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foreigner of distinction who visited the Eternal tightened round his throat. They closed, and had City was proud to have Winckelmann for a cice- struggled together for a short time, when Arcangeli rone: he himself delighted, when he found rank drew a knife and plunged it into his victim. At and genuine taste combined, to act in that capacity, this moment a servant, hearing the noise, rushed and his conversation 'on such occasions was of the up and opened the door, through which Arcangeli most brilliant and fasinating kind. The thoughts escaped unpursued. It is needless to protract the and emotions which were excited in him by the catastrophe. Physicians were summoned ; but all beautiful remains of antiquity, found moreover en- was vain; and at four in the afternoon Winckelduring expression in a long series of masterly mann expired. The assassin was some weeks writings. The principal of these, his History of afterwards captured, tried, and executed. Ancient Art, was begun in the second year of his The news of this unexpected, mysterious, residence at Rome, and published at Dresden in and melancholy death, was received with regret 1761.

throughout all Europe, especially in Germany, The publication of this work raised him to the where many of his admirers (the youthful Goethe pinnacle of European celebrity, and more than one among the number) were ignorant of WinckelGerinan potentate (the great Frederick among the mann's abrupt return towards Italy, and were rest) endeavored, without success, to tempt Winck- preparing to welcome him with enthusiasm. We elinann to his court. His friends in Germany, have left ourselves no room to speak of his works : however, prevailed upon him, in 1768, to pay them his biography is now before the reader. We wish a visit; and, in the company of a Roman sculptor that Winckelmann, by avoiding the fatal error of named Cavaceppi, set out for his native country apostasy, bad allowed us to say that his was a in the April of that year. But as the distance life altogether worthy of a scholar and a man. increased between him and his beloved Rome, he sank into a deep melancholy : when they were

From Hood's Magazine. crossing the Tyrolean Alps, he pointed to the

THE HERRING PIE. gloonny sky overhead, and exclaimed, “Torniamo a Roina, (Let us return to Rome.) Cavaceppi It was a cold winter's evening : the rich banker persuaded him to continue his journey, and they Brounker had drawn his easy chair close into the reached Ratisbon, where the Empress-Queen, corner of the stove, and sat smoking his long clay Maria Theresa, was then residing. Winckel- pipe with great complacency, while his intimate minn now resolved to go no further. 'The Aus- friend, Van Grote, employed in exactly the same irian prime minister, Kaunitz, himself joined his manner, occupied the opposite corner. expostulations to those of Cavaceppi in vain. He quiet in the house, for ker's wife and chilreinained at Ratisbon till the end of May, and dren were gone to a masked ball, and, secure from having been presented to the empress, who be- fear of interruption, the two friends indulged in a stowed on him some costly medals in proof of her confidential conversation. regard, proceeded to Trieste, were (preserving, “ I cannot think,” said Van Grote, “why you we know not why, a strict incognito) he took an should refuse your consent to the marriage. apartment in a hotel, purposing to sail to Italy in Berkenrode can give his daughter a good fortunc, the first ship bound for Ancona.

and you say that your son is desperately in love He met at the common dining-table of the hotel with her.” an Italian stranger named Francesco Arcangeli, “I don't object to it," said Brounker. “It is who, it afterwards appeared, had been banished my wife who will not hear of it." for theft from the Austrian doininions. This " And what reason has she for refusing ?" scoundrel easily gained his confidence, by introduc- “ One which I cannot tell you,'' said his friend, ing him to the captain of a ship bound for Ancona, i sinking his voice. and by an agreeable and winning manner. The Oh! a mystery.-Come, out with it. You unsuspecting Winckelmann told him everything know I have always been frank and open


you, about himself except his name, and showed him even to giving you my opinion of your absurd

