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From Chambers' Journal.

tion of the pedestal was intrusted to an officer of STATUE OF PETER THE GREAT, ST. PETERS- the corps of cadets, who had already given proofs

of his mechanical skill. A native of Cephalonia, BURG.

he had been compelled, for an offence against the The rapid change which Russia underwent laws, to seek refuge in Russia, where he lived during the reign of Peter the Great, her extraor- under the assumed name of Lascary. He had dinary advances under this sage legislator, are strenuously recommended the adoption of the among the most important events of which history original design; and a few days after his appointpreserves the record. Proud of his glory, the na- ment, he received information from a peasant of tion wished to erect a monument in commemora- a large rock lying in a marsh near a bay in the tion of his great actions, which in his own city Gulf of Finland, about twenty miles from the city should be a distinctive object to all posterity. In by water. An examination was immediately inthe then young state of their art, some deliberation stituted: the stone was found covered with moss ; took place before the design of the structure was and on sounding around it, the base was fortudecided on ; during this the hero died, and the nately ascertained to be fat. Its form was that erection of the monument was consequently re- of a parallelopipedon, 42 feet in length, 27 feet in served for the reign of the empress Catherine II. width, and 21 feet in height-dimensions suffiThe first step to be taken was the appointment of ciently extensive to realize the conceptions of M. an artist capable of undertaking such a work. Falconet, the sculptor. But when the authoriThe choice fell upon M. Falconet, who, in his ties, under whose direction the work was placed, conception of an equestrian statue, determined saw the prodigious size of the rock, they again that the subordinate parts should bear an equal hesitated, and recommended its division into impress of genius. He found that the pedestals smaller portions. The fear of accidents, however, in general use have no distinctive feature, and and the hardness of the stone, caused them to adapt themselves equally well to any subject; yield to the representations of the engineer, who and being of so universal application, they produce was now favored by the support and encouragement no new or elevated feeling in the mind of the of the minister Betzky; and the intelligence of spectator. He wished to make the czar appear the empress being superior to the senseless clamor in his principal character--the father and legisla. raised by the envious and the ignorant, she gave tor of his people ; great and extraordinary in all; orders for the commencement of the work, undertaking and completing that which others A working model of the machinery with which were unable to imagine. To carry out this con- it was proposed to remove the rock from its situaception, a precipitous rock was fixed on for the tion was first made. M. Lascary resolved on pedestal, on which the statue should appear with effecting this removal without the use of rollers, as characteristics distinguishing it from those erected these not only present a long surface, which into other sovereigns.

creases the friction, but are not easily made of the The first idea was to form this pedestal of six great diameter that would have been required, masses of rock, bound together with bars of cop- owing to the soft and yielding nature of the per or iron; but the objection was urged that the ground on which the work was to be performed. natural decay of the bands would cause a disrup- Spherical bodies, revolving in a metallic groove, tion of the various parts, and present a ruinous were then chosen as the means of transport. aspect, while it would be difficult to insure perfect These offered many advantages. Their motion is uniformity in the quality and appearance of the more prompt than that of rollers, with a less different blocks. The next proposal was to form degree of friction, as they present but small it of one whole rock; but this appeared impossi- points of contact. Stout beams of wood, 33 ble; and in a report to the senate, it was stated feet in length, and 1 foot square, were then prethe expense would be so enormous, as almost to pared. One side was hollowed in the form of a justify the abandonment of the undertaking; and gutter, and lined, the sides being convex, to the even if made of six pieces, as first proposed, the thickness of two inches, with a compound metal outlay would be excessive. At length it was de- of copper and tin. Balls of the same metal, five termined to transport to the city the largest rock inches in diameter, were then made, to bear only that could be found, and add other portions to it on the bottom of the groove. These beams were as might be judged necessary. Still, great mis- intended to be placed on the ground in a line, in givings prevailed as to the possibility of removing front of the stone, while upon them were reversed the contemplated mass. The search was then two other beams, prepared in a similar manner, begun, but with less success than had been anti- each 42 feet long, and 14 feet square, connected as cipated, as the country around St. Petersburg is frame by stretchers and bars of iron 14 feet in flat and marshy, affording no traces of stone, length, carefully secured by nuls, screws, and while the nearest mountains are in the province bolts. A load of 3000 lbs., when placed on the of Finland. A whole summer was passed in ex- working model, was found to move with the ploration ; and the idea of forming the pedestal greatest facility; and the inventor hoped to satisfy of several smaller portions was again entertained, the minister as well as the mechanicians by its. when a large stone was discovered near Cron- public exhibition. The former was well pleased. stadt, which it was determined to apply as the with the experiment, and expressed his belief ini principal mass; and the task of its removal was the possibility of removing the stone ; while the: confided to the adiniralty, who, however, as well latter raised absurd objections, with the cry of as many other mechanicians applied to in turn," the mountain upon eggs.” refused to undertake it. The search for the small- The first thing to be done, as the rock lay in a er blocks was nevertheless continued, although wild and deserted part of the country, was to. no one appeared to have any definite notion of build barracks capable of accommodating 400the use to be made them in the event of their laborers, artisans, and other persons required, discovery.

