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From the Spectator. | suppose that such a Protestant monarch as George MAYNOOTH: A VOICE FROM THE PAST.

the Third would ever have permitted the orginal

establishment of Maynooth, could the most lynxThe Protestant Gathering, in the course of their eyed bigotry, in a state of reason, have detected church-militant agitation, have concocted a circular Romanism in it: and with respect to amount, a in support of " our common Protestantism,” which large addition might be claimed as a mere matter bears the respectable signature of their chairman, of bargain, from the increase in prices, the more Sir Culling Eardley Smith, and has been ely expensive, the genteeler style of living among the addressed in all directions. Unluckily, as it turns middle classes, and, greater than all, the effect out, one of these letters-missive was sent to the which our improved and improving modes of locoVery Reverend Heneage Horsley, the son of that motion have had in equalizing prices between the Bishop Horsley whose "mighty spear,” in the capital and the provinces. All things considered, words of Gibbon, " has repeatedly pierced the it is probable that 1,0001. a year, in Ireland in the Socinian shield of Priestley ;'whose labors in the last century, was equal in real value to at least cause of biblical literature show that to zeal he 2,0001. now. united knowledge, (which is not always the case ;) There is more of Bishop Horsley than of his and whose Toryism, or rather whose resistance to son in this letter to Sir Culling ; the writer's own unconstitutional change in church or state, is well arguments are chiefly incidental or subordinate. known. A short residence in Ireland, added to Two points, however, are so well put the talk other opportunities has convinced Mr. Heneage about the uselessness of “conciliation," and the Horsley that "there are but two ways by which fact of the state of Maynooth (denied by some the Irish church can be preserved: the one is, by Protestant orator)—that we will quote them for the acts of conciliation, similar to the one now pend- benefit of Sir Robert Inglis and the rest, who will ing in Parliament; the other, by holding Ireland come up on Monday like giants refreshed to opas a conquered province; to accomplish which, it pose the third reading. will be necessary to maintain constantly within “I have heard it frequently asked, in the course her borders a standing army of not less than of my last visits, and more ihan once in the four 60,000 men. Mr. Horsley, therefore, could not days I have now been here in Dublin)—what is the go along with the views of the exclusive Protes- use of conciliation ? what benefit is to be expected tants of Exeter Hall and the Crown and Anchor ; from it? what good has it as yet effected ? * Conand having, a year or two ago, before this May- CILIATION, sir! why, this is surely mockery. nooth extension was thought of, explained his Does anything which the British parliament has opinion to the Archbishop of Dublin, he did not as yet done to improve the condition of the Roman feel inclined to submit to the imputation of a want Catholics in Ireland, when the manner of the of Protestant principle, which the Crown and doing of it, and the delay in the doing of it, are Anchor circular imputes to those who refuse to taken into consideration, deserve the name? The admit the infallibility of the self-elected holinesses. old adage, . Bis dat qui cito dat,' is in no instance Instead, however, of putting forward his own ar- of greater force and verity than when applied to guments, Mr. Horsley, in a short pamphlet before cases of legislative grace and favor. When conus,* falls back upon his father; and shows, by ferred promptly, cheerfully, and freely, they do win extracts from his speeches in the house of lords, the hearts and affections of those on whom they from 1791 to his death, that, fifty years ago, are conferred ; but when wrung from an unwilling Bishop Horsley was prepared to advance further senate by fear and apprehension, they are totally than Sir Robert Peel is even now—that, besides valueless. Where, in the name of all that is advocating the abolition of the penal laws to the equitable and just, has been the 'cito,' in the alleextent of Catholic emancipation, he was really viatory dealings of England with Ireland ? prepared to recognize the Pope, and pay the Rom- " I remember well the period of the union. I ish clergy. These extracts are interesting for was then at an age when the discussion of such their vigorous and manly style ; but still more cu- topics of exciting interest by men of powerful rious for their suggestions. How slow is the pro- minds, as those topics were that were connected gress of opinion and the march of mind !" Half with that measure, leave a lasting impression on a century ago, all the great political leaders of the mind. It was my good fortune frequently to every party-Pitt, Fox, Burke, Grenville—were hear such discussions, at the table of my father, anxious to concede Catholic emancipation, to en- of Lord Thurlow, of Mr. Windham, of Sir John dow the priests, (if paying them is endowment,) Cox Hippesley. On all these occasions, and on and to open up diplomatic relations with Rome'; several others of a similar kind, I heard it averred whilst one of the most eminent prelates and stout again and again, that one of the most powerful est champions of the established church was wil- inducements employed to reconcile the Irish peoling to march with them pari passu. Now, a ple to the union, was an explicit promise given by miserable addition of 17,0001. a year is denounced the then rulers of the country, that emancipation, as “ destructive,' and “ damnable," and certain or in other words the repeal of the penal laws, to draw down the direct vengeance of Heaven should follow hard upon. Was a delay of nineupon the whole country by those who take upon and-twenty years a following hard upon ? No themselves to

wonder, sir, that hope so long deferred made the " Deal damnation round the land."