presents of the empress; these excited the Ital- jealousy of your wife.” ian's cupidity. On Wednesday, the 8th of June, “ Jealous of my wife ? nonsense! Have I not Arcangeli left the hotel early in the morning, and just sent her to a masked ball ?” having made some purchases, returned to his room, \ " I don't wonder you boast of it. I should like where he remained for some tiine, and then (as to have seen you do as much when you were first he was daily in the habit of doing) paid a visit to married. To be sure, you had reason to look Winckelmann in his apartment. The latter was sharply after her, for she was the prettiest woman sitting, without neck-cloth or upper garment, at in Amsterdam. Unfortunately, she has taken such his writing-table, on which, as it chanced, there advantage of your love, that the grey mare has lay unfinished his literary testament. He rose to become the better horse, and you refuse an greet his guest, and they walked together up and advantageous match for your son, to gratify her down the room till ten, talking of his approaching caprice." departure. Winckelmann was in the gayest hu- in You are quite wrong, my good friend. I mor, spoke with enthusiasm of his patron Albani's never allow any one to be master here but mysplendid villa, and begged the other to come and self; and in the present instance I cannot blame visit him at Rome. Suddenly Arcangeli asked Clotilda. The secret of her refusal lies in a herhim to show the company at dinner that day the ring pie.” empress' medals. He refused. " Will you tell

A herring pie !” exclaimed Van Grote. me, then, what your name is?” “No; I do not “Yes, a herring pie. You may remember it wish to be recognized,” was Winckelmann's reply; / was a favorite dainty of mine, and that my wife and, offended with the abruptness of the questions, could not endure even the smell of it. Well, he sat down, with his back towards the Italian, during the first years of my marriage, I must conand began to write. Arcangeli immediately took fess that I was a little--a very little-jealous of from his pocket, and threw over Winckelmann's Clotilda. My situation obliged me to keep open head, a knotted cord, which, as he started up, I house, and among the young sparks who visited


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us, none gave me so much uneasiness as the hand- | few minutes. The case was now plain ; there some Colonel Berkenrode. The reputation that had been an attempt to poison me. Never shall I he had already acquired for gallantry was enough forget Clotilda's pale face as she threw herself to create alarm, and the marked attention he paid weeping into my arms—Poison! A murderer!' my wife convinced me it was well founded. What she exclaimed, clasping me as if to shield me from could I do? It was impossible to forbid him the danger ; · Merciful Heaven, protect us both!' I house, for he had it in his power to deprive me of consoled her with the assurance that I was thankthe government contracts ; in other words, to ruin ful to my unknown enemy, who was the means of After pondering deeply on the subject, I de- showing me how much she loved me.

That day cided on doing nothing, until the danger should Berkenrode came at the usual hour ; but in vain become imminent; all that was necessary was to did I take my seat in my hiding-place, he was not know how things really stood. Having just pur- admitted. I afterwards found that she had sent chased this house, I caused a secret closet to be him a letter, threatening if ever he came again made behind the stove here. It communicates that her husband should be informed of all ihat with my private room, and from it I could over- had passed. He made many attempts to soften hear everything that passed in this apartment with her resolution, but to no purpose, and a year afterout risk of being discovered. Thank God I have wards he married. No acquaintance has ever had no use for it for the last twenty years, and, existed between the families ; and now you know indeed, I do not even know what has become of why my wife refuses her consent to our son's marthe key. Satisfied with this precaution, I did not riage with Berkenrode's danghter." hesitate to leave Clotilda when any of her ad- “I cannot blame her," said Van Grote. “Who mirers paid her a visit, though I promise you that would have thought that Berkenrode, a soldier, some of the colonel's gallant speeches made me and a man of honor, could have been capable of wince."

such a rascally deed ?” “Upon my word,” interrupted his friend, “Ha! ha! ha!" laughed Brounker ; "and do "you showed a most commendable patience. In you really think it was the general who sent the your place I should have contented myself with poison ?" forbidding my wife to receive his visits."