who, with M. Lascary, were all lodged on the Under these unexpected difficulties, the forma-spot, as the readiest means of forwarding the

work. A line of road was then cleared from the described, six pairs were prepared, so that when rock to the river Niva, a distance of six versts, * the rock had advanced over one pair, they might to a width of 120 feet, in order to gain space for be drawn forward and placed in a line in advance the various operations, and to give a free circula- of the foremost, without interrupting the movetion of air, so essential to the health of the work- ments. The balls were laid in the grooves 2 feet men in a marshy district, as well as to the drying apart ; the upper frame, intended as the bed for the and freezing of the ground -a point of much im- rock, placed above: the mass, weighing in its portance, when the enormous weight to be re-original form, 4,000,000 lbs., was then raised by moved is considered. In the month of December, means of powerful screws, and deposited on the when the influence of the frosts began to be felt, frame, when it was drawn up the inclined plane the operation of disinterring the rock from the by the united force of six capstans. The road did earth, in which it was imbedded to the depth of not proceed in a direct line to the river, owing to 15 feet, was commenced : the excavation required the soft state of portions of the marsh : in many to be of great width—84 feet all round—to admit places it was impossible to reach a firm foundation of turning the stone, which did not lie in the most with piles fifty feet in length. This naturally favorable position for remova). An inclined plane, added to the difficulties of the transport, as the 600 feet in length, was afterwards made, by direction of the draught was frequently to be means of which, when the stone was turned, it changed. Piles were driven along the whole line, might be drawn up to the level surface.

on both sides, at distances of 300 feet apart ; to Among the objections urged against the possi- these the cables were made fast, while the capbility of removing the rock, was the anticipated stans revolved ; two of which were found sufficient insurmountable difficulty of placing it upon the to draw the stone on a level surface, while on unmachine destined for its transportation. But the equal ground four were required. The rate of engineer was confident, and wisely preferring sim-motion was from 500 to 1200 feet daily, which, plicity to complication, resolved on employing or when regard is had to the short winter days of dinary levers, known technically as levers of the five hours in that high latitude, may be considered first order; these were made of three masts, each as rapid. So interesting was the spectacle of the 65 feet in length, and 14 feet in diameter at the enormous mass when moving, with the two drumlarger end, firmly bound together. To diminish mers at their posts, the forge erected on it continthe difficulty of moving these heavy instruments, ually at work, and forty workmen constantly emtriangles 30 feet high were erected, with wind- ployed in reducing it to a regular form, that the lasses attached near the base, from which a cord, empress and the court visited the spot to see the passing through a pulley at the top, was fastened novel sight; and, notwithstanding the rigor of to the smaller end of the lever, which, being the season, crowds of persons of all ranks went drawn up to the top of the triangle, was ready for out every day as spectators. Small flat sledges the operation of turning : each of these levers were attached to each side of the stone by ropes, was calculated to raise a weight of 200,000 lbs. on which were seated men provided with iron A row of piles had been driven into the ground at levers, whose duty it was to prevent the balls, of the proper distance from the stone on one side, to which fifteen on a side were used, from striking serve as a fulcrum; and on the other a series of against each other, and thus impeding the motion. piles were disposed as a platform, to prevent the The tool-house was also attached, and moved with sinking of the mass on its descent. Twelve levers, the stone, in order that everything might be ready with three men to each, were stationed at the side to hand when required. Experiments were tried to be lifted, and the lower extremities being placed with balls and grooves of cast-iron; but this maunder the mass,

