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interest at the time, and of which we are informed rally devoted to what may be called the romance that a curious account is to be found in the French of advertising. The advertisements which appear papers of the year 1802 or 1803, every effort was in that place are mysterious as melodramas, and made, but in vain, to discover the devisers and puzzling as rebuses. Some of them are worded actors of the masquerade which had led to the after the following fashion :detection of this crime. It appears that the car " To CHARLES.-Be at the pastry-cook's at the had been left in the stable-yard by the postilions corner of S- street, at two. Jemima is well while they went to dine, and that, when they - Alice.” returned, it had already disappeared; all that re- Out of such an advertisement, a novelist of mained of it, being the chairs, table, and other ordinary tact might construct a whole plot. apparatus of the judges, which had been thrown “ Charles” is a lover; the course of whose love out upon the ground. An ostler had seen several has been crossed by some inquisitive papa or guarpersons busied about the car, but, from their being dian ; he has been forbidden the house of his in masquerading attire, had concluded they were adored Jemima. Correspondence by post is also some of the party to whom it belonged. It was impracticable ; so the lovers advertise one another suspected, but could not be proved, that this man in ihe Times. Happily, the lady has a confidante, had been bribed to see as little as possible. to whom is intrusted the advertising depart

No plausible conjecture could be formed as to ment of the affair. The above is an assignation the motives of the person who had become ac- concocted by her ingenuity, and signed with her quainted with the commission of the murder for name. not sooner, and in a more direct and open manner, Perhaps a week after, another announcement in bringing forward his evidence concerning it. Some the same column will furnish the novelist with the supposed that having been a hidden eye-witness catastrophe. It runs thus :of the deed, he apprehended being himself liable “ To The Young LADY who was last seen at the to punishment for not having made an effort to pastry-cook's at the corner of S-street. You prevent it; others supposed that he feared Major are implored to return home immediately, and all Ruoli, who was known to be violent and reckless ; will be forgiven." and a third conjecture was, that it was some per- The fact is, Jemima met Charles punctually, son of indifferent character, who thought his un- and eloped with him from the bun-shop. Her supported testimony would not find credence when father has relented ; and as no further advertisebrought against people of rank and influence. ments can be detected from the same parties, it is Whatever the motives may have been, and al. fair to infer that their little family differences have though there were evidently at least five persons been made up ; that Charles and Jemima are marconnected with the masquerade, the secret was ried, and are as happy as they deserve to be. well kept, and to this day the affair remains Occasionally, however, we find this interesting shrouded in mystery.

column occupied with notices which force upon us more painful inferences. A young man bas defrauded his employers, and absconded ; and his

parents invoke him, by the initials of his name, to THE TIMES."

disclose the amount of his defalcations. In other In the whole range of periodical literature, there instances, a cowardly bankrupt has run away from is no greater curiosity than the columns daily de- his creditors, and left his wife to bear the brunt of voted to advertisements in the Times newspaper. their importunities. She implores him, through From those ponderous pages the future historian the Times, to return and help her through the will be able to glean ample and correct information difficulty. relative to the social habits, wants, and peculiari

Beneath such brief tales of mystery are usually ties of this empire. How we travel, by land or advertised articles which have been lost or stolen. sea-how we live, and move, and have our being These vary in style, from the coarse and mer-is fully set forth in the different announcements cenary offer of "Que sovereign reward,” to the which appear in a single copy of that journal. delicate hint that “ If the lady who took the The means of gratifying the most boundless de- ermine cloak away by mistake from the Marsires, or the most fastidious taste, are placed within chioness of Crampton's rout on Thursday evening the knowledge of any one who chooses to consult will send the same to the owner, her own camlet its crowded columns. Should a man wish to wrapper will be returned to her." One of the inake an excursion to any part of the globe be- most refined of this class actually appeared in its tween Cape Horn and the North Pole, to any port proper place a few months since. As a superfine in India, to Australia, to Africa, or to China, he appeal to the susceptible sentiments of a couple of can, by the aid of one number of the Times, make pickpockets, it has no equal in the history of adhis arrangements over his breakfast. In the first vertising :column he will find which “ A. I. fine, fast-sail- “If ihe clever artists, male and female, who ing, copper-bottoined” vessel is ready to take him combined to relieve an elderly gentleman of his to any of these distant ports. Or, should his letter-case and purse on Friday evening last will travelling aspirations be of a less extended nature, return the former, with the papers it contained, he can inform himself of the names, size, horse they will oblige. The case and papers are of no power, times of starting, and fares, of numberless use to them." steamers which ply within the limits of British Succeeding the “Lost and Stolen," it is usual

