. Tan Tsz Kwo, noticing smoke ascending all that bas happened during the past year and gets his from some wood, took two pieces and rubbing them briskorders for the year to come. On this day, besides the ly together soon brought fire. Now the people so relished
paper money, incense, soup and wine, he receives sweetcooked food that they were ready to worship the wise meats, cakes and fruit. The idea of this is that he will Tan Tsz Kwo as a god. The emperor, too, deified or be pleased with the nice things and that his mouth will made a god of him, and made him the ruler of all have a sweet taste, so he will naturally speak sweet, family affairs,
pleasant words about them to his elder brother. Many Another story is that when all things in heaven and offer a rabbit also, that he may ride swiftly to heaven. earth were made, one god was called Tsaon Wong, that He must be a small god! is, “king of the fire place.” He is the younger brother
When the offerings are all spread out they tear down of the supreme ruler over all things. His duty is to the old picture of Tsaon Wong from the fire-place and watch over the family, especially the women and girle, burn it, so starting him on his flight. As it burns they rewarding the good and punishing the bad. If the women are lazy about caring for their house and child. prostrate themselves and repeat in a sort of rhyme such ren, if they tell lies and scold, neglect their husbands or secretly eat the nice things which they ought to give to “Our Tsaon Wong to night for heaven must start;
Come eat of our offerings before you depart. them, they will surely be reported by Tsaon Wong, to Here are cakes, dates and pears, all good as you know, the god of all things, and suffer severe punishment. And a handful of candy to eat as you go.
And when you get there and report for ihe year, They will be sick, their mothers-in-law will scold, their
Please say to your brother we're good people here; cbildren will cry and be wakeful at night, their chim
Don't mention our bad deeds, no never a tittle,
But tell all our good ones, make much out of little. neys will smoke, and things will be uncomfortable gen
Say we're honest and upright, and for us entreat erally. But the story of this god which is commonly Much peace and good fortune, with plenty to eat.
Let sickness and poverty never come near, told among the people is not written in the books. It is
Make us happy and prosperous all through the year; gaid that in the old times one of the gods came down to If blessings like these you bring with you back, earth and was known as Chang. He was very ricb, and
You and we will enjoy them, of good have no lack.
And now up the chimney quick haste you away; lived in the province of Honan. His wife, Ting Heang, We'll look for you back on the thirtieth day.”
a prayer as this:
During the next seven days there is no picture of who has ascended into heaven, and who ever liveth to Tsaon Wong on the wall, but every family buys a new make intercession for all that believe on His name. one to be ready for the new year. The common price of one of these pictures is from three to five casb, which
Worship of the Queen of Heaven in China. is less than one-half cent, so you see a god does not cost Miss Daniells, a missionary at Swatow, China, writes much in China. On
follows about the night of the
Kwanon, the Chi. thirtieth day, Tason
nese queen of heav. Wong is supposed
en : to return from heav.
“Once a year, the en and take
people about Swaabode in the new
tow go to a small picture. At mid
island at the mouth night candles are
of the bay, to worlighted, paper mon
ship the “queen of ey and incense are
heaven," to whom burned, and crack
mercantile men ers fired. The fam.
think they owe their ily stand in front of
success upon sea and the fire-place, make
land. Recently Miss four prostrations, or
Norwood and I went very low bows, and
down upon such an pray that Tsaon
occasion. Wong will no w re
“The temple ded. turn to his place in
icated to the godthe family. Besides
dess stands high, these special seasons
and is reached by a for worship, when
flight of stone steps ever there is sick.
It is highly ornaor trouble in
mented in flowers, the family they sac
fowls, fishes, and rifice to him and
beasts, the ridgepray to him for help.
pole being crowned Though there are
by a great dragon. no special temples
A noisy theatre opbuilt to his honor,
erates a few feet in yet every house is
front of the steps, his temple, and no
and on all sides are family is without
people with tables his picture. With
for supplying food out it they would
mock money. feel that the family
Going up the steps, bad no head and
one sees directly in protector. When
front of the temple the Chinese become
an altar for making Christians this is the
offerings to the spir. last god they are
its of such of the dewilling to give up;
parted as have no they all feel that he is nearest and dearest to ibem. children to worship them. To the right of this is a Is it not strange that they believe these stories just as huge paper image, its head as high as the top of the truly as we beleive God's Word ? Is it not a bleesed temple, its face and hands as hideous as you can imagthing that in place of a god like Tsaon Wong, we know ine. This is the ruler of these departed spirits, and of the one true God, who, though He is so great and it is his duty to settle disagreements among those good and wise, yet says that our hearts are his temples ? spirits who are inclined to quarrel. To the left of the Every year millions in China are burning their kitchen god altar is a furnace, in which bushels of ashes and embers and trying to bribe him, by gifte of sweetmeats, to hide show that during the past two days great quantities their sins. Do you wonder that the missionaries long to of mock money bave been offered. tell everyone of them the grand sweet story of Christ, “Within the temple, at the further end, sits the god