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having induced him to use that mem- not yet got up: Soho, here,' said our new þer against his lord, before whom he friend, there is nothing to drink but aquahad once held it up when promising

vitæ. Here, Landlord, a Glass of Brandy, faith and allegiance. The worthy Pipes, and Tobacco. You must have somecitizen who related this incident to thing,' said he, i to be doing.' Every thing

he called for being brought, my Gentleman the strangers also mentioned the cir

drank two or three Glasses of Brandy and cumstance of Henry's visit to this smoked as many Pipes of Tobacco. I hoped church and tomb, and what he said to see him tumble down, and by consequence the destruction of the rich monument head to call for some dishes of

its inhabis raised to the rebel. “Would to God,” had ordered to be made for myself, and said he, with as much wit as bonhom- which made him so sober that he recovered

his reason. mie, “that all my enemies were as

I laid hold of this happy interpompously interred!"

val (for I heard him calling out for Brandy, They were hospitably received by Relapse), and talked to him about his

which I apprehended would occasion a the resident Duke and Duchess, and Master's Bass-Viols, upon which, without in the course of the day were intro- much Intreaty, he said to me— You know, duced to the hall where trophies of sir, that almost every one has his particular fight and chase were none, but in Whim, Princes as well as private Persons. their stead bass viols covering all the One is an admirer of Magnificence, another walls from ceiling to floor. In the of Troops, and another of Mistresses. As centre stood a giant instrument whose for my August Master, his Fancy runs only head touched the ceiling, and near it

on Bass-Viols, and whoever sollicits him for was a double ladder for the conve

an Employment or any other Favour, can't nience of visitors who might be do better than to accommodate his Arsenal

with one of these Instruments.' curious to see it from different points "This officious Gentleman told me a great of view. It was a present made to many other Particulars of the Court of the Duke by one who wished to be Merzebourg, but I don't trouble you with privy councillor, and who became one it, because the Truth is not to be told at all accordingly. The Duke was a genuine times.” Fanatico

per la Musica. Having dined and spent a pleasant Weimar was a place of some conevening with their noble hosts, they sequence at the time with which we returned to their lodgings, and were are concerned, though Goethe was not putting their wardrobes in order, yet in long clothes. The reigning when a gentleman of the Duke's Dúke was Ernest Augustus, his family household interrupted the operation. consisting of three daughters and a But we must quote Mentor's own son about ten years of age, the latter words on the subject of the visita- rather deaf and difficult of utterance. tion :

He spent the greater part of his time

at his country house of Belle Vue, " He said, as he was passing by he saw and no one presumed to disturb him our Man packing up the things, and that except on Mondays, when people of therefore he came in purely to wish us a the middle and lower classes attended good Journey. He assured us he had a

with their petitions and applications, secret kindness for us ; that we might safely all of which were received by the take his word; that he was sincerity itself; secretary, and laid before his august and that he wished 500,000 d- -s might twist his neck if he was not heartily our

master. The English men applied to friend. . And to give you some proof of it, the marshal of the court for leave said he, ' I will treat you with some trifle, to present their dutiful respects, but such as a dram of Orange-water, Anniseed, were as unsuccessful as most other or Ratafia, Upon my word my Apothecary applicants for that honour, whether has what is choice good; he lives but at the German or foreigners. end of the street. Come, I will show you This potentate, as

our visitors the way to his house.'

learned, spent his quiet life at Belle “While he harangued me in this manner, Vue, the chief attractions of his househe reeled, being so drunk that he could not hold being two young ladies whom he stand. I thanked him therefore for his Love, and told him that I did not drink styled his maids of honour, and three Drams, but that if he had a mind to any

others of somewhat inferior condition, liquor of that sort, I would send for some called the ducal chamber-maids. The for him, and I bid our Landlord fetch it. male dignitaries of this country resiThe Apothecary, as luck would have it, was dence were—the Baron de Bruhl, his

master of the horse, the major of the the garrulous and good-humoured troops, and the captain of the guards. Pollnitz, who proceeded to give them

The Duke awoke betimes, but was an account of an excursion he had no patron of early rising. He took lately made as far as Wurtzbourg in. breakfast in bed as well as George the south-west of the country. Its Augustus Sala, and sometimes treated ruler enjoyed the style and title of himself to a tune on the violin. At Prince Bishop of Wurtzbourg and others he summoned his architects Duke of Franconia. John Philip and gardeners, and amused himself Francis, Count of Schonhorn, had drawing plans for them. If there been dead a few years, having been were any pressing affairs of state that arrested in the act of erecting strong could not await his highness's after- fortificationsanda magnificent palace. noon leisure, his councillors submitted Wurtzbourg possessed a noble hospiit while he was between his feather tal, affording shelter to 400 patients; beds.