hearts of the Roman Catholics sick. No wonder

that a people should fret and groan, and become Yet as a matter of principle, it is impossible to clamorous, unruly, and turbulent, under such long

procrastinated justice. Then again, this silly-for *"A

Letter from the Very Reverend Heneage Horsley, silly it really is— Protestant agitation, and revival to Sir Culling Eardley Smith, Bart., on the subject of the of the absurd • No-Popery' cry about Maynooth !! Maynooth Grant ; embodying the opinions of the late Sir Culing, I have visited the establishment Bishop Horsley, on the policy and necessity of extending measures of legislative relief to the Roinan Catholics." there. Two years ago, I narrowly inspected all Published by Longman and Co.

lits miserable, and wretched, and destitute, and, I



will add, (I mean no offence, for it must be the that I had never been accustomed to office duty; poverty of its means and not the will of its direc- that I feared I should ill perform the services tors that consents,) its dirty, and nasty, and filthy required of me; and that a permanent residence in economy; and I confess, sir, I blushed for the town would most materially affect my bealth. meanness of my countrymen, that can dignify the “ As these objections still remain in full force, paltry pittance their government at present doles it would be inconsistent in me to accept an apout to the institution, with the title of an act of pointment of so much greater importance, the bounty to the Irish Roman Catholic church. duties of which I am informed are not confined to

"No, sir ; such acts of bounty and conciliation the military profession alone, but are intimately will effect nothing. They must be of a different connected with the financial expenditure of the character : more in number, and more promptly country.' (or they will come too late) and more cheerfully But if not a very great, Lord Hill was a very rendered : and even then it will take time to good man. In boyhood his tenderness of disposisoften down and entirely extinguish the asperities tion had been so remarkable, that his old schooland bitterness of feeling which a long train of mistress could not afterwards believe that Hill injury and oppression have engendered. But, was conspicuous in the bloody battles of which under God, time will extinguish them.”

the newspapers were full : and the same kiodiiness of feeling attended him through life, except

when professional duty interfered. His domestic From the Spectator.

affections were strong, and equally permanent : SIDNEY'S LIFE OF LORD HILL. the same may be said of the simplicity of his

tastes. During the most bustling period of the The late Commander of the Forces was rather a Peninsular war, and in the height of his greatness good lieutenant than a great captain. His orderly as commander-in-chief, his letters to his family are habits and his kindness of heart made him an full of home affections, and home reminiscences of excellent administrator ; for his influence extended dogs, plants, field-sports, and neighbors. The not merely to material but to moral results. His love of gardening and rural improvements stuck to military skill, his courage, and experience, ren- him to the last ; and a short time before his death, dered him a successful subordinate, as his prudence in his last letter, he is full of a pond he appears to made him a safe commander : nor was he devoid have been draining. of daring conception and “ warlike wiles” in sec- The family of the Hills, though unennobled, ondary affairs. But he was too merely a soldier was old and respectable—one of that “ Old Engever to have been a great chief; who must have a lish gentleman” class which is perhaps peculiar io large portion of the statesman in his capacity, to England, and has strongly operated upon the naplan his campaigns with a view to ultiinate effects, tional mind. This, in fact, was the character of to render his victories resultful, and his defeats the general himself; and, according to one of his only a pro tanto loss, not entire destruction. As officers, his appearance greatly influenced the rusfar as fighting goes, mere soldiers may often fight tic recruits, he looked so much like a country genbattles not less skilful, and much bloodier, than tleman in regimentals; whilst serious soldiers from the Marlboroughs, Bonapartes, or Weilingtons; the towns looked up to him for his relationship to but the “be-all and end-all” is so many killed, the Reverend Rowland Hill-whose fame, good wounded, and missing. The operations do not, man, is dying away. His mind was as much aflike Blenheim or Ramilies, Marengo or Monte- fected by his real status as his appearance. He notte and its suite, the passage of the Douro or had none of the genius of the adventurer, and none Torres Vedras, (without fighting at all,) clear a of his vices, or pretence, or littleness. A dutiful country of the enemy. Lord Hill wanted this loyalty to the crown was an impulse of his nature; larger power; for although it may be said that he but beyond this, he seems to have looked upon had no opportunity of displaying his qualities as a life with a philosophic eye-weighing wealth, commander, it is tolerably certain that he could rank, and fashion, as extrinsic circuinstances, and not seize them when working out before his eyes. taking his own advancement very quietly, as someIt seems clear from his letters when he was with thing that came to him in return for services, and the army in the Peninsula, that he had not a to which he was entitled, but not as a thing that glimpse of the strategy of his chief, but thought had changed him. Nor, in truth, did it seem to that the occupation of Portugal was dependent on have enlarged his comprehension : his range what a day might bring forth.