the upper ends were drawn down- terial crumbled into fragments as readily as if made wards by the united action of the twelve wind- of clay. No metal was found to bear the weight lasses. When the stone rose to the height of a so well as the mixture of copper and tin; and even foot, beams and wedges were then driven under- with this the balls were sometimes flattened, and neath, to maintain it in that position, while the the grooves curled up, when the pressure by any levers were arranged for a second lift. To assist accident became unequal. The utility of rollers the action of the levers, large iron rings were sol- was also tried; but with double the number of dered into the upper corner of the rock, from capstans and power, the cables broke, while the which small cables were passed to four capstans, stone did not advance an inch. each turned by 36 men, thus maintaining a steady The work went on favorably, when it was sudstrain ; while the stone was prevented from re- denly checked by the sinking of the stone to a turning to its original position when the levers depth of 18 inches in the road, to the great chagrin were shifted.

These operations were repeated of the engineer, who was suffering under a severe until the rock was raised nearly to an equipoise, attack of marsh fever. He was not, however, when cables from six other capstans were attached disheartened, and speedily remedied the accident, to the opposite side, to guard against a too sud- spite of the idle clamors of the multitude ; and in den descent; and as a further precaution against six weeks from the time of first drawing the stone fracture, a bed, six feet in thickness, of hay and from its bed, he had the satisfaction of seeing it moss intermingled, was placed to receive the rock, safely deposited on the temporary wharf built for on which it was happily laid at the end of March, the purpose of embarkation on the banks of the 1769. As it was of great importance that all the river, when the charge fell into the hands of the workmen should act at one and the same time, admiralty, who had undertaken the transport by two drummers were stationed on the top of the water to the city. stone, who, at a sign from the engineer, gave the A vessel or barge 180 feet in length, 66 feet in necessary signals on their drums, and secured the width, and 17 feet from deck to keel, had been certainty of order and precision in the various built with every appliance that skill could suggest, operations.

to render it capable of supporting the enormous Meantime the machinery for the removal had burden. Great precautions were now necessary to been made. Of the lower grooved beams already prevent the possibility of the falling of the rock * A verst is 3500 English feet.

into the stream: water was let into the vessel until thus treated are held in high esteem by all the * The whole expense of the removal did not exceed farm-house epicures in that part of England. 70,000 roubles, or £14,000; while the materials which remained were worth two thirds of the sum.

she sunk to the bottom of the river, which brought achieves a moral as well as a physical triumph, her deck on a level with the wharf; the rock was deserving of high praise and imitation. then drawn on board by means of two capstans It is to be regretted that the effect of this unrivalled placed on the deck of another vessel, anchored at pedestal was marred by the diminution of its size. some distance from the shore. Pumps and buckets Under the directions of the artist who had so sucwere now brought into use to clear the barge of cessfully formed the statue, it was pared and chisthe water with which she had been filled; but to eled, until the weight was reduced to 3,000,000 the surprise and consternation of those engaged, lbs.; and the outline, instead of being left bold she did not rise equally : the centre, bearing most and broken, as best suited the character of the of the weight, remained at the bottom, while the group, was made smooth and uniform. It forms, head and stern, springing up, gave to the whole the however, one of the chief attractions of St. Petersform of a sharp curve; the limbers gave way, and burg, standing “in the square opposite the Isaac the seams opening, the water reëntered rapidly: Bridge, at the western extremity of the Admiralty. 400 men were then set to bale, in order that every Here the colossal equestrian statue of the founder part might be simultaneously cleared; but the of this magnificent city, placed on a granite rock, curve became greater in proportion to the diminu- seems to command the undivided attention of the tion of the internal volume of water.

