Изображения страниц

Talleyrand's nomination, and the first part of the party, his religion, and, in short, from everything contents of which, but not the letter itself, Bobus but himselfone whose corruption, profligacy, and has since communicated to me. Talleyrand, you treachery disgraced high birth, exalted station, may not know, perhaps, has been always a great and great talents—who was a prominent figure in friend of Bobus', and of mine, since I went to Mr. an age of wonders, without attaching his name to Pitt some years ago, at Smith's desire, to endeavor anything great, glorious, or good—and whose fame to obtain a remission of his sentence of exile.". is already reduced to our recollections of “X, Y, vol. iii., p. 439.

and the Lady," and of some dozen bons-mols--the Though we have not the details of Talleyrand's cold, keen product of subtile intellect, an insouletter, it appears from a further dispatch of Mr. ciant temper, and a callous and misanthropical Canning's ihat it was something incredible :- heart.

“I was not quizzing you, but telling a most In the midst of these affairs the Portuguese sober truth, when I gave you the copy of 'Talley- minister in Paris signed, contrary to his express rand's letter to Smith. As a proof of its authen- instructions, a treaty of peace with the republicticity, I enclose to you the copy of another, which quite inconsistent with the engagements of Portuhas been since received, but of which no communi- gal with England ; but it had not, as M. Thiers cation has been made to me. It is written, as you says, the effect of giving Maret any advantages see, in English, and (which you cannot see, but over Lord Malmesbury, or indeed in any way must believe as I do) in T.'s hand. You will see affecting the Lisle negotiations; and nothing can the remarkable coincidence of this letter with be more untrue than his assertion, that at this everything that you have been told.”—vol. iii., p. period all matters had been brought to a clear 453.

understanding and arrangement.

“ England,” Mr. Canning, however, states in a subsequent says Thiers," would not give up Trinidad; but letter more positively :

the Dutch were to keep the Cape under an express “ 29th Aug.-I have heard nothing more from condition that France should never obtain it. Talleyrand by the former channel. Letters of his Ceylon was to be ceded to England, but under the continually pass through our hands, which prove guise of an alternative possession--a Dutch garrihim to be stock-jobbing here to an enormous son alternating with an English one; with an amount.”-vol. ii., p. 520.

understanding that the alternation was only to be On the mention of M. de Talleyrand's name, a fiction. The 12,000,000 of francs for the Toulon the editor says :

ships was accepted by France, and it was agreed “The universal reputation of Talleyrand renders the title of King of France, without being formally any notice of him unnecessary in a work of this abdicated, should be disused.” On these points, kind. It is sufficient to remember that, during a says M. Thiers, Maret and Malmesbury had life of eighty-five years, he served the old French agreed, when the 18th Fructidor came to overset Monarchy,—the Directory, Consulate, Empire, ali. Now we know, from Lord Malmesbury's Restoration, and Orleans Dynasty. He must be notes and confidential letters, that not one of all regarded as the most able political pilot on record.” these points was settled —nay, that he could not - vol. iii.,


get the French negotiators to approach any of the We must here take the liberty of dissenting very minor subjects en attendant the discussion of the strongly from the noble editor, both in fact and in Dutch questions :—perhaps Maret may have had opinion. M. de Talleyrand never served the old instructions to agree to these terms, but if he had French Monarchy at all, but helped powerfully to he certainly never produced them, and the whole destroy it;-he served, indeed, the Directory, and of M. Thiers' statement is, therefore, erroneous, in due course betrayed, and helped to overthrow and introduced for no other reason that we can it;-he served the Consulate, at the epoch and in see but to glorify Maret. It is perfectly clear the department in which the indelible horror of the that the French 'mission had no other orders or d'Enghien murder was perpetrated—and he ser- purpose than to waste time. The Directory, in vilely followed Bonaparte through all the other the personal and mortal struggle in which they steps of despotism by which his country was were now engaged with the councils, paid evidently enslaved ;-he served the Empire as he had served little attention to the details of the negotiation, and the Directory--that is, he got all he could out of were only endeavoring to tide over all such inferior it, and then joined to betray and overturn it ;-he matters, till, at last, on the 18th Fructidor, the served the Restoration, which he was grown too explosion took place which confirmed the power rich, old, and indolent to betray, but which, in of Barras and the ultra-republicans, and scattered spite of his share in the pilotage, was dashed to all the Modérés, ercept Talleyrand, into exile. pieces ;-—and he served the Orleans Dynasty only The French mission at Lisle was immediately in the easy routine and luxury of the London em- recalled, and replaced by Treilhard and Bonnier, bassy. As to his pilotage, we must admit that he who were ordered to insist on having Lord Malfollowed the very ancient and prudent authority of mesbury's pleins pouvoirs to concede any and that patriarch of pilots, Palinurus