might expand with his elevation, but his style of In justice, however, to this worthy English considering things was much the same. gentleman, it should be said that he made no pre- There is nothing very striking in the life of tensions to be chief or politician, but had the good Lord Hill beyond what is known from the Gasense to refuse office in either capacity. In 1827, zette. He was born in 1772; and having chosen the command of the Forces in India was offered the army for his profession, was sent to a military him, but declined, partly on account of his health. academy at Strasburg. He was appointed to an He was twice offered the Ordnance : and the last ensigncy in March, 1791 ; and in 1800 had attime he gave his reasons for refusing the Master- tained the rank of colonel, through luck, interest, ship, in a letter to the premier, Lord Goderich. and strict attention to his duties, conjoined with

“My feelings of gratitude,” he said, “ for so his services at Toulon. He subsequently served marked a proof of his Majesty's gracious favor, in Egypt and Ireland ; went with the absurd esare, if possible, increased by the very flattering pedition to the Weser; was with Moore during terms in which your lordship has been pleased to the Coruna campaign; embarked with Wellington address me on the subject. It will probably be in on the first expedition to Portugal; served throughyour recollection, that when offered the Lieuten- out the whole of the Peninsular war; and comant-Generalship of the Ordnance some years ago manded the army in the Netherlands during the by my friend the Duke of Wellington, I assigned Hundred Days, till Wellington's arrival from the following reasons for declining it-namely, Vienna. In 1828 he was appointed to the office

of commander-in-chief; he resigned it from failing information on the subject. If I had received such health in August, 1843; and died in the following an application, I would have told him what I have December.

told others, that the subject was too serious to be The volume which gives the narrative of Lord trifled with ; for that if any real authenticated hisHill's life is not so overdone as many late biogra- tory of that war by an author worthy of writing it phies; but it is not a very striking or skilful pro- were given, it ought to convey to the public the duction : being impeded by reflections, and inter- real truth, and ought to show what nations really rupted by needless remarks upon the original ma- did when they put themselves in the situation the terials the author is using. We suspect the hero Spanish and Portuguese nations had placed themhad better have been allowed to tell more of his selves ; and that I would give information and own story, by means of his correspondence, and materials to no author who would not undertake the journal or memorandums of his life that he to write upon that principle. I think, however, was in the habit of keeping, and which are used that the period of the war is too near; and the by bits in the volume before us. The true function character and reputation of nations, as well as inin Lord Hill's case was an arranging editor rather dividuals, are too much involved in the description than a compiling biographer: for the real value of these questions for me to recommend, or even of the work consists in its anecdotes and letters, encourage, any author to write such a history as which require little more than telling or explain- some, I [fear,) would encourage at the present ing. Many of these are interesting from their do- moment. mestic character, or from the persons and events “ This is my opinion upon the subject in gento which they relate. We will take our extracts eral ; and I should have conveyed it to Mr. from the latter class. The following letter from Southey, if he and his friends had applied to me. the Duke of Wellington exhibits the duke's way “ In respect to your reference to me, I receive of offering a loan, Hill's father having got involved it, as everything that comes from you, as a mark in difficulties. The offer is handsome, liberal, and of your kind attention to me. Unless you approve business-like; settled at once, without any neces- of the principle which I have above stated, there sity for further discussion.

is nothing to prevent you from giving Mr. Southey

any information you please. But I should wish Paris, 20th Feb., 1816.

you not to give him any original papers from me, “My dear Hill-I received only yesterday as that would be, in fact, to involve me in his evening your letter of the 16th; and I am very work without attaining the object which I have in much concerned for the unfortunate circumstances view, which is a true history. which have occasioned the necessity for your

" Believe me, ever yours most sincerely, return to England, I consent to it, as well as to

