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Rio Benito Edenito
licentiate preacher; two other native helpers. Outstations on the The report of the Board of Foreign Mission of the
river, at Belambila, etc. American Presbyterian Church, North, made in 1885, pied as a Mission station, 1882 ; Rev. Robert H. Nassau, M. D. ;
TALAGUGA : on the Ogove river, fifty miles above Kangwe ; occufurnished the following respecting the Gaboon and Co- Miss Isabella A. Nassau. risco Mission:
The history of this Mission for the past year tells both BENITA: on the mainland, fifty-three miles north of Corisco ; oc
of discouragement and of bereavement. Messrs. Robincupied as a Mission station, 1864; Rev. Cornelius De Heer and his wife, Rev. William C. Gault and his wife ; Mrs. Louise Reutlinger.
son, Gault, Reading, and Mrs. Good have all been seriOutstations-Batanga, Evune, Bata, etc. ; one native minister, seven
ously ill, and Mr. Reading has had to return to this counnative assistants.
try. A great loss to the Mission was the death on the Corisco: fifty miles north of the equator and from fifteen to twen- 8th of August, of Mrs. Nassau, a lady of the highest
Christian character, whose memory will be ever cherished with the truest respect and sympathy.
On the other hand, Mr. and Mrs. Campbell GABOON & CORISCO. returned with renewed health, and Mr. Robin(Bonita
son, almost beyond expectation, is again quite well and has gone back to his work, accompanied this time by Mrs. Robinson. Mr. and Mrs. Marling expect to sail on their return about the ist of May.
As to the question of health, it may be well PITAJMU
to retrace for a moment the history of the Mission. The Gaboon Mission was founded by
the American Board in 1842, and was merged MBUSHA
in the joint Mission of Gaboon and Corisco in
1872. The Corisco part of the Mission has Along
an independent history from 1849 to 1872. From 1835 to 1861 (statistics from 1861 to 1872 not at hand), 16 missionaries connected with the Gaboon Mission died and 13 others were compelled to return home, not to speak of others who made frequent visits to this country for health. In the Corisco Mission, previous to its union with the Gaboon Mission, the number of deaths was 14, and of those who returned to this country permanently, 12.
Since 1872 Pongarap
4 have died in the joint Mission and 10 have come home to stay, while others have felt obliged to make repeated visits to this country after short terms of service. In other words
the deaths and permanent returns, mostly for Mpoto
health, appear to have exceeded the number of average laborers who remained in the field.
Thus it is evident that this field has always proved unfavorable to health, and the explana
tion is not far to seek. The whole coast for ty miles from the mainland. Alongo : occupied as a station, 1850 ; Rev. Ibia F. Ikenje ; one native licentiate preacher. Outstation at
many miles back is penetrated by innumerable inlets Mbiko on the mainland opposite Corisco; three native assistants.
of the sea, whose banks are covered with luxuriant GABOON : Baraka, on the Gaboon river, near the equator, ten miles vegetation. This, in that sultry climate, under the from the sea; occupied as a Mission station, 1842 ; transferred to heat of a tropical sun, has caused malaria to an the Board, 1870; Rev. Graham C. Campbell and his wife ; Mrs.
intense degree. Efforts have been made (with partial Thomas E. Ogden, Miss Lydia Jones, and Mr. Peter Menkel. Outstation at Rembwe, on the Gaboon River : Rev. Ntaka Truman.
success) to find more healthy stations, but none are exNEAR NENGENENGE : seventy miles up the Gaboon river; at An
empt. A few years ago it was thought that by the misgom : occupied as a station, 1881 ; Rev. Arthur W. Marling and his sionaries adopting new measures for domestic comfort wife. At Nengenenge, outstation ; one native teacher. At Munda : better health could be secured, but this plan has proved one native assistant. KANGWE: on the Ogove river, 165 miles from the sea by the riv
only partially successful. Perhaps in most cases, misver, or 90 miles direct; occupied as a Mission station, 1876; Rev.
sionaries whose health requires a furlough within two Adolphus C. Good and wife ; Miss Mary L. Harding; one native years, should not be authorized to go back.