“Why, who else ?" There spoke the old bachelor. But as I did “ Myself, to be sure ! The whole was my own not want to drive her headlong into his arms, I contrivance, and it cost me three hundred guldens went a different way to work. Day after day I in a present to my cook ; but it was money well was forced to listen to the insidious arguments of laid out, for I saved my wife, and got rid of her the seducer. My wife-I must own she made a troublesome lap-dog at ihe same time.” stout defence-at one time tried ridicule, at another “ Do you know, Brounker, I think it was entreaty, to deter him from his pursuit of her. rather a shabby trick to leave Berkenrode under He began to lose hope in proportion as I gained it, such an imputation ; and now that your son's till one day he bethought himself of threatening to happiness depends on your wife's being undeblow out his brains if she would not show him ceivedsome compassion. Moved at this proof of the “I am aware of all that, but to undeceive her strength of his passion, she burst into tears, and now is not so easy as you think. How can I pleaded that she was not free-in short, she gave expect her to disbelieve a circumstance in which him to understand that I was the obstacle to his for the last twenty years she has put implicit happiness. Berkenrode was too well skilled in faith?” the art of seduction not to see that he had gained He was interrupted by the entrance of Vrow a point. He raved, cursed me as the cause of his Brounker. Her cheeks were flushed, and she misery, and tried to obtain a promise from her in saluted Van Grote rather stifly. case she should become a widow. She stopped “What! not at the ball, Clotilda ?" asked her him peremptorily; but I never closed an eye that husband. night, and Clotilda, though she did not know that “No! I had a bad headache,” she replied, I watched her, was as uneasy as myself. On the " and Maurice has promised to take charge of his following day a circumstance occurred that in- sisters. But I have come to tell you that I have creased her agitation. While at breakfast, a mes- been thinking over his marriage with Mina Bersage came from the cook asking to see me alone. kenrode, and have altered my mind on that subI desired him to come in (as I was not in the habitject. In short, I shall withdraw my opposition to of interfering in domestic affairs) and communicate the match." his business in my wife's presence. When the The friends looked at each other in astonishman entered he was as pale as a ghost, and ment. scarcely seemed to know what he was about. At "By the bye," she continued, " here is a key last he told me that he had received a packet con- I found some time ago ; I think it must belong to taining a small botile, three hundred guldens, and you." a note, in which he was requested to put the con- “Well, Clotilda,” said her husband, striving to tents of the former into the first herring pie he hide his confusion as he took the key, “this is should prepare for me. He was assured that he good news about the marriagemight do so without fear, as the contents of the “ Suppose you and your friend celebrate it bottle were quite harmless, and would give a de- by a supper. There is a herring pie in the licious flavor to the pie. An additional reward house, and you need not fear that it is poi-, was promised if he complied with the request and soned." kept his own counsel. The honest fellow, who

She left the room. Brounker looked foolish, was much attached to me, said he was convinced and Van Grote rubbed his hands as he exthere must be something wrong in the affair, and claimed, Caught in your own trap! He who should not be happy till bottle and money were digs a pit for his enemy shall fall into it himout of his hands. I poured a few drops of the self.” liquid on a lump of sugar, and gave it to my wife's “ Nevertheless,” replied Brounker, “ I think I lap-dog. It fell into convulsions, and died in al have got well out of mine.”'

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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.-No. 54.-24 MAY, 1945.

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PAGB Correspondence, and Books Received,

345 1. Policy of England towards Ireland,


347 2. Mrs. Norton's Child of the Islands,

350 3. Fragment on Irish Affairs by the Rev. Sydney Smith, Eraminer and Spectator,

352 4. Stanzas to England,


356 5. Slavery and the Slave Trade,


357 6. Maynooth and Oregon,


359 7. Diseases and Hygiene of the Organs of the Voice, Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 360 8. The Conservative Party and its Leader,


360 9. The “ French Lake,"

Quarterly Review,

361 10. The Bible and Modern Science,

Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, 376 11. The Rev. Joseph Blanco White,


387 12. Mrs. Caudle's Dear Mother,


388 13. Newspaper Reports of Murders,


389 14. Bookselling after the Invention of Printing,

Chambers' Journal,

390 Scraps.-Instrumental Voting ; Beginning and End of Repeal, 358.-What O'Connell says;

The Repealers in High Spirits ; Quick Travelling, 360.—Burke and Townshend, 392.


and unquestionable right" to the Oregon territory,

the premier stated that this country had rights, In one of our numbers we gave great praise to and ihat, though he hoped for a pacific solution of the new president, Mr. Polk, for being able to the question, they should, if necessary, be firmly keep his own counsel—to rule his tongue. The maintained. This language drew forth loud cheers late arrivals from England show that much trouble from all parts of the house. has arisen from his not persevering in this difficult cable in tone might be the negotiations of our

