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government submitted this matter to the arbitra- I were bona fide at war, and found it necessary to tion of the King of Prussia, the whole of the establish a blockade for belligerent purposes. claims were fairly laid before his majesty, and that We rather think, then, that the king of Prusno material feature in the case was withheld from sia's award in this dispute will teach our governhis notice. This being so, the award appears to ment some useful lessons, and among them that of us a cutting reflection upon the absurd pretensions using more caution and circumspection before esof these merchants, which have been so largely pousing these alleged mercantile grievances, and curtailed by the Prussian award. It is, however, attempting to force them for compensation upon a gratifying circumstance, that the case has been foreign powers. So far from our having sustained so disposed of as to prevent the rupture (at one any considerable injury from the French, the truth time seriously threatened) of our pacific relations is that France has no small reason to complain of with France, and also to preclude the possibility us, for having presented her with a demand to the of any just demand being made upon parliament amount of 75,0001., when, in fairness, we were by parties whose claims have already been only entitled to 1,7001. Our executive, of course, thoroughly sifted and adjusted at Berlin.
owes deference to the opinion of parliament; but There has, however been a dispute between the we trust parliament will never be deficient in the Times and Chronicle upon the question whether respect due to the rules of international law, nor the agreement between England and France, re- will ever be so far misled by the clamor of interferring the matter to Prussia, was defective by ested parties as to sacrifice to it one jot of strict excluding from the consideration of the arbitrator justice, or one opportunity for the conservation of the question of the legality of the blockade. The peace. Chronicle maintains that the claims were referred to Prussia with the reservation that those claims,
ARBITERS IN DISPUTES BETWEEN NATIONS. which turned upon the legality of the blockade, being the greater part of the whole, should not be Projects for the establishment of a great Euroadjudicated upon; -ergo, they have not been de- pean Council to exercise jurisdiction in national termined—M. Guizot has juggled Lord Aberdeen controversies, and thus prevent wars, are as old
-the victims must be indemnified by the nation-- as the age of Henri Quatre. The increased freand John Bull must pay the piper. We agree quency in modern times of the practice of referwith the Times in pronouncing the existence of ring disputes between two governments to the desuch a juggle to be wholly incredible. The fact cision of a third independent government has been appears to have been simply this—all the claims, hailed by philanthropists as preparing the minds and all circumstances and questions connected of men for the establishment of such a council. therewith, were referred to the royal arbitrator, When arbitration, it has been said, becomes the and among those circumstances the validity of the rule and war the exception-when a number of blockade was one which was forced upon him to arbitral decisions sufficiently large to form a body consider and determine. But the agreement of of precedents has accumulated-a fixed code of reference contained a clause stipulating that the international law may be said to have been formed, general belligerent right to blockade the Bay of and governments will hesitate less to recognize a Portendick in time of war-claimed by France and court authorized to apply its rules to special cases disputed by England-should not be affected by the than they do at present when all is vague and unaward ;-that is, that the award should not be a settled. precedent, whichever way it might decide. Noth- The experience of England, however, has not ing, then, can be clearer than that the Prussian hitherto been of a kind to inspire us with confiaward has disposed of the question of the blockade, dence in the judgments of arbiters. Take for in so far as it affected the claims of these mer- example the recent decision of the King of Pruschants, but that the general international question sia in the Portendick controversy between this between England and France, of the right of the country and France. The only question between latter to blockade Portendick in time of war, re- the two countries was, whether in inflicting injury mains exactly where it did before the arbitration. upon British traders France was acting on its
So far as we can make out the merits of this right. Respecting the amount of injury received latter question, (which has been fully stated by there has been ultimately no dispute. France the Times' correspondent Mercator,) we are clearly maintained that the injury complained of was unof opinion that France possesses, and always did avoidably inflicted in the process of enforcing a possess, the right to blockade any part of the legal blockade. The French minister admits that coast of Africa in the occupation, either permanent the intended blockade was never intimated to the or temporary, of her enemies with whom she is at British government. There was no legal blockwar. "The King of the French was at war with ade. Yet the King of Prussia, for what reason is the king of the Trarzas (for the Trarzas are a not stated, pares down the restitution to be made nation having a monarchical government,) and into a miserable fraction of the property actually aborder to cut off the supplies of the Trarzas through stracted or destroyed. Portendick, the French blockaded the coast with- Again : when the controversy between Great in certain limits. Upon what grounds a British Britain and the United States respecting the southminister disputed so legitimate a proceeding we eastern boundary of Canada was referred to the are at a loss to discover. Certainly there are arbitration of the King of Holland, an award was many cases in which a British squadron has estab- made, which, though it did not give us all we lished and maintained blockades, both in Africa claimed, could not exactly be called an adverse and other parts of the world, under circumstances decision. But from this award we derived no not more justifiable. There was, indeed, a clause benefit. A pettifogging technical plea, as to the in an old treaty, which concedes to the English competency to pronounce such a judgment under the right of carrying on the gum trade between the terms of the reference, was raised by the Portendick and the River St. John, but that right United States government, and negotiations began became, of course, suspended when the French anew.