all our conquests, produced to them ; and on his superat quoniam Forluna, sequamur ;

| refusal to comply with so strange a demand, he

was insolently dismissed, with the insulting adQuoque vocat vertamus iter!

dition that, as he had no instructions, he had And certainly no pilot was ever more dexterous better himself go and look for them. at managing to save himself by his own little craft, “Il [Lord M.] aura à déclarer ses pleins pouvoirs when all the great vessels in which he successively suffisants, (that is to say, sufficient for the unconserved were utterly wrecked. The noble editor ditional restitution of all the king's conquests,) et seems too apt to fall into these thoughtless engoue- à les exhiber d'abord ; et en cas qu'il ne les a pas,

We, on the contrary, see in M. de Talley- d'aller en Angleterre dans les vingt-quatre heures rand an apostate from his family, his order, his les chercher lui-même.''-vol. iii., p. 581.

Thus, if his embassy did not begin with “a pondence, and how Bobus (then we believe a young bar- practical epigram," it ended with one ; and it was wister) came to be engaged in these delicate affairs. surely too strong a proof of Mr. Pitt's obstinate


desire for peace that, even after this affront, both ** Mr. Pitt has always been held up to the he and Lord Malmesbury still thought that the present generation as fond of war : but the Harris negotiation should be continued, and Lord Malmes- Papers could furnish the most continued and cerbury on his arrival in London found there two tain evidence of the contrary, and that he often emissaries-one from Talleyrand, and the other suffered all the agony of a pious man who is forced from Barras—both offering “any terms we choose 10 fight a duel. The cold and haughty temper of for money.'

." Barras' present terms are not given, Lord Grenville was less sensitive ; our overtures but we have seen that they were lately stated at were to him synonymous with degradation, and he 500,0001. Talleyrand's, as produced by one could not now brook the delays of the Directory. O'Drusse, who is—we know not whether jocularly “ Lord Malmesbury entirely agreed with Pitt, -designated as the Grand Vicaire of the Bishop and at this time saw a fair chance of obtaining an of Autun, were more moderate-only 200,0001., honorable peace.”-vol. iii., p. 516. for consenting to leave us one of the Dutch settle- It is the mischief of these unilateral, truncated ments-probably Ceylon (iii., 580.) It is with revelations, that they lead to conclusions often the pain and shame that we copy the following very reverse of that which, if we had both sides of extract:

the continuous story, we should probably arrive at. Friday, Sept. 22, 1797.–At his request, at For instance, would it not seem from the passages half past eleven with Pitt ; the Note altered as we à bâtons rompus—which we have quoted, that wished. He said I was quite right as to judging Mr. Huskisson was a knave and Mr. Pitt a dupe ? it was righi lo conlinue the negotiation ; his infor- There is nearly the same evidence for both, and mant (Barras' emissary) said it was necessary to we as little believe the former as the latter, and the plan of the Directory; he (Pitt) had informed yet we do not see what answer can be now made him of our intentions ; he (the informant) was ac- to Lord Malmesbury's broken hints than a general tually gone to Paris to prepare the way for proper appeal to the characters of those two statesmen. instructions being sent to Lisle. I said I trusted With this mission ended Lord Malmesbury's dihe (Pitt) had been very explicit both as to the plomatic life-which exhibits the extraordinary terms and the price; that no cure no pay should paradox of a long series of failures—unbroken by be stipulated-not a penny to be given till after any one happy result—which, nevertheless, prothe ratifications, and every article valued and paid cured for the always defeated yet always fortunate for ad valorem; that I should never return to Lisle agent the highest reputation and the most splendid for any other purpose but to sign a treaty; and rewards. We offered in our former article some that before I left England we should see an arrêté considerations which might account for so extraorof the Directory, fixing the terms and instructions dinary a phenomenon ; the details of the missions given by them to Treilhard and Bonnier in conse- comprised in the third volume confirm those opinquence. This Pitt said was actually done, and ions. Great diplomatic results seldom depend on agreed with me that nothing short of it was worth the abilities of the agents, but on the interests and attending to.