Frequently grave doubts have arisen whether it is best Northam, of Cobalt, Conn. ; Chas. d. Ratcliffe, of Cinto continue the Mission in such a climate. These doubts cinnati, Ohio; Samuel J. Mead and wife, and Miss are now intensified by the disturbing influence of the Albertha Mead, of Underhill, Vt. ; Wm. H. Mead, wife, French regulations, to which reference is made further and five children and Miss Nellie Mead, of Underhill, on. There are two places now occupied as Mission sta- Vt. ; Miss Mary R. Myers, M. D., of Woodstock, Conn.: tions, at which it is hoped comfortable health may be en- Miss Delia Reese, of Westfield, Ind. ; Chas. G. Rudolph, joyed— Talaguga and Angom. The former is situated on of Brooklyn, N. Y. the Ogove, the latter on the Gaboon, where these rivers Thus it is seen that of the number who left January leave the mountains, and where their waters flow in a 22, there were twenty eight adults and fifteen children. rapid, clear current.
Of these Miss Dr. Myers has married Rev. C. L. DavenThe report made in May, 1886, shows a somewhat port, Rev. Henry M. Willis and Chas. L. Miller have died; more encouraging prospect, though the rival claims of Levi D. Johnson, M. D., Rev. Ross Taylor and family, the French, German and Spanish to the territory where Rev. Levin Johnson, Henry C. McKinley, Mrs. Willis a portion of the mission is established still cloud the and Miss Reese have returned to the United States; work.
Geo. B. Mackey did not go farther than England. Rev. The statistics show 221 members at Bolondo; 240 at Heli Chatelain and Henry E. Benoit have since joined Mbadi, Benita ; 75 at Corisco ; 40 at Gaboon and 40 at the mission. The stations and the missionaries are now
Kangwe. During 1885, there were between 60 and 70 as follows: St Paul de Loanda, Rev. Charles A. Ratreceived in the churches connected with Benita.
cliffe, Heli Chatelain; Nhanguepepo, Rev. A. E. Withey
and wife, Rev. W. H. Mead and wife, W. P. Dodson, C. THE BISHOP TAYLOR MISSIONS IN AFRICA.
G. Rudolph; Pungo Andongo, Rev. Joseph Wilks and Bist.op Wm. Taylor and Dr. W. R. Summers left the wife; Malange, Dr. Wm. R. Summers, Rev. S. J. Mead United States for Africa the latter part of 1884. They and wife, Miss Albertha Mead, Rev. C. W. Gordon ; were followed on January 22, 1885, by Rev. A. E. Withey, Dondo, Rev. C. L. Davenport, Rev. C. M. McLean; wife, and four children, of Rock, Mass. ; Levi D. John Mamba, Henry E. Benoit. F. B. Northam has lately been son, M. D., of Oskaloosa, Iowa ; Rev. Ross Taylor, wife, superintending the erection of buildings in the Presbyand four children, of San Jose, Cal.; Rev. Jos. Wilks, terian mission at Gaboon. wife and child, of Kendalls, Mich. ; Rev. Clarence L. St. Paul de Loanda is the port of entry of Angola, a Davenport, of Gardner, Ill. ; Rev. Levin Johnson, of town of probably 10,000 inhabitants. Dondo is on the Beaver Falls, Minn. ; Rev. Henry M. Willis, wife and Coanzo River at the head of steamboat navigation, about child, of Philadelphia, Pa.; Chas. W. Gordon, of Lynn, 240 miles from Loanda. Nhanguepepo is 51 miles from Mass. ; Wm. P. Dodson, of Easton, Md..; Chas. L. Dondo. Pungo Andongo is 37 miles from Nhanguepepo. Miller, of Baltimore, Md. ; Chas. M. McLean, of Wood- Malange is 62 miles from Pungo Andongo and about stock, N. B., Can. ; Henry C. McKinley, of Raymore, 390 miles from St. Paul de Loanda. Mamba is a native No.; Geo. B. Mackey, of Port Homer, Ohio; Fred. B. , town two degrees south of the Equator.
The building was formerly the Residence of Señor José e Cunha, and the houses and grounds were purchased by Bishop Taylor. The tent seen on the right
was used for the first native school which had its beginning Monday, June 29, 1885, under the superintendency of Wm. P. Dodson.
We give three views of the mission station at Nhan- Cameron, Hiram W. Elkins and wife, Miss Abbie M. guepepo. They are from sketches made by Rev. Wm. Britton, Miss Mary A. Clift, and J. H. Barker. The H. Meade, the missionary at that point.
