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The American Colonization Society.
IN 1773 the Reverend Doctor Hopkins, of Rhode Is. Congress and sanctioned by the President under safeland, proposed to educate two colored youths and send guards and guaranties the wisest that human judgment them to Africa as missionaries, and another suggested can invent." that they should be accompanied by forty other colored The Rev. Dr. B. Sunderland in his annual address bepersons to form a colony that should be employed in
fore the Society urged that the million of dollars was agricultural, mechanical and commercial pursuits, but owing to them because of the unrequited servitude of the effort then made was not successful.
250 years and beseeches most earnest efforts to secure it. In 1815, Paul Cuffee, a colored man of Massachusetts, carried to Africa at his own expense forty of his people.
“ Let the American Church speak out.
Let the masHe was the first from America to establish a colony in
sive and ever augmenting cohorts of Methodism, whose Africa.
camp-fires glow in every nation under heaven, and whose Iu December, 1816, the American Colonization Society mighty tread is as the angel of God beneath whose feet was organized, and from that time to the present has
the rock-ribbed earth is trembling-let the solid army of sought the welfare of the Negroes by arranging for their
the Baptists, whose ranks are thick with converts standcolonization in Africa, believing that through this means ing for the defense of the common faith of Israel—let the their highest temporal good would be secured.
Episcopalians, whose banners stream upon the rejoicing The annual report of the Society made last January air and whose altar-fires grow beautiful in the great dawn says: “Emigration to Liberia under the auspices of the
of the advancing day.-let the Presbyterians, the sons of American Colonization Society has been uninterrupted
the French Huguenots, of Scottish Covenanters, and of for the past sixty-five years. The number sent since the
Irish Ulster men-mailed with iron shield and stalwart in civil war amounts to 3,790, making a total from the be
the heat of battle as the gray crags of Switzerland—let the ginning of 15,788, exclusive of 5,722 recaptured Africans
Congregationalists, whose pilgrim fathers colonized New which we induced and enabled the government of the
England's shores and made the coast one line of freeUnited States to settle in Liberia, making a grand total
dom's glorious light in the midst of which their Boston of 21,510 persons to whom the Society has given homes
stands to-day outshining Athers as Christ outshone the in Africa.”
Socrates of old- let the Lutheran, whose name recalls The Hon. Z. B. Roberis, one of the Justices of the
the Reformation and makes us hear again the unfettered Supreme Court of Liberia, wrote to the Society July 24, voice of that intrepid monk who shook the Papal world 1885: “Sinoe County was planted by your philanthropy - let the fervent Quaker, whose illustrious pioneer in common with the other portions of Liberia. It is
brought hither the benignant spirit of his Order, and gave heavily timbered, has a fertile so:1, a bar for shipping at
title to the Key-Stone State and perpetuated his piety all seasons of the year, and a river abounding in fish, in
in the very name of her magnificent city—let the sectary cluding superior oysters. Our evergreen palm trees lift
of every name, Protestant and Romish, join hands togethup their towering heads-waving majestically their .
er to solicit this grand subsidy of national beneficence. glossy limbs and broad leaves, their trunks filled with
Let the flood-gates of petition be opened upon Concrimson fruit for home use and for exportation. There
gress, and from every class and from every corner roll is room here for Africa's sons in America to enjoy with
in upon that body a volume of supplication.” us this God given land. Emigrants are needed :—those that will resolve in coming to labor for the elevation of
INFORMATION FOR INTENDING EMIGRANTS. themselves, their children, and their race. Men whose
The Society in the following answers conveys needed bosoms swell with a deep love of liberty-mechanics, far
information respecting emigration to Liberia : mers, miners and teachers are greatly desired. I emi
Question 1. At what season of the year is it best to emgrated here in 1849, and cease not to thank the American
bark for Liberia ? Colonization Society for aiding me to come, and my Heavenly Father for good health and prolonging my
Ansuer 1. Vessels usually leave this country in the life"
Spring and Fail for Liberia. There is very little, if any, The Committee on Emigration reported last January :
choice between these two seasons of the year as a time • What Liberia most needs to-day, in our view, is, that
to arrive in that Republic. one quarter of its territory, now unoccupied by a civilized Q. 2. How long is the voyage, and is there much danand Christian population, should be filled with 10,000 of ger that we shall be lost on the way? the choicest men, women and children that can be found A. 2. Thirty-five days is the average length of a voyin half a million, and that they should be sent there not age to Liberia. In sixty-five years, during which there by the tardy and inadequate aid of private beneficence, ! have been nearly two hundred emigrations, there has not but by an appropriation of a million of dollars, voted by been a case of loss or disaster.