Pitt sanguine, more san- power of the principals. Lord Malmesbury failed guine than I am. I see doubts and dangers in all through no fault of his : in the negotiations with this secret intelligence. I admit the desire of get- Prussia and France we do not believe any man ting the money, but I question the power of deliv- could have done better—in the strange circumering the thing purchased. Barras confessedly stances into which he was thrown at Brunswick The only one in the secret : he and his expect to we cannot name any man who we think could persuade Rewbell, and to prevail on him to take have done so well. his share of the bribe. Thence my apprehensions ; Lord Malmesbury now retired from public busiand it clearly appears that the two informants act ness, but we can hardly say from public affairs ; separately. It is to be remarked that Huskisson for although, as he told Mr. Canning in March, is in the whole secret ; but it is enjoined that he is 1801, as an excuse for his not thinking, in that not to say so to Pitt, or Pitt to him. I dislike season of ministerial changes, of any official emHuskisson, both as to his principles and the turn ployment, “ he was tied to his chair, and never of his understanding; he wants to make money expected to move ten yards from it,” (vol. iv., p. by this peace, and dares not apply to me to act 35,) still, as a peer, he had a responsible and indewith him; the whole secret was known in the city feasible station in political life, and was, morethe day it was told Pitt, and acted on by the stock- over, from temper and habit, led to enliven his jobbers ; stock-jobbing is at the bottom of the whole, dignified leisure by a strong curiosity and occaÍ fear."-vol. iii., pp. 582-4.

sionally a busy share in the party struggles of the We hope and believe that this imputation against day. His residence was on the edge of what Dr. Mr. Huskisson was merely Lord Malmesbury's Johnson called the great tide of human existencehasty impression against a man whom he confesses first in Spring Garden, in a fine house where in that he did not like, and of whose proceedings in later days we remember Lord Dover and the presthis matter he admits that Mr. Pilt was aware, ent Duke of Bedford, and afterwards in old Richwhich seems to us a sufficient voucher that the mond House, where Richmond-terrace has been proceedings were disinterested and honorable ; but since built, and he possessed for some years the the rest of the story certainly agrees with the beautiful villa of Park Place, near Henley. In known characters of Talleyrand and Barras; and town he kept an excellent and hospitable table; while we regret that Mr. Pitt should have for a and as age confined him more and more to home, moment listened to such propositions, even for the he was happy to receive the many morning visits great and “ Christian” object of ending the war, that—thus living in the gangway to the houses we cannot suppose that he gave in to it without of Parliament-his numerous acquaintance were some strong reason to believe in the authenticity always ready to pay to one whose lively curiosity, of the offers. On this point of the character and extensive information, polished manners, and vapolicy of Mr. Pitt, as contrasted with that of Lord ried conversation amply rewarded their attentions Grenville, we shall conclude with the words of He had all his life been fond of the company of the Editor :

young people. He had early formed a close inti

maneuvres comm


macy with Mr. Canning—whose friendship for heard and believes, often erroneously, but always, Lord Malmesbury was, says the Editor, like that we believe, honestly, and the veracity of the chrunof an affectionate son—and he had, as we have icler is not to be confounded with the accuracy of seen, surrounded himself with Mr. Canning's per- the facts. Lord Malmesbury sat at the receipt of sonal friends, and to the last he continued to culti-custom, and news was the tribute which his friends vate the acquaintance of the young men who paid him; but it was often in coin clipped or debegan to distinguish themselves in public life. based, or even absolutely counterseit. These circumstances and connexions, with his old In any daily record of passing events and fiuediplomatic taste for gossip and those little political tuating opinions there must be frequent inconsis