" WELLINGTON." that of Sir Noel. Let him apply through the official channel ; but he need not wait for the an

From some passages in the volume it would

seem that William the Fourth stuck closer by the " In the existing state of public and private reform bill than some at the time supposed him to credit in England, I am apprehensive that you will have done, and took upon himself a canvass which

I find it difficult to procure the money which you rather belonged to the premier, one would think. will require. I have a large sum of money which

“ The position of affairs at the period of the is entirely at my command ; and I assure you

reform bill greatly tried him. No slight honor is that I could not apply it in a manner more satis- due to his memory from his own political party, factory to me than in accommodating you, my dear for the way in which he maintained his indepenHill, to whom I am under so many obligations, dence in office at that time. Not only did he and your father, for whom I entertain the highest remain firm under the difficulties of being opposed respect, although I am not acquainted with him. !o the government, but he was unmoved by the I trust, therefore, that if you should experience intimation of the king himself, his kind and indulthe difficulty which I expect you will in finding gent master, that his majesty wished him to vote money to settle the disagreeable concern in which for the bill. 'Sir H. T.,' he says in his memo

. your family is involved, you will let me know it, randa, 'communicated to me H. M.'s wish that I and I will immediately put my man of business in should vote for the second reading of the reform London in communication with yours, in order to bill. I gave no reply; but said I would consider apply it to you. Ever yours most sincerely,

the subject.' "WELLINGTON.”

“When the bill was again brought forward in

the house of lords, the following conversation took There is another letter in reply to one from Hill, place between his majesty and Lord Hill. I give who had had an application from some common it from his lordship’s own notes. • The king sent friend for papers for Southey's history of the Pen- me a note desiring my attendance at the palace. insular war. The duke had observed the laure- His majesty, after speaking on the subject of the ate's leaning to the Spanish patriots ; who were college, said, the discussion on the reform bill such objects of admiration thirty or forty years was about to be again brought forward in the ago to those who knew nothing about them. It house of lords ; and that he could not but wish also conveys his idea of what a true history ought that it should go into committee, which would to be.

show the country that the lords were not averse to London, 25th October, 1821. some reform, and might make alterations when in “My dear Hill-I have received your letter ; committee. In consequence of what Sir H. Tayand sincerely congratulate you upon the success lor said to me on this subject about a fortnight of your nephew, (in his election,) and this fresh ago, and from the manner in which the king spoke instance of the deserved respect in which you and to me, I felt that he expected me to state my senyour family are held in the county of Salop. timents and intentions. I therefore told his maj

“In respect to Mr. Southey, I have heard in the esty, that on the last occasion I had acted in a way whole that he was writing a history of the war in which I understood was satisfactory to him, namely, the Peninsula ; but I have never received an appli- by not voting at all; that I still entertained the cation from him. either direcily or indirectly, for I same objection to the bill; and that, according to



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my present feelings, I could not vote for the the enemy aimed was now evident; it was an second reading of the bill when it was brought angle formed by a brigade of guards and the light forward again. Such, I assured his majesty, brigade of Lord Hill's corps. Lord Hill was were my conscientious feelings; and I added, that there in person. The French moved on with if I were to act contrary to them and to my known arms sloped, au pas de charge. They began to declarations, I should so lower myself in the eyes ascend the hill. In a few seconds they were of the world and the army, that I should not be within a hundred paces of us; and as yet not a able to render service to his majesty or the coun-shot had been fired. The awful moment was now try. The king said, he could understand my feel at hand. A peal of ten thousand thunders burst ings, and that every one had a right to have his at once on their devoted heads. The storm swept own : he had his. His majesty appeared kind, them down as a whirlwind which rushes over the and not angry, but perhaps was not pleased. On ripe corn: they paused-their advance ceasedmy saying that I wished I had not a seat in parlia- they commenced firing from the heads of their ment as long as I was at the head of the army, he columns, and attempted to extend their front: but replied, “ But as you have one, you cannot give it death had already caused too much confusion up, or must attend it," or something to this among them-they crowded instinctively behind

each other to avoid a fire which was intolerably Here is another occasion of Hill's opposing dreadful. Still they stood firm— la garde meurt, royalty.

et ne se rend pas.' For half an hour this horrible WHO WAS THIS?

