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had died. Her bonnet and pelisse at her, but, nevertheless, she saw her were on; and she knew she was quite well. to leave the cottage, for ever, that “How do you do?" she asked in a night.

cold, dry tone, nodding her head, and “I have come to take you to my still apparently intent upon her uncle's,” said Dillon, as he approached needle-work- the square-featured her.

“Do you think you will be able Berlin-wool man, who was still unto walk through the wet streets.” finished. Lizette's reply was in

“Yes, I can walk very far, and I audible. don't mind the rain."

“She is very well, but very cold,” “It isn't far, but your shoes will be replied Dillon. covered with mud; if you like, I'll * Let her warm herself, then,” said carry you."

Mrs. Pilmer. No, thank you,” replied the young Come to the fire,” said Bessie, lady, colouring slightly ; “Ill walk, putting her arm round' her. if you please."

What a blazing fire it was ! The * Oh, very well,” said Dillon, grate so large and polished ! the red smiling

coals burning so brilliantly! and “You're not vexed,” she said, as what a sleepy, large gentleman was she took the hand he extended to her. sitting before it, with his eyes shut No, not in the least."

and his mouth open! Bessie gave Old Margaret now came to receive her father a shake, and requested the simple adieux of the child, whom him to look at Miss Stutzer. Hah! she had never particularly liked; and, how d’ye do, Miss?” asked Mr. Pilhand in hand, she and Dillon left the mer, suddenly starting up. “Fine house.

weather, isn't it?" and then he dozed “Do you live where I am going,” off again. Lizette stood upon the asked Lizette, as they were out upon wide, handsome rug, with the glow the road.

of fire-heat spreading itself over her. “I do not live at Meiklam's Rest, Bessie removed her bonnet, and but I am very often there."

stroked her hair, speaking many kind "I wish you did," whispered the words ; but the child only replied by little voice, softly.

monosyllables, and looked vacantly Dillon made no reply ; and they at the fire. went on silently, with the drizzling "Is she very stupid ?” asked Bessie rain falling upon them, their feet of Dillon, in a whisper. splashing on the pavement. When “No, not a bit; she used to be very they arrived at Mr. Pilmer's villa, merry. Bessie ran to receive them in the hall.


suppose the poor little The servant who opened the door thing is sorry now.

What a queer looked curiously at the child, who felt little image she looks there, without too much bewildered by the glare of moving or even seeming to breathe ! light to take note of anything round I am afraid she will torment Mrs. her. Bessie's pleasant voice, and the Meiklam, if she is always so odd and kiss she kindly imprinted on her silent." cheek, first roused her from a sort of All this was spoken sotto voce to trance, and made a direct impression Dillon, in another part of the room.

Those pretty curls, those Mrs. Pilmer glanced, over her work, dancing eyes, those light, silvery tones, ever and anon, at the still, little figure could not be withstood. Lizette on the rug. At length the sound of surrendered her hand to her with wheels was heard, and the phæton confidence ; and now they walked from Meiklam's Rest stopped at the up stairs that looked very wide and door. Bessie ran to put her bonnet grand to the stranger child; her feet on, as it had been arranged that she were treading on carpets, bright and and Dillon were to accompany Lizette soft as in a dream of palaces. Lights, to the Rest. Dillon approached the too, were everywhere; such bright, child with her bonnet which he had dazzling lights. Bessie led her into brought from the sofa. the drawing-room, and up to her “Am I going away again from mother, who sat at her work-table. this ?" she asked, when desired to put Mrs. Pilmer scarcely seemed to look it on.


on her.

“ Yes.”


came back with a large box, which “Then that is not the good lady she placed on the_table, desiring that papa said I was to go to ?" she Lizette to open it. The child obeyed, observed, looking over at Mrs. Pilmer. her hands trembling with timidity Dillon could not repress a smile of and excitement, and to her surprise amusement, as he replied.

found it filled with pretty chairs and No;you are to go to a lady a great tables, tiny plates and dishes, candledeal older than that one.