We have reason to believe that, however amistruggle. In his inaugural address, he announced government with President Tyler's cabinet, a matour title to the “ country of the Oregon,” as clear ter of some difficulty was in discussion before Mr. and unquestionable—and talked of the march of Polk assumed office. The letter of Mr. Calhoun the American farmers, with their wives and chil- to the States' minister at Paris had excited the dren, to take possession of it. Now he perhaps attention of our government, which had demanded

the retractation and disavowal of the offensive meant to commit himself to England only so far as document. It is probably from that question reto some country connected with the river Oregon maining unsettled, as well as from the unusual —while here, bis phrase might be understood, by language of Mr. Polk, that ministers last night the rank and file, as meant to cover the whole felt it necessary to hint that they were prepared for ground of the dispute. And so the agricultural any alternative rather than disgraceful concession.

We believe that our government, without giving process and seitlement (which are entirely in ac

any just cause of alarm, is not confining itself to cordance with the treaty) might appear as the declarations merely. Urgent instructions have actual seizing of the debatable land—thus giving been forwarded to the governors of all our North another text for popular vainglory.

American dependencies to keep themselves preBut Sir Robert Peel has ably, adroitly, and we pared for every emergency; and two additional must acknowledge sairly, made use of the oppor- embarkation for Canada. The augmentation is

companies of Royal Artillery are under orders for tunity (supported by the whig opposition and the small, yet the time at which it is made, the parwhole house) to animadvert upon the unusual ticular arm from which it is selected, and the fact course of the president, in thus apparently taking that it is intended as a reinforcement and not as a the ground that we will not submit anything to the relief, give it a degree of significance that might negotiation which was said to be pending in a very

not otherwise attach to it. amicable spirit. We are thus placed in the wrong, the very unexpected detention at Liverpool of the

In connection with this subject, we may mention very plausibly, before the British nation, and the Halifax steam-packet Caledonia, by orders from public opinion of Europe. Not, it is true, upon the Admiralty. This unlooked-for delay of at the main question—but that is damaged by this least thirty-six hours was yesterday ilte subject of blunder.

much comment and conjecture in the city. The The Britannia thus notices the subject :

generally received explanation was, that it was

done in order to give the government the opThe question of the Oregon territory came un-portunity of awaiting the result of the parliader discussion in both houses of parliament on the mentary discussions of last night on the Oregon. 4th April. The language of ministers was firm, question. but cautious. The inaugural address of President We may expect that the intelligence it will Polk drew from Sir Robert Peel some strong ex- carry will cause a great sensation in America. pressions of condemnation ; and, in reference to Our ministers have at last spoken out, and the ihe assertion that the United States had “a clear answer to their declarations of last night will






naturally be looked for with much anxiety. In to the Present Time. By Fred. Kohlransch. plain words they say to President Polk, * We Translated from the German by James D. Haas. will not allow you to decide this question as you

The author is Chief of the Board of Education please. Your bluster does not frighten us. The for the kingdom of Hanover-and this work is said points in dispute shall be settled by negotiation on to have been popular for 30 years, and to have beprinciples of reason, not by the mere assertion come a standard work in the continental universiof an inexperienced man whom chance has ele- ties. This American edition is handsomely printed, vated to the first office of the American republic." upon type and paper suited to its historical dig.

nity. We have Paris 1, 2, and 3, and the whole It seems very probable that the majority in favor will be complete in five paris. of the Maynooth grant, on the division which took

We observe that it is to be a part of a Historical place on the 3d of April, was swelled by the pre- appear to be desirous of doing good to the public,

Library, to be issued by the same publishers, who mier's reference to the necessity of conciliating Ire- while they profitably conduct their large busiland, in the crisis of this American demonstra- ness. tion. How much better had it been had we followed

Never Too LATE. By Charles Burdett.