and on every Holy Thursday the He arose about noon, and as soon Prince Bishop there washed the feet as he was well established in his of a large number of the poor, and clothes he passed his guard in review, afterwards treated them to a noble and used his ducal cane on any soldier feast. In another part of the buildnot lacquered or pipe-clayed to his ing he entertained his own household satisfaction. This labour got through, and his friends. he took an airing; and between two We have often dreamed of the and three o'clock sat down to dinner comparative happiness likely to attend in company with the two maids of on the dwellers of a little state, ruled honour, the master of the horse, the by a good prince bishop, who might major of the troops, the captain of be said to know all his people by the guard, and any guest so happy sight. Why, a person prone to as to have received an invitation. roguery would be restrained from it The dinner, dessert, and libations as much by respect and love for his occupied from three to five hours, and patriarchal chief as by a dread of the. the Duke talked incessantly. If the legal consequences. Then what an wanderers received a report of the incentive to good conduct it would be conversation of any particular day, to feel that the eye of the good ruler they have not preserved it, for it was never slept, and that he only wanted said to be very gross and unintellec- means or opportunity to reward every tual. Coffee concluded the enter- well-deserver. There would be no tainment, and whatever part of the wars, no national debt, the taxes remainder of the evening was not imposed would be the lightest imaginengrossed by the major and the two able, and every individual in the little maids of honour at the game of state would feel that he was a cherishquadrille, was fully occupied with ed member of a large and prosperous drawing, playing on the violin, or family. But what if the ruler were smoking.

a wicked prince bishop? We must There is here a tempting oppor- now quote from Pollnitz’s budget of tunity to dwell on the demoralizing news :influence which a little court thus ruled would exercise on the surround

“If ever you visit Wurtzbourg, be sure

to see the Arsenal and Wine- vaults, both in ing population. We might also en

the Castle. But be on your guard in the large on the evil effect produced by Vault. Your Conductors will think the least the presence of a standing army of compliment you can make them, is to forfeit 700 infantry, all picked men, 180 your reason. I speak from dear-bought troopers, and a mounted company of experience. Three days ago I asked leave cadets, in a little duchy like Weimar. of the Bishop to see the Castle, and he was But our mission is to give as agreeable complaisant enough to order one of his gena picture as we can of old-world tlemen to accompany me. My honest cominstitutions, and to be as sparing of panion, fearing that a tête-a-tête would be moral reflections as possible. When rather melancholy, chose for our compaAugustus needed assistance he called disown for children. When they had shown

nions two topers whom Silenus would not on his cousin Ernest, and paid the, me the arsenal, the apartments, the fortifi-were

were" vault, which I found illuminated like a so fortunate as to fall in again with chapel, where I was to lie in-state.

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The glasses served for bells, and torrents of quaintance. ' I conjured him to give me wine gushed out instead of tears.

quarter ; but he embraced me, kissed me, Two of the Prince's lleydukes carried me to and called me his Herr Bruder. How could a Coach, and thence to bed- that was my a man withstand such tender compliments ? tonb. Well, I rose next day at ten o'clock, " At last I put myself in a fit posture to my lungs very much inflamed with the run away. I sneaked off, stole down the wine I drunk the night before, took a large steps as well as I could, and squeezed myself dose of tea, dressed myself, and then went into a Sedan, which carried me home, where to make my compliments to the Bishop. my people dragged me out like a dead The Marshall of the Court invited me to corpse and flung me on a bed. After dine with the Prince, and promised, and three or four hours I wok in a maze, put even swore that I should not drink. At myself to rights, to make or receive visits, Noon we sat down to Table. The Bishop did but whichever I did, I soon found myself in me the honour to drink two or three healths such a pickle that I could not walk alone.

The Master of the Horse and the There is no such thing in Wurtzbourg as Marshall toasted the same number to me; conversation between one friend and another and I was under the necessity of drinking without the bottle.” to no less than fourteen persons at the Table; so that I was drowned in Liquor before I

The wine-bibbing and garrulous dined. When the Company rose, I waited nobleman then gave them an account on the Prince to his chamber door, where of his visit to the Scots Benedictines, he retired, and I thought to do the same, who treated him to some stone-wine but I found an Embargo put upon me in the

--so called, probably, because it grew Ante-chamber by the Master of the Horse and the Marshall of the Court, who, with

on rocky soil-and that in their sogreat Bumpers in their hands, drank the çiety he broke through his WurtzPrince's health to me, and Prosperity for bourg regimen by omitting to get to the most laudable Chapter of drunk.