Whether, in short, he wishes to be con- to find one or two of those heart-stirring appeals veyed five miles—from London 10 Greenwich--to the benevolent which—despite the efforts of the or three thousand-from Liverpool to New York Mendiciiy Society-have maintained many an im-information equally conclusive is afforded him. postor in idleness for years together. Like Puff,

The head of ihe second, or sometimes the third in Sheridan's “ Critic," these advertisers support coluinn, is interesting to a more extensive range themselves upon their (assumed) misfortunes, by of readers-namely, to the curious ; for it is gene- means of the proceeds of addresses “to the chari

From Chambers' Journal.

66

ADVERTISEMENTS OF

seas.

table and humane,” or “to those whom Provi- /tric appeals. Foremost among these we place dence has blessed with affluence." The account the annexed litile autobiography from a person which Puff gives of his fictitious misfortunes so who advertised himself on the 22d of last Feblitile exaggerates the advertisements which appear ruary as occasionally in the Times, that we quote it. “I "A CHARACTER.–The noblemen and gentlesuppose," he boasts, never man went through men of England are respectfully informed that the such a series of calamities in the same space of advertiser is a self-taught man—a 'genius.' He time. I was five times made a bankrupt, and re- has travelled (chiefly on foot) through the United duced from a state of affluence by a train of un- Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in Holland, avoidable misfortunes. Then, though a very Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, France, and industrious tradesman, I was twice burnt out, and Italy. He has conducted a popular periodical, lost my little all both times. I lived upon those written a work of fiction in three vols., published fires a month. I soon after was confined by a a system of theology, composed a drama, studied most excruciating disorder, and lost the use of my Hamlet, been a political lecturer, a preacher, a limbs. That told very well ; for I had the case village schoolmaster, a pawnbroker, a general strongly attested, and went about to collect the shopkeeper; has been acquainted with more than subscriptions myself! Afterwards, I was a close one founder of a sect, and is now (he thanks prisoner in the Marshalsea for a deht benevolently Providence) in good health, spirits, and character, contracted to serve a friend. I was then reduced out of debt, and living in charity with all mankind. to—oh no—then I became a widow with six help- During the remainder of his life he thinks he less children. Well, at last, what with bank- would feel quite at home as secretary, amanuruptcies, fires, gouts, dropsies, imprisonments, and ensis, or companion to any nobleman or gentleman other valuable calamities, having got together a who will engage a once erratic but now sedate pretty handsome sum, I determined to quit a busi- being, whose chief delight consists in seeing and ness which had always gone rather against my making those around him cheerful and happy. conscience." The police reports testify that Address A. Z., at Mr. P—'s, B— street, Repathetic advertisements, equally unfounded, find gent's Park." their way into the third column of the Times, It would appear that the self-praise thus pubdespite the utmost vigilance of the clerks. Some, lished sometimes requires a little help ; hence, beon the other hand, are manifestly from objects sides, “undoubted ability" and "unexceptionable worthy both of credit and of relief. Of the latter, references," a douceur is occasionally offered “to we select one which appeared on the 7th of any one who will procure the advertiser a reFebruary, 1844, and which bears evident marks spectable situation.” This “sweetener” we have of genuineness. Addressing the sympathies of known to vary from five to five thousand pounds, the benevolent by the borrowed aid of a popular“ according to the emoluments.” Despite, howa fiction was a happy thought :

ever, all eccentricities, deception, and other evils, To The Brothers CheeryBle, or any who have there can be no question that through the adverhearts like theirs. A clergyman, who will gladly tising columns of the Times many a servant has communicate his name and address, desires to in- procured a good situation, and many a master has troduce the case of a gentleman, equal at least to been indebted for a valuable servant. As a speciNickelby in birth, worthy, like him, for refine- men of the appeals, the truth of which it is difiment of character, even of the best descent; like cult to doubt, we print the following. The ficklehim, of spotless integrity, and powerfully beloved ness of fortune is strongly exemplified by the fact by friends who cannot help him, but no longer, of a gentleman of “high rank" seeking the humlike Nickleby, sustained by the warm buoyancy of blest employment :youthful blood. The widowed father of young