sticks, jugs, cups and saucers, and The child drew a long breath, and lastly, dolls of fairy size, to suit the tied her bonnet strings. A vision of fairy furniture. A smile broke over the white haired lady who had stood her countenance, as Mrs. Meiklam beside her father's death-bed, and told her to place them, one by one, on clasped her own hand kindly, came the table ; and even Bessie, who had before her mental eyes. Bessie soon relinquished toys on her own account, came down, equipped for the evening was delighted with the pretty things drive, and all were ready to sally forth. displayed. Mrs. Pilmer now got up, and came I believe these are nicer than my towards Lizette with a large shawl, pictures of lions and tigers, missy," which she wrapped round her, desiring said Dillon. her to tell Mrs. Meiklam she had put "They are not the same," replied it on her to keep her warm, and then Lizette, fixing her dark eyes on his she gave her a cold kiss. The three face; “but I liked the pictures too.” young people all went down stairs and “Now these are all for yourself," entered the little phæton. The rain said Mrs. Meiklam, stroking her hair ; had cleared off and the stars were to-morrow you will have to furnish shining brightly. Dillon drove the a nice house for these ladies and pony very skilfully-feeling now and gentlemen.” then an inclination to make the animal The child smiled again--a dreamy, perform strange equestrian feats, but melancholy smile that soon faded combatting it, in consideration of the away. When the time came for Bessie young stranger's fears. Lizette seemed and Dillon to go home, she felt sorry rather enlivened by the drive, and and surprised. when the vehicle stopped before the “Ah, if you lived here too !" she old-fashioned house of Meiklam's murmured, burying her face on BesRest, with its dark walls covered here sie's shoulder. and there with ivy, she looked at it “She will be here nearly every day," with some degree of interest. Mrs. said Mrs. Meiklam, drawing her kindly Meiklam met the young people in the to herself ; “and you will yet have hall, and all received kisses and kind great fun together, playing about the words of welcome. She had dined place." early herself that day, and now a meal, Soon after the departure of Dillon partaking of the character of luncheon and Bessie, Lizette went to bed. The and supper, was in readiness for the housemaid, Peggy Wolfe, a goodnew comers, in the red-room. There natured woman, was her attendant ; were preserves and red-cheeked ap- and she was to sleep in a little bed in ples, and cakes, and snowy bread- Mrs. Copley's room. But, although custards, and cold apple-pie, together Peggy kissed her two or three times, with fowl, ham, and tea. Right well and apostrophized her as “a sweet did the orphan child comprehend that pet; Lord love her!" and "a little she was really welcome under that pigeon of the world,” the poor orphan hospitable roof; she almost felt happy could not help feeling her lonely and in that cheerful room with the old, strange position. Reader, have you gray cat on the hearth-rug, and Gypsy ever felt what it was in childhood to the Spaniel, beside it. She liked it be left without father, or mother, or better than the large room at Mrs. brother, or sister, or any friend that Pilmer's house. Bessie was all atten- you have ever known before ? If you tion to her, and Dillon cracked nuts have, you know well there is nothing and peeled apples for her, with great on the earth so dreary as the grief of good-will. When supper was over,

a little heart thus bereft of old acand the table cleared, Mrs. Meiklam quaintances. It was long ere Mrs. disappeared for a little time, and then Copley retired to rest; and for hours the child lay awake in the dark room, damp grave in the bosom of the earth, with strange faces floating through where worms were crawling. She her brain, and a bitter remembrance tried to think of the spirit above; but in her heart that the hands she had the flesh mourned for the flesh, and so often clasped in confidence were she cried herself to sleep, worn out at now passing their first night in a last.


The practice of magic being resorted ancient poems and romances, and the to for the acquisition of supernatural relics of their festivals-still celepower, its form and nature must de- brated, but changed in object, and pend on the religion, true or false, devoted to honour events in the life which is supposed to influence the of our Lord, or the memory of saints. practitioner. The subject of this In late numbers of the UNIVERSITY, paper being the practice of magic in we have gone over this ground; the heathen days of Ireland, some naming the Sun and Moon; Mananan introductory remarks would seem Lir, the sea deity, and peculiar patron necessary on the peculiar mythology of the Isle of Man; Dagdæ, the of our Celtic grandsires. And here Danaan chief; Morrigu, his spouse, we must take occasion to remark in the Celtic Bellona; Crom; and the what a satisfactory state our know- spirits of the hills, streams, and ledge is, with regard to the Teutonic; forests, as receiving worship from and how comparatively trifling and the heathen Scots. Their Elysiums conjectural is our acquaintance with were delightful islands in the Atthe Celtic forms of belief before the lantic--alas ! no longer visible-mealight of Christianity dawned on the dows of asphodel, sun-enlightened, people, in the early part of the twelfth below its waves, and the placid lakes century. Soon after the Scandina- of Erin; and grottoes under the sepulvians became Christians, their Pan- chral mounds of old Danaan kings theon was epitomized in verse by and sages. When cruelty, inhospiSaemund, a priest; and about a hun- tality, and treachery, developed themdred years later, the prose" Edda, selves to a monstrous extent in any furnishing the adventures of the gods, individual, his thin, shivering ghost* the heroes, and the giants, was com- suffered in the winds, and rains, and piled by the turbulent and talented cold rigours of upper air, after its Snorro Sturleson.