On Saint Quillian's* day Wurtzbourg. I protested to them I was he saw the Prince Bishop go in state the Bishop's most humble Servant, and that to the Cathedral. There were six I had a very great veneration for the most carriages, with six horses to each. laudable Chapter, but that to drink their Twenty-four footmen and sixteen healths would destroy mine, and therefore pages were in attendance ; eighty

begged they would excuse my pledging gentlemen walked before the episcopal them; but I might as well talk to the wind, carriage ; and two files of halberdiers should be reckoned no friend to the Chapter. served as a guard of honour. The If this were all my task I should have been

Prince Bishop celebrated mass, and well off, but then came M. de Zobel (Master from the commencement to the elevaof the Horse), one of the most intrepid ca- tion, the Master of the Horse held rousers of the age, who squeezed me by the upright before him the naked sword Hand, and with an air and tone of the most of the Duke of Franconia. Immeperfect cordiality, said to me-.You love diately after the Elevation” he our Prince so well that you can't refuse sheathed the weapon and turned its drinking to the prosperity of the illustrious point downwards. This peculiar prihouse of Houtten.' When he had made this moving speech, he took off a great vilege reminded our men of that enGlass to witness his great zeal for the Life joyed by the Count Abbot of Gemof his master. After which an officious blours in Brabant, viz., to celebrate Heyduke brought me a glass, and being in

mass in boots and spurs. fected with the goust (sic) that prevails, Peregrine and Mentor made a flyassured me that this wine could not possibly ing visit to Anspach, to pay their do me harm, because it was the very same respects to the young. Margravine that the Prince drank. By a persuasion Frederica Louisa, as they had refounded on so just an inference, I had the ceived many civilities at the court courage to venture on t'other glass, which of her father, Frederic William of was no sooner drank than I reeled and Prussia. They found nothing here could drink no more, when, in order to finish me, M. de Peclitelsheim, one of worthy of recording except a report the honestest gentlemen living, but the

of the non-existence of rats in the staunchest Wine-Bibber that I know, ac

Margravate, as one of St. Hubert's costed me with a smile, and said—“Dear rat-killing family had once passed Baron, one Glass more to better ac- through the country.

this they

* St. Killian, an Irish missionary, Apostle of Franconia, who was martyred in 678. In 743 his tomb was opened, and a Latin copy of the Four Gospels, stained with his blood, taken out. VOL. LXIII.---NO. CCCLXXVII.

38

had the comfort of adding a legend, nered though imaginative folk of the proving that other families as well as fatherland are prone to superstitions. those of pure Celtico-Hibernian blood In the day-dreams consequent on inenjoy the undesirable privilege of re- action and large indulgence in tobacco ceiving death-warnings from fays or and beer, they cannot fail to see disspirits. Joachim II., Elector of Bran- embodied spirits in profusion, and denbourg, wishing to enlarge his among these will be found, now and palace at Berlin, purchased up the then, the shades of old and dear houses built on the site. One old friends, or of historical personages, woman would not sell her patrimony, with whom their reading may have but, after many applications, the en- made them familiar.

These phanraged Elector ordered that the money tasms, however, are of too ethereal should be forced on her, and she herself a nature to brook questions, or hold turned out. On receiving this treat- intellectual communion with their ment, the old lady swore that she beer-bemused admirers; and if they would be a plague to Joachim and his wish to secure a genuine conference posterity to the end of the world. with some unsubstantial being, they After that, none of this house could must have recourse to one who, by die without a previous visit from the study of forbidden sciences, has subwoman in white, who was uniformly jected spirits of the air, of fire, of seen some nights before, wandering up water, and of earth to his will, and is and down stairs, and along the corri- powerful enough to call them from dors. This tradition was more firmly their dreary abodes, and render them believed in the smaller courts of the visible to his patrons. house of Brandenbourg than at head- Prince Charles was heir to his quarters-the palace of Berlin. uncle, the Chevalier Saxe, whom the

With the vindictive White Lady reader will please not to confound haunting their minds, our countrymen with the warlike Marshal Saxe, his returned to Dresden, to resume their half-brother. It was the current belief baggage and continue their tour. A at court that this very rich Chevalier son of one of the parties, to whom Saxe had concealed his treasures here the journal of his father was well and there, and his nephew became known, passing through Saxony forty very desirous to have an interview years later, found little of the magni- with his spirit, to derive some exact ficence or prodigality that prevailed in information as to the whereabouts the time of Augustus II.* Frederic of these deposits. While his mind Augustus, his successor, whose mar- was in this state he bethought riage we have detailed, set a good himself of Herr Schrepfer, a worthy example to his court, but was some- with whom he was on very unwhat indolent, and little fitted to cope satisfactory terms. This adept had with the man of iron, Frederic the originally been a keeper of a coffeeGreat, who effectually dismantled and house in Leipzig, but not succeeding, disfigured his city. The visitor, in 1773, he took to occult studies, or pretended found buildings injured or demolished, to do so, and soon gave out that he little public feasting, few gala days at had acquired power to call good, bad court, and theatres in anything bụt and indifferent spirits from their a flourishing condition. A circum- various spheres, and oblige them to stance which occurred at the time at give answers to such queries as he the palace of Prince Charles, grand- chose to propound. He observed a son of Augustus, was calculated to very wise caution in these awful proexcite more attention than the most ceedings, for he first invoked friendly magnificent spectacle the court could demons, who served as guardians to afford to exhibit.