BY FRANCES BROWN.
This country, at least, seems to have no chance One visage claimed her memory; of justice under the arbitration system. Either it In spite of time and change, is denied us by the arbiters themselves in conse- And all that fortune's hand had done, quence of some inexplicable refinement of reason- The mother knew her first-born son. ing, or it is evaded by our co-referees on some Sternly he sat in judgment there ; technical quibble. A nation ought to sacrifice But who were they that stood much to avoid war, but there are limits to the ap- Before him at that fatal bar? plication of this principle. A nation is not bound Was he—the unsubdued —is not entitled to submit to a series of unjust In heart and eye, though more than age decisions or evasions. Acquiescence may invite
Had written on his brow's broad page arbiters to decide against the party which has The fiery thoughts of restless years, always shown itself most yielding; and many Whose griefs had never fallen in tears ; small robberies may make up a large sum, besides Unblanched by guilt, untouched by scorn, encouraging to more wholesale plunder. England Her beautiful, her youngest born, has sacrificed enough already to give the arbitra- And he upon whose hair and heart tion experiment a fair trial. It is proposed that
Alike had fallen the snows the Oregon controversy should also be referred to of winters that no more depart; arbiters: with the recent experience of the Cana
The worn of many woes dian boundary and Portendick controversies, Eng- And hopeless years—was he in truth land had better keep the maintenance of her rights The loved, the chosen of her youth? in Oregon in her own hands for the pres
She knew not what of woe and crime ent.—Spectator.
Had seared each form and soul,
Had borne them to that goa);
So much unlike that peaceful scene
Of stream, and corn, and sunset sheen:
Whose fearless joy around her rose!
And yet through sorrow, guilt, and shame, On hills of misty blue,
She knew they were the very same. And on the gathered gold of sheaves
Their judge, perchance, he knew them not ; That by the Danube grew,
For o'er his brow there passed The setting sun of autumn shed
No troubled shade of haunting thought A mellow radiance rich and red,
From childhood's roof-tree cast; As ever dyed the storied flood,
Save that his glance, so coldly bright, Since Roman blent with Dacian blood.
Fell with a strange unquiet light But Rome and Dacia both were gone,
Upon a face that still was fair, Yet the old river still rolled on;
Though early worn and wan. And now upon its sands, apart,
Yet lines of loftier thought were there; A peasant mother stood,
The spirit's wealth, that ran
To waste, for sin bore darkly down
What might have worn an angel's crown. Of her young children's mirth that rang
And o'er that mother's eye, which yet Where late the joyous reaper sang.
Beheld, and wept not till'it met
The gaze of her lost girl, there came
A sudden gush of sorrow's stream,
As though the drop that overflowed
Its urn had fallen there.
And she looked forth again Yet with the love of that long gaze,
On the old river, vanished all Were blent far dreams of future days;
Were city, crowd, and judgment-hall. And oh to learn what time's swift wing
The autumn night, with sudden gloom, To her life's blossoms yet might bring.
Came down on sea and shore,
And silently her cottage home
She sought; but never more
Gazed on the Danube's slumbering wave, Upon the wave impressed,
Nor wept above an early grave; The mirrored semblance of a scene
Or cast one look of pride and joy That never on its banks had been.
On rosy girl or blooming boy;
And even from their haunts of play
Her glance was sadly turned away;
But deep in dreamless slumber sealed Of a long trial day;
Her eyes from all the tears When hope and doubt alike were past,
Whose coming that bright eve revealed. And bright the midnight torches cast
And all the after years Their splendor on a breathless crowd,
Kept the dark promise of that hour. Dense as the summer's thunder cloud ;
And had the earth's old rivers power Ere the first lightning breaks its gloom,
To mirror the far clouds that lie Waiting the words of death and doom.