nmonly called intrigue, kept him tencies and contradictions, and Lord Malmesbury's au fait of all that was going on-or at least all" Correspondence and Diaries," taken as a whole, that was said to be going on—for there is a vast tell, we think, almost as much against himself as difference between the reality of such affairs and against any one he names. We have already the rumors of even the best informed circles. The shown how little they maintain his diplomatic repfourth volume of this work is wholly occupied with utation, and they no better vindicate his own pria diary kept by Lord Malmesbury, with great as- vate consistency. On the king's illness in 1801, siduity, of all he heard and saw of public affairs— Lord Malmesbury collected every rumor of the (interspersed with some interesting correspon- undutiful and unfeeling behavior of the Prince of dence, especially with Mr. Canning and the Duke of Wales towards his afflicted father, quite forgetful York)—from Mr. Pitt's resignation in the first days that, after having obtained from the same king of 1801, down to the Convention of Cintra in 1808. the greatest personal favor a subject can receive,

No extracts that our space would allow us to he hiniself had under_similar circumstances in make could afford an adequate idea of this great 1788 abetted the same Prince of Wales in conduct mass of mingled gossip and history. Lord Malmes- much more undutiful and unfeeling than that with bury's pen had touch of pleasantry, nor which he now reproached him. What is the key even of vivacity, and it would therefore not be to this ?—Lord Malmesbury had reconciled himself easy to produce amusing specimens of what is yet to the king, had been honorably employed, crea very ainusing whole. To us, and to the many ated viscount and earl, and, having enrolled himstill living who, like us, happen to have been con- self as one of the king's friends, had naturally temporary with the events—who have seen all and fallen out with the prince. But when we turn known most of the dramatis persona—nothing can over a few pages Lord Malmesbury's candor afbe more attractive; we seem to be living our fords us some reason to doubt the truth of his imyouth over again. We may fancy ourselves putations against the prince :walking down rather early to the House, and “ March 7, 1801. - Prince of Wales yesterday turning in at Richmond Gardens to while away evening and this morning with the king; his bethe spare half-hour with the old Lion-as “ from havior there right and proper. How unfortunate his brilliant eyes and profusion of white hair” that it is not sincere ; or raiher that he has so efLord Malmesbury was not unwilling to be called feminate a mind as to counteract all his own good by his younger associates; but we doubt whether qualities, by having no control over his weakit will have the same success with more distant nesses !”-vol. iv., p. 33. and more disinterested readers. And even with Here we see proper conduct admitted, with an us and our contemporaries the first impression is by ingenious surmise that it would not be lasung: no means favorable to the taste or discretion of the but then by-and-by we find the following anecpublication, as • regards either the noble diarist | dote recorded :hiinself or those of whom he treats. We meet in March 24.—Lord Carlisle, Lord Lansdowne, every page harsh mention of names that we have Lord Fitzwilliam, and Fox have coalesced. It is loved and respected ; and we know, even within said they informed the Prince of Wales, through our own narrow circle, that a considerable degree Lord Moira, of this step, tendered him an offer of of private feeling has been painfully excited. But their services, and that they should hold their conupon further reflection a good deal of that will ferences at Carlton House. The prince, it is said, wear off. Many of the harsh things that Lord replied, that he was under 100 niuch anxiety for Malmesbury says under a momentary influence, the king's health to think of politics ; that he he soon unsays, and of many others he himself thanked them for their communication, but not supplies the means of refutation; and one thing only declined their proposal, but observed that, may be said for him—that though he evidently out of respect to the king, he considered it as his had strong biases, he never seems to have wilfully duty to acquaint Mr. Addington with it, and this misrepresented any one ; and it turns out-singu- he immediately did.”—vol. iv., p. 51. larly enough-that the person whon of all others And henceforward we hear little or no more on he seems most to have disliked-Lord Grenville- the subject of the prince's undutiful behavior ; and makes nearly the best figure in the book for both indeed ihere are some strong statements of a direct consistency and sagacity, while his most intimate contrary tendency. and applauded friend--the late Lord Chichester- Again ; we have fresh in our recollections Mr. if we were to take all that is said of him au pied Pitt's efforis, his perhaps too anxious efforis, for de la lettre, would appear irresolule, self-interested, peace; and we are told that in 1800 he was about and blamably indiscreet. We are inclined 10 be- to make another attempt, and would have named lieve that no public man ever kept an honest jour- Lord Malmesbury for it, (iv., 28 ;) and yet we find nal of his daily opinions on events, and especially Lord Malmesbury, so early as the 4th of March, on persons, who would not, after a lapse of time, 1801, saying in derogation of Mr. Addington, then read over many of his entries with regret, and about replace Mr. Pili,sometimes with self-reproach, for his own credu- March 4.-Addington's mind is full of peace lity or injustice. Let us allow to Lord Malmes. - no great proof of strength of character, wisdom, bury and his victims the advantage of these indul- or statesman-like knowledge, in such times as gent considerations. He notes down what he has these."-vol. iv., p. 28.