separation from the body. Besides Now, the great change among the the worship given to the divinities Celtic peoples had taken place by the mentioned, it is conjectured by some fifth century, and it happened that no sound Celtic scholars that a fetich Saemundor Sturleson was vouchsafed reverence was paid to some traditional to them; or if vouchsafed, the writings bulls, cows, bears, and cats; even left by him were early lost in the upright stones (Dallans) were not confusion attending the determined without reverence of some kind. struggles between themselves and Everything of a magical character their dogged, troublesome neighbours connected with the history or social of the Teuton stock.

state of the early inhabitants of IreOwing to this unfavourable state land, is traceable to the people called of things, our knowledge of the nature the Danaans, of whom we subjoin a of religious usages among our ances- brief sketch, claiming the same belief tors is necessarily limited. It has for its certainty as we would for the been obtained from

casual allusions exploits of Romulus or Theseus. in early Christian writers on serious Nemedius (a wanderer from the subjects, and to a greater extent, from East), and his thousand men, reached “We defy

* James M.Pherson was only imperfectly acquainted with even the oral literature of the Highland Gael. The ghosts of his good characters look complacently from their bright clouds of rest on the actions of their former friends or their own brave descendants.

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Erinn from Thule (Jutland, or the in the tenth degreethe FirbolgsBelgian Peninsula), in thirty skin- to retire to the islands of Arran, Iniscovered corachs. He employed four bofine, &c.; moreover, that it was Phænician or African architects to useless to brandish sword, or fling raise four palaces for him in different spear at them, as their Druids, on the parts of the island ; and to prevent morn after a battle, would pass through their doing as much for any other the slain, and by their spells of power, chief or prince, and thus detracting recall every dead warrior to his prisfrom his own greatness, he had each tine life and strength. skilful artist pitched from the battle- your Druids," said the Firbolg spokesments as soon as his work was

Every one of our knights achieved. But there was such a prin- (curaidh, companion)shall be attended ciple as poetical justice extant in by a kern bearing twenty sharpened Erinn, even so early as the days of stakes of the rowan-tree; and as every Abraham. The Fomorians from Africa Danaan warrior falls in fight, his —all cousins-germain to Rog, Robog, body shall be pinned to the sod by one Rodin, and Rooney, the murdered of these charmed staves.” men-assailed Nemidh from the bleak The threat had its effect; and the northern Isle of Torry, deprived the succeeding battles were fought withfour castles of their master, by sending out the aid of draoideacht (magic) on him to Tir-na-n-oge, and scattered his either side. The Firbolgs being depeople to east, south, and north. feated, were allowed to people the Some under the leader Jarvan, sailed islands off the western coast ; and it to the Danish Isles, and the south of is supposed that Dun Ængus in ArSweden; and their descendants estab- ran, and other stupendous caisiols, lished themselves in four cities, are the architectural remains of this Falias, Gorias, Finias, and Murias, brave but unsuccessful people. The and taught the simple Scandinavians ancient martial games and marriagemagic rites, and the other branches fairs held at Tailtean, now Telltown, of the polite literature of the day. in Meath, were instituted in honour After a few hundred years, their des- of Tailte, wife of the brave Firbolg cendants took the resolution of seek- King slain at Moy-tuir. ing out the pleasant isle of their forefathers, and set sail, bringing from city No. 1 a magic glaive, from No. 2 a magic spear, from No.3 an enchanted WHILE the Danaan kings held

sway, cauldron, and from No.4 the Lia Fail, the Fomorians made another attempt or “Stone of Destiny,” at present to gain possession of the country, but resting in the lower part of St. Ed- were bravely opposed by Luacha of ward's Chair, in Westminster Abbey.* the Long Hand. This hero being