So darkly in life's distant sky, But far amid that living sea
How many a loving heart would turn, Of faces dark and strange,
Like hers, for comfort to the urn.
From Ainsworth's Magazine. hardly get done a hand's turn without havin' them A BIT OF "STILL LIFE” AMONG THE HILLS on his tracks." OF CONNEMARA.
I looked at the fellow as he spoke. There was
none of that brutal, debauched look about him On a fine bright August morning, some ten which distinguishes the English law-breaker. On years since, with my trusty Manton in my hand, the contrary, he was a very fair specimen of an and accompanied by a favorite setter, I strolled up Irish peasant; and, as I examined his honest, the mountain, which overhung a friend's shooting- manly countenance, I could not help feeling strong lodge in Connemara. For some time, I was tol- misgivings as to the righteousness of the excise erably successful in my sport; bird after bird laws. Whether this feeling was caused by the sprang up from the heather, only to find its way delicious smell of the “potheen” that pervaded into my capacious pockets; and by twelve o'clock the room, I leave it to the charitably disposed I found I had secured more game than I could reader to decide. well stow away. Cursing my want of forethought, Meantime, a bottle filled with the aforesaid which had prevented me from accepting the ser- potheen was placed on the table by the girl, and vices of at least one of the dozen lazy hangers-on consigning my Manton to a corner, and emptying at the lodge, I determined on retracing my foot- my pockets on the dresser, I speedily came to the steps, with what feelings I leave it to my brother conclusion that there are worse places than an sportsmen to decide.
Irish still-house for a tired sportsman to rest in. Fortune, however, had better luck in store for I had hardly drained the first glass to the health me. I had not moved ten yards from the spot of my fair hostess, when a little ragged, sunburnt where I had been standing, when a thin blue gossoon rushed into the cabin, and, clasping his wreath of smoke, curling over the shoulder of a hands above his head, broke out into the most unmountain far away to the right, attracted my at- earthly yell I ever heard. tention. Certain, now, of discovering some house ,“Och! wirr-as-thrue, murder !-och hone! och where I might deposit my spoil, and obtain shelter hone! Save yourselves for the sake of the from the heat which was becoming intense, I blessed Vargin! We're sowld the peelers is drew my shot-belt tighter around me, and, shoul- an us !" dering my gun, pushed briskly forward-now Tim jumped from his seat as he spoke, and, plunging to the hips in the tall heather, now seizing him by the collar, shook him violently, threading my way through a morass—till, after" Who? what?—How many is in it! Spake, half-an-hour's hard work, I reached a small low you young reprobate, or, by Jabers, I'll make cabin at the top of a narrow glen, and out of the short work of you !" chimney of which the smoke was pouring in con- 6. There's two !- bad luek to them !” sobbed siderable volumes.
out the poor boy. They kem round the I had been long enough in Connemara to more priest's pass, and were an me afore I could bless than half suspect I had come unawares on an myself.” illicit still; indeed, the day before, I had heard ** Then the devil resave the drop of sparits there was one in full operation somewhere in they 'll seize there to-day !” said Tim, as his eye these mountains, so, without farther ceremony fell on my double-barrel that was leaning against than the usual Irish benediction of “God save all the wall beside me. here,” (to which the over-scrupulous add, “Come, my fine fełłow," I cried, " that won't cept the cat,"') I pushed open the door and en- do. I'll do what I can for you. But you had tered the cabin.
better not try that.” A tall, fine-looking girl, whom I immediately We had no time for farther parley, for the next recognized as an old acquaintance, having fre moment the heavy tramp of footsteps was heard quently seen her at the lodge, was seated on a without, and two revenue policemen, with fixed low stool in the centre of the apartment, while a bayonets, entered the cabin. stout, middle-aged countryman, dressed in a long “ A purty mornin's work you have made of it, frieze coat and knee breeches, but without shoes Misther Connolly,” said the foremost of the pair, or stockings, was on his knees in a corner blowing "but a mighty expensive one, I'm thinkin'. Long away with a pair of old bellows at a turf fire, on threatnin' comes at last. I towld you I'd be on which hung what appeared to my uninitiated eyes your thrack afore long, and I've kept my word. an immense pot. My sudden entrance evidently Guard the door, Jim, and let no
one pass startled him not a little, for, springing to his feet, out.”. he grasped a stout blackthorn stick that lay beside “An' I towld you," said Tim, his face darkenhim, and stared at me for a moment with a coun. ing as he spoke-"I towld you I'd be even wid tenance in which fear and rage were curiously you for what ye did to poor Hugh Connor. blended. Not so the girl. She rose from her seat So pass on your way, and lave me and mine and welcomed me to the cabin, with that gay, alone, or it 'll be the worst job ever you put a frank, and peculiarly Irish hospitality, which, I'll hand in." be sworn, has gladdened the heart of many a “I must first see what you have on the fire, my weary sportsman like myself.
good lad," said the man: "so make way there, in "A, thin, bud yer honor's welcome. It's the queen's name. happy and proud we are to see you. Tim, you “İt ill becomes the like of ye to have the unmannerly thief, what are you starin' for, as if queen's name in yer mouth, ye dirty informer,' ye seen the gauger? Don't ye see the master's said Tim. “So pass on yer way,I say againfrind standin' foreninst you ? and yer caubeen on or the divil a bit of this world's bread ever you 'll your head, ye amathaun!”
Tim doffed his hat with much reverence. He “We'll try that presently,” said the police“ axed my honor's pardon ; but the thieven gau- man, coolly : “Jim, keep an eye on the girl that gers war gettin' so plenty, that a poor boy could she does n't bolt on ye-she's as cunnin' as a
So saying, and lowering his carbine, he at- “ who would be sorry to interfere with any gentletempted to pass Tim, but, in doing so, he evi- man's diversions, even if he chose to break the dently reckoned without his host, for, with a heads of every scoundrel in the squad. The only shout like a Delaware Indian, Tim sprang within thing I would recomme
mend,” he added, lowering his guard and seizing him by the collar, in his voice as he spoke, "is change of air ; after a second both men were rolling over on the your praiseworthy exertions this morning, I am ground, grappling one another like two bull sure it would be of service.” dogs. My hostess, like myself, had hitherto remained
From Ainsworth's Magazine. an inactive spectator ; but she now evidently de
THE VICTIMS OF DIPLOMACY. termined not to let them have all the fun to themselves, for, taking up a pair of heavy iron tongs, We take credit to ourselves for having already she would soon, no doubt, have made a con- grappled with this subject, which is daily assuming siderable diversion in Tim's favor, had not the a more important aspect. We gave to it originother policeman jumped forward and caught her ally, the title now adopted by Captain Grover; by the wrist.
but, if his views are correct, the phrase to be used “So that 's yer game, is it, my lady? then I'll should rather be the victims to diplomacy,” as take the liberty of fittin' you wid a pair of brace- expressive of a new order of political atonements, lets,” producing at the same time a pair of hand- offered up in the persons of ambassadors and encuffs which he attempted to force on her wrists ; voys to political expediency. This is a kind of but the girl struggled desperately, and, in doing political drama, which can only be well enacted in 80, must have irritated him greatly, for the semi-barbarous countries; and it is therefore, as ruffian struck her a heavy blow with his closed yet, confined to Anglo-Russian rivalry. For a fist.
time it concerned itself more with the loss of My blood was now fairly up, and grasping my political and commercial advantages, as the resiggun I inserted the butt-end under the fellow's nation of the Euphrates and the Tigris, the retreat ribs, and dashed him into the corner ; where, his from Affghanistan, and many minor cessions made head striking heavily against the sharp edge of a to Russian influence ; but Řussia began with distable, he lay apparently insensible.
avowing agents, in the person of the unfortunate “Run for it, Master Harry-never mind Tim-Vicovitch, and Great Britain carried out the prinrun or you 'll be cotched !" shouted Mary, as she ciple wholesale, in the almost simultaneous sacrivanished out of the back door, while I bolted at fice of Wyburd, Stoddart, and Conolly. There is the front. The ringing sound of a stick against no mincing the matter now; all the points are asthe policeman's shako, telling me, as I went, that certained, all the details established beyond conTim's blackthorn was doing its office.
troversy ; and it will never do to allow a transI had got about fifty yards up the mountain, action, involving the utmost disgrace and the when I turned and witnessed a sight I shall not most humiliating dishonor to the nation, to pass by easily forget. I have mentioned before that the unnoticed. cabin was built at the top of a glen, between two Notwithstanding the disavowal of government, mountains. Down this glen bounded Tim with the fact of these gentlemen being politically emthe speed of a hunted stag, his long frieze coat ployed, is now placed beyond question. Lieut. : streaming in the wind behind him, while the worm Wyburd was sent, in 1835, by Sir John Camp(the only valuable part of the apparatus) was bob- bell, who then represented the sovereign of Great bing up and down over his shoulder, keeping time Britain at the court of Persia, on a very important to the motion of his bare legs, which were taking secret mission to Khiva. He has never been the ground along with them at an awful pace. In heard of since ; and apparently, indeed, scarcely front of the cabin was his antagonist ramming a inquired after. Dr. Wolff's mission to Bokhara cartridge down his carbine, with unmistakable suggested the opportunity of making such inquienergy, which the moment he had accomplished ries; and Captain Grover, as president of the he fired slap after the caubeen, but the ball only committee, addressed a letter to the foreign office, tore up the ground some yards to his right, and calling attention to the case. The answer was, with a yell of triumph I saw Tim disappear round that the foreign office “ was not aware that Lieut. the corner of the glen.
Wyburd was sent on any mission at all to Khiva.” It was late in the evening when, tired and This Gothic expression “at all” betrays considtravel-stained, I entered the dining-room at the erable irritability upon the subject. The dauntlodge, where I found a large party assembled. less Grover immediately responded, that he had
Harry, my boy," said my friend,“ we had Sir John Campbell's authority to the effect that he given you up in despair. Ellen insisted you had was employed. The foreign office was obliged to fallen over a precipice, or were drowned in a bog- cry“ peccavi,” and acknowledge that it had overhole, or something of the kind. You look tired, looked the possession of a dispatch to that effect; too,” filling me a tumbler of claret as he spoke ; sheltering itself also under the statement, that the "" there, now, take off that.”'
British embassy at the court of Persia was at the I never was remarkable for setting the table in a time of Lieutenant Wyburd's mission under the roar; but, on this occasion, if Theodore Hook direction of the East India Company, and not of himself had been relating my adventure I doubt the foreign office. It would scarcely be conceived, whether he could have succeeded better than I did that in consequence of this, not only is an envoy imyself, and the old oak ceiling rang again, as my overlooked and lost sight of, but being denied and
friend starting up and pointing to a short, punchy, repudiated by the foreign office, and dead to the i red-faced, little man, said :
East India Company, a pension to Lieutenant Wy“Let me introduce you to Lieutenant Cassidy, burd's aged and unfortunate mother is refused, by I late of H. M.'s 88th regiment, and now com- the latter, because, although an officer in their mander of the Clifden revenue police."
service, he was sent on this mission, not by the “And an officer,” said the lieutenant, bowing, company, but by Queen Victoria's government.
Well may Captain Grover, in his letter to the foreign office to disavow and abandon an agent Earl of Aberdeen, of May 2nd, 1844, say— full of integrity and honor, and a gallant officer,
“ Should the notion get abroad that British than to be obliged to wince under the imperial officers are to be sent on perilous duties, to be frown. It is not that such a disavowal of an then abandoned, the honor of the British army, agent would satisfy Count Woronzow or his imand the prosperity of the British nation, will soon perial master of the innocency of Great Britain in be among the things past.
having thwarted their measures in Central Asia, The same year that poor Wyburd was sent off, but it is that the humiliation of such a proceeding never to be again made mention of, till some gen- is considered, in the Anglo-Russian international erous, humane and gallant Grover asks the where- diplomacy, as an equivalent for the success temabouts of his official grave, Colonel Stoddart was porarily obtained through the means of the now attached, as military secretary, to Mr. Ellis' mis- repudiated envoy. sion to Persia. Three years afterwards, in 1838, The arrival of Conolly gave greater complication Russia sent a large and rich caravan to the fron- to the affair. This officer-according to Sir Robtiers of Bokhara, the pretended peaceable mer- ert Peel's statement, made in the House of Comchants of which were in reality agents and officers mons on the 28th of June, 1844, in answer to a of the government. It was expected that so rich question by Mr. Cochrane—had been sent by the a prey would tempt the nomades of the Oxns; Indian government to make communications at and, to reclaim its subjects, Russia intended an in- Khiva and Cokan. An intimation was made to vasion of Central Asia. The thing happened as Colonel Stoddart that Captain Conolly was at anticipated : the caravan was beset, and the sham Khiva, and if he thought he could be useful to merchants converted into willing prisoners. This him, he had authority to send for him from that was at the time when the expedition into Affghan- place. Colonel Stoddart, guided by these direct istan was preparing. The Czar was also assem- official instructions, wrote to Captain Conolly, bling troops for the Oxus. In order to prevent who in consequence repaired to Bokhara. On the this, Lord Palmerston despatched orders to send same occasion Sir Robert Peel stated before the some clever and intrepid member of the Persian House that Colonel Stoddart had been authorized mission into Bokhara, io prevail upon the Amir to to repair to Bokhara, and was directly employed restore the supposed merchant prisoners, and thus by the government to make communications at to deprive Russia of a pretence for war. Colonel Bokhara; putting that part of the question which Stoddart was selected for this purpose.
refers to the disavowal of both these envoys be“ It is impossible,” says the Revue de Paris, yond a doubt. And yet these were the two offiin noticing this mission, “not to envy England cers, employed on so perilous a mission, and as these courageous agents, which it always finds deeply engaged in the service of their queen and ready to devote themselves to its service. The their country as the foreign secretary and the merit is so much the greater, as the fate that governor-general themselves, whom Lord Ellenawaits them in these perilous enterprises is borough wrote to the Amir, claiming as “innoscarcely ever doubtful. For one Burnes, whose cent travellers" —that is, declaring them to be imname becomes known throughout the civilized postors and spies. “ A mode of intervention,' world, how many victims of this patriotism fall says the Revue de Paris, " which succeeded in obscurely, disappear without leaving any more destroying them." traces than the straw which is carried away by the But as the detention of the British emissaries wind! These examples of devotedness are sub- was persevered in by the Amir, in order to ensure lime; they deserve to be held out to the just ad-safety to his own territories, he could have nothing miration of people.”
to gain by their death. He might subject them to Success attended upon the mission. The Rus- cruel tortures, when disavowed by their governsian prisoners were liberated, and the Czar de- ment, but it could never have been his interest to prived for a time of an excuse for the conquest of actually destroy them. With the capriciousness Bokhara. But the Amir, frightened by the pro- of an Oriental despot they might be tortured to gress of the British in Afghanistan, determined change their faith, and then liberated to practise upon detaining Colonel Stoddart, in order that if openly the rites of the Christian religion : they his own territories or surety should be affected by might be one day in a dungeon, and another in the war, he should be enabled to negotiate with favor at court; but unless disease and suffering better chance of success. This is now the opinion may have carried them off, there is no reason to of all best able to judge of Oriental actions. It believe that the Amir would cause them to be was the explanation given by the Khan of Khiva slain. When Captain Grover was at St. Petersto Captain Abbot; it is the explanation admitted burgh, he heard that the prisoners had been reby Captain Grover, and by the Revue de Paris. moved to Samarcand before Dr. Wolff arrived at But the Amir was also irritated that the envoy, in Bokhara ; and the circumstances attendant upon whose detention he had placed his hopes of safety, the interview of that excellent man with the Shakcould not obtain from a timid or forgetful govern- haul (secretary of state for foreign affairs) are ment the proper vouchers for his authority; and highly corroborative of this opinion. he added cruel tortures to what was at first a mere It makes the blood run cold to read the followcaptivity. On a former occasion, we surmised the ing. Dr. Wolff writespossibility of the British envoy having been con- "The time of evening approached, and the fined in the horrid well full of ticks. Captain military band played 'God save the Queen,' Grover now makes the positive circumstance of which most agreeably surprised me.”. that confinement known to the public.
Dr. Wolff makes no observation whatever upon The detention of Colonel Stoddart betrayed the this very extraordinary circumstance. secret of the embassy to the Russians. It was to “ At Bokhara," says Captain Grover, “they be expected that the czar would be irritated at have not the least idea of music, according to our having been outwitted in the caravan plan; and it acceptation of that term;" and Dr. Wolff says, appears to have caused less compunction at the " there was not a man at Bokhara who knew any