This story is intended to teach the lesson that Mr. Calhoun's counsel of “wise and masterly in the offer of Divine mercy is not withdrawn from activity."

those who turn to it, however tardy and unde. The arrivals of English papers up to the middle serving. of April show most violent and general oppo

From William D. Ticknor of Co., Boston. sition to the increased and permanent endowment

ORTHOPHONY; or Vocal Culture in Elocuof Maynooth. It is opposed as the beginning of

TION; a Manual of Elementary Exercises, adapted a course of measures intended to take the whole lo Dr. Rush's Philosophy of the Human Voice, support of the Romish clergy in Ireland into the and designed as an introduction to Russell's hands of the British government. There seems no American Elocutionist. By James E. Murdoch doubt of such intention, which is supported by the and William Russell. With an appendix_conwhigs, and is so very disagreeable to the conser

taining directions for the Cultivation of Pure Tone,

by G. J. Webb. vatives, that although pressed by the whole power

The principles of Dr. Rush's book (which has of ministerial patronage, half of them vote against been so well received in England as well as at

hoine) are here reduced to practice. The book It is supported by Mr. Gladstone, who has thus contains engravings of the organs of voice. This forever forfeited the confidence of his political is a subject which concerns not only every public

speaker, or private reader, but every one who party.

wishes to have a pleasant voice. We presume that nothing can be brought to 'bear upon the question sufficiently strong to over

From Saxton f Kelt, Boston. come the determination of the present ministry,

The German's Tale, KRUITZNER, by Miss backed by the whigs, who only could be brought Harriet Lee. Lord Byron's praise of this tale into their places. The battle will be fought be gave it a new vogue some 20 years ago. This is fore the Protestant forces can be gathered into a very neat pocket edition. array.

Trials of MargareT LYNDSAY, by Professor The Right of Search is to be suspended for two Wilson. Having read this two years ago, we can years :—this removes one of the grounds upon only now look at the type and paper which are which we might hope for a French diversion in good, and recommend it to the young people. case of war. A war, while arbitration is open to

From E. H. Pease of W. C. Little, Albany. us, would seem to be impossible, and would never

The Monthly Rose. A periodical sustained be thought of except as a means of accomplish-| by the present and former members of the Albany ing political schemes and personal objects at Female Academy. home.

We have seen in the newspapers some very sweet poetry credited to the Monthly Rose, and

are glad to know where it blooms. BOOKS RECEIVED.

Christian World. Philadelphia.

This is the first quarterly number of the fifth From Harper f Brothers, New York. volume of the work, conducted by the Rev. Thomas

H. Stockton. A very material part of the mission No. 2, of the very useful EncycLOPÆDIA OF Do- of this gentleman, is to unite all Christian people MESTIC ECONOMY.

in a religious and benevolent association for the Nos. 49, 50, of the ILLUMINATED Shaks- improvement of the press, so as to bring about a

harmony in life and doctrine. Mr. Stockton is of

the Protestant Methodist denomination, but cares A System of LATIN VERSIFICATION. By little for any of the points which divide those who CHARLES ANTHON, LL.D.

“ love Christ in sincerity.” From D. Appleton & Co., New Yorkand for Democratic Review, for May, with a por. sale by Haliburton A Dudley, Boston.

trait of Mr. M’Duffie, apparently in the very act History of GERMANY, from the Earliest Period of defending his “ forty bale” theory.