2. 3. What ought we to take with us, both for use on A. 6. Every emigrant costs the Society one hundred t'ie voyage and after we get there?
dollars ; of which $50 is for passage and support, and 850 A. 3. Every emigrant ought to be well supplied with for rations and shelter during the first six months after clothing similar to that which he wears in this country. arrival in Liberia. Toward this outlay, the preference is The heat is not so oppressive as in América during the accorded such applicants, all other things being equal, summer. There is no winter in Liberia, but during the as will give at least $25 a head. This money must be rainy season, health is preserved and promoted by wear. sent to the Society and an order for passage obtained being flannel, or warm clothing. He ought also to have a fore the people leave their homes, as without it they will good mattress and bed-clothes, which he will use on not be received on the vessel Emigrants are required shipboard and after landing. If he is a mechanic, he ought to reach the ship at their own expense. What the Soto have the tools of his trade. If he is a farmer, he ought ciety does for emigrants is a free gift to them, never to be to be well supplied with axes, hoes, spades, saws, augers, returned. etc. He should also be provided with cotton-gins, a Q. 7. How can I make a living in Liberia ? loom, portable furniture, and ploughs, condensed for A. 7. In the same way you would make one anywhere storage. And, as every family is expected to keep house else ; that is, by industry and economy. During the first and live by themselves, they ought to have a good sup- six months after arrival in Liberia you become acclimaply of table furniture and cooking utensils. It is not ted, and can open and plant your land, build a house on possible to take chairs, tables, bed'steads, and other large it, raise a crop, and have everything in readiness to live
, articles of furniture
comfortably thereafter. with them, as they
Blacksmiths, carpenoccupy too much room
ters, masons, brickin the ship. But what
makers, cabinetmakers, ever is convenient and
shipwrights, etc., etc., necessary in house
can always find emkeeping and of small
ployment at good wacompass, they ought
ges. The farmer need to take. A keg of
fear no want. nails, (4, 6, 9, and ten
Africa is now occupenny), a bale or two
pying the attention of of domestics, a quan
philanthropists, scientity of leaf tobacco
tists and merchants in (small heads, averag.
all civilized countries. ing five heads to the
To Americans, there pound) and some
is no portion of that specie or gold coin,
Continent that is more and "greenbacks"
interesting than that would be of use to
in which the Republic PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH AT CAPE PALMAS, LIBERIA. them in erecting their
of Liberia is situated. houses, and paying for any labor they might need during | That section of country, 500 miles long and 2co miles the first few months of their residence in Liberia. Seeds deep, is a home of Christianity and freedom, founded of every kind, especially the most common vegetable, by Africans of American birth and training. The carefully put up air-tight, should be taken.
geographical position of Liberia, combined with the Q. 4. How much land is given to each emigrant ? natural conformation of its surface and the agricultural
A. 4. Each single person receives ten acres of land, qualities of its soil, render it possible for this increasing and each family twenty-five acres. Government land nationality to exercise an important influence on the may be bought at fifty cents an The soil in Li- future development of civilization and commerce in that beria is as rich and productive as in any part of the portion of the Continent. world.
Additional informativn will be furnished on application Q. 5. Can I educate my children there, and what addressed to MR. WILLIAM COPPINGER, Colonization Roonis, will it cost?
Washington, D. C. A. 5. By law in Liberia, all parents are required to send their children to school. In some of the settle
The last Annual Report of the Colonization Society, ments the schools are good. A college, the material and erection of which cost $20,000, is in operation. The ing Africa to commerce and civilization is the Negro of
says: The only man available for the great work of opennatives are at peace with the Liberians, and are generally America. He can live there, for it is the habitat of his anxious to have their children educated.
race, and being fully civilized and Christian too, he is Q. 6. What assistance will the American Colonization the Agent, and the only Agent that the world contains Society render me in getting to Liberia?
adapted to this purpose.
Protestant Missions in Liberia.
The only Protestant Missions in Liberia are those The last annual report says: The Board cannot prosecuted by missionaries from the United States, or
cease to desire far greater energy in educational and under the direction of Churches or Societies in this coun- evangelistic work for West Africa ; and this should for try. The Anna Morris School at Arthington, Liberia, the present, if possible, be conducted in Liberia as the was established and is supported by Mr. Edward S. place of beginning, and by men trained there rather than Morris of No. 4 Merrick st., Philadelphia, Pa., in honor in this country, so that they may not become separated of his mother. He has provided for its permanent con- too far from their own ; eople.” tinuance after his death.