At the time of their approach to much straitened on one occasion by the island, it was held by a kindred the foreign intruders, despatched his race, the Firbolgs, lately returned father, Kian MacKeinte, and his two from Greece, to which country they brothers, to different parts of the had filed when routed by the Fomo- island, to summon aid. Kian, passing rians. The newcomers, landing some- over the plains of Louth, saw approachwhere in the north-west, enwrapped ing him the Firbolg brothers-Bran, themselves in a druidicalt fog, and Ur, and Urchorba, three of his deadwere never seen by mortal till they liest foes. Knowing himself to be no had attained the plain of southern match for them all, and espying some Moy-tuir (plain of the tower), near pigs on the plain near him, he struck Cong. The Firbolg King, Achy himself with a druidic wand, and be(Eochaidh, Chevalier), sent a herald came one with the nighest of the anito demand their business. They said mals. Bran, the most acute of the they merely wanted possession of the brothers, alone saw what had occurred, country, and would allow their cousins and revealed it to the other two; but


* Dr. Petrie insists that the Stone of Destiny is the Dallan still to be seen on Tara Hill. He may be right; but we are determined not to believe him while treating the present subject.

In all the old Irish tales, the words druidical and magical are synonymous.



they considered the capture of their for lost. They consulted Tuirrean, foeman very problematical, owing to their father, who told them to ask of the number of the swine. He, how- Luach the magic horse, Innbhear, ever, striking them with his druidic given to him by his tutor, the great wand, they became dogs on the in- Mananan, son of Lir. “He will refuse stant, and instinctively found out the you,” said he ; so he will be obliged disguised warrior, and gave chase. by law of geasa to grant you your Bran launched a javelin, which pierced next request, which must be, the magic the outward disguise of Kian, and so, boat of the same mighty sage." By aid being rendered incapable of flight, he of this boat they secured, but with a asked for life. Meeting a stern refu- world of trouble, all the articles exsal, he begged permission to resume cept the spit and the three “hillhis human shape. This being granted, shouts," which, through Luacha's he exultingly enlarged on the much magic influence, had escaped their greater eric they would have to pay memory. They went on their way to his redoubted son of the long arm, again, recovered the spit in an island for slaying him in his own form rather in the great western sea, and


the than that of the swine. This did not three shouts on a hill in Fomor-Land, stay their hands: they killed him on after having all been nearly wounded the spot, and buried him where he to death. A spear having been driven fell ; but on going forward for some through Bran's body, he had the shaft distance, and looking back, they saw cut off at the two points where it prothe body above ground. They had to jected from his sides, and thus rereturn; but on the third occasion, turned, fearing to withdraw it, lest his after the grave had been made ex- life should issue forth at the same ceeding deep, he troubled them no time. Even in this plight he bore his

weaker brothers along. On their reAfter Luacha had settled the busi- turn, with all the commissions fulness of the Fomorians, he became un- filled, Luacha, who had the power, easy at not hearing from his father ; was besought by King and Court to and returning to the spot where he stretch forth his hand and prolong last parted with him, he traced his their lives. He remembered his mursteps like a sleuth-dog till he stood dered father, refused, and they fell over his deep grave. He disinterred lifeless on the hall floor. him with a heavy heart, and paid him the usual Celtic honours, raising a mound above his remains, and inscribing his name and virtues in TiTE fated children of Gael Glas sailed Ogham on a pillar-stone. He then from Egypt into the Black Sea, and took his way to the Midchuarta at thence through the waters which filled Tara, where he knew the murderers the Riphean Valley,t and made a temhad taken refuge, and in the Ard- porary lodgement in the southern part Righ’s presence he demanded from of Scandinavia. Their next voyage them the eric of his father. They was to Spain ; and at last, the greatinquired the amount, and he modestly grandchildren of those who had quitclaimed but a few, easily-obtained ted Egypt (temp. Phar.) determined articles, such as a spit, a pig-skin, a to make their permanent abode in the chariot, a bunch of apples, a spear, green island, which Breogan, their three “hill-shouts,” and two or three chief, had discovered from a watchother trifles. The king allowed that tower on Cape Ortegal. The brave his demands were reasonable, and de- old historians occasionally omitted creed the eric to be collected forth- details : they have left no account of with. Alas! when the vengeful son the construction of the telescope used revealed the localities and the circum- in the operation. stances of the different prizes, the The Danaan Princes, either through guilty brothers gave themselves up negligence or design, allowed the in



* Island of the Pig.

† The maps used by Homer, and the romantic annalists of Ireland, exhibited a sea (part of the great Ocean Stream), covering the sites now occupied by South Russia, Poland, and North Germany, thus connecting the Euxine with the Baltic.

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