POLICY OF ENGLAND TOWARDS IRELAND. pope, are openly represented by diplomatic en

voys, and enjoy all the advantages which spring The object of this volume is to take a general from the influence of paymaster and protecter, and review of the treatment of Ireland by England, a good understanding with the Court of Rome. fiom the first conquest to the present age, in order Even this Protestant kingdom herself is compelled, to get a distinct perception of the causes that have by the pressure of circumstances, to adopt this produced the misery and disorders of that country, principle everywhere except in Ireland ; supportfor the purpose of discovering a remedy. To car- ing in her colonies the Episcopalian, Presbyterian, ry out this object clearly and orderly, the author and Romish churches. But whilst the Protestant has considered his subject under five sections. He “ state with a conscience” does enough to “ break first takes a rapid glance at the English domina- with Heaven," it loses the benefit of its insolvention in Ireland from the conquest of Strongbow to cy—“She pays great debts, but she compounds the Revolution of 1688 ; showing that difference the small.”" În Ireland, the practical comempt of race, and lust of confiscation, with the fear, with which the Romanists have been treated causes contempt, anger, and violence springing from all the evils of politics and passion in that unhappy these sources, first induced the conquerors to treat country ; the non-payment of their clergy renders the natives as an inferior sept, whilst the Refor- them hostile to the state, instead of its supporters; mation, by producing a difference of religion, pre- whilst our 6 under-the-rose" relations with the vented the amalgamation of the two peoples under Court of Rome seem to possess the usual disadthe most vigorous rule or by the lapse of time. vantages of clandestine connexions. The epoch from the second (or third) conquest of “Not long after the Emancipation Act of 1829, Ireland, by William of Orange, to the close of the it was found that, with millions of Catholics scailast century, is more elaborately treated, to exhibit tered over all parts of the empire, it was indispenthe excessive severity of the penal laws at a time sable that, for the purpose of conimunication, we when persecution for religion was diminishing or should establish diplomatic relations of some sort dying away elsewhere, and to show how, hy with the pope. Our government dared not do so means of religious difference, a distinction of caste openly and avowedly ; they knew that all the big. was kept up, more mischievous than any other otry and folly in the country would have instantly srstem of castes ever established, because it not been roused to join in full chorus against such an merely produced inferiority but degradation. The abominatiou : but the necessity was urgent, and third section embraces the period from the strug- could not be postponed ; and accordingly the folgles of the Irish people at the close of the last lowing expedient was adopted. In 1832, the late century, to the passing of the Emancipation Act; Mr. A ubyn (then Attaché to the Legation at Flowhen the terrible but definite system of the Puri- rence) was sent to Rome, where he was ordered tanico-Orangemen was abandoned for the miserable to reside without any diplomatic character, and os“juste-milieu” and “bit-by-bit” policy, that tensibly as a private gentleman; but by a sort of maintained all the galling degradations of the clandestine diplomacy, he was put in secret and Catholics, yet allowed them to acquire wealth and authorized but unacknowledged communication power, granted what was granted grudgingly, too with the cardinal secretary of state, with whom late, and imperfectly; the author showing, by he confidentially transacted business, exactly in quotations from the evidence given before the par- the same manner, and for the same purposes, as liamentary committees, that the payment of the if he had been the accredited representative of Romish clergy, and their recognition by the state, i his sovereign. (as has been lately done under the Charitable Be- “Can anything be conceived more inconsistent, quests Act,) were declared by O'Connell and the and more undignified, than such a private appeal Roinish bishops essential parts of any emancipa- to an authority the existence of which we publicly tion-scheme. He therefore holds, that the policy and ostensibly affect to deny? Nor is this an of the present time is as exasperating as that of imaginary case, but one which has actually octhe worst period, in that it still maintains the de- curred. grading distinctions of conquest and superiority, " When a Roman Catholic see in Ireland bewhilst it does not act with the consistency of the came vacant a few years ago, according to the elder time, which crushed into helplessness those usual custom, three names were transmitted to the whom it degraded.

pope, from which he was to select one. The Having thus concluded that the privileged British government was desirous that the choice church of the minority and the religious degrada- should not fall upon a particular individual; and a tion of the majority is the monster grievance of request was preferred to his holiness, through Ireland, the auihor in his fourth section takes an the channel of our agent, that he would bestow the extensive review of the policy followed in other vacant mitre on either of the other two candidates : countries with regard to religion, since the fury of but the pope said, that since the Relief Bill had state persecutions for opinion has passed away. passed, ihe English government was constantly The practice of Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Hol- asking favors of him and requiring liis assistance; land, Belgium, France, and some subordinate that he did not find such a disposition to oblige states, is successively examined ; and is shown to him and conform to his wishes, as to induce him treat the different branches of Christian belief with always to comply with theirs, and therefore he equal respect and encouragement. The Romish should not pass over the person objected to; who states, or rather the states where the rulers or the consequently received the appointment. Now, majority are Romish, pay the Protestant clergy this fact seems to prove, first, the egregious fully and protect them in their worship-sometimes, as of doing things by halves, and ineffectually; and in Austria, going so far as to prevent offensive secondly, that if we were to deal with the pope in controversies or reflections in the sermons of rival a spirit of frankness and cordiality, and in a mansects. On the other hand, the states where the ner befitting the dignity of both the contracting Protestants predominate, support the clergy of the parties, he would readily coöperate with us in any Romish church, ackuowledge the authority of the measures conducive to the advantage of the people

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