SOUTHERN CO LORED BAPTIST MISSION. There are also missions by the Methodist Episcopal Church, Free Methodist Church, Lutheran Church, Prot- The Baptist Foreign Convention of the United States estant Episcopal Church, Southern Colored Baptist of America is composed of colored people in the Church, and American Baptist Missionary Union. southern part of the United States. It was organized in
The Southern Baptist Convention had a mission in 1880. At the meeting held in Manchester, Va., in SepLiberia, but since the Mission of that Church has been tember, 1883, six missionaries were sent to Liberia: Rev. established in Yoruba, the missionary force in Liberia J. H. Presley and wife, Rev. W. W. Colley and wife, Rev. has been withdrawn.
J. J. Coles and Rev. H. McKinney. They reached MonThe American Baptist Missionary Union has a "Bassa rovia in January, 1884, and soon after began the “BapMission” in Liberia, with two missionaries, Mrs. M. V. tist Vey Mission." Williams and Mrs. C. M. Hill, who are supported in their A letter from Rev. J. E. Jones, of Richmond, Va., Correschool and evangelistic work by the Woman's Missionary sponding Secretary, July 14, 1886, says: “Our mission
“ Societies of the East and West. The statistics report work is among the Veys, in what is called the Vey I unordained native preacher, 4 Bible women, 4 other Territory.
Territory. The headquarters is located near Cape Mount native helpers, 7 self-supporting churches, 429 mem- in West Central Africa. We have four missionaries in bers.
the field at present.
Three are natives of this coun
try, and the other a native of Africa. We, as an orPRESBYTERIAN MISSION.
ganization, have been carrying on this mission work In the Liberia Mission of the Presbyterian Church in about two and a half years and our missionaries have the United States of America there are seven stations, baptized 75 converts.” with 3 American and 2 native ordained ministers, 1 lay Rev. J. J. Coles, writing early in 1886, says: “Since male and 2 lay female American missionaries, 1 native landing in this country we have traveled among the healay missionary, 253 communicants, and 265 scholars in then in the interest of the cause of missions more than the boarding and day schools.
10,000 miles; held some 5,000 religious services ; witAll the missionaries are colored men and women. nessed some 75 conversions, about 50 of which were
The stations are at Monrovia, Brewerville, Clay-Ash-baptized by our missionaries. It took three-fourths land, Schieffelin, Grassdale, Gibeah, and Greenville. of our teaching and preaching to penetrate this great
Monrovia, Brewervilie and Clay-Ashland are all on the wall of superstition. We have secured lands on each of St. Paul River, the two latter a few miles from the first our three divisions for mission purposes. On the ‘Bennamed. At Monrovia the Rev. S. S. Sevier reports 44 doo Division’ we have secured one hundred acres, to be communicants.
used for the 'Industrial School’ farm for the heathen. At Brewerville are Rev. T. W. Roberts and Mrs. Rachel We have a few mission buildings, although most of them A Ethridge, with 7 communicants. At Clay-Ashland are made of sticks and mud. Each division has its chief are Rev. P. F. Flournoy and Mr. Albert B. King, with station, with a number of out-stations ; each division al51 communicants, and a school of 63 scholars.
so has an orga ized school; one a Sunday-school of more Schieffelin has a fine stone church and a school build- than 80 scholars." ing erected through the generosity of a gentleman in Mrs. Presley died in Africa, and Mr. Presley returned New York, whose name is that of the station. There to the United States in 1885 much broken in health, are 32 communicants, and a school of 15 native and 27 The Rev. J. J. Coles returned to the United States Liberian scholars.
this spring, but expects to re-join the African Mission Grassdale is in charge of Rev. Robert A. M. Deputie, next fall. African Missions, for June, 1886, edited for and reports :9 communicants, with 25 pupils in the the Society, says: “The Executive Board, at a recent boarding school. At Gibeah is a school with Mrs. Sophie meeting, recalled the commission of Rev. W. W. Colley E. Nurse as teacher, and ten scholars.
as missionary to the Vey people, West Central Africa. Greenville, Sinoe county, reports 83 communicants The Mission will be in charge of Rev. H. McKinney, asunder Rev. David R. Frazier.
sisted by a native preacher. Rev. J. J. Coles will return
to Africa in the latter part of the fall, and with him, it is building, teaching the people how to till the soil, to make hoped, one or more missionaries."