stranger. On approaching nearer, the simple inM. Lascary, who, from the time the rock had scription fixed on it, in bronze letters, · Petro been placed on the deck of the vessel, had been a Primo, Catharina Secunda, MDCCLXXXI.,' meets simple spectator of these operations, which occu- the eye. The same inscription in the Russian lanpied two weeks, now received orders to draw it guage appears on the opposite side. The area is again upon the wharf. He immediately applied enclosed within a handsome railing, placed behimself to remedy the error—which had been com- tween granite pillars. The idea of Falconet, the mitted in not distributing the weight equally- French architect, commissioned to erect an equeswithout removing the stone. He first caused the trian statue to the extraordinary man at whose head and stern of the barge to be loaded with command a few scattered huts of fishermen were large stones, until they sank to a level with the converted into palaces, was to represent the hero centre; the rock was then raised by means of as conquering, by enterprise and personal courage, screws and beams of timber, diverging to every difficulties almost insurmountable. This the artist part of the vessel, placed under and against it; and imagined might be properly represented by placing on the removal of the screws, the pressure being Peter on a fiery steed, which he is supposed to equal in every part, she regained her original form. have taught, by skill, management, and perseverThe water was next pumped out, the stones re- ance, to rush up a steep and precipitous rock, to moved from the head and stern, a ship lashed on the very brink of a precipice, over which the anieach side of the barge, which, on the 22d Septem- mal and the imperial rider pause without fear, and ber, arrived opposite the quay where it was in- in an attitude of triumph. The horse rears with tended to erect the statue.

his fore-feet in the air, and seems to be impatient Not the least difficult part of the work, the de- of restraint, while the sovereign, turned towards barkation, remained to be done. As the river was the island, surveys with calm and serene countehere of a greater depth than at the place of em- nance his capital rising out of the waters, over barkation, rows of piles had been driven into the which he extends the hand of protection. The bottom alongside the quay, and cut off level at a bold manner in which the group has been made to distance of eight feet below the surface : on these rest on the hind legs of the horse only, is not more the barge was rested ; and, to prevent the recur- surprising than the skill with which advantage has rence of the rising of the head and stern when the been taken of the allegorical figure of the serpent supports should be removed, three masts, lashed of envy spurned by the horse, to assist in upholding together, crossing the deck at each extremity, were so gigantic a mass. This monument of bronze is secured to the surface of the quay. It was then said to have been cast at a single jet. The height of feared that, as the rock approached the shore, the the figure of the emperor is 11 feet, that of the vessel might heel, and precipitate it into the river. horse 17 feet. The bronze is, in the thinnest This was obviated by fixing six other masts to the parts, only the fourth of an inch, and one inch in quay, which projected across the whole breadth of the thickest part; the general weight of metal in the deck, and were made fast to a vessel moored the group is equal to 36,636 English lbs."* outside ; thus presenting a counterpoise to the weight of the stone. The grooved beams were EGGS PICKLED.-The farmers' dames in some laid ready, the cables secured, and at the moment of parts of Hampshire, in their notable endeavors to removing the last support, the drummers beat the turn everything to good account, have acquired signal : the men at the capstans ran round with a much fame for pickling eggs, which, whilst they cheer; the barge heeled slightly, which accelerated constitute a somewhat novel feature in the catathe movement; and in an instant the rock was logue of condiments generally, are at the same safely landed on the quay.