" It would be a noble act of humanity if any children, he has spent his all in the struggles of generous and kind-hearted individual would proan unsuccessful but honorable business, and has cure or grant employment to a suffering individual, now for eighteen months been vainly seeking some in whose behalf this appeal is made. He is of stipendiary employment. To all who have ever high rank, education, and manners, and in every known him he can refer for commendation. Being point of view fit to fill any situation. He is withwell versed in accounts, though possessed of edu- out influential friends, and, from complicated frauds cation, talents, and experience, which would ren- and misfortunes, is unable to continue the educader him invaluable as a private secretary, he would tion of eight lovely children. He seeks nothing accept with gratitude even a clerk's stool and daily for himself, except to be so placed, giving to the bread. Any communication addressed to the Rev. hands of his kind benefactor all he receives for B. C., post-office, Cambridge, will procure full his children's present and future support. This particulars, ample references, and the introduction will save him from a broken heart. Any situation of the party, who is now in town, and ignorant of that will enable him to effect this object will be rethis attempt to serve him."

ceived with heartfelt gratitude, and filled with The succeeding couple of columns in the first honor, assiduity, and fidelity. Most respectable page of the Times usually display the multifarious reference, &c. N. B. No pecuniary assistance “ wants” which an endless variety of desiderators can be received." are anxious to get satisfied. Situations by far out- The “ want” which usually succeeds that for number the other wants. A governess, a gar- situations is common at some iime or other of his dener, an editor, a schoolmaster, a tailor, a clerk, life to every living being. The bottom of the fifth or a shopman, who is in want of employment, column of the Times generally contains some halfseeks it through the pages of the Times news- dozen announcements that X. Y. or A. B. wants paper. The accomplished, intellectual, honest, money. In a modern comedy, one of the characmoral, in short," unexceptionable" characters, ters, with a view to borrowing, tells a rich friend who thus paint their own portraits, give to the “ that he is terribly in want of a thousand pounds." fourth and fifth column of the leading journal | The other, with a comprehensive experience of the semblance of a catalogue of spotless worthies. the world, replies, " I have no doubt of it; for you

Some, again, try to gain employment by eccen-I may take it as a rule that every man wanis a thou

1) *

some

sand pounds." Of this vast multitude of man- | advertiser will communicate his discovery either kind, ihere are, it appears, only a few superlatively to the ministers of state, nobility, or those who sanguine individuals who hope to obtain the re- may take an interest in the wellbeing of society, quired cash by advertising. Ample securityon condition of his receiving (if his plans are apor usurious interest is generally the bait held forth proved, and made available for the purposes conto lenders; but we are able to produce one remark- templated) £100,000. 'If the nation be saved, able instance in which the advertiser expresses a it is not to be saved by the ordinary operations of wish for the loan of a bagatelle of four thousand statesmanship.'-Lord Ashly.” The modesty of pounds without security, and which he proposes the advertiser prevents him from adding in words to repay, not with interest, but with gratitude :- what he evidently wishes the reader to conclude;

“À MAN OF RANK, holding a distinguished public namely, that the nation is only to be saved by E. S., office, moving in the highest society, and with of No. 142 Cheapside. brilliant prospects, has been suddenly called upon The rest of the columns of the Times usually to pay some thousands of pounds, owing to the occupied by advertisements are filled with andefault of a friend for whom he had become guar-nouncements of new works, either just out, or in antee. As his present means are unequal to meet preparation ; patent medicines, and sales by aucthis demand, and he can offer no adequate security tion. One department is benevolently set aside for for a loan, the consequence must be ruin to himself the insertion of short applications for places from and his family, unless some individual of wealth domestic servants. These advertisements are reand munificence will step forward to avert this ceived at a price which little more than covers the calamity, by applying £4000 to his rescue. For duty, and expense of composing. this he frankly avows that he can, in present cir- Lastly come the rhetorical advertisements. cumstances, offer no other return than his grati- These flow from the fervent pens of imaginative tude. A personal interview, however painful, auctioneers, “who"—to quote Mr. Puff once will be readily granted, in the confidence that the more—"crowd their announcements with panegygenerosity of his benefactor will be the best guar- rical superlatives, each rising above the other, like antee for his delicate observance of secrecy. He the bidders in their own auction rooms;" inlaying hopes his distressing condition will protect him “their phraseology with variegated chips of exotic from the prying of heartless curiosity; and to pre- metaphor.” The skill with which their descripvent the approaches of money-lenders, he begs to tions of houses or of lands magnify excellences repeat that he can give no security. Address to and conceal defects without making an entire sacri• Anxious,' General Post-office, London.” This fice of truth, is on occasions wonderful. "anxious” man of rank made known his trifling When a mansion is dilapidated, that is described want in the Times of January, 1814.

