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moment topple, an ensanguined corpse, though some one had moved them, on the earth.

turning in dreamful slumber. Then, When the intelligence of this event though no figure appeared, a Voice, sped, rumour-winged, through the imperious-toned, exclaimed, “Canbattle, the army of Gyges seemed to dules ! why troublest thou my rest? have acquired a new courage, and What infernal god has sent thee, advancing with a mighty shout, they phantom, to mock at my overthrow began to drive the Armenian hosts to reproach me with thy death ?” before them and into the sea ; but at Then, as though its invisible figure this moment a storm of trumpets advancing confronted the spectre, sounded in the rear, and glancing in the same voice cried in louder acthat direction, they beheld the army cents, “ Away,shadow! mortal though of Babylon, battalion on battalion, I be, I fear thee not; while I live on horse and foot, advancinginnumerable earth the destinies have gifted me from the plain, which they covered with superhuman power; and should with their glittering lines, even to the death, which I doubt, be my lot, the remote horizon. The sun was begin- spirit to which, when here, thou hast ning to descend, like a globe of blood, succumbed shall fear nor thee nor into the wild sea, as sudden consterna- any phantom presence in hades !" tion seized them at finding themselves There was a pause, during which -a fiery, but forlorn column of war- the dead silence of the cavern was closed in by the outnumbering enemy. broken by a faint, sullen sound, as of In swift and furious never-ending that of drops of blood falling on the masses the Babylonians advanced, stone. impregnably multitudinous, annihilat- Then the voice of the immovable ing resistance ; like a forest uprooted shadow resumed, in tones so deep and overwhelmed by a tempest, the and awful that the dark air tremarmy of Gyges, now collecting for a bledmoment in despairing companies, now " Thy power, audacious mortal, flying from one raging wall of spears shall depart from thee. Where love to another, fell swift and hopelessly, has reigned, hatred shall hold dodeath swallowed phalanx after pha- minion. Already thy armies are overlanx ; and as the sun, reddening the thrown-already thy people are in shadowing waters, cast its last ray on revolt; hopeless, and grown weaker the blood-deluged battle-plain, a cry than a child, despair shall swiftly of victory echoing from the conquering claim thee, and hurry thee, amid the hosts across the plain, and mingling flames of Sardis, to thy doom !" with that which rung triumphing After an interval, the voice of through the mountain ravines, already Gyges murmured—“It is gone; this dark with night, proclaimed that the phantom of Candules--yet am I power of the Lydians was no more. awake? And may not what seem

It was already midnight, as the ed a moment since have been but a moon, rounding toward the south, dream-a vision shaped by this discast its beaun into the mouth of a aster-stricken mind? Yes, it must beso. mountain cavern, some miles from the The land is silent; the night is clear; plain of battle ; while the light, peer- already dawn streaks the east. Í ing into its gloomy penetralia, fell on will again to sleep, for with the day a heap of leaves, amid which some- I must journey to Lydia. Avaunt, thing like a brand glittered--a stony phantasms of the darkness! Why stillness pervaded the place.

should I fear the voice of a dream, Suddenly, a figure, like a shadow, prophesying horror--of a dream-appeared at the entrance, looming the wandering thought of a battleindistinctly against the low, round shook brain ? No more! Courage, moon-one hand was pointed to its Gyges! thou shalt live and reign. heart; on its awful brow rested something like the phantom of a diadem; and a voice, low and awful THE rumour of the overthrow and as the wind that breathes from extinction of the army of Gyges had hades, murmured, “Arise, Gyges, passed rapid as the wind across the and listen to thy doom !"

countries between Armenia and As these accents swooned away, Lydia ; and, as on his way thither, the leaves rustled with a sound as entering unseen the palaces of the


different powers, he found that his calling a council, summoned the sadefeat had not only broken the al- trap to attend, and despite the assuliances which they heretofore main- rances of the Persian, was at no loss, tained with his kingdom, but that, from what he had already heard, to influenced by Babylonian emissaries, perceive that the father of the Queen they were already assuming an at- was conspiring his dethronement. Pretitude of menace toward his throne. serving his usual gracious demeanour He hastened, fast as the fleetest however, Gyges adopted rapid measteeds could bear him, to Sardis. sures for overcoming the crisis in

It was noon when he approached which he found himself. Collecting the city ; and, quitting his horse in his still numerous adherents, he an adjacent wood, entered the gates issued secret orders to his ministers invisibly, and hurried to the palace. and army; all foreign emissaries were Then it was, as he passed from street forth with seized and imprisoned, and to street, that, for the first time, his while his troops, animated by his daring soul, hitherto inaccessible to presence, occupied the city and refear, became a prey to gloomy ap- pressed the revolt, the people to prehensions; and that, recalling the whom he had ever been an object of doomful announcement of Candule's terror, stunned at his mysterious murdered ghost, his haughty re- return, quickly assumed their usual liance in his power and destiny began pacific attitude. In short, in a few to waver, for it was evident that hours after his arrival, Gyges had the entire population had grown dis- restored tranquillity in the city, and affected to his authority : clamour paralysed the intrigues of his enemies, filled the streets; the faces of each and already resuming his confidence group that he passed were dashed and daring, forgot the defeat of his with discontent and darkened by army, laughed to scorn the efforts of hatred ; and on all sides angered hostility, and began once more to exvoices were heard raging against the pand his soul with dreams of power usurper

and tyrant, and demanding - and conquest. some his banishment, many his death. That night a great banquet was

As he approached the Queen's given by the King to his ministers apartments, a Persian satrap, whose and confidants. For hours the revel fierce face was illuminated with an lasted; the wines flowed, and music expression of triumph, passed him, and song resounded through the and was presently heard giving orders gilded domes of the festal chambers. to a body of soldiers drawn up in a The midnight star already shone courtyard beneath, to guard the gates through the casement, near which of the city, and seize Gyges, should stood

the purple couch of the King he attempt to enter. It was clear and Queen, when Nyssea, scattering that treason was already busy in the a cup of wine with rose-leaves, and heart of the palace. Forthwith ren- touching it with her lips, presented dering himself visible, Gyges advanced it to Gyges, whose watchful eyes, into the chamber of the Queen, who penetrating every heart, had conno sooner beheld him, than in a burst trasted with the gaiety of his speech, of well-simulated sorrow, she flung and who that night bad hardly tasted herself into his arms, and alternately of the cup in which his company so rejoiced at his arrival and bedewed lavishly indulged. The King drained the ground with tears, while she it laughingly, and the revel for a lamented the disaster which had be- while proceeded, when a slow sensafallen his army, and the spirit of tion of weariness stealing over himrevolt which the people had exhibited a result, as he supposed, of his having in his absence. Penetrating her passed several nights with but little thoughts, and finding treachery at rest, and his exertions throughout the work, Gyges, while affecting to soothe past day-he finally gave the signal her, presently inquired by whai right for his guests to retire, and presently an emissary of Persia assumed autho- sank into a deep sleep. rity in his palace. Nyssea replied that For a space all was silence in the her father, the King, had sent his chamber in which the lights were minister to the court with offers of becoming gradually extinguished, warlike assistance, should such be when the Queen who, motionless and needed. Undeceived, however, Gyges awake, had reclined beside Gyges,


arose, and gently removing the mys- great wind which had risen at sunset, terious ring from his finger, hurried and which rapidly increased in viosoftly out of the chamber, and dis- lence, made the walls of the strongest appeared in the already hushed structures tremble to the foundations, palace.

when a sudden cry of “The palace is When, at early dawn, Gyges awoke, on fire !" burst from the citizens, who, and instinctively searching, as was in consternating groups, had suddenly his wont, for his magic ring, found rushed into the streets. So sudden that it was gone, struck with des- and fierce, indeed, had the flames alpair, he hurried to the chamber of ready become, fed and fanned by this the Queen. Nyssea, however, was mighty tempest, that none among nowhere to be seen.

any of the townsfolk could be found Summoning his attendants, he in- sufficientlyintrepid or desperate to apquired whether the Queen had been proach the blazing pile, through whose seen leaving the palace. They an- casements, doors, and roofs the flames swered they had not beheld her since burst and sprang, and around whose the previous night, and that the doors towers and pinnacles they already were still locked as then. Upon this careered in fierce wreaths, until the he immediately ordered the keys to be great structure glowed from base to brought him.

summit, one vast volume of raging Spectre of Candules, thou hast fire. spoken true,” he cried, as alone, his At first a few faces appeared demind filled with tempestuous emo- spairing on the walls and battlements tions, he paced hither and thither in the tyrannous light of ruin, and throughout the chamber. The en- a few despairing shrieks thrilled tire consequence of his loss rushing through the reddened dome of the upon his soul filled him with despair; night heaven; but they quickly disaphe reflected that he was wholly in the peared, and then nothing was 'heard power of the Queen, who, having the but the crackling of the fire, the fallmeans of becoming invisible, could ing of great columns, walls, and roofs, at any moment destroy him and es- and the ever increasing roar of the cape his vengeance. While thus de- conflagration. prived of his charm, he found himself Hours passed ; the inner walls of wholly abandoned to the mercy of the palace, already glowed like red his numerous enemies. Dismissing hot iron, when as the affrighted pohis attendants, who seemed to have pulation gazed upward through the become instinctively conscious that sky, then bright as day, at the great his reign was drawing to a close, and central tower, which had hitherto rewhose countenances indicated indif- sisted the ruining fury of the conference and hatred, Gyges remained suming element-lo! a Figure apfor many hours throughout the day, peared, mounted on its summit-his occupied but unseen, in the central face like a flame, pale with eastern chamber of the palace; and evening frankincense-solitary, and calmly had already fallen, when a breathless surveying the magnificent scene of scout, hurrying from his horse, ruin and desolation. knocked at the portal of the suite of In an instant a thousand voices apartments within which the King cried, “It is Gyges !" Then hardly was secreted. Presently unlocking had the echoes died away through the door,

the air when the mighty structure “What is thy message ?” he cried. shook, toppled, sunk, with a sound “What intelligence bringest thou so like loudest thunder, scattering fiery hastily ???

fragments of danger on all sides; “The army of the Babylonians, and as the wild raging flames which sire, has entered Lydia, and even now succeeded mounted to heaven-aloft, is approaching Sardis."

upon a burning cloud, a shadowy "At what distance, slave, may they phantom, with fixed and calm smile, now be from the city ?"

appeared, surveying the final scene of “Some ten leagues," replied the destruction. envoy. Then the King dismissing " It is the spectre of Candules !” him, closed the palace doors.

cried the people, and the multitude Night was already advanced, and a fell prostrate to the earth.


THE American war and the American the moral right or wrong of Secession; question, whatever else may come of and the only author who has, during them, havegiven authors, printers, pub- the last few weeks--(for the volumes lishers--and, may wenotadd critics?— placed at the head of this article, upon much active employment. The books, which our observations are to be based, of considerable pretension, that have have issued from the press within the appeared on this momentous subject, past month) addressed the European are already legion. So rapid, too, has world on the old “Union for ever” been their production that, ere these side of the discussion, is an Englishlines see the light, come half-dozen man ; and his book is a mere remore may, perhaps, be found inter- chav fiée of the arguments employed spersed among the gilt gift-books for by the Federal press above two years the new year, on the booksellers' coun- ago, and reiterated at that time usque ters, soliciting in vain the attention ad nauseam. Baptist Noel has no of a public tired of the topic, and only rival as a compiler. His "Rebellion anxious that a desolating and iniquit- in America” is as closely printed, and ous war should be terminated some- as tame and unsatisfactory a book as how. There is this peculiarity about ever scissors and paste put together. those American books, moreover- The basis of all his conclusions is, that they have mostly dealt with the of course, the sinfulness of the Repolitical controversies antecedent to bellion. With such a foundation the the war, which are abstruse to the reader can fancy how the author adEnglish reader, and devoid, besides, dresses himself to the slavery question of practical interest. It is really of —with what a light and easy step he small concern now whether the Ame- trips over the other great problems rican Constitution, which exists no involveil in a gigantic revolution, and longer, was, as Lord Brougham inter- where, finally, he lands himself, under preted it, a mere treaty of alliance, the complacent idea that he has vanoffensive and defensive, leaving the quished all “sympathizers with the States which were parties to the league South," and justified Abraham Linsovereign and independent; or a bond coln's claim to be considered almost indissoluble, except, perhaps, by the an angel for virtue, and more than a vote of a great national convention. Solomon for wisdom. The work has The time when that controversy had a certain value from containing a numan actual, operative interest, is long ber of documents of historical interest, past, and those who recur to it waste in connexion with the political strugtime and strength to little profit. We gle which culminated with the election do not know, either, that a conclusion of the Republican President, but as a on the point is attainable. It is as commentator upon these Mr. Noel has difficult a task to interpret the prin- no claim to regard. He is a partizan ciples and limits of the American com- of the most self-satisfied order. His pact, as it would seem to be to get at chapter on Emancipation” is Mrs. the true meaning of our own Foreign Kemble's “Residence on a Georgian Enlistment Act. To say the truth, Plantation" without the pathos —however, American writers, both Nor- much of it being doubtless harrowing thern and Southern, are passing away to the feelings, but having little, pracat last from the foolish wrangle over tically, to do with the relations of the


“The Rise and Fall of “The Model Republic.?" By James Williams, late American Minister to Turkey. London: Richard Bentley. 1863.

“ The Cotton Trade: its Bearing upon the Prosperity of Great Britain and Commerce of the American Republics, considered in Connexion with the System of Negro Slavery in the Confederate States.” By George M'Henry. London: Saunders, Otley, and Co. 1863.

“The Rebellion in America." By Baptist Wriothesley Noel, M.A. London : James Nisbet and Co. 1863.

“ Three Months in the Southern States; April-June, 1863.” By Lieut-Colonel Fremantle, Coldstream Guards. London and Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons. 1863.

"My Imprisonment, and the First Year of Abolition Rule at Washington." By Mrs. Greenhow. London: Richard Bentley. 1863.


two races inhabiting the country above powerful state of New York is unand below the once famous border. changeably Democratic; and the free Of the horrors of slavery no one black man is more hardly treated there needs to be informed. Those who than the slave black man in Richhave the hardihood to defend the mond or Charleston. The Northern “institution" are a miserably small partisans cannot drive from the public section of any community ; but no remembrance the dreadful evidence has yet been given that the enacted in the Empire City, when it Northern parties are agreed on the was thought necessary by the Demopolicy of Emancipation, or that the crats of New York State to intimi. dominant section is able to act in the date the Government from pursuing matter against the opposition of the the emancipation theory beyond the other, or even that the extreme Re- point necessary to effect the hypocripublicans are honest emancipators; tical purpose of creating a feeling in and certainly they have propoundedinó favour of the Union in foreign counfeasible or just plan for accomplishing tries. The writer of these observathe slave's release, without producinga. tions fell into conversation, a short disorganization of society, which would time since, with an intelligent Americause horrors worse tenfold than the can, who had travelled all over the worst resulting from slavery itself. continent, from the St. Lawrence to Mr. Noel, and the small and busy the Gulf of Florida, and who, moreparty of Federalists in England; have, over, was as little of a party-man as indeed, found a stimulus in the recent can be supposed possible in an Amesuccesses of the Northern arms; but, rican. He professed himself to be according to their own professions, neither a Republican nor a Democrat, the conquest of the South would be though he yielded to no man in abnothing without the complete destruc- horrence of slavery; and it was his tion of slavery; and the victorious opinion that the war would end in a Northerners seem less demonstrative compromise with the South (including about that grand, moral exploit, as guarantees to the Confederates their triumphs multiply, and the diffi- against molestation in the matter of culty of carrying out Mr. Lincoln's slavery) as soon as Mr. Lincoln's term proclamation presses. It has been was completed. This result, be supstated, that the President has spoken posed, would occur whether the next of that document as the great blunder President was as an avowed Demoof his career ; and without taking for crat or the reverse; and, whatever true every assertion in the public may be thought of his statement as press respecting one in his position, it a prophecy, it shows that the Ameriis impossible not to see that, should cans are not inclined to choose SepaMr. Lincoln overrun the South, his ration in preference to Union, with pledge to confiscate the property of Slavery, should the alternative be put the Southern people in their negro to them in that-shape. And if slavery slaves, and to set those slaves at liberty, is to be re-established with fresh will involve him in serious troubles. guarantees, to which the whole power

When the Constitution of the Con- of the North will be pledged, the last federate States is quoted, in order to state of the slave will be worse than create a sympathy for the North, on the first. Far better for his prospects the ground of the former being an of immediate fair treatment, and of avowed Slave Power, the practical ultimate emancipation, that the position of the Northern parties to- Southern States were wholly indewards slavery is forgotten, as well as `pendent, in which event the unani. the enmity of the Northern popula- mous public opinion of the North tion towards the negro. There is at would exert an influence upon the least one great section of the North- Slave Power to produce modifications; ern community still in favour of up- the very proportion of the numbers holding Southern slavery, and it is by of blacks and whites in the South, no means clear that they will not be which must increasingly incline to found in the ascendant at the next the advantage of the former, would presidential election, although, at pre- press for a permanent solution sent, certain casual successes of the of the slave question. Looking Federal arms have given their oppo- forward in this way to what, apnents & popular advantage. The parently, must happen, and that soon,



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