time particularly relishing. When eggs are plenSuch was the successful result of an undertak- tiful, they take from four to six dozen of such as ing, extraordinary in its nature and the circum- are newly laid, and cause them to be boiled hard ; stances in opposition to it.* An example is here then, divesting them of the shells, they place afforded to those who may have to struggle with them in large-mouthed earthen jars, and pour upon difficulties in mechanical art, that will stimulate them scalded vinegar, well seasoned with whole them to attempt what may appear impossible to pepper, allspice, ginger, and a few cloves of garthe timid and unreflecting. He who contends suc- lic. When the pickle is cold, the jars are stopped cessfully with the adverse opinions of men of down quite close, and the former will be fit for use learning, and the blind prejudices of the multitude, in the course of a month afterwards. The eggs

*Granville's Travels to St. Petersburg.



From Chambers' Journal. feloniously converted it into cash. It was not till THE MISHAPS OF A YOUNG GERMAN.

a month after that the viscount received another letter, apprizing him that the money had been

Why he did not pursue the parties for In the year 1790, Alexander Facqz, Viscount forgery, or at least compel the payers of the bill to de Honig, a young and enthusiastic German, de- do so, and by that means recover the amount, is termined to see the world, and acquire in the course not stated. The circumstance of being a stranger, of a few months a quantity of knowledge sufficient and poor, may perhaps explain what is otherwise to last him the rest of his life. Leaving his mo- so unaccountable. Be this as it may, this unfortuther's house in Suabia, he repaired first to Paris, nate, and, as we must pronounce him, heedless for the purpose of getting some insight, if possible, young man, would have perished for want in prison into the French Revolution, which was then going but for the compassion of his fellow-captives. His on; but chancing shortly after his arrival to meet case was so peculiar, and his appearance so unusuwith a commercial friend who was on the point of ally interesting, that a prepossession was soon setting out for London, he resolved to accompany established in his favor, so strong, indeed, that him to that capital. The great metropolis afforded they not only supported him by their charity in him occupation for some time ; but at length be- prison, but even set on foot a subscription for the ginning to think that he had exhausted London, purpose of discharging his small debt, and setting and having heard much about the sister island, he him at liberty. But here was another difficulty. resolved to pay a visit to Dublin. An essential What was he to do when he got out of prison, preliminary to his trip was the ceipt of a remit- without any money in his pocket? Any ordinary tance from his mother. This having been written person, with hands accustomed to work, and a for and procured, the month of March, 1791, found inind used to buffet the world, would have found him walking idly up and down the streets of Dub- no difficulty whatever; would have launched out lin, looking at Irish sights with German eyes, and of prison and exerted himself nobly; but to our forming from all that he saw the most German languid and lugubrious German, with his white conclusions. Somehow or other, however, his hands and inactive disposition, there seemed no money wore away much faster than he wished; resource whatever. He thought himself positively and he soon found it necessary to send another the most wretched man on the face of the earth; letter to his mother, requesting the too-indulgent and when he looked out at the prison window, it lady to forward him a second remittance. was with the sickly feeling of a man who, never

Living in lodgings in expectation of money is at having had to rely upon himself, could not conceive no time a very agreeable ament, whether in how locomotion was possible in this world without Dublin or anywhere else; and in the year 1791, money, nor how money was procurable in any the transmission of letters, and especially of money other way than by asking one's mother for it. letters, between this country and the continent, was Accordingly, a letter was despatched to his mother attended with even greater risk than in these days acquainting her with his situation, and begging of more correct management. Our young German an immediate remittance; and in the mean time he waited and waited on, but the money never came. remained in prison, and shared the bounty of Mr. He told his landlord the true state of the case, and Fawcet and Monsieur Lafontaine, two debt prisfor a while his gentlemanly manners, his young oners who had taken particular fancy to the honest-like face, and his interesting foreign accent, unhappy foreigner. operated in his favor. The landlady would not Sunk pretty nearly to the verge of despair, in allow the landlord to use him ill. Still, landladies an evil hour temptation triumphed over the integare but human beings, and there are limits to the rity of the weakly young man. About this time power of a lodger's face in attesting his proinises considerable sums were raised in England and Ireof payment; and at length, after the bill had run land by benevolent persons for the benefit of the up to a considerable amount, the landlady went French refugees; and it was suggested to Facqz, over to her husband's way of thinking, and our that, by representing himself to be a French refu. young German was arrested for the debt, and gee, he might obtain a sum of money sufficient to thrown into prison.