butchery continued. At last, seeing all their In one of his memoranda there is the following their emperor, who was already flown, unsup

efforts vain, all their courage useless, deserted by note of an audience with the king, which proves ported by their comrades who were already beaten, the truth of this assertion, and is most honorable the hitherto invincible old guard gave way, and to his lordship’s royal master. " In consequence filed in every direction. One spontaneous and alof a letter in the king's own hand this day, respect- most painfully animated · Hurrah !' burst from the ing

I saw his majesty, who said he was victorious ranks of England. The line at once positively decided that should be upon which I remarked, that if such were his in one common enthusiasm.”

advanced, generals, officers, soldiers, all partaking majesty's commands, they should be obeyed ; but, as commanding the army, I felt it my duty to say that it would create great dissatisfaction, When the tremendous day was over, Lord Hill and that I entreated his majesty to consider the and his staff again reöccupied the little cottage subject well before he came to such a final conclu- they left in the morning. His two gallant brothers, sion. The king very kindly said, it was my duty Sir Robert Hill and Colonel Clement Hill, had to point out to him all objections on the present been removed wounded to Brussels : the party occasion : he would not press the question. was, nevertheless, nine in number. A soup made Lord Hill went directly to the officer alluded to, by Lord Hill's servant from two fowls was all related the whole affair, and added, “ I assure you their refreshment, after hours of desperate fighting it was all my doing."

without a morsel of food. Lord Hill himself was MAYORAL MISTAKE.

bruised and full of pain. All night long, the His good-humored way of taking everything will groans and shrieks of sufferers were the chief

sounds that met their ears. It was to them all a be seen in a note he sent to the lord mayor and night of the greatest misery. The men whom the lady mayoress, on their inviting Lord and Lady nations of Europe were about to welcome with Hill to a banquet at the mansion-house" Lord acclamations, and to entertain in palaces, could Hill presents his compliments to the Lord Mayor only exchange sigh for sigh with each other in a and the Lady Mayoress, and begs to acquaint them

wretched that as he has not the good fortune to be married,

cottage. he cannot have the honor of presenting Lady Hill at the mansion-house on Thursday the 20th inst. In reading the various accounts of this battle, it Horse Guards, 15th January, 1831.”

is curious to observe the discrepancies as to the Waterloo is a well-worn subject, yet always time it commenced. Lord Hill has, however, fresh. The following extract from a memorandum settled this point. On arriving in London the by Sir Digby Mackworth, written in the early autumn after the conflict, he passed his first evenmorning after the action, whilst the rest of the ing at the house of his friend Lord Teignmouth. staff were asleep, describes the last charge with "Can you tell me," said Lord Teignmouth, " at more accuracy and reality (notwithstanding a dash what time the action commenced ?" Lord Hill of fine writing) than any account we have read. replied, “ I took two watches into action with me. The result of the fire upon the French column is On consulting my stop-watch after the battle was painted more naturally, as working by “ wit, not over, I found that the first gun was fired at ten by witchcraft."

minutes before twelve." “ About six o'clock we saw heavy columns of infantry supported by dragoons returning for a fresh attack. It was evident it would be a des- The fifteenth meeting of the British Association perate, and we thought probably a decisive one. for the Advancement of Science will be held at Every one felt how much depended on this terri- Cambridge, commencing on Thursday, 19th June. ble moment. A black mass of the Grenadiers of The time was fixed thus early in order to suit the the Imperial Guard, with music playing and the “ Commencement,” which brings a large congreat Napoleon at their head, came rolling onward course to the university: The great feature of from the farm of La Belle Alliance. With rapid the ensuing session will be a congress of the obpace they descended. Those spaces in our lines servers at the different magnetical observatories which death had opened and left vacant were cov-stationed throughout Europe. Sir John Herschell ered with bodies of cavalry. The point at which is the president for the present year.




From the North British Review, (the organ of the Free Church Journaux for July—a periodical printed at Brusof Scotland.)

sels—the general principles of the work before us, Des Sciences Occultes, ou Essai sur la Magre, les

and many of the facts and arguments upon which Prodiges, et les Miracles. Par Eusebe Sal: they rest. VERTE. Paris, 1829. 2 Vols. 8vo.