last named left the company on reaching England. Rev. At Nhanguepepo a house and buildings have been pur- G: H. Thompson joined them in England and Rev. J. C. chased, and here are 2,000 acres of ground to be used Peter left the United States to join them the first of April. for the mission, much of which is to be cultivated. Mrs. A raft was taken from New York, capable of carrying Withey writes from this place : “We are pleasantly sit- twenty tons, fitted with mast, and sail, and oar, to be uated here, in a beautiful country surrounded by moun- used above the falls of the Congo. In Liverpool they tains elevated 2,300 feet above the level of the sea. We were supplied with a schooner with rigging complete, live in a stone house at present, rather small for our large and tools for putting it together above the falls of the family, six adults and ten children, but we are roofing over Congo. The American Missionary Association has given other rooms, as the building was in somewhat of a dilap- Bishop Taylor the steamer “John Brown” formerly idated condition, but we shall soon have more room in- used by its missionaries in Africa. cluding a good school-room. At present all school work Bishop Taylor writes from Mayumba, March 21, 1886, has stopped to press the planting, so that the garden to Richard Grant :
shall have the benefit of the rains. For nearly two “I arrived here last night in first-class condition body months husband and Bro. Dodson, (our school teacher), and spirit. I met Bro. Northam at Gaboon. He left have had all the responsibility and work of this station, here about the same time that I left Angola, the middle as the other two men have been sick. They have had heads of October. He got our mission house at Mamba, 24x30 and hands full, but by the blessing of the Lord, and being feet, under roof, but having no funds to carry on the very careful they have kept well. We are well now and work, left on a contract for wages at Elobi, a couple of happy. in Jesus, contented with the will of the Lord. hundred miles north, and now has engaged to superinOur prospects are bright.”
tend the building of a house for the Presbyterian Mission On March 20, a second band left New York for Africa. at Gaboon for a couple of months. Brother Northam is They were Rev. E. A. Shoreland, Rev. Clark Smith, M. not a minister, nor a candidate for the ministry, but a D., wife and four children, (Grace, Jesse, May and Wil- mechanic of good Christian repute. liam, aged respectfully, 5, 7, 9, and 12), Rev. J. H. “Brother Benoit is doing well. He gets his support by Cooper and wife, J. J. A. Harrison, M. D., Rev. J. L. teaching French, is studying the Congo language, and Judson, L. B. Walker, Bradley L. Burr, C. E. Peters, has contracted for completing a house. I will assist in Andrew S. Myers, Archer Steele, A. Sartore, U. S. Grant that and secure a farm and prepare the way I). V. to es
tablish here in another year a good self-supporting in- Journeyings in Africa of Bishop Taylor's First dustrial school and mission.
Mission Band. "I will have about two months to spend here, and then
BY REV. LEVIN JOHNSON. join our people as they pass about the 20th of May.
About a month after we started from New York we "I have received a letter from Bro. Ratcliffe. He is of arrived at Freetown, Sierra Leone, northwest coast of the right sort. He knows French, German and English Africa. Freetown is a town of 2,000 inhabitants, having and will make an able minister of the Gospel. He does a few English traders. During the reign of slavery vesnot report the progress of the work along the line in
sels were captured and their cargo of humanity were set Angola, but from his silence on that subject and the free and sent to Freetown. There is, therefore, people joyous tone of his letter, I take it for granted that they from all nations and tribes in Africa living in Freetown. are all well and at their work. It is only a question of a The language generally spoken among them is the Engyear or two when a sure footing of self-support will be lish, or a Negro-English language! They have wellsecured. Meantime we can send them a few barrels of
established missions here and good schools. The na. Hour if necessary.
tives have control of all things and rule as they like. The “The Lord is leading and we are bound to succeed. If | lawyer and the judge and officers are all Africans.
it should take a year or even two, in case of drought to There was a time when these dusky people in Freereach a safe basis of self-sustentation it will be better than town were rather haughty toward the white man, and are the old plan that employs 40 years at it, and does not, to a great extent that way to-day. They used to push a except in isolated cases, reach it in 40 or probably twice white man off the sidewalk, and of course he would re40 years. I say success to all such missions. They do sent and strike the native, and then they would arrest a good work, but if we can in a barbarous country like him and take him to the magistrate, and he would be this utilize the indigenous resources and agency and get fined or lodged in jail. The natives in Freetown look such a short cut on it, and move so rapidly as is possi- upon the white man as an inferior being. The first man ble on this line, why should not every child of God re- that was created was black, etc. joice and praise Him for such a work? Glory to God It was a pleasing sight to us when we, for the first time, in the highest."
beheld this land of wonder. The coast hills, clothed with
their strange-looking trees and other tropical growth, the The General Association of the Colored Baptists of the Western States and Territories of the United States odd-looking people in their half-naked state, the rude have sent two missionaries to the Congo, Rev. T. E. S.
grass or mud huts here and there, the numerous canoes Scholes and Mr. John R. Ricketts. They are now in the in the bay, with their black, half-naked occupants, fishCongo Free State and have commenced work.
ing, were sights that strained our eyes somewhat. Every