homes and to use the blessings God has so profusely LUTHERAN MISSION.
bestowed on the land. There is a quiet work of grace The General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran going on in the Mission, deepening continually, and Church in the United States supports the Muhlenberg gradually making its influence felt among the people Mission back of Monrovia in Liberia. A letter from Rev. i about us." Dr. Geo. Scholl, Corresponding Secretary of the Board Mr. Day also relates the following incident: “A naof Foreign Missions, dated July 14, 1886, says: “On tive chief residing about twelve miles from the Mission account of Bro. Day's severe illness, from which he has came in to see the 'God Man,' in reference to his now fully recovered, he has not yet been able to send soul. In his own words, 'I been hear about God, and my the statistics of 1885, and so I send you the figures and heart been burn. What ting I go do ?' He remained
other facts as they stood at the close of 1884. The Mis• here several days receiving instructions, promised to give sion, however, has had good success during 1885." up all his wives but one, throw away his fetiches, and, as
The missionaries are Rev. David A. Day and wife, as- far as possible, influence his people in the same direction. sisted by Rev. David Davidson, an ordained native One evening at prayers he came forward, and in the preacher. Communicants 81. Sunday-school teachers, presence of seventy children, responded to the questions 9. Sunday-school scholars, 151. In the mission school of the missionary, and with tears running down his dark are 88 boarders and 39 non-boarders. Ninety acres are face, received the ordinance of baptism. I never before under cultivation, and in 1884 there were 5,700 pounds was so fully impressed with the wonderful power of the of coffee gathered.
gospel of Christ, as when I saw this man with perhaps Mr. Day writes: “Our work here is pre-eminently eighty years of savage life behind him, changed and practical and, from its nature, necessarily slow. It humble as a child, bearing testimony to its efficacy. He is not simply preaching the Gospel-this one might do is a man of influence, and a warm welcome awaits the to crowds as often as he wanted, but it is character. | Christian teacher who will go to his people." "
FREE METHODIST MISSION.
can be made self-supporting almost from the start. He The Rev. C. B. Ebey, of Aurora, Ill., the Secretary of went directly contrary to the advice of the missionaries the General Mission Board of the Free Methodist Church, there; they advised him to rest in the middle of the day writes us July 14, 1886 : Four missionaries from our
and walk in the morning; he found the miasma rising church went to Monrovia, Liberia, during the past year,
from the ground as a result of the hot sun, and so he renamely, Rev. A. D. Noyes and wife, Rev. R. L. Harris mained in-doors in the morning and walked at mid-day and Miss Mary Carpenter. After being in Monrovia a few and got along nicely. He ate native food partially ; weeks Miss Carpenter died of malarial or African fever.
thinks it wholesome. Mr. Noyes selected a site for a mission some twenty-five
ve In answer to prayer, without solicitation, within fortymiles interior from Monrovia, and a few weeks since re- eight hours the people gave Mr. Harris over $200 to turned to raise a fund to erect buildings and establish bring him home to America. the Mission. Rev. R. L. Harris began a gospel work within four hours
Protestant Episcopal Mission. after landing at Monrovia. Although discouraged by The Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the
resident missionaries as to financial aid being given him, Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of and also regarding his health, he held the meeting about America was organized in October, 1821, and in May, two weeks. He saw fifty persons hopefully converted to 1822. Mr. Ephraim Baker and his wife were appointed God; one hundred reclaimed from a backsliding state, as catechists and teachers, to work upon the western and fifty sanctified wholly. He was moderately well in coast of Africa, that being the first foreign Mission desbody at the close of the meeting.
ignated by the Society. They were, however, unable The people gave him $60 with which he explored up to go to Africa, and other efforts made to send missionand down several rivers. He selected sites for three aries were also futile ; and it was not until 1835 tha: Missions. One at Monrovia, one in King Tappa's coun- a commencement was made. “In 1835, Mr. James M. try, south of Monrovia, and one in the Marhah tribe. Thompson and wife, (colored), then resident in Libe
Mr. Harris returned home in June, and is now raising ria, were appointed to the charge of a Mission school a fund of $3,000 with which to take out and locate six which was established at Mount Vaughan, near Cape missionaries. Four hundred dollars was secured in cash Palmas, on a tract of ten acres of land donated by the and subscriptions at one meeting held on June 21 for his Colonization Society; and an appropriation of five hunwork. He expects to return in November.
dred dollars was made for the erection of Mission buildHe is very hopeful for Liberia and thinks that Missions | ings. In March, 1836, Mr. Thompson commenced the