Thus Pitt is applauded and Addington sneered consequences of any system of journalizing, in at for the same identical policy.

which—though the rumors of one day are effaced Again, he says of Mr. Pitt's resignation, by those of the next, yet the false report and the

Feb. 7.-It looks at times to me as if Pitt was true one-the passing impression and the permaplaying a very selfish and, in the present state of nent conviction-are equally recorded, and when affairs, a very criminal part ; that he goes out to they happen, by breach of faith or mistaken zeal, show his own strength, and under the certain to be published proiniscuously, become offensive to expectation of being soon called upon again to private feelings and delusive to public opinion. In govern the country, with uncontrolled power.”- the present case, however, we repeat that no great vol. iv., p. 4.

harm is done ; for to those who attentively read And when the king's illness, consequent on the the whole Diary, very little of that which seems to anxiety this resignation caused him, became alarm- bear hardest upon individuals will be found of any ing, the diarist expresses his loyal indignation in real weight or authority. : terms which clearly allude to Mr. Pitt as one of The diary opens with the change of ministry in those

1801, and with his majesty's illness, which Lord ** Feb. 22.–Who acted in order to gratify their Malmesbury states very truly, was produced by private resentments, or promote their ambitious the agitation of the royal mind in being forced to views; and these men, let them be who they will, part from Mr. Pitt—with whom he never before may be considered as the most consummate politi- had had a difference (iv., p. 7)—in such a crisis of cal villains that ever existed. They ought to be the world, and on a point which his majesty felt held in execration by the country, and their names not merely as invalidating the constitutional right handed down to posterity with infamy; for they by which he held his crown-but as irreconcilable will have been the first cause of the destruction of with what he held dearer than his crown-his the intellects or life of a sovereign, to whose religion and his conscience. kingly virtues, and to whose manly and uniform Lord Malmesbury states that the origin of the steady exertion of them during a reign of forty king's illness was years, this country, and every subject in it, owes "A cold caught by his remaining so long in the preservation of its liberties and everything that church in very bad snowy weather on the day apis valuable to him."-vol. iv., p. 15.

pointed for a general fast, 13th February; and the And again, when the king grew better, - physicians do not scruple to say, that although his

March 7.—The king, in directing Willis to majesty certainly had a bad cold, and would, under speak or write to Pitt, said, “Tell him I am now all circumstances, have been ill, yet that the hurry quite well, Quite recovered from my illness; but and vexation of all that has passed was the cause what has he not to answer for, who is the cause of of his mental illness; which, if it had shown my having been ill at all ?” This, on being re- itself at all, would certainly not have declared peated, affected Pitt so deeply, that it immediately itself so violently, or been of a nature to canse produced the letter (the most dutiful, humble, and any alarm, had not these events taken place.”contrite) mentioned above, and brought from him sol. iv., p. 19. the declaration of his readiness to give way on the The following anecdote, however, which we Catholic question.”-vol. iv., p. 32.