maintain him for some time, and so put an end to “A situation more dreadful can scarcely be con- all his difficulties. It would be only a sort of loan ; ceived," a novelist would say; and, without going he could repay the money afterwards. So spake quite so far as this, we can well believe that, for a necessity; and our young hero had too yielding a young German of birth and education, who had constitution to resist the temptation. Having proleft his country to acquire a knowledge of men cured the money under the false pretence of being and manners, thus to find himself locked up in a a French ref ee, he prepared to leave prison and Dublin prison, was somewhat unexpected, and go in search of a lodging. It so happened that two certainly anything but pleasant.

men, who had been in the habit of visiting a friend A Dublin prison of the old school was quite a in the Marshalsea, and who had become acquainted different thing from its modern representative. with Facqz, offered to accompany him, and find out There was no obligation by law to support prison- a cheap and suitable lodging. Their names were ers for debt; and there were cases in which such James Jones and Thomas Neville. Seeking a prisoners were supposed to have died of want, and lodging is a sore trial to anybody: greater men many more in which deaths from want would have than our hero have sunk under it. It is an art only occurred, but for the charity of fellow-prisoners. to be acquired by long practice ; and it was with Our hero's only hope lay in the expected arrival no small delight that Facqz accepted the kind offer of his mother's long-delayed remittance. Alas! of his two acquaintances to put him on the right the remittance had miscarried. viscount had track. Away went the three friends

seek lodg made no secret of his expectation of a money letter; ings. This street and that street were tried; this and when a bill drawn on a house in Dublin was knocker knocked, and that bell rung; here a little addressed to him from London, some evil-disposed slattern girl came to the door with a thin squeakpersons had managed to get possession of it, and ing voice, there a huge dirty landlady; still the

right place was not found. At last they came to a is shortly to suffer death. Oh that I were so near house with Mr. James P- on the door-plate. that period, for then I would be released from my Here surely was a respectable house ; quite the sufferings ! thing that was wanted.

“ Excuse this freedom, and permit me, in addi. Mr. Jones, who seems to have been the obliging tion to my fervent prayers for your welfare, to spokesman of the party, said they would be obliged subscribe myself—Your most obedient and devoted to Mrs. P—for a sight of the rooms up stairs. servant,

ALEXR. FAcqz. By all means, said the lady; and so Jones and October 26, 1791." Facqz proceeded on their exploratory tour of the

Mr. Rosborough immediately visited him; and apartments. Neville declined to ascend. He was his interference had the effect of procuring him very much fatigued, and begged to be allowed to better treatment. The poor prisoner began to take a seat in the parlor till his friends came down. hope that the same benevolence might be of use in This arrangement being quite agreeable to all procuring his release ; and accordingly he sent parties, Mr. Neville seated himself in the room many letters to Mr. Rosborough, giving an account below, and before the return of Jones and Facqz, of himself, his previous mishaps in Dublin, and he contrived with little difficulty to appropriate a the manner in which he had been brought into his watch which hung over the mantelpiece. Some- present situation. A person possessed of more thing was wrong about the lodgings, and the party sense would have told his story in a plain, straightleft the house, but hardly had they proceeded forward, matter-of-fact way; but our young Gertwenty paces when an alarm was raised. They man's letters to Mr. Rosborough were so fanciful, were pursued and captured, and the watch found so sentimental, and so full of ohs, and ahs, and on Neville's person. On the 5th of October, 1791, adjectives, that the good philanthropist read them they were tried before the recorder and magistrates with considerable distrust. At length, however, of Dublin. Facqz, of course, protested his inno- owing to the considerate interposition of Mr. Lacence, and no doubt he was innocent. But he had fontaine, who had now left prison, and who had been in the company of two notorious swindlers, procured some knowledge of the viscount's family, and to all appearance a coadjutor in the crime ; Mr. Rosborough was induced to listen to what and to crown his misfortune, it was now shown Facqz told him, and to attribute the sentimentalism that he was a German, and not a Frenchman, as of his letters to their right cause—namely, to his he had formerly declared himself to be. No man, being a German, and one of weak character. it was argued, could be an honest man who had From me," wrote Facqz to him, “you dissipate committed such a deliberate falsehood. Influenced every gloom, and cheer and vivify my whole soul. by these considerations, the jury included Facqz May you long live to enjoy that ennobling virtue in the guilt of watch-stealing, and along with his which alone gives dignity. May every instance two acquaintances he received sentence of trans- of benevolence and humanity shown by you in this portation.

and every other place, be blessed with success; Behold our poor languid hero again in prison, and when the hoar-frost of winter's age shall beand this time not for debt, but for felony, and sprinkle your head, and the divine lamp of life waiting transportation. The mere imprisonment yield its last gleam, may you enjoy that felicity in such a place would have been punishment which is the portion alloited by him who said enough for the greatest crimes. There was then I was in prison and ye visited me. I have reno established system of prison discipline; the quested Mr. Lafontaine to call on you.

He will prisoners were left to the tender mercies of the tell you who I am. If not redeemed from this turnkeys; and those who could not bribe them, horrible place, I shall perish.

Mine eyes can suffered the harshest treatment. Facqz had no scarce see what I have written ; they are sore with money, and he became one of the victims.

weeping ; my head aches for want of rest, and In these dark days Mr. Samuel Rosborough was mine ears are tormented with hearing blasphemies. the Howard of Ireland. The poor forgotten pris- Oh that I had never been born, then should I be a oners were his peculiar charge. For twenty years stranger to such a place as this !' he had been accustomed to visit the prisons, ren- Moved by these wailings, and by his own innate dering assistance to those who had no other friend. benevolence, Mr. Rosborough did make some inteFacqz had heard of his name and character; and rest with the recorder in the young man's behalf. in the depths of his despair sent him the following But the sad fact of his having passed himself off letter :

as a French refugee, and obtained money on false “SIR-From the many acts of generous kind- pretences, again rose up against him; for the ness done by you to the unfortunate in this prison, recorder himself had been connected with the manI am induced to hope you will suffer my present agement of the refugee fund. Nothing could be melancholy tale to be heard by you, and interfere done for such a person, and again Mr. Rosborough in my behalf.


Oh that terrible falsehood ! “I am under the dreadful sentence of transpor- Meanwhile, poor Facqz had been thinking of tation, charged with committing a crime at which another way of effecting his escape. He had heard my nature revolts. To enter, however, upon any that money could do it, and he had written pressjustification of myself at this time is not my object. ingly to Germany for money. Many wonderful From the 7th of this month, I have been lying in escapes had been effected from the prison about a cell, loaded with irons, which have been put on this time, the mode of which was not discovered by Mr. Walsh, the turnkey, when he knew I had till afterwards. The principal agent in these no money to give him. Well knowing you will escapes was the head-turnkey's wife. She had not suffer me to remain any longer in this loath- offered to give Facqz his liberty for forty pounds, some place without your merciful interference, I and the following was to be the plan adopted. She shall look with anxious expectation for you. was to administer to him draughts of tobacco wa

“ During these five last days, my mind has en- ter, and other narcotics, report him ill, and have joyed a calm by attentively listening to the prayers him transferred to the hospital, where he was to of an unfortunate man in the next cell, who, I hear, I grow gradually worse and die. When he was

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