him when the evil ones entered on It is no secret to the generality of the scene. reading people, that the quiet man- Before he quitted Leipzig he hap

* This monarch's death occured in 1733, being occasioned by a hurt received in his foot as he was stepping into his carriage. Some time before, his physician had effected a sort of cure of a disease induced by his dissolute habits. He was obliged to remove two of his toes to prevent mortification, and he then carnestly warned his patient to quit his " custom of an afternoon." The advice was neglected, and death supervened on a slight hurt.

pened to make use of some degrading great gallery of the palace. Schrepfer and insulting expressions relative to had ordered in a large bowl of punch, Prince Charles, which, on being re- and now he mentioned to the noblé ported to him, irritated him so much company, that as their utmost powers that he commissioned one of his of will and courage would be needed officers to wait on the conjurer, and in the terrible scene about to comgive him a sound cudgelling. The mence, it would not be unwise for officer so far discharged his duty as to each to partake of the stimulant get into the room where the offender before them. All took his advice was, and begin to cane him in the except two, one of whom thus gave most serious fashion. The victim got his reason for abstaining :-“I am out of his hands some way, ran into come here," said he to Schrepfer, “to a corner, and loudly called on his be present at raising an apparition. familiar demons to come to his aid. Either I will see all or nothing. My Something in the tones or the expres- resolution is taken, and nothing will sions acting on the native superstition induce me to put anything inside my of the operator, so terrified him that lips.” The other placed himself near he cast away his weapon, and fled the door to prevent any entrances or from the house. So the sage escaped exits on the part of mere human for the moment, but the results of the agents. The doors and windows were reported chastisement were so dis- all looked to, and in the middle of an agreeable that he quitted the city. awful silence the operation began.

Sometime after he appeared in Schrepfer retired into an obscure Dresden as a French colonel

, and ex- corner, and on his knees he conjured hibited such proofs of proficiency in with various ceremonies, his good art magic that every idle tongue in spirits to come to his aid. His invothe city found interesting occupation. cations being for some time appaHis identity with that of the Leipzig rently unheeded, he got into a painful conjurer being established, the money- ecstasy, even as a pythoness of ancient spending and money-loving prince times. A profuse perspiration broke did not think it beneath his dignity out on his body, and he was, or to wait on him, and apologise for the appeared to be, seized with convul little mistake he had made in the sions. At last a rattling was heard matter of the caning. Of course any on the outsides of the windows, and advances from so high a quarter could this was succeeded by a more pleasnot be received but in good part, and ing noise resembling what is produced the prince was soon urging him to by the rubbing of wet fingers on a row make his preparations for disturbing of glasses. The magician seemed to the repose of his departed uncle. hail this with pleasure, as betokening

Schrepfer was apparently very un- the presence of the kind spirits, but willing to undertake the task. He he was obliged to proceed with represented the risk he ran if the invocations of the evil demons also. good spirits were not powerful enough Soon was heard a terrible yelling; to protect against the evil-dis- and while the company, who conposed ones. He also dwelt on the cluded that uproar to come from trouble it caused him to dismiss them, the evil influences, were seized on and on the terror--even horror-that by dismay and horror, the principal the presence of these denizens of the door burst open with a violent unknown world was always sure to clash, and a dark spherical mass, bring on the witnesses, ay, even on enveloped in smoke rolled rapidly into himself. All these representations the centre of the gallery. In its only stimulated the eagerness of the wheelings a human countenance repostulant, and at last, Schrepfer sembling the Chevalier Saxe, became appointed the hour for the incanta- visible at times, and a voice, loud and tion, the place to be the great gallery angry in tone, shouted, “Carl, was in the prince's own residence. As willst du mit mich (Charles, what do the reigning Elector was by no means you require of me ?) superstitious, the thing was to be kept All seem to have completely lost a profound secret.

their presence of mind. They were The appointed night having arrived, seized with consternation, a state for the prince and eighteen of his most which the previous ceremony and the intimate friends were collected in the horrid sounds had well prepared

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