received very soon after the event from a person And finally,

who was present, proves that the mental excite“March 9:—The whole is a very sad story—the ment preceded the cold caught on the 13th Februwork of mean and bad passions ; a trial of strength ary. The king was always in the habit of repeatwhich a great subject presumes to institute with ing the responses in the church service very audihis king, and a king to whom he owes all his bly; but on this day, when he came to the followgreatness. It began in this, continues in this, and ing response of the Venite, he leaned over the front will end in it, and ruin follow to the common of his seat, and with an air of addressing the conweal.”-vol. iv.,


gregation, he repeated in a loud, emphatic, and And after all this, we find him within a few angry tone-"Forty years long was I grieved with weeks suggesting and carrying on an intrigue to this generation, and said, it is a people that do ert force this “ political villainback into office; in their hearts, for they have not known my ways." and within three months we find the following “ It was impossible,” said our informant, “not to entry :

see that all the perplexities and troubles of his June 8.-I was with Pitt at his breakfast. I forty years' reign were, by the new difficulties told him that I had much satisfaction in assuring pressed upon him by one whom he so much rehim that I should follow his line in politics ; that garded as Mr. Pitt, revived at the moment on I understood his motives, and respected them in his excited and morbid memory." Lord Malmesacting as he had done."-vol. iv., p. 263. bury tells us that as early as the 6th or 7th of

Again ; there is no one, we think, whom Lord February, Malinesbury mentions with more asperity than the “ The king at Windsor read his coronation oath late Lord Auckland, and particularly for his sup- to his family—asked them whether they underposed share in disturbing ihe king's mind in 1801, stood it—and added, "If I violate it, I am no by alarming him against the designs of Mr. Pitt on longer legal sovereign of this country, but it falls the Catholic question. Yet we shall find Lord to the house of Savoy.'" Malmesbury himself pursuing the same line, (and And in the entry for the 26th of February we without so strong a duty,) and instigating the readDuke of Portland to take similar measures for en- “The king on Monday, after having remained couraging the king to resist the Catholic conces- many hours without speaking, at last towards the sions proposed by the Talents.

evening came to himself, and said, I am better We could produce many more instances of the now, but I will remain true to the church.'-vol. same kind of contradictions ; but these will suffice, iv., p. 19. our object being not to complain of Lord Malmes- Lord Malmesbury is all along very indignant bury's injustice or inconsistency, but to expose the l with Mr. Pitt for not having prepared the king's mind for Roman Catholic emancipation as the erperimental peace, for it is nothing else. I am necessary consequence of the Union, and lays all sure you think so, and perhaps do not give it so the blame on the suddenness of the announcement. gentle a name; but it was unavoidable. I was We have no proof that Mr. Pitt may not have ap- abandoned by everybody, allies and all. I have proached the subject with the king, and we have a done, I conscientiously believe, for the best, bestrong conviction that no degree of preparation or cause I could not do otherwise ; but had I found persuasion would have induced his majesty to view more opinions like mine, better might have been with less than utter horror any measure involving done.

as he considered it) the violation of his coronation “I thought the subject might agitate the king, oath. It has been a general opinion—and Lord and therefore tried to lead him from it; he perMalmesbury seems at one time to have believed ceived my drift, and said, “Lord Malmesbury, that Mr. Pitt seized this occasion of resigning, you and I have lived on the active theatre of this with the object of allowing Mr. Addington the world these thirty years ; if we are not become mortification and odium of making a peace. Lord wise enough to consider every event which hapMalmesbury shows clearly that Mr. Pitt never pens quietly, and with acquiescence, we must evaded that responsibility himself, and that he even have lived very negligently. What would the took a supererogative responsibility in advising good man who wrote these excellent books (pointMr. Addington in his negotiations; but he does ing to the copy I had just presented to him of my not say that which we are enabled to assert from father's works) say, if we were such bad philosoMr. Addington's own report of his conferences phers, having had such means of becoming good with the king and Mr. Pitt-viz., that when Mr. ones ?' and then his majesty reverted again to the Pitt went last into the closet to press the Catholic peace, spoke of the state of Europe, of France, question on his majesty, he had still hopes of being and this country; and by the turn of conversation able to prevail ; the more so, as the king pressed it happened that the king and myself, almost in him with the greatest earnestness and affection not the same moment, agreed that it was a most erroto desert him ; but that when, after a long and neous and dangerous maxim which prevailed, that warm conversation, Mr. Pitt declared peremptorily Jacobinism was at an end or even diminished ; that he could not yield the point, the king sud- that it was only quieter because it had carried one denly changed his manner, and dismissed him !-point, but we should soon see it blaze out again, and when Mr. Pitt, in his surprise, attempted some when it had another in view ; and from that the rejoinder, the king in civil but very decided terms king passed to the court of Berlin, which he declined any further discussion.