as a lucky circumstance, for, " with a trilling outThe sixth and last column of the first page of lay, the fortunate purchaser will be afforded a fine the Times is invariably devoted to equestrian and opportunity of exercising his taste in restoration, vehicular advertisements. Any gentleman who alteration, and decoration.” Sometimes the aucmay want a clever hack, a quiet cob, a powerful tioneer is “happy to announce that a large porhorse of splendid action, warranted to ride or drive ; tion of the estate now for sale is in a completely or any tradesman requiring a team of superior uncultivated state, so that the possessor will have young cart-horses, has only to consult his news- a fine field for the introduction of those wonderful paper.

improvements in draining and agricultural chemOver leaf, on the second page of the Times, per- istry which are now at his disposal. We must sons in want of " apartments” or lodgings,“ with admit, however, that these wordy announcements or without board,” will find many places to choose are less frequent in the Times than in other newsfrom. Announcements of public companies which papers, although the above expressions are copied are of a more general interest come next. Amongst from its pages. The truth is, the graces of rhetoric them sometimes appear singular esfusions, chiefly are not exempted from the high charges of that consisting of the schemes of enthusiastic patriots densely filled journal, but cost as much per line as and headlong politicians, who invent plans for set- the veriest cheesemonger's puff. Economy thereting everything to rights in this complicated com- fore obliges the verbose auctioneer to be sparing munity, as fast as the horses, announced for sale in of adjectives, and to cut out his most exalted supera previous column, can gallop. One, which was latives. It is only when the magnitude of the published about twelve months since, we have care transaction enables him-heureusement—to puff off fully preserved. It is by a political regenerator the property "regardless of expense,” that he is who dates from Cheapside :

able to take a high flight in a long advertisement. "To the Ministers of State, Nobility, AND We have now reviewed the various announceCOMMUNITY AT LARGE.—A remedy for the dis- ments which, taking the average, daily appear in tresses of England. -Every considerate person ad- the Times newspaper. By an orderly arrangemits the present condition of society to be perfectly ment of the printer, the different kinds we have anomalous. A remedy has at length been discov- adverted to appear as nearly as possible in the ered—a remedy which would effectually arrest the portions of the vast sheet which we have described, progress of pauperism, confer incalculable benefits so that a practised reader can tell, within a column upon the industrial community, and diffuse joy and or so, where to pitch upon the sort of announcegladness throughout the length and breadth of the ment he may wish to peruse. No one possessed land, making England (without exaggeration) the of a spice of philosophy can glance over those envy of surrounding nations, and the admiration broad sheets, without extracting a deep meaning of the world. The plan possesses the peculiar from the mass, and without getting a strong inmerit of being practicable, and easy of application, sight into human nature from many of the indiwithout in the slightest degree infringing the rights vidual advertisements. Had the Acta Diurna of of property as by law established, or in any way the Romans contained similar announcements, we disturbing the present relations of society. The should have learned more of their private life and

habits from one of its numbers, than from all the * Bubbles of the Day, by Douglas Jerrold. classical works which have been handed down to us.

LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 57.-14 JUNE, 1845.

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CORRESPONDENCE.-Oregon, 1. Sir Robert Peel's Encouragement to Agitation, Examiner, 2. The Jesuits in Switzerland, 3. The Bokhara Victims, 4. The Oregon Question, 5. Mrs. Norton's Child of the Islands, 6. A Chapter on Eyes,

Polytechnic Review, 7. Men of Letters of the Times of George III., New Quarterly Review, 8. Dwellings for Work-People,

Spectator, 9. The Late Murders,

Law Magazine, 10. El Coll de Balaguer,

Chambers' Journal, 11. Secondary Punishments,

Spectator, 12. Game of Chess by the Électric Telegraph, Polytechnic Review, 13. The Bokhara Victims,

Spectator, 14. The Morale of Peel, 15. Glass-Making in Ancient Egypt,

Polytechnic Review,
16. On Atmospheric Railways,
17. Lord Rosse's Telescope,
18. Archimedean Railway,
19. Anastatic Printing,
20. Lord Robertson's Poems,

Spectator,
Scraps. --Softening Stone, 500-Colors, Hues, Tints, and Shades ; Railway Economy,

503-Fearfully and Wonderfully Made, 514–Mrs. Child's Letters, 523—College of
Chemistry ; Railway under the Thames, 533.

489 491 493 494 498 498 501 504 514 515 519 522 523 524 525 527 529 533 534 535 536

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CORRESPONDENCE.

We believe it an important part of our duty to We are in the frequent receipt of letters and show the state of public opinion in Europe, in rehints from persons who are dissatisfied with the gard to matters under discussion in this country ;

and intend to maintain the right to give a comdistrustful and watchful course which we recom

mentary of our own. Considering the enslaved mend as to the policy of the British government; and it has been repeated to us as the opinion of state of so many of the party papers, which must some readers, that our remarks are all on one side, praise or blame in concert, it is not too much to having an unfriendly bearing towards England hope that even a weak voice, pitched in a different It may be worth while to answer that opinion by key, may be heard to some useful purpose. As to

the charge of entertaining " sentiments favorable an extract from the New York Evening Post of 27 May :

to the pretensions of the country's enemies," we

would reply, that the principal subject of our reLittell's Living Age.—This weekly compend marks was a regret that our own claims should of the best articles of the foreign reviews and mag. have been damaged by the President's inaugural azines, is for sale by Wm. Taylor, No. 2 Astor House. A correspondent requests us to notice discourse, in which he would appear to our friends the number for the last week, for the purpose of in Europe decidedly in the wrong. By these protesting in behalf of the habitual readers of the friends we mean, not France alone, and much of work, against the remarks with which certain arti- Germany, but also and principally, the great body cles froin British journals on the Oregon question of the English nation as distinguished from its are introduced. The person whose deeply responsible task it is to string these articles together in the government. This powerful body of friends of order in which they are to be printed, has seen fit Peace with all the world, and especially of Peace to censure the President of the United States for with the United States, ought not to be disgusted the

passage in his inaugural address relative to our and irritated by an arrogant assumption of exclurights on the Pacific, and distinctly to commend sive right in a matter which is under amicable disthe British Premier for his conduct in the same premises. Now the purchasers and readers of the cussion between the two nations. This is not the Living Age have the right to expect that if its best way to succeed in the matter of controversy, publisher must cherish sentiments favorable to the and, as we said before, we do not think the Presipretensions of the country's enemies, he will at dent meant to be so understood in Europe. Since least refrain from giving them expression in this our brief notice was written there has been an arwork. The brief article to which we allude would rival from Europe which shows that our anticipabe harmless enough in the corner of a Boston newspaper, but, appearing under the circumstances tions were correct, and that as far as we can judge which it does, it is highly offensive.”

the French public think Great Britain more nearly 31 in the right than we are.

LVII.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. V.

We did not " distinctly commend” Sir Robert ling from opinions recently expressed in this journal, Peel for his conduct in reply. We stated that he it seems to us to be at least very interesting evihad “ably, adroitly, and we must acknowledge dence as to the merits of the question, when a fairly, made use of the opportunity to animadvert Frenchman, who openly avows his haired of Eng

land, who is a diplomatist also, well acquainted upon the unusual course of the President,” and we with and fully qualified to expound the various lamented that he had the opportunity. We have treaties and conventions severally relied on by the not shown any unwillingness to think or speak litigant parties, yet goes so far as to declare diswell of the powers that be.” So far otherwise, tinctly, that the Oregon territory rightfully belongs that we made haste to enjoy in anticipation—to United States have not a shadow of tiile to it. He

to Great Britain, and that, chicanery apari, the realize as it were-all the indications of a sound concludes his lucid discussion of the arguments on and energetic administration, which could be gath- both sides with this emphatic avowal : ered in advance. We have even suffered our praise “ If we must now pronounce an opinion on this of the President for refusing to see, as such, a important question, we cannot, in spite of our symparty association, to stand ; although we found we pathies with the United States and our profound

hatred of the ambitious policy of England, help were entirely in the wrong as to the fact.

acknowledging that in this instance justice and In another part of this number will be found a

reason are on the side of the latter, and that Eng. pleasant and judicious article from the Examiner; land has an absolute and exclusive right to the and in that paper of 17 May is the following re- possession of the disputed territory. This sentence view of a French work, the author of which comes, criticism ; yet it is the expression of sincere con

will doubtless draw down upon us much violent most unaccountably, to a decision in favor of Eng-viction, and the result

, not so much of our explorland to the whole :

ation of the Oregon territory, as of the careful Exploration du Territoire de l'Oregon, de Cali- study and examination of the treaties, conventions,

fornie, et de la Mer Vermeille, erecutée pendant and documents of every kind which bear upon the les années 1840, 1841, et 1842. Par M. Duflot question.' de Mofras, Attaché a la Legation de France à

We have said that M. de Mofras is, like some Mexico. Two vols. Dulau.

others of his countrymen, extremely adverse to

the “perfidy and ambition" of England. But in This is an interesting and, in the present circum- affirming the right of this country to the Oregon stances of the political world, not an unimportant territory, he professes to yield to the dictation of work. M. de Mofras' expedition was undertaken, an unequivocal and imperative sense of justice. and the volumes narrating it are now published, Yet he finds it impossible to keep his eyes fixed bby order of the French government. It appears long and steadily on so sober and dispassionate an that he had previously visited North America ; and object as abstract justice. He soon loses sight of being attached to the French Embassy at Madrid, it; forgets its language; and intimates his expec

was selected by his government, owing we pre- tation that in this dispute, as in the case of the sume to his acquaintance with the Spanish lan- north-east boundary, American firmness will guage and the history of Spanish maritime enter- triumph over British pride. Our readers already prise, for the task of exploring the north-west know that we are indisposed to countenance any coast of America. To this end he was attached to such hope, or to regard such a question as this of the French Legation in Mexico, whence, after due the Oregon, in the light of a“ triumph” for either preparation, he proceeded on that survey of the

party. iminense regions lying between Mexico and the Columbia, and of the coasts as far as Behring's Straits, the narrative of which is now before us.

The New Houses of ParliAMENT.-In the The author observes that his work commences year 1817, the New Houses of Parliament will be where that of M. de Humboldt leaves off, and that completed. Owing to the unsettled state of the his chief title to indulgence will be, that he has iron trade, some delay has occurred in fixing the attempted to follow the traces and continue the iron work of the roof, but a considerable portion is work of that illustrious traveller."

in readiness. The House of Lords is roofed in. To however, the most attractive portion of The Statistics of Soap.- Mr. Hutt, with a M. de Mofras' work is the chapter in which he laudable desire to ascertain how his county is off discusses the rival cla of Great Britain and the for soap, has moved for and obtained a parliaUnited States to the Oregon territory. As to prior mentary return embracing all the statistics of this discovery, he asserts, and we believe with justice, very interesting subject. It seems that, in Engthat Spain alone can make out a title to the north- land, the quantity of soap manufactured is considwest coast of America on that ground. He argues erably larger than the quantity made in Scotland. also that New France, the rights and titles of Perhaps the increase the manufacture in British which now devolve on Canada, was generally con- soap may have arisen from a rumor that several sidered, in the early half of the last century, as of the old Tories intended to wash their hands of extending to the Western Ocean. We are not Peel; and as some of those hands have had a sure however that he adduces any evidence on finger in matters not particularly nice, it was that point to which a jurist could attach much naturally thought that a great quantity of soap value. On the other hand, he is certainly very would be required for the operation alluded to. elaborate, if not entirely satisfactory and conclu- We understand that Mr. Williams seconded :. sive, in his examination of the treaties affecting the Mr. Hutt's motion, on the ground that we ought

disputed rights, which have been severally exe- to know how we stand for soap, when we may be ·cuted by Great Britain and the United States with called upon rather suddenly to lather the AmeriFrance, Spain, and Russia. And, without depart- cans.

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