In tracing the origin and progress of science,

we find that the earliest vestiges of knowledge The appearance of a work on the Occult Sci- were the cherished possessions of priests and ences is almost as great a deviation from the ordi- | kings; and it was doubtless by their that


barbarous and untractable communities were first nary routine of our literature, as any of the prodigies which it unfolds is from the recognized laws subjected to the restraints and discipline of law. of the material world ; and did we not know how To the ignorant observer of nature everything belittle interest is aroused by any volume which yond the range of his daily notice is an object of bears the proscribed name of science, we should wonder. The phenomena of the material unihave expressed our surprise that a work so well verse, which have no periodical recurrence, aswritten, and on a subject so popular and exciting,

sume the character of supernatural events, and should have existed for fifteen years without being science, become valuable agents, at first of gov.

every process in art, and every combination in either translated into our language, or submitted to the processes of criticism or analysis. Had our did knowledge become power—not what it now

ernment and at last of civilization. Thus early author been a conjurer who dealt in wonders, he is a physical agent enslaving and controlling the would have gathered round him a numerous and elements for the benefit of man-but a moral an eager ring; but as a scholar and a philosopher he has attracted few disciples, and in an age oscil- sceptre wielded over his crouching mind, acting lating between utilitarianism and frivolity, his upon his hopes and his fears, and subjugating him genius and learning have failed to command that to the will either of a benefactor or a tyrant. applause which they so justly deserve.

Nor was this sovereignty of a local nature, There are, however, other causes which may ticular race, and established by the wisdom and

originating in the ignorance and docility of any paraccount for the indifference with which this work has been received. More familiar with literary wherever the supremacy of law was established,

cunning of any individual tyrant. It existed than with scientific inquiries, M. Salverte is less and was indeed a spurious theocracy, in which the successful than he might have been in referring to priest and the king appeared as the vicegerents of natural causes the various illusions and prodigies Heaven, displaying as their credentials a series of which pass in review before him ; and, though we miracles and prodigies which deceived the senses rise from the perusal of his learned and ingenious and overawed the judgment of the vulgar. In this details with a certain gratification of our curiosity, it is seldom with the conviction that we have obo manner did the rod of the conjurer become the tained a clear and satisfying explanation of the sceptre of the king, and the facts and deductions

of science his statute-book; and thus did man, the mysteries which they involve. His decisions, indeed, even when he himself confides in them,

creature of hope and fear, believe, and tremble,

and obey. fail to inspire confidence in the reader; and in discussions of so peculiar a character, where the

A system of imposture thus universal in its mind has to pass from the excitement of an appa: principles of our nature, was not likely to suffer

reception, and having its origin in the strongest rently supernatural event to the calm repose of a truth'in science, we require the prestige of a name amid the turbulence of civil broils or the desola

any change, either in its form or its character, to accomplish the transition. Nor is it a defect of

tions of foreign conquest. a minor kind, or one less injurious to the popular

Our passion for the ity of the work, that in selecting his materials he marvellous, indeed, and our reliance on supernatuhas not confined himself to that wide and pro- and the agitated mind seeks with a keener anxi

ral interference, increase with impending danger, ductive field which constitutes the legitimate domain of the occult philosophy. The records of ety, to penetrate into the future. Hence is the

skill of the sorcerer more eagerly invoked " when divine truth are presented to us under the same phase as those of civil history; and the miracles coming events are casting their shadows before ;"> of the Old and New Testament are submitted to

and whether our curiosity be indulged or disapas rigorous an analysis as the legends and prodi- pointed, or our fears rebuked or allayed, our faith gies of the ancient mythology. This unseemly

in the supernatural acquires new intensity by its blending of the sacred with the profane is dis- exercise. Nor were the evils of such a system tasteful even to the less serious inquirer; and the abated by the advancement of civilization and Christian, though he asks no immunity for his knowledge. Every discovery in science became creed from the fair scrutiny of human wisdom, ual slave, and in the moral tariff of antiquity,

a new link in the chain which bound the intellectwould yet desire to throw the veil of faith over its knowledge was the article of contraband, which, holier events and its deeper mysteries, and protect though denied to the people, never failed to find from an unhallowed paraphrase what transcends reason, and must ever spurn the inquisition of The lights of science were thus placed under a

its way into the bonded crypts of the sanctuary. philosophy. M. Salverte was led to study the bushel, and skilfully projected from its spectral nature and object of the Occult Sciences as the subject of a chapter in a larger work which he apertures to dazzle and confound the vulgar. contemplated, on The History of Civilization from the sanctities of idolatry exercise a long and fatal

In this manner did the powers of science and the Earliest Historic Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century, but his materials accumulated to sway over the nations of the world ; and when such a degree that he was induced to give them Europe, and had lost the simplicity and purity

Christianity had extended itself widely throughout separately to the world. So early as 1813, the introduction to his principal work appeared at * This Memoir is entitled, Essai sur la Magie, les Paris, and in 1817 he published in the Esprit des Prodiges, et les Miracles.

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