spoke of with great displeasure, even acrimony : During all the prelimi arrangements for the . This is the young man,' said he, of whom the new administration nothing could be more com- great Frederic said—“ on ne lui arrachera jamais posed, more clear, more rational, than his majes- la couronne,” and we shall live, possibly, to see ty's conduct-but the effort overpowered him, and him without even his electoral dominions.'"-vol. the scenes which we have just quoted with his iv., pp. 62, 63. family and in the chapel show the progress of the It will, we think, be adınitted that the old excitement. We cannot follow all the daily Philosopher of Salisbury” himself could not vicissitude's of his majesty's illness; but our read- have made more judicious, nor his accomplished ers will see with great interest the following ac- son more appropriate and statesmanlike observacount of Lord Malmesbury's first interview with tions than these of King George III., of whom we the king after his recovery :

repeat with increased confidence since Mr. Twiss' “ 29 Oct., 1801.—I went to Windsor to present publication of his notes to Lord Eldon what we to the king and queen copies of the new edition said on a prior occasion, that if “ ever, and to my father's works. I saw them both alone on the whatever extent, his daily correspondence with his morning of the 26th.

I was with the several ministers on the various business of the king alone near two hours. I had not seen his state shall be published, the world will then, and majesty since the end of October, 1800, of course not till then, be able duly to appreciate his virtues not since his last illness;

but he and his talents.”—Q. Rev., vol. Ixx., p. 282. did not look thinner, nor were there any marks A great part of the Diary is taken up with the of sickness or decline in his countenance or man- details of a ridiculous intrigue concocted, as it ner; these last were much as usual; somewhat seems, between Mr. Canning and Lord Malmesless hurried, and more conversable, that is to say, bury in the winter of 1802–3, for forcing Mr. Adallowing the person to whom he addressed himself dington to make way for Mr. Pitt's restoration 10 more time to answer and talk, than he used to do power. Mr. Canning, as was natural to a young when discussing on common subjects, on public man of his lively genius, aspiring hopes, and perand grave ones. I at all times for thirty years sonal attachment to Mr. Pitt, had from the first have found him very attentive, and full as ready to regretted the late resignations, and greatly underhear as to give an opinion, though perhaps not valuing the less brilliant qualities of the successors, always disposed to adopt it and forsake his own. he had, contrary to Mr. Pilt's wishes—and indeed He was gracious even to kindness, and spoke of at some risk, as it seems, of impairing their politmy father in a way which quite affected me. He ical and even their private friendship-endeavored expressed great satisfaction at seeing me less ill to discredit the ministry by censure and ridicule in than he expected ; asked how I continued to keep the press, and by occasional sarcasms in parliawell; and on my saying, amongst other reasons, ment. These missiles not producing the desired that I endeavored to keep my mind quiet, and dis- effect, he, in concert with Lord Malmesbury, formmiss all unpleasant subjects from intruding them- ed a plan which, without compromising Mr. Pitt, selves on it, the king said, " 'Tis a very wise who (as they well knew) would listen to no such maxim, and one I am determined to follow ; but expedients, should force Mr. Addington to be the how, at this particular moment, can you avoid it?' instrument of his own downfall. And without waiting he went on by saying, "Do As a specimen of the candid inconsistency of you know what I call the Peace (of Amiens ?)—an Lord Malmesbury's diary, we may quote the fol

养 *

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »